carminic acid

3,5,6,8-tetrahydroxy-1-methyl-9,10-dioxo-7-[(2R,3R,4R,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]anthracene-2-carboxylic acid

Coloring matter from the insect Coccus cacti L. It is used in foods, pharmaceuticals, toiletries, etc., as a dye, and also has use as a microscopic stain and biological marker.

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PubChem MeSH terms: Coloring Agents;Food Coloring Agents



Source SMILES: standardizedunstandardized
Compound:
Screen ID SGTC_1569
Screen concentration 40.6 μM
Source TimTec (Pure natural product library)
PubChem CID 14749
SMILES CC1=C2C(=CC(=C1C(=O)O)O)C(=O)C3=C(C2=O)C(=C(C(=C3O)O)C4C(C(C(C(O4)CO)O)O)O)O
Standardized SMILES Cc1c(C(=O)O)c(O)cc2C(=O)c3c(O)c(O)c(C4OC(CO)C(O)C(O)C4O)c(O)c3C(=O)c12
Molecular weight 492.3864
ALogP -0.44
H-bond donor count 9
H-bond acceptor count 13
Response signature

Pool Growth Kinetics
% growth inhibition (Het. pool) 3.82
% growth inhibition (Hom. pool) 0


HIP profile

Heterozygous deletion strains
Scale: fixedexpanded
Heterozygous profile for 14749
Download HIP data (tab-delimited text)  (excel)
Gene:BFR2(YDR299W)|FD-Score:3.31|P-value:4.62E-4|Clearance:0.31||SGD DESC:Essential protein that is a component of 90S preribosomes; may be involved in rRNA processing; multicopy suppressor of sensitivity to Brefeldin A; expression is induced during lag phase and also by cold shock Gene:MMF1(YIL051C)|FD-Score:4.04|P-value:2.68E-5|Clearance:0.57||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial protein required for transamination of isoleucine but not of valine or leucine; may regulate specificity of branched-chain transaminases Bat1p and Bat2p; interacts genetically with mitochondrial ribosomal protein genes Gene:PAN1(YIR006C)|FD-Score:4.17|P-value:1.52E-5|Clearance:0.57||SGD DESC:Part of actin cytoskeleton-regulatory complex Pan1p-Sla1p-End3p, associates with actin patches on the cell cortex; promotes protein-protein interactions essential for endocytosis; binds to and activates the Arp2/3 complex in vitro; previously thought to be a subunit of poly(A) ribonuclease Gene:RPO26(YPR187W)|FD-Score:-4.75|P-value:1.02E-6|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:RNA polymerase subunit ABC23, common to RNA polymerases I, II, and III; part of central core; similar to bacterial omega subunit Gene:STS1(YIR011C)|FD-Score:-4.17|P-value:1.51E-5|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Protein required for localizing proteasomes to the nucleus; interacts with the karyopherin Srp1p; involved in ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation Gene:TAF10(YDR167W)|FD-Score:3.44|P-value:2.88E-4|Clearance:0.13||SGD DESC:Subunit (145 kDa) of TFIID and SAGA complexes, involved in RNA polymerase II transcription initiation and in chromatin modification Gene:TRS120(YDR407C)|FD-Score:-3.73|P-value:9.45E-5|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:One of 10 subunits of the transport protein particle (TRAPP) complex of the cis-Golgi which mediates vesicle docking and fusion; involved in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to Golgi membrane traffic Gene:TUB2(YFL037W)|FD-Score:3.47|P-value:2.63E-4|Clearance:0.02||SGD DESC:Beta-tubulin; associates with alpha-tubulin (Tub1p and Tub3p) to form tubulin dimer, which polymerizes to form microtubules; mutation in human ortholog is associated with congenital fibrosis of the extraocular muscles (CFEOM) with polymicrogyria Gene:YIF1(YNL263C)|FD-Score:-3.18|P-value:7.27E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Integral membrane protein required for the fusion of ER-derived COPII transport vesicles with the Golgi; interacts with Yip1p and Yos1p; localizes to the Golgi, the ER, and COPII vesicles; homolog of human YIPF3 Gene:BFR2(YDR299W)|FD-Score:3.31|P-value:4.62E-4|Clearance:0.31||SGD DESC:Essential protein that is a component of 90S preribosomes; may be involved in rRNA processing; multicopy suppressor of sensitivity to Brefeldin A; expression is induced during lag phase and also by cold shock Gene:MMF1(YIL051C)|FD-Score:4.04|P-value:2.68E-5|Clearance:0.57||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial protein required for transamination of isoleucine but not of valine or leucine; may regulate specificity of branched-chain transaminases Bat1p and Bat2p; interacts genetically with mitochondrial ribosomal protein genes Gene:PAN1(YIR006C)|FD-Score:4.17|P-value:1.52E-5|Clearance:0.57||SGD DESC:Part of actin cytoskeleton-regulatory complex Pan1p-Sla1p-End3p, associates with actin patches on the cell cortex; promotes protein-protein interactions essential for endocytosis; binds to and activates the Arp2/3 complex in vitro; previously thought to be a subunit of poly(A) ribonuclease Gene:RPO26(YPR187W)|FD-Score:-4.75|P-value:1.02E-6|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:RNA polymerase subunit ABC23, common to RNA polymerases I, II, and III; part of central core; similar to bacterial omega subunit Gene:STS1(YIR011C)|FD-Score:-4.17|P-value:1.51E-5|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Protein required for localizing proteasomes to the nucleus; interacts with the karyopherin Srp1p; involved in ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation Gene:TAF10(YDR167W)|FD-Score:3.44|P-value:2.88E-4|Clearance:0.13||SGD DESC:Subunit (145 kDa) of TFIID and SAGA complexes, involved in RNA polymerase II transcription initiation and in chromatin modification Gene:TRS120(YDR407C)|FD-Score:-3.73|P-value:9.45E-5|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:One of 10 subunits of the transport protein particle (TRAPP) complex of the cis-Golgi which mediates vesicle docking and fusion; involved in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to Golgi membrane traffic Gene:TUB2(YFL037W)|FD-Score:3.47|P-value:2.63E-4|Clearance:0.02||SGD DESC:Beta-tubulin; associates with alpha-tubulin (Tub1p and Tub3p) to form tubulin dimer, which polymerizes to form microtubules; mutation in human ortholog is associated with congenital fibrosis of the extraocular muscles (CFEOM) with polymicrogyria Gene:YIF1(YNL263C)|FD-Score:-3.18|P-value:7.27E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Integral membrane protein required for the fusion of ER-derived COPII transport vesicles with the Golgi; interacts with Yip1p and Yos1p; localizes to the Golgi, the ER, and COPII vesicles; homolog of human YIPF3

HOP profile

Homozygous deletion strains
Scale: fixedexpanded
Homozygous profile for 14749
Download HOP data (tab-delimited text)  (excel)
Gene:ACA1(YER045C)|FD-Score:3.6|P-value:1.60E-4||SGD DESC:ATF/CREB family basic leucine zipper (bZIP) transcription factor; binds as a homodimer to the ATF/CREB consensus sequence TGACGTCA; important for carbon source utilization; target genes include GRE2 and COS8; ACA1 has a paralog, CST6, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:AFT1(YGL071W)|FD-Score:4.99|P-value:3.09E-7||SGD DESC:Transcription factor involved in iron utilization and homeostasis; binds consensus site PyPuCACCCPu and activates transcription in response to changes in iron availability; in iron-replete conditions activity is negatively regulated by Grx3p, Grx4p, and Fra2p, which regulate Aft1p translocation from the nucleus to the cytoplasm; AFT1 has a paralog, AFT2, that arose from the whole genome duplication; relative distribution to the nucleus increases upon DNA replication stress Gene:ARO80(YDR421W)|FD-Score:3.4|P-value:3.33E-4||SGD DESC:Zinc finger transcriptional activator of the Zn2Cys6 family; activates transcription of aromatic amino acid catabolic genes in the presence of aromatic amino acids Gene:ATG33(YLR356W)|FD-Score:3.8|P-value:7.35E-5||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial mitophagy-specific protein; required primarily for mitophagy induced at the post-log phase; not required for other types of selective autophagy or macroautophagy; conserved within fungi, but not in higher eukaryotes Gene:AVT7(YIL088C)|FD-Score:3.89|P-value:5.09E-5||SGD DESC:Putative transporter, member of a family of seven S. cerevisiae genes (AVT1-7) related to vesicular GABA-glycine transporters Gene:BUD16(YEL029C)|FD-Score:-3.39|P-value:3.51E-4||SGD DESC:Putative pyridoxal kinase, a key enzyme involved in pyridoxal 5'-phosphate synthesis, the active form of vitamin B6; required for genome integrity; involved in bud-site selection; similarity to yeast BUD17 and human pyridoxal kinase (PDXK) Gene:CCC2(YDR270W)|FD-Score:3.37|P-value:3.74E-4||SGD DESC:Cu(+2)-transporting P-type ATPase; required for export of copper from the cytosol into an extracytosolic compartment; has similarity to human proteins involved in Menkes and Wilsons diseases; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress; affects TBSV model (+)RNA virus replication by regulating copper metabolism Gene:CKB2(YOR039W)|FD-Score:-3.28|P-value:5.16E-4||SGD DESC:Beta' regulatory subunit of casein kinase 2 (CK2), a Ser/Thr protein kinase with roles in cell growth and proliferation; CK2, comprised of CKA1, CKA2, CKB1 and CKB2, has many substrates including transcription factors and all RNA polymerase Gene:COX5B(YIL111W)|FD-Score:-3.35|P-value:4.09E-4||SGD DESC:Subunit Vb of cytochrome c oxidase; cytochrome c oxidase is the terminal member of the mitochondrial inner membrane electron transport chain; Cox5Bp is predominantly expressed during anaerobic growth while its isoform Va (Cox5Ap) is expressed during aerobic growth; COX5B has a paralog, COX5A, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:CSI1(YMR025W)|FD-Score:-3.51|P-value:2.21E-4||SGD DESC:Subunit of the Cop9 signalosome, which is required for deneddylation, or removal of the ubiquitin-like protein Rub1p from Cdc53p (cullin); involved in adaptation to pheromone signaling; functional equivalent of canonical Csn6 subunit of the COP9 signalosome Gene:CST9(YLR394W)|FD-Score:4.37|P-value:6.17E-6||SGD DESC:SUMO E3 ligase; required for synaptonemal complex formation; localizes to synapsis initiation sites on meiotic chromosomes; potential Cdc28p substrate Gene:CTR1(YPR124W)|FD-Score:6.11|P-value:5.00E-10||SGD DESC:High-affinity copper transporter of the plasma membrane; mediates nearly all copper uptake under low copper conditions; transcriptionally induced at low copper levels and degraded at high copper levels; protein increases in abundance and relocalizes from nucleus to plasma membrane upon DNA replication stress Gene:DCN1(YLR128W)|FD-Score:3.2|P-value:6.78E-4||SGD DESC:Scaffold-type E3 ligase required for cullin neddylation and ubiquitin ligase activation; contains a ubiquitin-binding domain (UBA) for ubiquitin and Nedd8 (Rub1p) interaction and a PONY domain involved in cullin binding and neddylation Gene:DPP1(YDR284C)|FD-Score:3.72|P-value:1.00E-4||SGD DESC:Diacylglycerol pyrophosphate (DGPP) phosphatase, zinc-regulated vacuolar membrane-associated lipid phosphatase, dephosphorylates DGPP to phosphatidate (PA) and Pi, then PA to diacylglycerol; involved in lipid signaling and cell metabolism Gene:EAF3(YPR023C)|FD-Score:3.76|P-value:8.64E-5||SGD DESC:Esa1p-associated factor, nonessential component of the NuA4 acetyltransferase complex, homologous to Drosophila dosage compensation protein MSL3; plays a role in regulating Ty1 transposition Gene:ECM5(YMR176W)|FD-Score:-3.74|P-value:9.35E-5||SGD DESC:Non-essential protein of unknown function; contains ATP/GTP-binding site motif A; null mutant exhibits cellular volume up to four times greater than wild-type, also large drooping buds with elongated necks; relative distribution to the nucleus increases upon DNA replication stress Gene:ERV14(YGL054C)|FD-Score:6.66|P-value:1.37E-11||SGD DESC:COPII-coated vesicle protein; involved in vesicle formation and incorporation of specific secretory cargo; required for the delivery of bud-site selection protein Axl2p to cell surface; related to Drosophila cornichon; ERV14 has a paralog, ERV15, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:FRE1(YLR214W)|FD-Score:3.23|P-value:6.20E-4||SGD DESC:Ferric reductase and cupric reductase, reduces siderophore-bound iron and oxidized copper prior to uptake by transporters; expression induced by low copper and iron levels Gene:GEA2(YEL022W)|FD-Score:3.26|P-value:5.66E-4||SGD DESC:Guanine nucleotide exchange factor for ADP ribosylation factors (ARFs); involved in vesicular transport between the Golgi and ER, Golgi organization, and actin cytoskeleton organization; GEA2 has a paralog, GEA1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:HTB2(YBL002W)|FD-Score:3.77|P-value:8.25E-5||SGD DESC:Histone H2B, core histone protein required for chromatin assembly and chromosome function; nearly identical to HTB1; Rad6p-Bre1p-Lge1p mediated ubiquitination regulates transcriptional activation, meiotic DSB formation and H3 methylation Gene:IRS4(YKR019C)|FD-Score:3.68|P-value:1.14E-4||SGD DESC:EH domain-containing protein; involved in regulating phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate levels and autophagy; Irs4p and Tax4p bind and activate the PtdIns phosphatase Inp51p; Irs4p and Tax4p are involved in localizing Atg17p to the PAS; IRS4 has a paralog, TAX4, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:KAR9(YPL269W)|FD-Score:4.45|P-value:4.28E-6||SGD DESC:Karyogamy protein required for correct positioning of the mitotic spindle and for orienting cytoplasmic microtubules, localizes at the shmoo tip in mating cells and at the tip of the growing bud in small-budded cells through anaphase Gene:MAC1(YMR021C)|FD-Score:13.7|P-value:7.44E-43||SGD DESC:Copper-sensing transcription factor involved in regulation of genes required for high affinity copper transport Gene:MAK10(YEL053C)|FD-Score:3.47|P-value:2.65E-4||SGD DESC:Non-catalytic subunit of N-terminal acetyltransferase of the NatC type, required for replication of dsRNA virus; expression is glucose-repressible Gene:MET18(YIL128W)|FD-Score:-4.08|P-value:2.27E-5||SGD DESC:Component of cytosolic iron-sulfur protein assembly (CIA) machinery; acts at a late step of Fe-S cluster assembly; forms the CIA targeting complex with Cia1p and Cia2p that directs Fe-S cluster incorporation into a subset of proteins involved in methionine biosynthesis, DNA replication and repair, transcription, and telomere maintenance; ortholog of human MMS19 Gene:MLH3(YPL164C)|FD-Score:-4.31|P-value:8.05E-6||SGD DESC:Protein involved in DNA mismatch repair and crossing-over during meiotic recombination; forms a complex with Mlh1p; mammalian homolog is implicated mammalian microsatellite instability Gene:MSR1(YHR091C)|FD-Score:-4.51|P-value:3.29E-6||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial arginyl-tRNA synthetase; mutations in human ortholog are associated with pontocerebellar hypoplasia type 6 Gene:MTH1(YDR277C)|FD-Score:4.3|P-value:8.53E-6||SGD DESC:Negative regulator of the glucose-sensing signal transduction pathway, required for repression of transcription by Rgt1p; interacts with Rgt1p and the Snf3p and Rgt2p glucose sensors; phosphorylated by Yck1p, triggering Mth1p degradation Gene:NGL3(YML118W)|FD-Score:3.56|P-value:1.86E-4||SGD DESC:3'-5' exonuclease specific for poly-A RNAs; has a domain similar to a magnesium-dependent endonuclease motif in mRNA deadenylase Ccr4p; similar to Ngl1p; NGL3 has a paralog, NGL2, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:OSH2(YDL019C)|FD-Score:3.51|P-value:2.25E-4||SGD DESC:Member of an oxysterol-binding protein family with seven members in S. cerevisiae; family members have overlapping, redundant functions in sterol metabolism and collectively perform a function essential for viability Gene:PEF1(YGR058W)|FD-Score:3.48|P-value:2.51E-4||SGD DESC:Penta-EF-hand protein required for polar bud growth and cell wall abscission; binds calcium and zinc with different affinity; localizes to bud site in G1, bud neck in G2; binds to Sec31p and modulates COPII coat assembly Gene:PET18(YCR020C)|FD-Score:3.6|P-value:1.62E-4||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function, has weak similarity to proteins involved in thiamin metabolism; expression is induced in the absence of thiamin Gene:PEX28(YHR150W)|FD-Score:4.72|P-value:1.18E-6||SGD DESC:Peroxisomal integral membrane peroxin, involved in the regulation of peroxisomal size, number and distribution; genetic interactions suggest that Pex28p and Pex29p act at steps upstream of those mediated by Pex30p, Pex31p, and Pex32p Gene:PEX29(YDR479C)|FD-Score:3.19|P-value:7.21E-4||SGD DESC:Peroxisomal integral membrane peroxin; involved in the regulation of peroxisomal size, number and distribution; genetic interactions suggest that Pex28p and Pex29p act at steps upstream of those mediated by Pex30p, Pex31p, and Pex32p; forms ER foci upon DNA replication stress Gene:PRO2(YOR323C)|FD-Score:3.58|P-value:1.72E-4||SGD DESC:Gamma-glutamyl phosphate reductase, catalyzes the second step in proline biosynthesis Gene:RIM20(YOR275C)|FD-Score:3.26|P-value:5.51E-4||SGD DESC:Protein involved in proteolytic activation of Rim101p in response to alkaline pH; PalA/AIP1/Alix family member; interaction with the ESCRT-III subunit Snf7p suggests a relationship between pH response and multivesicular body formation Gene:RPL13A(YDL082W)|FD-Score:-3.52|P-value:2.19E-4||SGD DESC:Ribosomal 60S subunit protein L13A; not essential for viability; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein L13, no bacterial homolog; RPL13A has a paralog, RPL13B, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RPN4(YDL020C)|FD-Score:-3.12|P-value:8.95E-4||SGD DESC:Transcription factor that stimulates expression of proteasome genes; Rpn4p levels are in turn regulated by the 26S proteasome in a negative feedback control mechanism; RPN4 is transcriptionally regulated by various stress responses; relative distribution to the nucleus increases upon DNA replication stress Gene:RTR1(YER139C)|FD-Score:-3.29|P-value:4.97E-4||SGD DESC:CTD phosphatase; dephosphorylates S5-P in the C-terminal domain of Rpo21p; has a cysteine-rich motif required for function and conserved in eukaryotes; shuttles between the nucleus and cytoplasm; RTR1 has a paralog, RTR2, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:SAM2(YDR502C)|FD-Score:3.46|P-value:2.68E-4||SGD DESC:S-adenosylmethionine synthetase; catalyzes transfer of the adenosyl group of ATP to the sulfur atom of methionine; SAM2 has a paralog, SAM1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:SNT2(YGL131C)|FD-Score:3.75|P-value:8.69E-5||SGD DESC:DNA binding protein with similarity to the S. pombe Snt2 protein; RING finger ubiquitin ligase (E3) involved in ubiquitylation and degradation of excess histones; interacts with Ubc4p; null mutant sensitive to hydroxyurea (HU); computational analysis suggests that Snt2p is a transcription factor with a role in regulation of expression of genes encoding amine transporters; relocalizes from nucleus to cytoplasm upon DNA replication stress Gene:SPE4(YLR146C)|FD-Score:3.73|P-value:9.45E-5||SGD DESC:Spermine synthase, required for the biosynthesis of spermine and also involved in biosynthesis of pantothenic acid Gene:SPT3(YDR392W)|FD-Score:4.75|P-value:1.04E-6||SGD DESC:Subunit of the SAGA and SAGA-like transcriptional regulatory complexes, interacts with Spt15p to activate transcription of some RNA polymerase II-dependent genes, also functions to inhibit transcription at some promoters Gene:SSM4(YIL030C)|FD-Score:4.59|P-value:2.22E-6||SGD DESC:Ubiquitin-protein ligase involved in ER-associated protein degradation; located in the ER/nuclear envelope; ssm4 mutation suppresses mRNA instability caused by an rna14 mutation Gene:SUN4(YNL066W)|FD-Score:-3.48|P-value:2.48E-4||SGD DESC:Cell wall protein related to glucanases, possibly involved in cell wall septation; member of the SUN family Gene:THI3(YDL080C)|FD-Score:3.85|P-value:5.82E-5||SGD DESC:Probable alpha-ketoisocaproate decarboxylase, may have a role in catabolism of amino acids to long-chain and complex alcohols; required for expression of enzymes involved in thiamine biosynthesis Gene:TPP1(YMR156C)|FD-Score:-3.56|P-value:1.87E-4||SGD DESC:DNA 3'-phosphatase; functions in repair of endogenous damage of double-stranded DNA, activity is specific for removal of 3' phosphates at strand breaks; similar to the l-2-haloacid dehalogenase superfamily; homolog of human polynucleotide kinase/3′-phosphatase Gene:VPS60(YDR486C)|FD-Score:3.75|P-value:8.79E-5||SGD DESC:Cytoplasmic and vacuolar membrane protein involved in late endosome to vacuole transport; required for normal filament maturation during pseudohyphal growth; may function in targeting cargo proteins for degradation; interacts with Vta1p Gene:YAL018C(YAL018C_p)|FD-Score:-3.2|P-value:6.96E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function Gene:YDL162C(YDL162C_d)|FD-Score:3.16|P-value:7.91E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps ENT1/YDL161W, a verified gene involved in endocytosis and actin cortical patch assembly Gene:YDR203W(YDR203W_d)|FD-Score:3.3|P-value:4.77E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YDR271C(YDR271C_d)|FD-Score:4.39|P-value:5.54E-6||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified ORF CCC2/YDR270W Gene:YDR306C(YDR306C_p)|FD-Score:6.8|P-value:5.12E-12||SGD DESC:F-box protein of unknown function; interacts with Sgt1p via a Leucine-Rich Repeat (LRR) domain Gene:YER066C-A(YER066C-A_d)|FD-Score:3.25|P-value:5.76E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, partially overlaps uncharacterized ORF YER067W Gene:YET3(YDL072C)|FD-Score:3.51|P-value:2.21E-4||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function; YET3 null mutant decreases the level of secreted invertase; homolog of human BAP31 protein; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:YGL118C(YGL118C_d)|FD-Score:4.01|P-value:3.05E-5||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YGR201C(YGR201C_p)|FD-Score:3.91|P-value:4.59E-5||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function Gene:YLR236C(YLR236C_d)|FD-Score:3.59|P-value:1.65E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YLR287C(YLR287C_p)|FD-Score:3.55|P-value:1.95E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to the cytoplasm; YLR287C is not an essential gene Gene:YMR052C-A(YMR052C-A_d)|FD-Score:-3.64|P-value:1.35E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YMR196W(YMR196W_p)|FD-Score:-3.94|P-value:4.13E-5||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to the cytoplasm; YMR196W is not an essential gene Gene:YMR304C-A(YMR304C-A_d)|FD-Score:4.06|P-value:2.48E-5||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified gene SCW10 Gene:YPR050C(YPR050C_d)|FD-Score:3.22|P-value:6.34E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified gene MAK3/YPR051W Gene:ACA1(YER045C)|FD-Score:3.6|P-value:1.60E-4||SGD DESC:ATF/CREB family basic leucine zipper (bZIP) transcription factor; binds as a homodimer to the ATF/CREB consensus sequence TGACGTCA; important for carbon source utilization; target genes include GRE2 and COS8; ACA1 has a paralog, CST6, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:AFT1(YGL071W)|FD-Score:4.99|P-value:3.09E-7||SGD DESC:Transcription factor involved in iron utilization and homeostasis; binds consensus site PyPuCACCCPu and activates transcription in response to changes in iron availability; in iron-replete conditions activity is negatively regulated by Grx3p, Grx4p, and Fra2p, which regulate Aft1p translocation from the nucleus to the cytoplasm; AFT1 has a paralog, AFT2, that arose from the whole genome duplication; relative distribution to the nucleus increases upon DNA replication stress Gene:ARO80(YDR421W)|FD-Score:3.4|P-value:3.33E-4||SGD DESC:Zinc finger transcriptional activator of the Zn2Cys6 family; activates transcription of aromatic amino acid catabolic genes in the presence of aromatic amino acids Gene:ATG33(YLR356W)|FD-Score:3.8|P-value:7.35E-5||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial mitophagy-specific protein; required primarily for mitophagy induced at the post-log phase; not required for other types of selective autophagy or macroautophagy; conserved within fungi, but not in higher eukaryotes Gene:AVT7(YIL088C)|FD-Score:3.89|P-value:5.09E-5||SGD DESC:Putative transporter, member of a family of seven S. cerevisiae genes (AVT1-7) related to vesicular GABA-glycine transporters Gene:BUD16(YEL029C)|FD-Score:-3.39|P-value:3.51E-4||SGD DESC:Putative pyridoxal kinase, a key enzyme involved in pyridoxal 5'-phosphate synthesis, the active form of vitamin B6; required for genome integrity; involved in bud-site selection; similarity to yeast BUD17 and human pyridoxal kinase (PDXK) Gene:CCC2(YDR270W)|FD-Score:3.37|P-value:3.74E-4||SGD DESC:Cu(+2)-transporting P-type ATPase; required for export of copper from the cytosol into an extracytosolic compartment; has similarity to human proteins involved in Menkes and Wilsons diseases; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress; affects TBSV model (+)RNA virus replication by regulating copper metabolism Gene:CKB2(YOR039W)|FD-Score:-3.28|P-value:5.16E-4||SGD DESC:Beta' regulatory subunit of casein kinase 2 (CK2), a Ser/Thr protein kinase with roles in cell growth and proliferation; CK2, comprised of CKA1, CKA2, CKB1 and CKB2, has many substrates including transcription factors and all RNA polymerase Gene:COX5B(YIL111W)|FD-Score:-3.35|P-value:4.09E-4||SGD DESC:Subunit Vb of cytochrome c oxidase; cytochrome c oxidase is the terminal member of the mitochondrial inner membrane electron transport chain; Cox5Bp is predominantly expressed during anaerobic growth while its isoform Va (Cox5Ap) is expressed during aerobic growth; COX5B has a paralog, COX5A, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:CSI1(YMR025W)|FD-Score:-3.51|P-value:2.21E-4||SGD DESC:Subunit of the Cop9 signalosome, which is required for deneddylation, or removal of the ubiquitin-like protein Rub1p from Cdc53p (cullin); involved in adaptation to pheromone signaling; functional equivalent of canonical Csn6 subunit of the COP9 signalosome Gene:CST9(YLR394W)|FD-Score:4.37|P-value:6.17E-6||SGD DESC:SUMO E3 ligase; required for synaptonemal complex formation; localizes to synapsis initiation sites on meiotic chromosomes; potential Cdc28p substrate Gene:CTR1(YPR124W)|FD-Score:6.11|P-value:5.00E-10||SGD DESC:High-affinity copper transporter of the plasma membrane; mediates nearly all copper uptake under low copper conditions; transcriptionally induced at low copper levels and degraded at high copper levels; protein increases in abundance and relocalizes from nucleus to plasma membrane upon DNA replication stress Gene:DCN1(YLR128W)|FD-Score:3.2|P-value:6.78E-4||SGD DESC:Scaffold-type E3 ligase required for cullin neddylation and ubiquitin ligase activation; contains a ubiquitin-binding domain (UBA) for ubiquitin and Nedd8 (Rub1p) interaction and a PONY domain involved in cullin binding and neddylation Gene:DPP1(YDR284C)|FD-Score:3.72|P-value:1.00E-4||SGD DESC:Diacylglycerol pyrophosphate (DGPP) phosphatase, zinc-regulated vacuolar membrane-associated lipid phosphatase, dephosphorylates DGPP to phosphatidate (PA) and Pi, then PA to diacylglycerol; involved in lipid signaling and cell metabolism Gene:EAF3(YPR023C)|FD-Score:3.76|P-value:8.64E-5||SGD DESC:Esa1p-associated factor, nonessential component of the NuA4 acetyltransferase complex, homologous to Drosophila dosage compensation protein MSL3; plays a role in regulating Ty1 transposition Gene:ECM5(YMR176W)|FD-Score:-3.74|P-value:9.35E-5||SGD DESC:Non-essential protein of unknown function; contains ATP/GTP-binding site motif A; null mutant exhibits cellular volume up to four times greater than wild-type, also large drooping buds with elongated necks; relative distribution to the nucleus increases upon DNA replication stress Gene:ERV14(YGL054C)|FD-Score:6.66|P-value:1.37E-11||SGD DESC:COPII-coated vesicle protein; involved in vesicle formation and incorporation of specific secretory cargo; required for the delivery of bud-site selection protein Axl2p to cell surface; related to Drosophila cornichon; ERV14 has a paralog, ERV15, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:FRE1(YLR214W)|FD-Score:3.23|P-value:6.20E-4||SGD DESC:Ferric reductase and cupric reductase, reduces siderophore-bound iron and oxidized copper prior to uptake by transporters; expression induced by low copper and iron levels Gene:GEA2(YEL022W)|FD-Score:3.26|P-value:5.66E-4||SGD DESC:Guanine nucleotide exchange factor for ADP ribosylation factors (ARFs); involved in vesicular transport between the Golgi and ER, Golgi organization, and actin cytoskeleton organization; GEA2 has a paralog, GEA1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:HTB2(YBL002W)|FD-Score:3.77|P-value:8.25E-5||SGD DESC:Histone H2B, core histone protein required for chromatin assembly and chromosome function; nearly identical to HTB1; Rad6p-Bre1p-Lge1p mediated ubiquitination regulates transcriptional activation, meiotic DSB formation and H3 methylation Gene:IRS4(YKR019C)|FD-Score:3.68|P-value:1.14E-4||SGD DESC:EH domain-containing protein; involved in regulating phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate levels and autophagy; Irs4p and Tax4p bind and activate the PtdIns phosphatase Inp51p; Irs4p and Tax4p are involved in localizing Atg17p to the PAS; IRS4 has a paralog, TAX4, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:KAR9(YPL269W)|FD-Score:4.45|P-value:4.28E-6||SGD DESC:Karyogamy protein required for correct positioning of the mitotic spindle and for orienting cytoplasmic microtubules, localizes at the shmoo tip in mating cells and at the tip of the growing bud in small-budded cells through anaphase Gene:MAC1(YMR021C)|FD-Score:13.7|P-value:7.44E-43||SGD DESC:Copper-sensing transcription factor involved in regulation of genes required for high affinity copper transport Gene:MAK10(YEL053C)|FD-Score:3.47|P-value:2.65E-4||SGD DESC:Non-catalytic subunit of N-terminal acetyltransferase of the NatC type, required for replication of dsRNA virus; expression is glucose-repressible Gene:MET18(YIL128W)|FD-Score:-4.08|P-value:2.27E-5||SGD DESC:Component of cytosolic iron-sulfur protein assembly (CIA) machinery; acts at a late step of Fe-S cluster assembly; forms the CIA targeting complex with Cia1p and Cia2p that directs Fe-S cluster incorporation into a subset of proteins involved in methionine biosynthesis, DNA replication and repair, transcription, and telomere maintenance; ortholog of human MMS19 Gene:MLH3(YPL164C)|FD-Score:-4.31|P-value:8.05E-6||SGD DESC:Protein involved in DNA mismatch repair and crossing-over during meiotic recombination; forms a complex with Mlh1p; mammalian homolog is implicated mammalian microsatellite instability Gene:MSR1(YHR091C)|FD-Score:-4.51|P-value:3.29E-6||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial arginyl-tRNA synthetase; mutations in human ortholog are associated with pontocerebellar hypoplasia type 6 Gene:MTH1(YDR277C)|FD-Score:4.3|P-value:8.53E-6||SGD DESC:Negative regulator of the glucose-sensing signal transduction pathway, required for repression of transcription by Rgt1p; interacts with Rgt1p and the Snf3p and Rgt2p glucose sensors; phosphorylated by Yck1p, triggering Mth1p degradation Gene:NGL3(YML118W)|FD-Score:3.56|P-value:1.86E-4||SGD DESC:3'-5' exonuclease specific for poly-A RNAs; has a domain similar to a magnesium-dependent endonuclease motif in mRNA deadenylase Ccr4p; similar to Ngl1p; NGL3 has a paralog, NGL2, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:OSH2(YDL019C)|FD-Score:3.51|P-value:2.25E-4||SGD DESC:Member of an oxysterol-binding protein family with seven members in S. cerevisiae; family members have overlapping, redundant functions in sterol metabolism and collectively perform a function essential for viability Gene:PEF1(YGR058W)|FD-Score:3.48|P-value:2.51E-4||SGD DESC:Penta-EF-hand protein required for polar bud growth and cell wall abscission; binds calcium and zinc with different affinity; localizes to bud site in G1, bud neck in G2; binds to Sec31p and modulates COPII coat assembly Gene:PET18(YCR020C)|FD-Score:3.6|P-value:1.62E-4||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function, has weak similarity to proteins involved in thiamin metabolism; expression is induced in the absence of thiamin Gene:PEX28(YHR150W)|FD-Score:4.72|P-value:1.18E-6||SGD DESC:Peroxisomal integral membrane peroxin, involved in the regulation of peroxisomal size, number and distribution; genetic interactions suggest that Pex28p and Pex29p act at steps upstream of those mediated by Pex30p, Pex31p, and Pex32p Gene:PEX29(YDR479C)|FD-Score:3.19|P-value:7.21E-4||SGD DESC:Peroxisomal integral membrane peroxin; involved in the regulation of peroxisomal size, number and distribution; genetic interactions suggest that Pex28p and Pex29p act at steps upstream of those mediated by Pex30p, Pex31p, and Pex32p; forms ER foci upon DNA replication stress Gene:PRO2(YOR323C)|FD-Score:3.58|P-value:1.72E-4||SGD DESC:Gamma-glutamyl phosphate reductase, catalyzes the second step in proline biosynthesis Gene:RIM20(YOR275C)|FD-Score:3.26|P-value:5.51E-4||SGD DESC:Protein involved in proteolytic activation of Rim101p in response to alkaline pH; PalA/AIP1/Alix family member; interaction with the ESCRT-III subunit Snf7p suggests a relationship between pH response and multivesicular body formation Gene:RPL13A(YDL082W)|FD-Score:-3.52|P-value:2.19E-4||SGD DESC:Ribosomal 60S subunit protein L13A; not essential for viability; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein L13, no bacterial homolog; RPL13A has a paralog, RPL13B, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RPN4(YDL020C)|FD-Score:-3.12|P-value:8.95E-4||SGD DESC:Transcription factor that stimulates expression of proteasome genes; Rpn4p levels are in turn regulated by the 26S proteasome in a negative feedback control mechanism; RPN4 is transcriptionally regulated by various stress responses; relative distribution to the nucleus increases upon DNA replication stress Gene:RTR1(YER139C)|FD-Score:-3.29|P-value:4.97E-4||SGD DESC:CTD phosphatase; dephosphorylates S5-P in the C-terminal domain of Rpo21p; has a cysteine-rich motif required for function and conserved in eukaryotes; shuttles between the nucleus and cytoplasm; RTR1 has a paralog, RTR2, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:SAM2(YDR502C)|FD-Score:3.46|P-value:2.68E-4||SGD DESC:S-adenosylmethionine synthetase; catalyzes transfer of the adenosyl group of ATP to the sulfur atom of methionine; SAM2 has a paralog, SAM1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:SNT2(YGL131C)|FD-Score:3.75|P-value:8.69E-5||SGD DESC:DNA binding protein with similarity to the S. pombe Snt2 protein; RING finger ubiquitin ligase (E3) involved in ubiquitylation and degradation of excess histones; interacts with Ubc4p; null mutant sensitive to hydroxyurea (HU); computational analysis suggests that Snt2p is a transcription factor with a role in regulation of expression of genes encoding amine transporters; relocalizes from nucleus to cytoplasm upon DNA replication stress Gene:SPE4(YLR146C)|FD-Score:3.73|P-value:9.45E-5||SGD DESC:Spermine synthase, required for the biosynthesis of spermine and also involved in biosynthesis of pantothenic acid Gene:SPT3(YDR392W)|FD-Score:4.75|P-value:1.04E-6||SGD DESC:Subunit of the SAGA and SAGA-like transcriptional regulatory complexes, interacts with Spt15p to activate transcription of some RNA polymerase II-dependent genes, also functions to inhibit transcription at some promoters Gene:SSM4(YIL030C)|FD-Score:4.59|P-value:2.22E-6||SGD DESC:Ubiquitin-protein ligase involved in ER-associated protein degradation; located in the ER/nuclear envelope; ssm4 mutation suppresses mRNA instability caused by an rna14 mutation Gene:SUN4(YNL066W)|FD-Score:-3.48|P-value:2.48E-4||SGD DESC:Cell wall protein related to glucanases, possibly involved in cell wall septation; member of the SUN family Gene:THI3(YDL080C)|FD-Score:3.85|P-value:5.82E-5||SGD DESC:Probable alpha-ketoisocaproate decarboxylase, may have a role in catabolism of amino acids to long-chain and complex alcohols; required for expression of enzymes involved in thiamine biosynthesis Gene:TPP1(YMR156C)|FD-Score:-3.56|P-value:1.87E-4||SGD DESC:DNA 3'-phosphatase; functions in repair of endogenous damage of double-stranded DNA, activity is specific for removal of 3' phosphates at strand breaks; similar to the l-2-haloacid dehalogenase superfamily; homolog of human polynucleotide kinase/3′-phosphatase Gene:VPS60(YDR486C)|FD-Score:3.75|P-value:8.79E-5||SGD DESC:Cytoplasmic and vacuolar membrane protein involved in late endosome to vacuole transport; required for normal filament maturation during pseudohyphal growth; may function in targeting cargo proteins for degradation; interacts with Vta1p Gene:YAL018C(YAL018C_p)|FD-Score:-3.2|P-value:6.96E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function Gene:YDL162C(YDL162C_d)|FD-Score:3.16|P-value:7.91E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps ENT1/YDL161W, a verified gene involved in endocytosis and actin cortical patch assembly Gene:YDR203W(YDR203W_d)|FD-Score:3.3|P-value:4.77E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YDR271C(YDR271C_d)|FD-Score:4.39|P-value:5.54E-6||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified ORF CCC2/YDR270W Gene:YDR306C(YDR306C_p)|FD-Score:6.8|P-value:5.12E-12||SGD DESC:F-box protein of unknown function; interacts with Sgt1p via a Leucine-Rich Repeat (LRR) domain Gene:YER066C-A(YER066C-A_d)|FD-Score:3.25|P-value:5.76E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, partially overlaps uncharacterized ORF YER067W Gene:YET3(YDL072C)|FD-Score:3.51|P-value:2.21E-4||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function; YET3 null mutant decreases the level of secreted invertase; homolog of human BAP31 protein; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:YGL118C(YGL118C_d)|FD-Score:4.01|P-value:3.05E-5||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YGR201C(YGR201C_p)|FD-Score:3.91|P-value:4.59E-5||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function Gene:YLR236C(YLR236C_d)|FD-Score:3.59|P-value:1.65E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YLR287C(YLR287C_p)|FD-Score:3.55|P-value:1.95E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to the cytoplasm; YLR287C is not an essential gene Gene:YMR052C-A(YMR052C-A_d)|FD-Score:-3.64|P-value:1.35E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YMR196W(YMR196W_p)|FD-Score:-3.94|P-value:4.13E-5||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to the cytoplasm; YMR196W is not an essential gene Gene:YMR304C-A(YMR304C-A_d)|FD-Score:4.06|P-value:2.48E-5||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified gene SCW10 Gene:YPR050C(YPR050C_d)|FD-Score:3.22|P-value:6.34E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified gene MAK3/YPR051W

Click on Significant Values for Strain Details

Top 15 HET fitness defect scores (HIP)

Download all HIP Data (tab-delimited text)  (excel)
Deletion Strain FD score P-value Clearance Gene Gene Description
YIR006C4.171.52E-50.57PAN1Part of actin cytoskeleton-regulatory complex Pan1p-Sla1p-End3p, associates with actin patches on the cell cortex; promotes protein-protein interactions essential for endocytosis; binds to and activates the Arp2/3 complex in vitro; previously thought to be a subunit of poly(A) ribonuclease
YIL051C4.042.68E-50.57MMF1Mitochondrial protein required for transamination of isoleucine but not of valine or leucine; may regulate specificity of branched-chain transaminases Bat1p and Bat2p; interacts genetically with mitochondrial ribosomal protein genes
YFL037W3.472.63E-40.02TUB2Beta-tubulin; associates with alpha-tubulin (Tub1p and Tub3p) to form tubulin dimer, which polymerizes to form microtubules; mutation in human ortholog is associated with congenital fibrosis of the extraocular muscles (CFEOM) with polymicrogyria
YDR167W3.442.88E-40.13TAF10Subunit (145 kDa) of TFIID and SAGA complexes, involved in RNA polymerase II transcription initiation and in chromatin modification
YDR299W3.314.62E-40.31BFR2Essential protein that is a component of 90S preribosomes; may be involved in rRNA processing; multicopy suppressor of sensitivity to Brefeldin A; expression is induced during lag phase and also by cold shock
YLR397C3.010.001320.00AFG2ATPase of the CDC48/PAS1/SEC18 (AAA) family, forms a hexameric complex; is essential for pre-60S maturation and release of several preribosome maturation factors; releases Rlp24p from purified pre-60S particles in vitro; may be involved in degradation of aberrant mRNAs
YDL060W3.000.001340.00TSR1Protein required for processing of 20S pre-rRNA in the cytoplasm; associates with pre-40S ribosomal particles; inhibits the premature association of 60S subunits with assembling 40S subunits in the cytoplasm; similar to Bms1p; relocalizes from nucleus to cytoplasm upon DNA replication stress
YPL175W3.000.001350.08SPT14UDP-GlcNAc-binding and catalytic subunit of the enzyme that mediates the first step in glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) biosynthesis, mutations cause defects in transcription and in biogenesis of cell wall proteins
YKL152C2.920.001730.03GPM1Tetrameric phosphoglycerate mutase, mediates the conversion of 3-phosphoglycerate to 2-phosphoglycerate during glycolysis and the reverse reaction during gluconeogenesis
YMR301C2.890.001910.01ATM1Mitochondrial inner membrane ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter, exports mitochondrially synthesized precursors of iron-sulfur (Fe/S) clusters to the cytosol
YDR367W2.880.001970.05KEI1Component of inositol phosphorylceramide (IPC) synthase; forms a complex with Aur1p and regulates its activity; required for IPC synthase complex localization to the Golgi; post-translationally processed by Kex2p; KEI1 is an essential gene
YGL044C2.840.002290.12RNA15Component of the cleavage and polyadenylation factor I (CF I); CF 1, composed of the CF 1A complex (Rna14p, Rna15p, Clp1p, Pcf11p) and Hrp1, is involved in cleavage and polyadenylation of mRNA 3' ends; interacts with the A-rich polyadenylation signal in complex with Rna14p and Hrp1p; mutant displays reduced transcription elongation in the G-less-based run-on (GLRO) assay; required for gene looping
YPL151C2.710.003330.03PRP46Member of the NineTeen Complex (NTC) that contains Prp19p and stabilizes U6 snRNA in catalytic forms of the spliceosome containing U2, U5, and U6 snRNAs
YOR250C2.680.003680.04CLP1Component of the cleavage and polyadenylation factor I (CF I); CF 1, composed of the CF 1A complex (Rna14p, Rna15p, Clp1p, Pcf11p) and Hrp1, is involved in cleavage and polyadenylation of mRNA 3' ends; involved in both the endonucleolyitc cleavage and polyadenylation steps of mRNA 3'-end maturation
YGR099W2.640.004120.03TEL2Subunit of the ASTRA complex, involved in chromatin remodeling; subunit of the telomere cap complex DNA-binding protein specific to single-stranded yeast telomeric DNA repeats, required for telomere length regulation and telomere position effect; involved in the stability or biogenesis of PIKKs such as TORC1

Top 15 HOM fitness defect scores (HOP)

Download all HOP Data (tab-delimited text)  (excel)
Deletion Strain FD score P-value Gene Gene Description
YMR021C13.707.44E-43MAC1Copper-sensing transcription factor involved in regulation of genes required for high affinity copper transport
YDR306C_p6.805.12E-12YDR306C_pF-box protein of unknown function; interacts with Sgt1p via a Leucine-Rich Repeat (LRR) domain
YGL054C6.661.37E-11ERV14COPII-coated vesicle protein; involved in vesicle formation and incorporation of specific secretory cargo; required for the delivery of bud-site selection protein Axl2p to cell surface; related to Drosophila cornichon; ERV14 has a paralog, ERV15, that arose from the whole genome duplication
YPR124W6.115.00E-10CTR1High-affinity copper transporter of the plasma membrane; mediates nearly all copper uptake under low copper conditions; transcriptionally induced at low copper levels and degraded at high copper levels; protein increases in abundance and relocalizes from nucleus to plasma membrane upon DNA replication stress
YGL071W4.993.09E-7AFT1Transcription factor involved in iron utilization and homeostasis; binds consensus site PyPuCACCCPu and activates transcription in response to changes in iron availability; in iron-replete conditions activity is negatively regulated by Grx3p, Grx4p, and Fra2p, which regulate Aft1p translocation from the nucleus to the cytoplasm; AFT1 has a paralog, AFT2, that arose from the whole genome duplication; relative distribution to the nucleus increases upon DNA replication stress
YDR392W4.751.04E-6SPT3Subunit of the SAGA and SAGA-like transcriptional regulatory complexes, interacts with Spt15p to activate transcription of some RNA polymerase II-dependent genes, also functions to inhibit transcription at some promoters
YHR150W4.721.18E-6PEX28Peroxisomal integral membrane peroxin, involved in the regulation of peroxisomal size, number and distribution; genetic interactions suggest that Pex28p and Pex29p act at steps upstream of those mediated by Pex30p, Pex31p, and Pex32p
YIL030C4.592.22E-6SSM4Ubiquitin-protein ligase involved in ER-associated protein degradation; located in the ER/nuclear envelope; ssm4 mutation suppresses mRNA instability caused by an rna14 mutation
YPL269W4.454.28E-6KAR9Karyogamy protein required for correct positioning of the mitotic spindle and for orienting cytoplasmic microtubules, localizes at the shmoo tip in mating cells and at the tip of the growing bud in small-budded cells through anaphase
YDR271C_d4.395.54E-6YDR271C_dDubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified ORF CCC2/YDR270W
YLR394W4.376.17E-6CST9SUMO E3 ligase; required for synaptonemal complex formation; localizes to synapsis initiation sites on meiotic chromosomes; potential Cdc28p substrate
YDR277C4.308.53E-6MTH1Negative regulator of the glucose-sensing signal transduction pathway, required for repression of transcription by Rgt1p; interacts with Rgt1p and the Snf3p and Rgt2p glucose sensors; phosphorylated by Yck1p, triggering Mth1p degradation
YMR304C-A_d4.062.48E-5YMR304C-A_dDubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified gene SCW10
YGL118C_d4.013.05E-5YGL118C_dDubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data
YGR201C_p3.914.59E-5YGR201C_pPutative protein of unknown function

GO enrichment analysis for SGTC_1569
biological processes

No protein complexes are significantly enriched (FDR < 0.1).

Coinhibitory screens
Download Coinhibition data (tab-delimited text)  (excel)

Correlation pval Screen ID Condition Source PubChem
CID
Tanimoto
Score
Response
Signature
0.2664.39E-96SGTC_1563conessine 56.1 μMTimTec (Pure natural product library)4410820.0421053
0.1739.83E-41SGTC_15666,7-dimethoxy-4-ethylcoumarin 85.4 μMTimTec (Pure natural product library)6887610.121622
0.1632.61E-36SGTC_21535569715 200.0 μMChembridge (Fragment library)20547010.0897436iron homeostasis
0.1482.12E-30SGTC_21715739187 198.1 μMChembridge (Fragment library)22627610.0909091copper-dependent oxidative stress
0.1475.38E-30SGTC_2640pentamidine 10.4 μMMiscellaneous47350.0547945mitochondrial processes
0.1448.85E-29SGTC_1763st044482 94.5 μMTimTec (Natural product derivative library)885050.0675676copper-dependent oxidative stress
0.1425.45E-28SGTC_1572epiandrosterone 68.9 μMTimTec (Pure natural product library)4413020.0843373
0.1345.57E-25SGTC_26092,3,4-trihydroxy-4'-ethoxybenzophenone 70.0 μMMicrosource (Natural product library)67087390.148649redox potentiating
0.1293.17E-23SGTC_6260214-0009 33.0 μMChemDiv (Drug-like library)34378740.0740741copper-dependent oxidative stress
0.1286.11E-23SGTC_22226885208 172.1 μMChembridge (Fragment library)6095140.0779221
0.1254.56E-22SGTC_25483',4'-didesmethyl-5-deshydroxy-3'-ethoxyscleroin 19.9 μMMicrosource (Natural product library)40002430.155844redox potentiating
0.1255.67E-22SGTC_20685226020 147.0 μMChembridge (Fragment library)18105090.114286
0.1256.50E-22SGTC_1000086-0128 49.6 μMChemDiv (Drug-like library)932970.102564copper-dependent oxidative stress
0.1132.96E-18SGTC_10014048-4355 44.4 μMChemDiv (Drug-like library)218242330.0555556copper-dependent oxidative stress
0.1103.21E-17SGTC_1530rhein 70.4 μMTimTec (Pure natural product library)101680.253731

Screens with compounds having similar structures
Screen ID Chemical Concentration Tanimoto Score PubChem ID Source Molecular Weight AlogP H-bond
donor
count
H-bond
acceptor
count
Response
Signature
SGTC_2490carminic acid95.39 μM114749TimTec (Pure natural product library)492.3864-0.436913
SGTC_2597laccaic acid a100 μM0.365491415Microsource (Natural product library)537.428561.824812
SGTC_2410aloe-emodin-8-o-glycoside46.3 μM0.33766214077415TimTec (Pure natural product library)432.3775-0.21610mitochondrial processes
SGTC_1956st07708554 μM0.27848124208685TimTec (Natural product derivative library)370.30812-0.531510
SGTC_2611pyromycin23.93 μM0.265306196990Microsource (Natural product library)585.5991.992512
SGTC_1530rhein70.4 μM0.25373110168TimTec (Pure natural product library)284.220421.95436
SGTC_272doxorubicin8.13 μM0.25252531703Miscellaneous543.51926-0.044612anthracycline transcription coupled DNA repair
SGTC_2747doxorubicin7.63 μM0.25252531703Miscellaneous543.51926-0.044612anthracycline transcription coupled DNA repair
SGTC_1085doxorubicin7.67 μM0.252525443939NIH Clinical Collection579.98020.338712anthracycline transcription coupled DNA repair
SGTC_1105epirubicin18.1 μM0.25252565348NIH Clinical Collection579.98020.338712anthracycline transcription coupled DNA repair
SGTC_1079idarubicin2.36 μM0.241758636362NIH Clinical Collection533.954821.026610DNA damage response
SGTC_248streptozotocin5.23 mM0.2394375300Miscellaneous265.2206-2.28558DNA damage response