tofa

5-tetradecoxyfuran-2-carboxylic acid

TOFA (5-(Tetradecyloxy)-2-furoic acid) is a cell-permeable, potent, reversible, and competitive inhibitor of acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC), a key enzyme involved in fatty acid biosynthesis. Inhibits cellular fatty acid synthesis in a dose-dependent manner

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PubChem MeSH terms: Hypolipidemic Agents



Source SMILES: standardizedunstandardized
Compound:
Screen ID SGTC_2248
Screen concentration 1.1 μM
Source Miscellaneous
PubChem CID 115175
SMILES CCCCCCCCCCCCCCOC1=CC=C(O1)C(=O)O
Standardized SMILES CCCCCCCCCCCCCCOc1oc(cc1)C(=O)O
Molecular weight 324.455
ALogP 6.85
H-bond donor count 1
H-bond acceptor count 4
Response signature sphingolipid biosynthesis & PDR1

Pool Growth Kinetics
% growth inhibition (Het. pool) 25.21
% growth inhibition (Hom. pool) 3.25


HIP profile

Heterozygous deletion strains
Scale: fixedexpanded
Heterozygous profile for 115175
Download HIP data (tab-delimited text)  (excel)
Gene:ACC1(YNR016C)|FD-Score:10.7|P-value:5.16E-27|Clearance:0.44||SGD DESC:Acetyl-CoA carboxylase, biotin containing enzyme; catalyzes the carboxylation of cytosolic acetyl-CoA to form malonyl-CoA and regulates histone acetylation by regulating the availablity of acetyl-CoA; required for de novo biosynthesis of long-chain fatty acids; Gene:ACS2(YLR153C)|FD-Score:3.88|P-value:5.32E-5|Clearance:0.08||SGD DESC:Acetyl-coA synthetase isoform which, along with Acs1p, is the nuclear source of acetyl-coA for histone acetylation; mutants affect global transcription; required for growth on glucose; expressed under anaerobic conditions Gene:ALG1(YBR110W)|FD-Score:3.2|P-value:6.98E-4|Clearance:0.08||SGD DESC:Mannosyltransferase, involved in asparagine-linked glycosylation in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER); essential for viability, mutation is functionally complemented by human ortholog Gene:ARP7(YPR034W)|FD-Score:15.2|P-value:1.27E-52|Clearance:2.47||SGD DESC:Component of both the SWI/SNF and RSC chromatin remodeling complexes; actin-related protein involved in transcriptional regulation Gene:ARP9(YMR033W)|FD-Score:4.24|P-value:1.13E-5|Clearance:0.24||SGD DESC:Component of both the SWI/SNF and RSC chromatin remodeling complexes; actin-related protein involved in transcriptional regulation Gene:AVO1(YOL078W)|FD-Score:4|P-value:3.19E-5|Clearance:0.01||SGD DESC:Component of a membrane-bound complex containing the Tor2p kinase and other proteins, which may have a role in regulation of cell growth Gene:BRL1(YHR036W)|FD-Score:15.9|P-value:2.73E-57|Clearance:2.47||SGD DESC:Essential nuclear envelope integral membrane protein identified as a suppressor of a conditional mutation in the major karyopherin, CRM1; homologous to and interacts with Brr6p, a nuclear envelope protein involved in nuclear export Gene:CAB1(YDR531W)|FD-Score:6.25|P-value:2.03E-10|Clearance:0.31||SGD DESC:Pantothenate kinase (ATP:D-pantothenate 4'-phosphotransferase, EC 2.7.1.33); catalyzes the first committed step in the universal biosynthetic pathway for synthesis of coenzyme A (CoA); transcriptionally regulated by Upc2p via a sterol response element Gene:CDC53(YDL132W)|FD-Score:3.28|P-value:5.19E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Cullin, structural protein of SCF complexes (which also contain Skp1p, Cdc34p, Hrt1p and an F-box protein) involved in ubiquitination; SCF promotes the G1-S transition by targeting G1 cyclins and the Cln-CDK inhibitor Sic1p for degradation Gene:DML1(YMR211W)|FD-Score:4.42|P-value:4.92E-6|Clearance:0.18||SGD DESC:Essential protein involved in mtDNA inheritance, may also function in the partitioning of the mitochondrial organelle or in the segregation of chromosomes, exhibits regions similar to members of a GTPase family Gene:DYS1(YHR068W)|FD-Score:3.28|P-value:5.23E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Deoxyhypusine synthase, catalyzes formation of deoxyhypusine, the first step in hypusine biosynthesis; triggers posttranslational hypusination of translation elongation factor eIF-5A and regulates its intracellular levels; tetrameric Gene:ERG11(YHR007C)|FD-Score:3.99|P-value:3.28E-5|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Lanosterol 14-alpha-demethylase; catalyzes the C-14 demethylation of lanosterol to form 4,4''-dimethyl cholesta-8,14,24-triene-3-beta-ol in the ergosterol biosynthesis pathway; member of the cytochrome P450 family; associated and coordinately regulated with the P450 reductase Ncp1p Gene:ERG12(YMR208W)|FD-Score:7.21|P-value:2.72E-13|Clearance:0.15||SGD DESC:Mevalonate kinase, acts in the biosynthesis of isoprenoids and sterols, including ergosterol, from mevalonate Gene:GCD11(YER025W)|FD-Score:-4.63|P-value:1.79E-6|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Gamma subunit of the translation initiation factor eIF2, involved in the identification of the start codon; binds GTP when forming the ternary complex with GTP and tRNAi-Met Gene:HSF1(YGL073W)|FD-Score:4.5|P-value:3.44E-6|Clearance:0.08||SGD DESC:Trimeric heat shock transcription factor, activates multiple genes in response to stresses that include hyperthermia; recognizes variable heat shock elements (HSEs) consisting of inverted NGAAN repeats; posttranslationally regulated Gene:IPP1(YBR011C)|FD-Score:-3.2|P-value:6.96E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Cytoplasmic inorganic pyrophosphatase (PPase), homodimer that catalyzes the rapid exchange of oxygens from Pi with water, highly expressed and essential for viability, active-site residues show identity to those from E. coli PPase Gene:MED4(YOR174W)|FD-Score:12.8|P-value:1.48E-37|Clearance:0.31||SGD DESC:Subunit of the RNA polymerase II mediator complex; associates with core polymerase subunits to form the RNA polymerase II holoenzyme; essential for transcriptional regulation Gene:MEX67(YPL169C)|FD-Score:3.27|P-value:5.29E-4|Clearance:0.08||SGD DESC:Poly(A)RNA binding protein involved in nuclear mRNA export, component of the nuclear pore; ortholog of human TAP Gene:MSS4(YDR208W)|FD-Score:3.99|P-value:3.30E-5|Clearance:0.11||SGD DESC:Phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 5-kinase, involved in actin cytoskeleton organization and cell morphogenesis; multicopy suppressor of stt4 mutation Gene:NUP192(YJL039C)|FD-Score:3.76|P-value:8.45E-5|Clearance:0.01||SGD DESC:Essential subunit of the inner ring of the nuclear pore complex (NPC); contributes to nucleocytoplasmic transport; homologous to human NUP205 Gene:NUP57(YGR119C)|FD-Score:3.3|P-value:4.81E-4|Clearance:0.02||SGD DESC:FG-nucleoporin component of central core of the nuclear pore complex (NPC); contributes directly to nucleocytoplasmic transport and maintenance of the NPC permeability barrier; found in stable complex with Nic96p and two other FG-nucleoproteins (Nsp1p and Nup49p) Gene:PMA1(YGL008C)|FD-Score:5.94|P-value:1.45E-9|Clearance:0.21||SGD DESC:Plasma membrane H+-ATPase, pumps protons out of the cell; major regulator of cytoplasmic pH and plasma membrane potential; P2-type ATPase; Hsp30p plays a role in Pma1p regulation; interactions with Std1p appear to propagate [GAR+] Gene:PRE3(YJL001W)|FD-Score:-5.46|P-value:2.35E-8|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Beta 1 subunit of the 20S proteasome, responsible for cleavage after acidic residues in peptides Gene:PRP31(YGR091W)|FD-Score:3.53|P-value:2.04E-4|Clearance:0.06||SGD DESC:Splicing factor, component of the U4/U6-U5 snRNP complex Gene:PUP3(YER094C)|FD-Score:-3.38|P-value:3.57E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Beta 3 subunit of the 20S proteasome involved in ubiquitin-dependent catabolism; human homolog is subunit C10 Gene:RAD53(YPL153C)|FD-Score:8.17|P-value:1.55E-16|Clearance:0.55||SGD DESC:Protein kinase, required for cell-cycle arrest in response to DNA damage; activated by trans autophosphorylation when interacting with hyperphosphorylated Rad9p; also interacts with ARS1 and plays a role in initiation of DNA replication Gene:RHO1(YPR165W)|FD-Score:5.72|P-value:5.18E-9|Clearance:0.06||SGD DESC:GTP-binding protein of the rho subfamily of Ras-like proteins, involved in establishment of cell polarity; regulates protein kinase C (Pkc1p) and the cell wall synthesizing enzyme 1,3-beta-glucan synthase (Fks1p and Gsc2p) Gene:RPB3(YIL021W)|FD-Score:-4.09|P-value:2.19E-5|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:RNA polymerase II third largest subunit B44, part of central core; similar to prokaryotic alpha subunit Gene:RPC53(YDL150W)|FD-Score:-3.5|P-value:2.34E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:RNA polymerase III subunit C53 Gene:RPN5(YDL147W)|FD-Score:6.76|P-value:6.72E-12|Clearance:0.38||SGD DESC:Subunit of the COP9 signalosome (CSN) and non-ATPase regulatory subunit of the 26S proteasome lid, similar to mammalian p55 subunit and to another S. cerevisiae regulatory subunit, Rpn7p; Rpn5p is an essential protein Gene:RSC4(YKR008W)|FD-Score:3.33|P-value:4.27E-4|Clearance:0.01||SGD DESC:Component of the RSC chromatin remodeling complex; found in close proximity to nucleosomal DNA; displaced from the surface of nucleosomal DNA after chromatin remodeling; acetylated (K25) by Gcn5p, altering replication stress tolerance; contains tandem bromodomains that recognize histone H3 acetylated on K14 (H3K14ac) by Gcn5p Gene:RSC58(YLR033W)|FD-Score:3.68|P-value:1.16E-4|Clearance:0.15||SGD DESC:Component of the RSC chromatin remodeling complex; RSC functions in transcriptional regulation and elongation, chromosome stability, and establishing sister chromatid cohesion; involved in telomere maintenance Gene:RSC6(YCR052W)|FD-Score:6.38|P-value:8.66E-11|Clearance:0.13||SGD DESC:Component of the RSC chromatin remodeling complex; essential for mitotic growth; homolog of SWI/SNF subunit Swp73p Gene:RSC9(YML127W)|FD-Score:4.8|P-value:7.82E-7|Clearance:0.31||SGD DESC:Component of the RSC chromatin remodeling complex; DNA-binding protein involved in the synthesis of rRNA and in transcriptional repression and activation of genes regulated by the Target of Rapamycin (TOR) pathway Gene:SCL1(YGL011C)|FD-Score:-3.59|P-value:1.66E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Alpha 1 subunit of the 20S proteasome involved in the degradation of ubiquitinated substrates; 20S proteasome is the core complex of the 26S proteasome; essential for growth; detected in the mitochondria Gene:SEC14(YMR079W)|FD-Score:3.32|P-value:4.44E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Phosphatidylinositol/phosphatidylcholine transfer protein; involved in regulating PtdIns, PtdCho, and ceramide metabolism, products of which regulate intracellular transport and UPR; has a role in localization of lipid raft proteins; functionally homologous to mammalian PITPs Gene:STH1(YIL126W)|FD-Score:5.67|P-value:7.30E-9|Clearance:0.26||SGD DESC:ATPase component of the RSC chromatin remodeling complex; required for expression of early meiotic genes; essential helicase-related protein homologous to Snf2p Gene:STU1(YBL034C)|FD-Score:3.68|P-value:1.16E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Component of the mitotic spindle that binds to interpolar microtubules via its association with beta-tubulin (Tub2p); required for interpolar microtubules to provide an outward force on the spindle poles Gene:SUI1(YNL244C)|FD-Score:7.06|P-value:8.45E-13|Clearance:0.29||SGD DESC:Translation initiation factor eIF1; component of a complex involved in recognition of the initiator codon; modulates translation accuracy at the initiation phase Gene:TAF10(YDR167W)|FD-Score:5.14|P-value:1.38E-7|Clearance:0.34||SGD DESC:Subunit (145 kDa) of TFIID and SAGA complexes, involved in RNA polymerase II transcription initiation and in chromatin modification Gene:TAF12(YDR145W)|FD-Score:10.3|P-value:5.38E-25|Clearance:2.09||SGD DESC:Subunit (61/68 kDa) of TFIID and SAGA complexes, involved in RNA polymerase II transcription initiation and in chromatin modification, similar to histone H2A Gene:TAF5(YBR198C)|FD-Score:7.62|P-value:1.24E-14|Clearance:0.41||SGD DESC:Subunit (90 kDa) of TFIID and SAGA complexes, involved in RNA polymerase II transcription initiation and in chromatin modification Gene:TAF6(YGL112C)|FD-Score:17.5|P-value:4.28E-69|Clearance:2.47||SGD DESC:Subunit (60 kDa) of TFIID and SAGA complexes, involved in transcription initiation of RNA polymerase II and in chromatin modification, similar to histone H4 Gene:TAF7(YMR227C)|FD-Score:3.32|P-value:4.52E-4|Clearance:0.02||SGD DESC:TFIID subunit (67 kDa), involved in RNA polymerase II transcription initiation Gene:TFA1(YKL028W)|FD-Score:5.4|P-value:3.27E-8|Clearance:0.11||SGD DESC:TFIIE large subunit, involved in recruitment of RNA polymerase II to the promoter, activation of TFIIH, and promoter opening Gene:TIM54(YJL054W)|FD-Score:12.4|P-value:7.17E-36|Clearance:1.75||SGD DESC:Component of the mitochondrial TIM22 complex involved in insertion of polytopic proteins into the inner membrane Gene:TOA2(YKL058W)|FD-Score:-3.65|P-value:1.31E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:TFIIA small subunit; involved in transcriptional activation, acts as antirepressor or as coactivator; homologous to smallest subunit of human and Drosophila TFIIA; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:TSC11(YER093C)|FD-Score:3.37|P-value:3.78E-4|Clearance:0.03||SGD DESC:Subunit of TORC2 (Tor2p-Lst8p-Avo1-Avo2-Tsc11p-Bit61p), a membrane-associated complex that regulates actin cytoskeletal dynamics during polarized growth and cell wall integrity; involved in sphingolipid metabolism; contains a RasGEFN domain Gene:UTP22(YGR090W)|FD-Score:3.8|P-value:7.25E-5|Clearance:0.04||SGD DESC:Component of the small-subunit processome; required for nuclear export of tRNAs; may facilitate binding of Utp8p to aminoacylated tRNAs and their delivery to Los1p for export; conserved from yeast to mammals Gene:YEF3(YLR249W)|FD-Score:3.47|P-value:2.57E-4|Clearance:0.1||SGD DESC:Gamma subunit of translational elongation factor eEF1B; stimulates the binding of aminoacyl-tRNA (AA-tRNA) to ribosomes by releasing eEF1A (Tef1p/Tef2p) from the ribosomal complex; contains two ABC cassettes; binds and hydrolyzes ATP; YEF3 has a paralog, HEF3, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:YGL074C(YGL074C_d)|FD-Score:7.06|P-value:8.24E-13|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein; overlaps 5' end of essential HSF1 gene encoding heat shock transcription factor Gene:YGR115C(YGR115C_d)|FD-Score:5.29|P-value:6.16E-8|Clearance:0.15||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified and essential ORF SPT6/YGR115C Gene:YJL202C(YJL202C_d)|FD-Score:3.76|P-value:8.64E-5|Clearance:0.08||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; overlaps 3' end of essential PRP21 gene encoding a subunit of the SF3a splicing factor complex Gene:YOL134C(YOL134C_d)|FD-Score:3.11|P-value:9.25E-4|Clearance:0.03||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps HRT1, a verified gene that encodes an SCF ubiquitin ligase subunit Gene:YPL238C(YPL238C_d)|FD-Score:-3.22|P-value:6.36E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps 5' end of the verified essential gene SUI3/YPL237W Gene:ACC1(YNR016C)|FD-Score:10.7|P-value:5.16E-27|Clearance:0.44||SGD DESC:Acetyl-CoA carboxylase, biotin containing enzyme; catalyzes the carboxylation of cytosolic acetyl-CoA to form malonyl-CoA and regulates histone acetylation by regulating the availablity of acetyl-CoA; required for de novo biosynthesis of long-chain fatty acids; Gene:ACS2(YLR153C)|FD-Score:3.88|P-value:5.32E-5|Clearance:0.08||SGD DESC:Acetyl-coA synthetase isoform which, along with Acs1p, is the nuclear source of acetyl-coA for histone acetylation; mutants affect global transcription; required for growth on glucose; expressed under anaerobic conditions Gene:ALG1(YBR110W)|FD-Score:3.2|P-value:6.98E-4|Clearance:0.08||SGD DESC:Mannosyltransferase, involved in asparagine-linked glycosylation in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER); essential for viability, mutation is functionally complemented by human ortholog Gene:ARP7(YPR034W)|FD-Score:15.2|P-value:1.27E-52|Clearance:2.47||SGD DESC:Component of both the SWI/SNF and RSC chromatin remodeling complexes; actin-related protein involved in transcriptional regulation Gene:ARP9(YMR033W)|FD-Score:4.24|P-value:1.13E-5|Clearance:0.24||SGD DESC:Component of both the SWI/SNF and RSC chromatin remodeling complexes; actin-related protein involved in transcriptional regulation Gene:AVO1(YOL078W)|FD-Score:4|P-value:3.19E-5|Clearance:0.01||SGD DESC:Component of a membrane-bound complex containing the Tor2p kinase and other proteins, which may have a role in regulation of cell growth Gene:BRL1(YHR036W)|FD-Score:15.9|P-value:2.73E-57|Clearance:2.47||SGD DESC:Essential nuclear envelope integral membrane protein identified as a suppressor of a conditional mutation in the major karyopherin, CRM1; homologous to and interacts with Brr6p, a nuclear envelope protein involved in nuclear export Gene:CAB1(YDR531W)|FD-Score:6.25|P-value:2.03E-10|Clearance:0.31||SGD DESC:Pantothenate kinase (ATP:D-pantothenate 4'-phosphotransferase, EC 2.7.1.33); catalyzes the first committed step in the universal biosynthetic pathway for synthesis of coenzyme A (CoA); transcriptionally regulated by Upc2p via a sterol response element Gene:CDC53(YDL132W)|FD-Score:3.28|P-value:5.19E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Cullin, structural protein of SCF complexes (which also contain Skp1p, Cdc34p, Hrt1p and an F-box protein) involved in ubiquitination; SCF promotes the G1-S transition by targeting G1 cyclins and the Cln-CDK inhibitor Sic1p for degradation Gene:DML1(YMR211W)|FD-Score:4.42|P-value:4.92E-6|Clearance:0.18||SGD DESC:Essential protein involved in mtDNA inheritance, may also function in the partitioning of the mitochondrial organelle or in the segregation of chromosomes, exhibits regions similar to members of a GTPase family Gene:DYS1(YHR068W)|FD-Score:3.28|P-value:5.23E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Deoxyhypusine synthase, catalyzes formation of deoxyhypusine, the first step in hypusine biosynthesis; triggers posttranslational hypusination of translation elongation factor eIF-5A and regulates its intracellular levels; tetrameric Gene:ERG11(YHR007C)|FD-Score:3.99|P-value:3.28E-5|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Lanosterol 14-alpha-demethylase; catalyzes the C-14 demethylation of lanosterol to form 4,4''-dimethyl cholesta-8,14,24-triene-3-beta-ol in the ergosterol biosynthesis pathway; member of the cytochrome P450 family; associated and coordinately regulated with the P450 reductase Ncp1p Gene:ERG12(YMR208W)|FD-Score:7.21|P-value:2.72E-13|Clearance:0.15||SGD DESC:Mevalonate kinase, acts in the biosynthesis of isoprenoids and sterols, including ergosterol, from mevalonate Gene:GCD11(YER025W)|FD-Score:-4.63|P-value:1.79E-6|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Gamma subunit of the translation initiation factor eIF2, involved in the identification of the start codon; binds GTP when forming the ternary complex with GTP and tRNAi-Met Gene:HSF1(YGL073W)|FD-Score:4.5|P-value:3.44E-6|Clearance:0.08||SGD DESC:Trimeric heat shock transcription factor, activates multiple genes in response to stresses that include hyperthermia; recognizes variable heat shock elements (HSEs) consisting of inverted NGAAN repeats; posttranslationally regulated Gene:IPP1(YBR011C)|FD-Score:-3.2|P-value:6.96E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Cytoplasmic inorganic pyrophosphatase (PPase), homodimer that catalyzes the rapid exchange of oxygens from Pi with water, highly expressed and essential for viability, active-site residues show identity to those from E. coli PPase Gene:MED4(YOR174W)|FD-Score:12.8|P-value:1.48E-37|Clearance:0.31||SGD DESC:Subunit of the RNA polymerase II mediator complex; associates with core polymerase subunits to form the RNA polymerase II holoenzyme; essential for transcriptional regulation Gene:MEX67(YPL169C)|FD-Score:3.27|P-value:5.29E-4|Clearance:0.08||SGD DESC:Poly(A)RNA binding protein involved in nuclear mRNA export, component of the nuclear pore; ortholog of human TAP Gene:MSS4(YDR208W)|FD-Score:3.99|P-value:3.30E-5|Clearance:0.11||SGD DESC:Phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 5-kinase, involved in actin cytoskeleton organization and cell morphogenesis; multicopy suppressor of stt4 mutation Gene:NUP192(YJL039C)|FD-Score:3.76|P-value:8.45E-5|Clearance:0.01||SGD DESC:Essential subunit of the inner ring of the nuclear pore complex (NPC); contributes to nucleocytoplasmic transport; homologous to human NUP205 Gene:NUP57(YGR119C)|FD-Score:3.3|P-value:4.81E-4|Clearance:0.02||SGD DESC:FG-nucleoporin component of central core of the nuclear pore complex (NPC); contributes directly to nucleocytoplasmic transport and maintenance of the NPC permeability barrier; found in stable complex with Nic96p and two other FG-nucleoproteins (Nsp1p and Nup49p) Gene:PMA1(YGL008C)|FD-Score:5.94|P-value:1.45E-9|Clearance:0.21||SGD DESC:Plasma membrane H+-ATPase, pumps protons out of the cell; major regulator of cytoplasmic pH and plasma membrane potential; P2-type ATPase; Hsp30p plays a role in Pma1p regulation; interactions with Std1p appear to propagate [GAR+] Gene:PRE3(YJL001W)|FD-Score:-5.46|P-value:2.35E-8|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Beta 1 subunit of the 20S proteasome, responsible for cleavage after acidic residues in peptides Gene:PRP31(YGR091W)|FD-Score:3.53|P-value:2.04E-4|Clearance:0.06||SGD DESC:Splicing factor, component of the U4/U6-U5 snRNP complex Gene:PUP3(YER094C)|FD-Score:-3.38|P-value:3.57E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Beta 3 subunit of the 20S proteasome involved in ubiquitin-dependent catabolism; human homolog is subunit C10 Gene:RAD53(YPL153C)|FD-Score:8.17|P-value:1.55E-16|Clearance:0.55||SGD DESC:Protein kinase, required for cell-cycle arrest in response to DNA damage; activated by trans autophosphorylation when interacting with hyperphosphorylated Rad9p; also interacts with ARS1 and plays a role in initiation of DNA replication Gene:RHO1(YPR165W)|FD-Score:5.72|P-value:5.18E-9|Clearance:0.06||SGD DESC:GTP-binding protein of the rho subfamily of Ras-like proteins, involved in establishment of cell polarity; regulates protein kinase C (Pkc1p) and the cell wall synthesizing enzyme 1,3-beta-glucan synthase (Fks1p and Gsc2p) Gene:RPB3(YIL021W)|FD-Score:-4.09|P-value:2.19E-5|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:RNA polymerase II third largest subunit B44, part of central core; similar to prokaryotic alpha subunit Gene:RPC53(YDL150W)|FD-Score:-3.5|P-value:2.34E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:RNA polymerase III subunit C53 Gene:RPN5(YDL147W)|FD-Score:6.76|P-value:6.72E-12|Clearance:0.38||SGD DESC:Subunit of the COP9 signalosome (CSN) and non-ATPase regulatory subunit of the 26S proteasome lid, similar to mammalian p55 subunit and to another S. cerevisiae regulatory subunit, Rpn7p; Rpn5p is an essential protein Gene:RSC4(YKR008W)|FD-Score:3.33|P-value:4.27E-4|Clearance:0.01||SGD DESC:Component of the RSC chromatin remodeling complex; found in close proximity to nucleosomal DNA; displaced from the surface of nucleosomal DNA after chromatin remodeling; acetylated (K25) by Gcn5p, altering replication stress tolerance; contains tandem bromodomains that recognize histone H3 acetylated on K14 (H3K14ac) by Gcn5p Gene:RSC58(YLR033W)|FD-Score:3.68|P-value:1.16E-4|Clearance:0.15||SGD DESC:Component of the RSC chromatin remodeling complex; RSC functions in transcriptional regulation and elongation, chromosome stability, and establishing sister chromatid cohesion; involved in telomere maintenance Gene:RSC6(YCR052W)|FD-Score:6.38|P-value:8.66E-11|Clearance:0.13||SGD DESC:Component of the RSC chromatin remodeling complex; essential for mitotic growth; homolog of SWI/SNF subunit Swp73p Gene:RSC9(YML127W)|FD-Score:4.8|P-value:7.82E-7|Clearance:0.31||SGD DESC:Component of the RSC chromatin remodeling complex; DNA-binding protein involved in the synthesis of rRNA and in transcriptional repression and activation of genes regulated by the Target of Rapamycin (TOR) pathway Gene:SCL1(YGL011C)|FD-Score:-3.59|P-value:1.66E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Alpha 1 subunit of the 20S proteasome involved in the degradation of ubiquitinated substrates; 20S proteasome is the core complex of the 26S proteasome; essential for growth; detected in the mitochondria Gene:SEC14(YMR079W)|FD-Score:3.32|P-value:4.44E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Phosphatidylinositol/phosphatidylcholine transfer protein; involved in regulating PtdIns, PtdCho, and ceramide metabolism, products of which regulate intracellular transport and UPR; has a role in localization of lipid raft proteins; functionally homologous to mammalian PITPs Gene:STH1(YIL126W)|FD-Score:5.67|P-value:7.30E-9|Clearance:0.26||SGD DESC:ATPase component of the RSC chromatin remodeling complex; required for expression of early meiotic genes; essential helicase-related protein homologous to Snf2p Gene:STU1(YBL034C)|FD-Score:3.68|P-value:1.16E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Component of the mitotic spindle that binds to interpolar microtubules via its association with beta-tubulin (Tub2p); required for interpolar microtubules to provide an outward force on the spindle poles Gene:SUI1(YNL244C)|FD-Score:7.06|P-value:8.45E-13|Clearance:0.29||SGD DESC:Translation initiation factor eIF1; component of a complex involved in recognition of the initiator codon; modulates translation accuracy at the initiation phase Gene:TAF10(YDR167W)|FD-Score:5.14|P-value:1.38E-7|Clearance:0.34||SGD DESC:Subunit (145 kDa) of TFIID and SAGA complexes, involved in RNA polymerase II transcription initiation and in chromatin modification Gene:TAF12(YDR145W)|FD-Score:10.3|P-value:5.38E-25|Clearance:2.09||SGD DESC:Subunit (61/68 kDa) of TFIID and SAGA complexes, involved in RNA polymerase II transcription initiation and in chromatin modification, similar to histone H2A Gene:TAF5(YBR198C)|FD-Score:7.62|P-value:1.24E-14|Clearance:0.41||SGD DESC:Subunit (90 kDa) of TFIID and SAGA complexes, involved in RNA polymerase II transcription initiation and in chromatin modification Gene:TAF6(YGL112C)|FD-Score:17.5|P-value:4.28E-69|Clearance:2.47||SGD DESC:Subunit (60 kDa) of TFIID and SAGA complexes, involved in transcription initiation of RNA polymerase II and in chromatin modification, similar to histone H4 Gene:TAF7(YMR227C)|FD-Score:3.32|P-value:4.52E-4|Clearance:0.02||SGD DESC:TFIID subunit (67 kDa), involved in RNA polymerase II transcription initiation Gene:TFA1(YKL028W)|FD-Score:5.4|P-value:3.27E-8|Clearance:0.11||SGD DESC:TFIIE large subunit, involved in recruitment of RNA polymerase II to the promoter, activation of TFIIH, and promoter opening Gene:TIM54(YJL054W)|FD-Score:12.4|P-value:7.17E-36|Clearance:1.75||SGD DESC:Component of the mitochondrial TIM22 complex involved in insertion of polytopic proteins into the inner membrane Gene:TOA2(YKL058W)|FD-Score:-3.65|P-value:1.31E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:TFIIA small subunit; involved in transcriptional activation, acts as antirepressor or as coactivator; homologous to smallest subunit of human and Drosophila TFIIA; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:TSC11(YER093C)|FD-Score:3.37|P-value:3.78E-4|Clearance:0.03||SGD DESC:Subunit of TORC2 (Tor2p-Lst8p-Avo1-Avo2-Tsc11p-Bit61p), a membrane-associated complex that regulates actin cytoskeletal dynamics during polarized growth and cell wall integrity; involved in sphingolipid metabolism; contains a RasGEFN domain Gene:UTP22(YGR090W)|FD-Score:3.8|P-value:7.25E-5|Clearance:0.04||SGD DESC:Component of the small-subunit processome; required for nuclear export of tRNAs; may facilitate binding of Utp8p to aminoacylated tRNAs and their delivery to Los1p for export; conserved from yeast to mammals Gene:YEF3(YLR249W)|FD-Score:3.47|P-value:2.57E-4|Clearance:0.1||SGD DESC:Gamma subunit of translational elongation factor eEF1B; stimulates the binding of aminoacyl-tRNA (AA-tRNA) to ribosomes by releasing eEF1A (Tef1p/Tef2p) from the ribosomal complex; contains two ABC cassettes; binds and hydrolyzes ATP; YEF3 has a paralog, HEF3, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:YGL074C(YGL074C_d)|FD-Score:7.06|P-value:8.24E-13|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein; overlaps 5' end of essential HSF1 gene encoding heat shock transcription factor Gene:YGR115C(YGR115C_d)|FD-Score:5.29|P-value:6.16E-8|Clearance:0.15||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified and essential ORF SPT6/YGR115C Gene:YJL202C(YJL202C_d)|FD-Score:3.76|P-value:8.64E-5|Clearance:0.08||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; overlaps 3' end of essential PRP21 gene encoding a subunit of the SF3a splicing factor complex Gene:YOL134C(YOL134C_d)|FD-Score:3.11|P-value:9.25E-4|Clearance:0.03||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps HRT1, a verified gene that encodes an SCF ubiquitin ligase subunit Gene:YPL238C(YPL238C_d)|FD-Score:-3.22|P-value:6.36E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps 5' end of the verified essential gene SUI3/YPL237W

HOP profile

Homozygous deletion strains
Scale: fixedexpanded
Homozygous profile for 115175
Download HOP data (tab-delimited text)  (excel)
Gene:ACB1(YGR037C)|FD-Score:19.4|P-value:5.99E-84||SGD DESC:Acyl-CoA-binding protein, transports newly synthesized acyl-CoA esters from fatty acid synthetase (Fas1p-Fas2p) to acyl-CoA-consuming processes; subject to starvation-induced, Grh1p-mediated unconventional secretion; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:ADH3(YMR083W)|FD-Score:3.19|P-value:7.23E-4||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial alcohol dehydrogenase isozyme III; involved in the shuttling of mitochondrial NADH to the cytosol under anaerobic conditions and ethanol production Gene:BDS1(YOL164W)|FD-Score:-3.2|P-value:6.84E-4||SGD DESC:Bacterially-derived sulfatase required for use of alkyl- and aryl-sulfates as sulfur sources Gene:BMH1(YER177W)|FD-Score:11|P-value:1.47E-28||SGD DESC:14-3-3 protein, major isoform; controls proteome at post-transcriptional level, binds proteins and DNA, involved in regulation of many processes including exocytosis, vesicle transport, Ras/MAPK signaling, and rapamycin-sensitive signaling; protein increases in abundance and relative distribution to the nucleus increases upon DNA replication stress Gene:CKA2(YOR061W)|FD-Score:8.15|P-value:1.89E-16||SGD DESC:Alpha' catalytic subunit of casein kinase 2 (CK2); CK2 is a Ser/Thr protein kinase with roles in cell growth and proliferation; CK2, comprised of CKA1, CKA2, CKB1 and CKB2, has many substrates including transcription factors and all RNA polymerases; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress; regulates Fkh1p-mediated donor preference during mating-type switching Gene:CST6(YIL036W)|FD-Score:6.51|P-value:3.74E-11||SGD DESC:Basic leucine zipper (bZIP) transcription factor, in ATF/CREB family; mediates transcriptional activation of NCE103 (encoding carbonic anhydrase) in response to low CO2 levels such as in the ambient air; proposed to be a regulator of oleate responsive genes; involved in utilization of non-optimal carbon sources and chromosome stability; CST6 has a paralog, ACA1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:CYS3(YAL012W)|FD-Score:3.29|P-value:5.04E-4||SGD DESC:Cystathionine gamma-lyase, catalyzes one of the two reactions involved in the transsulfuration pathway that yields cysteine from homocysteine with the intermediary formation of cystathionine; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:EAF1(YDR359C)|FD-Score:3.2|P-value:6.77E-4||SGD DESC:Component of the NuA4 histone acetyltransferase complex; acts as a platform for assembly of NuA4 subunits into the native complex; required for initiation of pre-meiotic DNA replication, likely due to its requirement for expression of IME1 Gene:FAR10(YLR238W)|FD-Score:3.7|P-value:1.06E-4||SGD DESC:Protein involved in recovery from cell cycle arrest in response to pheromone, in a Far1p-independent pathway; interacts with Far3p, Far7p, Far8p, Far9p, and Far11p; potential Cdc28p substrate Gene:FEN2(YCR028C)|FD-Score:3.43|P-value:2.98E-4||SGD DESC:Plasma membrane H+-pantothenate symporter; confers sensitivity to the antifungal agent fenpropimorph; relocalizes from vacuole to cytoplasm upon DNA replication stress Gene:FMC1(YIL098C)|FD-Score:5.01|P-value:2.73E-7||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial matrix protein, required for assembly or stability at high temperature of the F1 sector of mitochondrial F1F0 ATP synthase; null mutant temperature sensitive growth on glycerol is suppressed by multicopy expression of Odc1p Gene:FUI1(YBL042C)|FD-Score:3.35|P-value:4.04E-4||SGD DESC:High affinity uridine permease, localizes to the plasma membrane; also mediates low but significant transport of the cytotoxic nucleoside analog 5-fluorouridine; not involved in uracil transport; relative distribution to the vacuole increases upon DNA replication stress Gene:GAL11(YOL051W)|FD-Score:5.54|P-value:1.48E-8||SGD DESC:Subunit of the RNA polymerase II mediator complex; associates with core polymerase subunits to form the RNA polymerase II holoenzyme; affects transcription by acting as target of activators and repressors; forms part of the tail domain of mediator Gene:GCN5(YGR252W)|FD-Score:3.74|P-value:9.17E-5||SGD DESC:Acetyltransferase, modifies N-terminal lysines on histones H2B and H3; acetylates Rsc4p, a subunit of the RSC chromatin-remodeling complex, altering replication stress tolerance; catalytic subunit of the ADA and SAGA histone acetyltransferase complexes; mutant displays reduced transcription elongation in the G-less-based run-on (GLRO) assay; greater involvement in repression of RNAPII-dependent transcription than in activation Gene:HXT4(YHR092C)|FD-Score:4.83|P-value:6.95E-7||SGD DESC:High-affinity glucose transporter; member of the major facilitator superfamily, expression is induced by low levels of glucose and repressed by high levels of glucose; HXT4 has a paralog, HXT7, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:IPT1(YDR072C)|FD-Score:4.88|P-value:5.44E-7||SGD DESC:Inositolphosphotransferase, involved in synthesis of mannose-(inositol-P)2-ceramide (M(IP)2C), the most abundant sphingolipid; can mutate to resistance to the antifungals syringomycin E and DmAMP1 and to K. lactis zymocin Gene:JID1(YPR061C)|FD-Score:3.53|P-value:2.07E-4||SGD DESC:Probable Hsp40p co-chaperone, has a DnaJ-like domain and appears to be involved in ER-associated degradation of misfolded proteins containing a tightly folded cytoplasmic domain; inhibits replication of Brome mosaic virus in S. cerevisiae Gene:LDB19(YOR322C)|FD-Score:4.28|P-value:9.42E-6||SGD DESC:Protein involved in regulating the endocytosis of plasma membrane proteins by recruiting the ubiquitin ligase Rsp5p to its target; inhibited by Npr1p-mediated phosphorylation, which affects translocation between the cytosol and the plasma membrane; null mutant has reduced affinity for alcian blue dye Gene:MHF2(YDL160C-A)|FD-Score:3.6|P-value:1.57E-4||SGD DESC:Component of the heterotetrameric MHF histone-fold complex; in humans the MMF complex interacts with both DNA and Mph1p ortholog FANCM to stabilize and remodel blocked replication forks and repair damaged DNA; mhf2 srs2 double mutants are MMS hypersensitive; orthologous to human centromere constitutive-associated network (CCAN) subunit CENP-X, also known as MHF2 Gene:MMS1(YPR164W)|FD-Score:3.64|P-value:1.39E-4||SGD DESC:Subunit of an E3 ubiquitin ligase complex involved in replication repair; stabilizes protein components of the replication fork such as the fork-pausing complex and leading strand polymerase, preventing fork collapse and promoting efficient recovery during replication stress; regulates Ty1 transposition; involved with Rtt101p in nonfunctional rRNA decay Gene:MTM1(YGR257C)|FD-Score:5.45|P-value:2.59E-8||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial protein of the mitochondrial carrier family, involved in activating mitochondrial Sod2p probably by facilitating insertion of an essential manganese cofactor Gene:NGG1(YDR176W)|FD-Score:3.21|P-value:6.57E-4||SGD DESC:Transcriptional regulator involved in glucose repression of Gal4p-regulated genes; component of transcriptional adaptor and histone acetyltransferase complexes, the ADA complex, the SAGA complex, and the SLIK complex Gene:NOT5(YPR072W)|FD-Score:3.85|P-value:5.90E-5||SGD DESC:Subunit of the CCR4-NOT complex, which is a global transcriptional regulator with roles in transcription initiation and elongation and in mRNA degradation Gene:NPR2(YEL062W)|FD-Score:7.22|P-value:2.57E-13||SGD DESC:Subunit of SEA (Seh1-associated), Npr2/3, and Iml1p complexes; Npr2/3 complex mediates downregulation of TORC1 activity upon amino acid limitation; SEA complex is a coatomer-related complex that associates dynamically with the vacuole; Iml1p complex (Iml1p-Npr2p-Npr3p) is required for non-nitrogen-starvation (NNS)-induced autophagy; Iml1p interacts primarily with phosphorylated Npr2p; homolog of human NPRL2; target of Grr1p; required for growth on urea and proline Gene:NRG2(YBR066C)|FD-Score:4.16|P-value:1.62E-5||SGD DESC:Transcriptional repressor; mediates glucose repression and negatively regulates filamentous growth; NRG2 has a paralog, NRG1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:NUM1(YDR150W)|FD-Score:3.5|P-value:2.33E-4||SGD DESC:Protein required for nuclear migration, localizes to the mother cell cortex and the bud tip; may mediate interactions of dynein and cytoplasmic microtubules with the cell cortex Gene:OCA6(YDR067C_p)|FD-Score:-3.42|P-value:3.18E-4||SGD DESC:Cytoplasmic protein required for replication of Brome mosaic virus in S. cerevisiae, which is a model system for studying positive-strand RNA virus replication; null mutation confers sensitivity to tunicamycin and DTT Gene:PAR32(YDL173W)|FD-Score:5.16|P-value:1.26E-7||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; hyperphosphorylated upon rapamycin treatment in a Tap42p-dependent manner; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to the cytoplasm; PAR32 is not an essential gene Gene:PDR1(YGL013C)|FD-Score:6.8|P-value:5.22E-12||SGD DESC:Transcription factor that regulates the pleiotropic drug response; zinc cluster protein that is a master regulator involved in recruiting other zinc cluster proteins to pleiotropic drug response elements (PDREs) to fine tune the regulation of multidrug resistance genes; PDR1 has a paralog, PDR3, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:PEX34(YCL056C)|FD-Score:-3.15|P-value:8.07E-4||SGD DESC:Peroxisomal integral membrane protein that regulates peroxisome populations; interacts with Pex11p, Pex25p, and Pex27p to control both constitutive peroxisome division and peroxisome morphology and abundance during peroxisome proliferation Gene:PKH2(YOL100W)|FD-Score:3.62|P-value:1.45E-4||SGD DESC:Serine/threonine protein kinase involved in sphingolipid-mediated signaling pathway that controls endocytosis; activates Ypk1p and Ykr2p, components of signaling cascade required for maintenance of cell wall integrity; redundant with Pkh1p Gene:PKR1(YMR123W)|FD-Score:4.43|P-value:4.82E-6||SGD DESC:V-ATPase assembly factor; functions with other V-ATPase assembly factors in the ER to efficiently assemble the V-ATPase membrane sector (V0); protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:PPR1(YLR014C)|FD-Score:4.28|P-value:9.29E-6||SGD DESC:Zinc finger transcription factor containing a Zn(2)-Cys(6) binuclear cluster domain, positively regulates transcription of URA1, URA3, URA4, and URA10, which are involved in de novo pyrimidine biosynthesis, in response to pyrimidine starvation; activity may be modulated by interaction with Tup1p Gene:PTK2(YJR059W)|FD-Score:16|P-value:3.21E-58||SGD DESC:Putative serine/threonine protein kinase involved in regulation of ion transport across plasma membrane; enhances spermine uptake Gene:RAV1(YJR033C)|FD-Score:4.64|P-value:1.73E-6||SGD DESC:Subunit of the RAVE complex (Rav1p, Rav2p, Skp1p), which promotes assembly of the V-ATPase holoenzyme; required for transport between the early and late endosome/PVC and for localization of TGN membrane proteins; potential Cdc28p substrate Gene:RHO2(YNL090W)|FD-Score:3.75|P-value:8.89E-5||SGD DESC:Non-essential small GTPase of the Rho/Rac subfamily of Ras-like proteins, involved in the establishment of cell polarity and in microtubule assembly Gene:ROX1(YPR065W)|FD-Score:4.08|P-value:2.28E-5||SGD DESC:Heme-dependent repressor of hypoxic genes; mediates aerobic transcriptional repression of hypoxia induced genes such as COX5b and CYC7; repressor function regulated through decreased promoter occupancy in response to oxidative stress; contains an HMG domain that is responsible for DNA bending activity; involved in the hyperosmotic stress resistance Gene:RPL20A(YMR242C)|FD-Score:3.29|P-value:4.97E-4||SGD DESC:Ribosomal 60S subunit protein L20A; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein L18A, no bacterial homolog; RPL20A has a paralog, RPL20B, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RPL2B(YIL018W)|FD-Score:3.24|P-value:5.99E-4||SGD DESC:Ribosomal 60S subunit protein L2B; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein L2 and bacterial L2; RPL2B has a paralog, RPL2A, that arose from the whole genome duplication; expression is upregulated at low temperatures Gene:RPN4(YDL020C)|FD-Score:26.1|P-value:8.47E-151||SGD DESC:Transcription factor that stimulates expression of proteasome genes; Rpn4p levels are in turn regulated by the 26S proteasome in a negative feedback control mechanism; RPN4 is transcriptionally regulated by various stress responses; relative distribution to the nucleus increases upon DNA replication stress Gene:RPS24A(YER074W)|FD-Score:4.72|P-value:1.17E-6||SGD DESC:Protein component of the small (40S) ribosomal subunit; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein S24, no bacterial homolog; RPS24A has a paralog, RPS24B, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RPS30A(YLR287C-A)|FD-Score:4.84|P-value:6.51E-7||SGD DESC:Protein component of the small (40S) ribosomal subunit; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein S30, no bacterial homolog; RPS30A has a paralog, RPS30B, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:SAP190(YKR028W)|FD-Score:7.3|P-value:1.47E-13||SGD DESC:Protein that forms a complex with the Sit4p protein phosphatase; required for Sit4p function; member of a family of similar proteins including Sap4p, Sap155p, and Sap185p; SAP190 has a paralog, SAP185, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:SKY1(YMR216C)|FD-Score:7.1|P-value:6.33E-13||SGD DESC:SR protein kinase (SRPK) involved in regulating proteins involved in mRNA metabolism and cation homeostasis; similar to human SRPK1 Gene:SLK19(YOR195W)|FD-Score:3.18|P-value:7.33E-4||SGD DESC:Kinetochore-associated protein required for normal segregation of chromosomes in meiosis and mitosis; component of the FEAR regulatory network, which promotes Cdc14p release from the nucleolus during anaphase; potential Cdc28p substrate Gene:SNQ2(YDR011W)|FD-Score:13.7|P-value:3.08E-43||SGD DESC:Plasma membrane ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter, multidrug transporter involved in multidrug resistance and resistance to singlet oxygen species Gene:SOK2(YMR016C)|FD-Score:3.57|P-value:1.76E-4||SGD DESC:Nuclear protein that negatively regulates pseudohyphal differentiation; plays a regulatory role in the cyclic AMP (cAMP)-dependent protein kinase (PKA) signal transduction pathway; SOK2 has a paralog, PHD1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:STL1(YDR536W)|FD-Score:3.24|P-value:6.01E-4||SGD DESC:Glycerol proton symporter of the plasma membrane, subject to glucose-induced inactivation, strongly but transiently induced when cells are subjected to osmotic shock Gene:SUR1(YPL057C)|FD-Score:5.46|P-value:2.38E-8||SGD DESC:Mannosylinositol phosphorylceramide (MIPC) synthase catalytic subunit; forms a complex with regulatory subunit Csg2p; function in sphingolipid biosynthesis is overlapping with that of Csh1p; SUR1 has a paralog, CSH1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:SUR4(YLR372W)|FD-Score:5.59|P-value:1.15E-8||SGD DESC:Elongase, involved in fatty acid and sphingolipid biosynthesis; synthesizes very long chain 20-26-carbon fatty acids from C18-CoA primers; involved in regulation of sphingolipid biosynthesis Gene:TDA3(YHR009C_p)|FD-Score:3.93|P-value:4.22E-5||SGD DESC:Putative oxidoreductase involved in late endosome to Golgi transport; physical and genetical interactions with Btn2p; null mutant is viable, has extended S phase, and sensitive to expression of top1-T722A allele; similar to human FOXRED1 Gene:TEA1(YOR337W)|FD-Score:3.1|P-value:9.62E-4||SGD DESC:Ty1 enhancer activator required for full levels of Ty enhancer-mediated transcription; C6 zinc cluster DNA-binding protein Gene:TMA10(YLR327C)|FD-Score:8.22|P-value:1.02E-16||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function that associates with ribosomes; putative homolog of the F1F0-ATPase synthase regulator Stf2p; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:TPO4(YOR273C)|FD-Score:3.7|P-value:1.07E-4||SGD DESC:Polyamine transporter of the major facilitator superfamily; member of the 12-spanner drug:H(+) antiporter DHA1 family; recognizes spermine, putrescine, and spermidine; localizes to the plasma membrane Gene:TSC3(YBR058C-A)|FD-Score:16.2|P-value:2.18E-59||SGD DESC:Protein that stimulates the activity of serine palmitoyltransferase (Lcb1p, Lcb2p) several-fold; involved in sphingolipid biosynthesis Gene:ULA1(YPL003W)|FD-Score:3.9|P-value:4.75E-5||SGD DESC:Protein that acts together with Uba3p to activate Rub1p before its conjugation to proteins (neddylation), which may play a role in protein degradation Gene:URA1(YKL216W)|FD-Score:13.8|P-value:1.22E-43||SGD DESC:Dihydroorotate dehydrogenase, catalyzes the fourth enzymatic step in the de novo biosynthesis of pyrimidines, converting dihydroorotic acid into orotic acid Gene:URA4(YLR420W)|FD-Score:10.5|P-value:2.61E-26||SGD DESC:Dihydroorotase, catalyzes the third enzymatic step in the de novo biosynthesis of pyrimidines, converting carbamoyl-L-aspartate into dihydroorotate Gene:URE2(YNL229C)|FD-Score:5.71|P-value:5.79E-9||SGD DESC:Nitrogen catabolite repression transcriptional regulator that acts by inhibition of GLN3 transcription in good nitrogen source; has glutathione peroxidase activity and can mutate to acquire GST activity; altered form creates [URE3] prion Gene:VMA9(YCL005W-A)|FD-Score:3.28|P-value:5.21E-4||SGD DESC:Vacuolar H+ ATPase subunit e of the V-ATPase V0 subcomplex; essential for vacuolar acidification; interacts with the V-ATPase assembly factor Vma21p in the ER; involved in V0 biogenesis Gene:YBR182C-A(YBR182C-A_p)|FD-Score:-3.45|P-value:2.78E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; identified by gene-trapping, microarray-based expression analysis, and genome-wide homology searching Gene:YDR010C(YDR010C_d)|FD-Score:7.01|P-value:1.16E-12||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YDR455C(YDR455C_d)|FD-Score:5.96|P-value:1.29E-9||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified gene YDR456W Gene:YHR125W(YHR125W_d)|FD-Score:3.15|P-value:8.28E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YIL029C(YIL029C_p)|FD-Score:3.31|P-value:4.59E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; deletion confers sensitivity to 4-(N-(S-glutathionylacetyl)amino) phenylarsenoxide (GSAO); YIL029C has paralog YPR071W Gene:YIL163C(YIL163C_p)|FD-Score:5.14|P-value:1.34E-7||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function; mRNA identified as translated by ribosome profiling data Gene:YIM1(YMR152W)|FD-Score:4.09|P-value:2.13E-5||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function; null mutant displays sensitivity to DNA damaging agents; the authentic, non-tagged protein is detected in highly purified mitochondria in high-throughput studies; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:YJR037W(YJR037W_d)|FD-Score:-3.32|P-value:4.55E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps verified gene HUL4/YJR036C; deletion mutant has decreased spore survival in Drosophila feces Gene:YKL070W(YKL070W_p)|FD-Score:3.58|P-value:1.69E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; expression induced in cells treated with mycotoxins patulin or citrinin; the authentic, non-tagged protein is detected in highly purified mitochondria in high-throughput studies Gene:YLR446W(YLR446W_p)|FD-Score:3.28|P-value:5.16E-4||SGD DESC:Putative hexokinase; transcript is upregulated during sporulation and the unfolded protein response; YLR446W is not an essential gene Gene:YPK1(YKL126W)|FD-Score:9.15|P-value:2.91E-20||SGD DESC:Serine/threonine protein kinase; phosphorylates and downregulates flippase activator Fpk1p; inactivates Orm1p and Orm2p (inhibitors of serine:palmitoyl-coenzyme A transferase) by phosphorylation in response to compromised sphingolipid synthesis; mutations affect receptor-mediated endocytosis and sphingolipid-mediated and cell integrity signaling pathways; homolog of mammalian kinase SGK; YPK1 has a paralog, YPK2, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:YRR1(YOR162C)|FD-Score:4.32|P-value:7.93E-6||SGD DESC:Zn2-Cys6 zinc-finger transcription factor; activates genes involved in multidrug resistance; paralog of Yrm1p, acting on an overlapping set of target genes; YRR1 has a paralog, PDR8, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:ACB1(YGR037C)|FD-Score:19.4|P-value:5.99E-84||SGD DESC:Acyl-CoA-binding protein, transports newly synthesized acyl-CoA esters from fatty acid synthetase (Fas1p-Fas2p) to acyl-CoA-consuming processes; subject to starvation-induced, Grh1p-mediated unconventional secretion; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:ADH3(YMR083W)|FD-Score:3.19|P-value:7.23E-4||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial alcohol dehydrogenase isozyme III; involved in the shuttling of mitochondrial NADH to the cytosol under anaerobic conditions and ethanol production Gene:BDS1(YOL164W)|FD-Score:-3.2|P-value:6.84E-4||SGD DESC:Bacterially-derived sulfatase required for use of alkyl- and aryl-sulfates as sulfur sources Gene:BMH1(YER177W)|FD-Score:11|P-value:1.47E-28||SGD DESC:14-3-3 protein, major isoform; controls proteome at post-transcriptional level, binds proteins and DNA, involved in regulation of many processes including exocytosis, vesicle transport, Ras/MAPK signaling, and rapamycin-sensitive signaling; protein increases in abundance and relative distribution to the nucleus increases upon DNA replication stress Gene:CKA2(YOR061W)|FD-Score:8.15|P-value:1.89E-16||SGD DESC:Alpha' catalytic subunit of casein kinase 2 (CK2); CK2 is a Ser/Thr protein kinase with roles in cell growth and proliferation; CK2, comprised of CKA1, CKA2, CKB1 and CKB2, has many substrates including transcription factors and all RNA polymerases; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress; regulates Fkh1p-mediated donor preference during mating-type switching Gene:CST6(YIL036W)|FD-Score:6.51|P-value:3.74E-11||SGD DESC:Basic leucine zipper (bZIP) transcription factor, in ATF/CREB family; mediates transcriptional activation of NCE103 (encoding carbonic anhydrase) in response to low CO2 levels such as in the ambient air; proposed to be a regulator of oleate responsive genes; involved in utilization of non-optimal carbon sources and chromosome stability; CST6 has a paralog, ACA1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:CYS3(YAL012W)|FD-Score:3.29|P-value:5.04E-4||SGD DESC:Cystathionine gamma-lyase, catalyzes one of the two reactions involved in the transsulfuration pathway that yields cysteine from homocysteine with the intermediary formation of cystathionine; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:EAF1(YDR359C)|FD-Score:3.2|P-value:6.77E-4||SGD DESC:Component of the NuA4 histone acetyltransferase complex; acts as a platform for assembly of NuA4 subunits into the native complex; required for initiation of pre-meiotic DNA replication, likely due to its requirement for expression of IME1 Gene:FAR10(YLR238W)|FD-Score:3.7|P-value:1.06E-4||SGD DESC:Protein involved in recovery from cell cycle arrest in response to pheromone, in a Far1p-independent pathway; interacts with Far3p, Far7p, Far8p, Far9p, and Far11p; potential Cdc28p substrate Gene:FEN2(YCR028C)|FD-Score:3.43|P-value:2.98E-4||SGD DESC:Plasma membrane H+-pantothenate symporter; confers sensitivity to the antifungal agent fenpropimorph; relocalizes from vacuole to cytoplasm upon DNA replication stress Gene:FMC1(YIL098C)|FD-Score:5.01|P-value:2.73E-7||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial matrix protein, required for assembly or stability at high temperature of the F1 sector of mitochondrial F1F0 ATP synthase; null mutant temperature sensitive growth on glycerol is suppressed by multicopy expression of Odc1p Gene:FUI1(YBL042C)|FD-Score:3.35|P-value:4.04E-4||SGD DESC:High affinity uridine permease, localizes to the plasma membrane; also mediates low but significant transport of the cytotoxic nucleoside analog 5-fluorouridine; not involved in uracil transport; relative distribution to the vacuole increases upon DNA replication stress Gene:GAL11(YOL051W)|FD-Score:5.54|P-value:1.48E-8||SGD DESC:Subunit of the RNA polymerase II mediator complex; associates with core polymerase subunits to form the RNA polymerase II holoenzyme; affects transcription by acting as target of activators and repressors; forms part of the tail domain of mediator Gene:GCN5(YGR252W)|FD-Score:3.74|P-value:9.17E-5||SGD DESC:Acetyltransferase, modifies N-terminal lysines on histones H2B and H3; acetylates Rsc4p, a subunit of the RSC chromatin-remodeling complex, altering replication stress tolerance; catalytic subunit of the ADA and SAGA histone acetyltransferase complexes; mutant displays reduced transcription elongation in the G-less-based run-on (GLRO) assay; greater involvement in repression of RNAPII-dependent transcription than in activation Gene:HXT4(YHR092C)|FD-Score:4.83|P-value:6.95E-7||SGD DESC:High-affinity glucose transporter; member of the major facilitator superfamily, expression is induced by low levels of glucose and repressed by high levels of glucose; HXT4 has a paralog, HXT7, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:IPT1(YDR072C)|FD-Score:4.88|P-value:5.44E-7||SGD DESC:Inositolphosphotransferase, involved in synthesis of mannose-(inositol-P)2-ceramide (M(IP)2C), the most abundant sphingolipid; can mutate to resistance to the antifungals syringomycin E and DmAMP1 and to K. lactis zymocin Gene:JID1(YPR061C)|FD-Score:3.53|P-value:2.07E-4||SGD DESC:Probable Hsp40p co-chaperone, has a DnaJ-like domain and appears to be involved in ER-associated degradation of misfolded proteins containing a tightly folded cytoplasmic domain; inhibits replication of Brome mosaic virus in S. cerevisiae Gene:LDB19(YOR322C)|FD-Score:4.28|P-value:9.42E-6||SGD DESC:Protein involved in regulating the endocytosis of plasma membrane proteins by recruiting the ubiquitin ligase Rsp5p to its target; inhibited by Npr1p-mediated phosphorylation, which affects translocation between the cytosol and the plasma membrane; null mutant has reduced affinity for alcian blue dye Gene:MHF2(YDL160C-A)|FD-Score:3.6|P-value:1.57E-4||SGD DESC:Component of the heterotetrameric MHF histone-fold complex; in humans the MMF complex interacts with both DNA and Mph1p ortholog FANCM to stabilize and remodel blocked replication forks and repair damaged DNA; mhf2 srs2 double mutants are MMS hypersensitive; orthologous to human centromere constitutive-associated network (CCAN) subunit CENP-X, also known as MHF2 Gene:MMS1(YPR164W)|FD-Score:3.64|P-value:1.39E-4||SGD DESC:Subunit of an E3 ubiquitin ligase complex involved in replication repair; stabilizes protein components of the replication fork such as the fork-pausing complex and leading strand polymerase, preventing fork collapse and promoting efficient recovery during replication stress; regulates Ty1 transposition; involved with Rtt101p in nonfunctional rRNA decay Gene:MTM1(YGR257C)|FD-Score:5.45|P-value:2.59E-8||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial protein of the mitochondrial carrier family, involved in activating mitochondrial Sod2p probably by facilitating insertion of an essential manganese cofactor Gene:NGG1(YDR176W)|FD-Score:3.21|P-value:6.57E-4||SGD DESC:Transcriptional regulator involved in glucose repression of Gal4p-regulated genes; component of transcriptional adaptor and histone acetyltransferase complexes, the ADA complex, the SAGA complex, and the SLIK complex Gene:NOT5(YPR072W)|FD-Score:3.85|P-value:5.90E-5||SGD DESC:Subunit of the CCR4-NOT complex, which is a global transcriptional regulator with roles in transcription initiation and elongation and in mRNA degradation Gene:NPR2(YEL062W)|FD-Score:7.22|P-value:2.57E-13||SGD DESC:Subunit of SEA (Seh1-associated), Npr2/3, and Iml1p complexes; Npr2/3 complex mediates downregulation of TORC1 activity upon amino acid limitation; SEA complex is a coatomer-related complex that associates dynamically with the vacuole; Iml1p complex (Iml1p-Npr2p-Npr3p) is required for non-nitrogen-starvation (NNS)-induced autophagy; Iml1p interacts primarily with phosphorylated Npr2p; homolog of human NPRL2; target of Grr1p; required for growth on urea and proline Gene:NRG2(YBR066C)|FD-Score:4.16|P-value:1.62E-5||SGD DESC:Transcriptional repressor; mediates glucose repression and negatively regulates filamentous growth; NRG2 has a paralog, NRG1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:NUM1(YDR150W)|FD-Score:3.5|P-value:2.33E-4||SGD DESC:Protein required for nuclear migration, localizes to the mother cell cortex and the bud tip; may mediate interactions of dynein and cytoplasmic microtubules with the cell cortex Gene:OCA6(YDR067C_p)|FD-Score:-3.42|P-value:3.18E-4||SGD DESC:Cytoplasmic protein required for replication of Brome mosaic virus in S. cerevisiae, which is a model system for studying positive-strand RNA virus replication; null mutation confers sensitivity to tunicamycin and DTT Gene:PAR32(YDL173W)|FD-Score:5.16|P-value:1.26E-7||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; hyperphosphorylated upon rapamycin treatment in a Tap42p-dependent manner; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to the cytoplasm; PAR32 is not an essential gene Gene:PDR1(YGL013C)|FD-Score:6.8|P-value:5.22E-12||SGD DESC:Transcription factor that regulates the pleiotropic drug response; zinc cluster protein that is a master regulator involved in recruiting other zinc cluster proteins to pleiotropic drug response elements (PDREs) to fine tune the regulation of multidrug resistance genes; PDR1 has a paralog, PDR3, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:PEX34(YCL056C)|FD-Score:-3.15|P-value:8.07E-4||SGD DESC:Peroxisomal integral membrane protein that regulates peroxisome populations; interacts with Pex11p, Pex25p, and Pex27p to control both constitutive peroxisome division and peroxisome morphology and abundance during peroxisome proliferation Gene:PKH2(YOL100W)|FD-Score:3.62|P-value:1.45E-4||SGD DESC:Serine/threonine protein kinase involved in sphingolipid-mediated signaling pathway that controls endocytosis; activates Ypk1p and Ykr2p, components of signaling cascade required for maintenance of cell wall integrity; redundant with Pkh1p Gene:PKR1(YMR123W)|FD-Score:4.43|P-value:4.82E-6||SGD DESC:V-ATPase assembly factor; functions with other V-ATPase assembly factors in the ER to efficiently assemble the V-ATPase membrane sector (V0); protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:PPR1(YLR014C)|FD-Score:4.28|P-value:9.29E-6||SGD DESC:Zinc finger transcription factor containing a Zn(2)-Cys(6) binuclear cluster domain, positively regulates transcription of URA1, URA3, URA4, and URA10, which are involved in de novo pyrimidine biosynthesis, in response to pyrimidine starvation; activity may be modulated by interaction with Tup1p Gene:PTK2(YJR059W)|FD-Score:16|P-value:3.21E-58||SGD DESC:Putative serine/threonine protein kinase involved in regulation of ion transport across plasma membrane; enhances spermine uptake Gene:RAV1(YJR033C)|FD-Score:4.64|P-value:1.73E-6||SGD DESC:Subunit of the RAVE complex (Rav1p, Rav2p, Skp1p), which promotes assembly of the V-ATPase holoenzyme; required for transport between the early and late endosome/PVC and for localization of TGN membrane proteins; potential Cdc28p substrate Gene:RHO2(YNL090W)|FD-Score:3.75|P-value:8.89E-5||SGD DESC:Non-essential small GTPase of the Rho/Rac subfamily of Ras-like proteins, involved in the establishment of cell polarity and in microtubule assembly Gene:ROX1(YPR065W)|FD-Score:4.08|P-value:2.28E-5||SGD DESC:Heme-dependent repressor of hypoxic genes; mediates aerobic transcriptional repression of hypoxia induced genes such as COX5b and CYC7; repressor function regulated through decreased promoter occupancy in response to oxidative stress; contains an HMG domain that is responsible for DNA bending activity; involved in the hyperosmotic stress resistance Gene:RPL20A(YMR242C)|FD-Score:3.29|P-value:4.97E-4||SGD DESC:Ribosomal 60S subunit protein L20A; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein L18A, no bacterial homolog; RPL20A has a paralog, RPL20B, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RPL2B(YIL018W)|FD-Score:3.24|P-value:5.99E-4||SGD DESC:Ribosomal 60S subunit protein L2B; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein L2 and bacterial L2; RPL2B has a paralog, RPL2A, that arose from the whole genome duplication; expression is upregulated at low temperatures Gene:RPN4(YDL020C)|FD-Score:26.1|P-value:8.47E-151||SGD DESC:Transcription factor that stimulates expression of proteasome genes; Rpn4p levels are in turn regulated by the 26S proteasome in a negative feedback control mechanism; RPN4 is transcriptionally regulated by various stress responses; relative distribution to the nucleus increases upon DNA replication stress Gene:RPS24A(YER074W)|FD-Score:4.72|P-value:1.17E-6||SGD DESC:Protein component of the small (40S) ribosomal subunit; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein S24, no bacterial homolog; RPS24A has a paralog, RPS24B, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RPS30A(YLR287C-A)|FD-Score:4.84|P-value:6.51E-7||SGD DESC:Protein component of the small (40S) ribosomal subunit; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein S30, no bacterial homolog; RPS30A has a paralog, RPS30B, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:SAP190(YKR028W)|FD-Score:7.3|P-value:1.47E-13||SGD DESC:Protein that forms a complex with the Sit4p protein phosphatase; required for Sit4p function; member of a family of similar proteins including Sap4p, Sap155p, and Sap185p; SAP190 has a paralog, SAP185, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:SKY1(YMR216C)|FD-Score:7.1|P-value:6.33E-13||SGD DESC:SR protein kinase (SRPK) involved in regulating proteins involved in mRNA metabolism and cation homeostasis; similar to human SRPK1 Gene:SLK19(YOR195W)|FD-Score:3.18|P-value:7.33E-4||SGD DESC:Kinetochore-associated protein required for normal segregation of chromosomes in meiosis and mitosis; component of the FEAR regulatory network, which promotes Cdc14p release from the nucleolus during anaphase; potential Cdc28p substrate Gene:SNQ2(YDR011W)|FD-Score:13.7|P-value:3.08E-43||SGD DESC:Plasma membrane ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter, multidrug transporter involved in multidrug resistance and resistance to singlet oxygen species Gene:SOK2(YMR016C)|FD-Score:3.57|P-value:1.76E-4||SGD DESC:Nuclear protein that negatively regulates pseudohyphal differentiation; plays a regulatory role in the cyclic AMP (cAMP)-dependent protein kinase (PKA) signal transduction pathway; SOK2 has a paralog, PHD1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:STL1(YDR536W)|FD-Score:3.24|P-value:6.01E-4||SGD DESC:Glycerol proton symporter of the plasma membrane, subject to glucose-induced inactivation, strongly but transiently induced when cells are subjected to osmotic shock Gene:SUR1(YPL057C)|FD-Score:5.46|P-value:2.38E-8||SGD DESC:Mannosylinositol phosphorylceramide (MIPC) synthase catalytic subunit; forms a complex with regulatory subunit Csg2p; function in sphingolipid biosynthesis is overlapping with that of Csh1p; SUR1 has a paralog, CSH1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:SUR4(YLR372W)|FD-Score:5.59|P-value:1.15E-8||SGD DESC:Elongase, involved in fatty acid and sphingolipid biosynthesis; synthesizes very long chain 20-26-carbon fatty acids from C18-CoA primers; involved in regulation of sphingolipid biosynthesis Gene:TDA3(YHR009C_p)|FD-Score:3.93|P-value:4.22E-5||SGD DESC:Putative oxidoreductase involved in late endosome to Golgi transport; physical and genetical interactions with Btn2p; null mutant is viable, has extended S phase, and sensitive to expression of top1-T722A allele; similar to human FOXRED1 Gene:TEA1(YOR337W)|FD-Score:3.1|P-value:9.62E-4||SGD DESC:Ty1 enhancer activator required for full levels of Ty enhancer-mediated transcription; C6 zinc cluster DNA-binding protein Gene:TMA10(YLR327C)|FD-Score:8.22|P-value:1.02E-16||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function that associates with ribosomes; putative homolog of the F1F0-ATPase synthase regulator Stf2p; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:TPO4(YOR273C)|FD-Score:3.7|P-value:1.07E-4||SGD DESC:Polyamine transporter of the major facilitator superfamily; member of the 12-spanner drug:H(+) antiporter DHA1 family; recognizes spermine, putrescine, and spermidine; localizes to the plasma membrane Gene:TSC3(YBR058C-A)|FD-Score:16.2|P-value:2.18E-59||SGD DESC:Protein that stimulates the activity of serine palmitoyltransferase (Lcb1p, Lcb2p) several-fold; involved in sphingolipid biosynthesis Gene:ULA1(YPL003W)|FD-Score:3.9|P-value:4.75E-5||SGD DESC:Protein that acts together with Uba3p to activate Rub1p before its conjugation to proteins (neddylation), which may play a role in protein degradation Gene:URA1(YKL216W)|FD-Score:13.8|P-value:1.22E-43||SGD DESC:Dihydroorotate dehydrogenase, catalyzes the fourth enzymatic step in the de novo biosynthesis of pyrimidines, converting dihydroorotic acid into orotic acid Gene:URA4(YLR420W)|FD-Score:10.5|P-value:2.61E-26||SGD DESC:Dihydroorotase, catalyzes the third enzymatic step in the de novo biosynthesis of pyrimidines, converting carbamoyl-L-aspartate into dihydroorotate Gene:URE2(YNL229C)|FD-Score:5.71|P-value:5.79E-9||SGD DESC:Nitrogen catabolite repression transcriptional regulator that acts by inhibition of GLN3 transcription in good nitrogen source; has glutathione peroxidase activity and can mutate to acquire GST activity; altered form creates [URE3] prion Gene:VMA9(YCL005W-A)|FD-Score:3.28|P-value:5.21E-4||SGD DESC:Vacuolar H+ ATPase subunit e of the V-ATPase V0 subcomplex; essential for vacuolar acidification; interacts with the V-ATPase assembly factor Vma21p in the ER; involved in V0 biogenesis Gene:YBR182C-A(YBR182C-A_p)|FD-Score:-3.45|P-value:2.78E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; identified by gene-trapping, microarray-based expression analysis, and genome-wide homology searching Gene:YDR010C(YDR010C_d)|FD-Score:7.01|P-value:1.16E-12||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YDR455C(YDR455C_d)|FD-Score:5.96|P-value:1.29E-9||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified gene YDR456W Gene:YHR125W(YHR125W_d)|FD-Score:3.15|P-value:8.28E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YIL029C(YIL029C_p)|FD-Score:3.31|P-value:4.59E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; deletion confers sensitivity to 4-(N-(S-glutathionylacetyl)amino) phenylarsenoxide (GSAO); YIL029C has paralog YPR071W Gene:YIL163C(YIL163C_p)|FD-Score:5.14|P-value:1.34E-7||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function; mRNA identified as translated by ribosome profiling data Gene:YIM1(YMR152W)|FD-Score:4.09|P-value:2.13E-5||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function; null mutant displays sensitivity to DNA damaging agents; the authentic, non-tagged protein is detected in highly purified mitochondria in high-throughput studies; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:YJR037W(YJR037W_d)|FD-Score:-3.32|P-value:4.55E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps verified gene HUL4/YJR036C; deletion mutant has decreased spore survival in Drosophila feces Gene:YKL070W(YKL070W_p)|FD-Score:3.58|P-value:1.69E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; expression induced in cells treated with mycotoxins patulin or citrinin; the authentic, non-tagged protein is detected in highly purified mitochondria in high-throughput studies Gene:YLR446W(YLR446W_p)|FD-Score:3.28|P-value:5.16E-4||SGD DESC:Putative hexokinase; transcript is upregulated during sporulation and the unfolded protein response; YLR446W is not an essential gene Gene:YPK1(YKL126W)|FD-Score:9.15|P-value:2.91E-20||SGD DESC:Serine/threonine protein kinase; phosphorylates and downregulates flippase activator Fpk1p; inactivates Orm1p and Orm2p (inhibitors of serine:palmitoyl-coenzyme A transferase) by phosphorylation in response to compromised sphingolipid synthesis; mutations affect receptor-mediated endocytosis and sphingolipid-mediated and cell integrity signaling pathways; homolog of mammalian kinase SGK; YPK1 has a paralog, YPK2, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:YRR1(YOR162C)|FD-Score:4.32|P-value:7.93E-6||SGD DESC:Zn2-Cys6 zinc-finger transcription factor; activates genes involved in multidrug resistance; paralog of Yrm1p, acting on an overlapping set of target genes; YRR1 has a paralog, PDR8, that arose from the whole genome duplication

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Top 15 HET fitness defect scores (HIP)

Download all HIP Data (tab-delimited text)  (excel)
Deletion Strain FD score P-value Clearance Gene Gene Description
YGL112C17.504.28E-692.47TAF6Subunit (60 kDa) of TFIID and SAGA complexes, involved in transcription initiation of RNA polymerase II and in chromatin modification, similar to histone H4
YHR036W15.902.73E-572.47BRL1Essential nuclear envelope integral membrane protein identified as a suppressor of a conditional mutation in the major karyopherin, CRM1; homologous to and interacts with Brr6p, a nuclear envelope protein involved in nuclear export
YPR034W15.201.27E-522.47ARP7Component of both the SWI/SNF and RSC chromatin remodeling complexes; actin-related protein involved in transcriptional regulation
YOR174W12.801.48E-370.31MED4Subunit of the RNA polymerase II mediator complex; associates with core polymerase subunits to form the RNA polymerase II holoenzyme; essential for transcriptional regulation
YJL054W12.407.17E-361.75TIM54Component of the mitochondrial TIM22 complex involved in insertion of polytopic proteins into the inner membrane
YNR016C10.705.16E-270.44ACC1Acetyl-CoA carboxylase, biotin containing enzyme; catalyzes the carboxylation of cytosolic acetyl-CoA to form malonyl-CoA and regulates histone acetylation by regulating the availablity of acetyl-CoA; required for de novo biosynthesis of long-chain fatty acids;
YDR145W10.305.38E-252.09TAF12Subunit (61/68 kDa) of TFIID and SAGA complexes, involved in RNA polymerase II transcription initiation and in chromatin modification, similar to histone H2A
YPL153C8.171.55E-160.55RAD53Protein kinase, required for cell-cycle arrest in response to DNA damage; activated by trans autophosphorylation when interacting with hyperphosphorylated Rad9p; also interacts with ARS1 and plays a role in initiation of DNA replication
YBR198C7.621.24E-140.41TAF5Subunit (90 kDa) of TFIID and SAGA complexes, involved in RNA polymerase II transcription initiation and in chromatin modification
YMR208W7.212.72E-130.15ERG12Mevalonate kinase, acts in the biosynthesis of isoprenoids and sterols, including ergosterol, from mevalonate
YGL074C_d7.068.24E-130.00YGL074C_dDubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein; overlaps 5' end of essential HSF1 gene encoding heat shock transcription factor
YNL244C7.068.45E-130.29SUI1Translation initiation factor eIF1; component of a complex involved in recognition of the initiator codon; modulates translation accuracy at the initiation phase
YDL147W6.766.72E-120.38RPN5Subunit of the COP9 signalosome (CSN) and non-ATPase regulatory subunit of the 26S proteasome lid, similar to mammalian p55 subunit and to another S. cerevisiae regulatory subunit, Rpn7p; Rpn5p is an essential protein
YCR052W6.388.66E-110.13RSC6Component of the RSC chromatin remodeling complex; essential for mitotic growth; homolog of SWI/SNF subunit Swp73p
YDR531W6.252.03E-100.31CAB1Pantothenate kinase (ATP:D-pantothenate 4'-phosphotransferase, EC 2.7.1.33); catalyzes the first committed step in the universal biosynthetic pathway for synthesis of coenzyme A (CoA); transcriptionally regulated by Upc2p via a sterol response element

Top 15 HOM fitness defect scores (HOP)

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Deletion Strain FD score P-value Gene Gene Description
YDL020C26.108.47E-151RPN4Transcription factor that stimulates expression of proteasome genes; Rpn4p levels are in turn regulated by the 26S proteasome in a negative feedback control mechanism; RPN4 is transcriptionally regulated by various stress responses; relative distribution to the nucleus increases upon DNA replication stress
YGR037C19.405.99E-84ACB1Acyl-CoA-binding protein, transports newly synthesized acyl-CoA esters from fatty acid synthetase (Fas1p-Fas2p) to acyl-CoA-consuming processes; subject to starvation-induced, Grh1p-mediated unconventional secretion; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress
YBR058C-A16.202.18E-59TSC3Protein that stimulates the activity of serine palmitoyltransferase (Lcb1p, Lcb2p) several-fold; involved in sphingolipid biosynthesis
YJR059W16.003.21E-58PTK2Putative serine/threonine protein kinase involved in regulation of ion transport across plasma membrane; enhances spermine uptake
YKL216W13.801.22E-43URA1Dihydroorotate dehydrogenase, catalyzes the fourth enzymatic step in the de novo biosynthesis of pyrimidines, converting dihydroorotic acid into orotic acid
YDR011W13.703.08E-43SNQ2Plasma membrane ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter, multidrug transporter involved in multidrug resistance and resistance to singlet oxygen species
YER177W11.001.47E-28BMH114-3-3 protein, major isoform; controls proteome at post-transcriptional level, binds proteins and DNA, involved in regulation of many processes including exocytosis, vesicle transport, Ras/MAPK signaling, and rapamycin-sensitive signaling; protein increases in abundance and relative distribution to the nucleus increases upon DNA replication stress
YLR420W10.502.61E-26URA4Dihydroorotase, catalyzes the third enzymatic step in the de novo biosynthesis of pyrimidines, converting carbamoyl-L-aspartate into dihydroorotate
YKL126W9.152.91E-20YPK1Serine/threonine protein kinase; phosphorylates and downregulates flippase activator Fpk1p; inactivates Orm1p and Orm2p (inhibitors of serine:palmitoyl-coenzyme A transferase) by phosphorylation in response to compromised sphingolipid synthesis; mutations affect receptor-mediated endocytosis and sphingolipid-mediated and cell integrity signaling pathways; homolog of mammalian kinase SGK; YPK1 has a paralog, YPK2, that arose from the whole genome duplication
YLR327C8.221.02E-16TMA10Protein of unknown function that associates with ribosomes; putative homolog of the F1F0-ATPase synthase regulator Stf2p; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress
YOR061W8.151.89E-16CKA2Alpha' catalytic subunit of casein kinase 2 (CK2); CK2 is a Ser/Thr protein kinase with roles in cell growth and proliferation; CK2, comprised of CKA1, CKA2, CKB1 and CKB2, has many substrates including transcription factors and all RNA polymerases; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress; regulates Fkh1p-mediated donor preference during mating-type switching
YKR028W7.301.47E-13SAP190Protein that forms a complex with the Sit4p protein phosphatase; required for Sit4p function; member of a family of similar proteins including Sap4p, Sap155p, and Sap185p; SAP190 has a paralog, SAP185, that arose from the whole genome duplication
YEL062W7.222.57E-13NPR2Subunit of SEA (Seh1-associated), Npr2/3, and Iml1p complexes; Npr2/3 complex mediates downregulation of TORC1 activity upon amino acid limitation; SEA complex is a coatomer-related complex that associates dynamically with the vacuole; Iml1p complex (Iml1p-Npr2p-Npr3p) is required for non-nitrogen-starvation (NNS)-induced autophagy; Iml1p interacts primarily with phosphorylated Npr2p; homolog of human NPRL2; target of Grr1p; required for growth on urea and proline
YMR216C7.106.33E-13SKY1SR protein kinase (SRPK) involved in regulating proteins involved in mRNA metabolism and cation homeostasis; similar to human SRPK1
YDR010C_d7.011.16E-12YDR010C_dDubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data

GO enrichment analysis for SGTC_2248
biological processes

protein complexes

Coinhibitory screens
Download Coinhibition data (tab-delimited text)  (excel)

Correlation pval Screen ID Condition Source PubChem
CID
Tanimoto
Score
Response
Signature
0.4512.25E-293SGTC_2416tofa 880.0 nMMiscellaneous1151751sphingolipid biosynthesis & PDR1
0.3112.53E-132SGTC_2740felodipine 17.1 μMMiscellaneous33330.151515
0.2997.22E-122SGTC_2701st077767 14.7 μMTimTec (Natural product derivative library)57211880.114754
0.2771.61E-104SGTC_21115486399 200.0 μMChembridge (Fragment library)6896740.103448
0.2692.16E-98SGTC_2499avocadenofuran 51.5 μMMicrosource (Natural product library)68577920.132075
0.2653.43E-95SGTC_26602',4'-dihydroxychalcone 17.1 μMTimTec (Pure natural product library)53572180.127273
0.2593.59E-91SGTC_9551216-0110 33.0 μMChemDiv (Drug-like library)36197190.267857sphingolipid biosynthesis & PDR1
0.2497.29E-84SGTC_5274476-4215 268.0 μMChemDiv (Drug-like library)44187540.107143PDR1
0.2429.65E-80SGTC_26682',4'-dihydroxychalcone 15.1 μMTimTec (Pure natural product library)53572180.127273
0.2371.92E-76SGTC_900870-0863 4.6 μMChemDiv (Drug-like library)17381640.106061
0.2368.90E-76SGTC_20925303694 80.7 μMChembridge (Fragment library)19636990.0666667TSC3-RPN4
0.2341.53E-74SGTC_11730443-0020 122.0 μMChemDiv (Drug-like library)53312950.155172TSC3-RPN4
0.2343.49E-74SGTC_1604st002052 72.4 μMTimTec (Natural product derivative library)62548340.1TSC3-RPN4
0.2324.61E-73SGTC_575k072-0246 11.9 μMChemDiv (Drug-like library)67967790.111111
0.2312.09E-72SGTC_315k915-0449 187.0 μMChemDiv (Drug-like library)209702150.1

Screens with compounds having similar structures
Screen ID Chemical Concentration Tanimoto Score PubChem ID Source Molecular Weight AlogP H-bond
donor
count
H-bond
acceptor
count
Response
Signature
SGTC_2416tofa880 nM1115175Miscellaneous324.454986.85314sphingolipid biosynthesis & PDR1
SGTC_13141222-001041.1 μM0.4782613526027ChemDiv (Drug-like library)251.321443.98514
SGTC_1290088-0017176.64 μM0.446809182446ChemDiv (Drug-like library)278.343483.63914
SGTC_269exalamide29 μM0.4130433316Miscellaneous221.295463.05612ergosterol biosynthesis
SGTC_980074-0023107.66 μM0.3829793563821ChemDiv (Drug-like library)278.343484.63114Golgi
SGTC_820054-0107293.76 μM0.3529413104697ChemDiv (Drug-like library)340.412866.11514
SGTC_790052-000794.09 μM0.3265312801472ChemDiv (Drug-like library)276.370664.63813
SGTC_2680butyl paraben22.24 μM0.3260877184Microsource (Natural product library)194.227062.77213amide catabolism
SGTC_9581222-000733 μM0.327312461ChemDiv (Drug-like library)246.344685.14112
SGTC_1632st00565090 μM0.322759605TimTec (Natural product derivative library)222.280223.34103