purpurin

1,2,4-trihydroxyanthracene-9,10-dione

Anthraquninome derivative; natural product; red/yellow dye.

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Source SMILES: standardizedunstandardized
Compound:
Screen ID SGTC_2507
Screen concentration 79.7 μM
Source Microsource (Natural product library)
PubChem CID 6683
SMILES C1=CC=C2C(=C1)C(=O)C3=C(C2=O)C(=C(C=C3O)O)O
Standardized SMILES Oc1cc(O)c2C(=O)c3ccccc3C(=O)c2c1O
Molecular weight 256.2103
ALogP 2.08
H-bond donor count 3
H-bond acceptor count 5
Response signature copper-dependent oxidative stress

Pool Growth Kinetics
% growth inhibition (Het. pool) 12.67
% growth inhibition (Hom. pool) 11


HIP profile

Heterozygous deletion strains
Scale: fixedexpanded
Heterozygous profile for 6683
Download HIP data (tab-delimited text)  (excel)
Gene:ASK1(YKL052C)|FD-Score:5.29|P-value:6.27E-8|Clearance:0.16||SGD DESC:Essential subunit of the Dam1 complex (aka DASH complex); couples kinetochores to the force produced by MT depolymerization thereby aiding in chromosome segregation; phosphorylated during the cell cycle by cyclin-dependent kinases; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:BMS1(YPL217C)|FD-Score:6.04|P-value:7.58E-10|Clearance:0.76||SGD DESC:GTPase required for synthesis of 40S ribosomal subunits and for processing the 35S pre-rRNA at sites A0, A1, and A2; interacts with Rcl1p, which stimulates its GTPase and U3 snoRNA binding activities; has similarity to Tsr1p Gene:CCT3(YJL014W)|FD-Score:-4.51|P-value:3.19E-6|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Subunit of the cytosolic chaperonin Cct ring complex, related to Tcp1p, required for the assembly of actin and tubulins in vivo Gene:CWC23(YGL128C)|FD-Score:3.12|P-value:9.01E-4|Clearance:0.01||SGD DESC:Component of a complex containing Cef1p, putatively involved in pre-mRNA splicing; has similarity to E. coli DnaJ and other DnaJ-like proteins and to S. pombe Cwf23p Gene:GLC7(YER133W)|FD-Score:8.6|P-value:3.93E-18|Clearance:2.42||SGD DESC:Type 1 serine/threonine protein phosphatase catalytic subunit; involved in various processes including glycogen metabolism, sporulation, mitosis; accumulates at mating projections by interaction with Afr1p; interacts with many regulatory subunits; involved in regulation of the nucleocytoplasmic shuttling of Hxk2p; import into nucleus is inhibited during spindle assembly checkpoint arrest Gene:KAP95(YLR347C)|FD-Score:-3.49|P-value:2.46E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Karyopherin beta, forms a complex with Srp1p/Kap60p; interacts with nucleoporins to mediate nuclear import of NLS-containing cargo proteins via the nuclear pore complex; regulates PC biosynthesis; GDP-to-GTP exchange factor for Gsp1p Gene:KEI1(YDR367W)|FD-Score:-3.27|P-value:5.29E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Component of inositol phosphorylceramide (IPC) synthase; forms a complex with Aur1p and regulates its activity; required for IPC synthase complex localization to the Golgi; post-translationally processed by Kex2p; KEI1 is an essential gene Gene:MCM5(YLR274W)|FD-Score:3.11|P-value:9.48E-4|Clearance:0.03||SGD DESC:Component of the hexameric MCM complex, which is important for priming origins of DNA replication in G1 and becomes an active ATP-dependent helicase that promotes DNA melting and elongation when activated by Cdc7p-Dbf4p in S-phase Gene:NET1(YJL076W)|FD-Score:3.38|P-value:3.61E-4|Clearance:0.15||SGD DESC:Core subunit of the RENT complex; involved in nucleolar silencing and telophase exit; stimulates transcription by RNA polymerase I and regulates nucleolar structure; NET1 has a paralog, TOF2, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:NMD3(YHR170W)|FD-Score:-4.55|P-value:2.71E-6|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Protein involved in nuclear export of the large ribosomal subunit; acts as a Crm1p-dependent adapter protein for export of nascent ribosomal subunits through the nuclear pore complex Gene:POP4(YBR257W)|FD-Score:20.5|P-value:1.59E-93|Clearance:7.18||SGD DESC:Subunit of both RNase MRP and nuclear RNase P; RNase MRP cleaves pre-rRNA, while nuclear RNase P cleaves tRNA precursors to generate mature 5' ends and facilitates turnover of nuclear RNAs; binds to the RPR1 RNA subunit in RNase P Gene:RFC3(YNL290W)|FD-Score:-3.46|P-value:2.74E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Subunit of heteropentameric Replication factor C (RF-C), which is a DNA binding protein and ATPase that acts as a clamp loader of the proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) processivity factor for DNA polymerases delta and epsilon Gene:RIB2(YOL066C)|FD-Score:-3.26|P-value:5.55E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Bifunctional enzyme with DRAP deaminase and tRNA:pseudouridine synthase activity; the deaminase catalyzes the third step in riboflavin biosynthesis and the synthase catalyzes formation of pseudouridine at position 32 in cytoplasmic tRNAs Gene:RPA43(YOR340C)|FD-Score:-5.61|P-value:1.00E-8|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:RNA polymerase I subunit A43 Gene:RPL32(YBL092W)|FD-Score:3.63|P-value:1.39E-4|Clearance:0.25||SGD DESC:Ribosomal 60S subunit protein L32; overexpression disrupts telomeric silencing; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein L32, no bacterial homolog Gene:RPP1(YHR062C)|FD-Score:15.8|P-value:2.25E-56|Clearance:7.18||SGD DESC:Subunit of both RNase MRP and nuclear RNase P; RNase MRP cleaves pre-rRNA, while nuclear RNase P cleaves tRNA precursors to generate mature 5' ends and facilitates turnover of nuclear RNAs Gene:SSL2(YIL143C)|FD-Score:6.18|P-value:3.11E-10|Clearance:0.14||SGD DESC:Component of RNA polymerase transcription factor TFIIH holoenzyme; has DNA-dependent ATPase/helicase activity and is required, with Rad3p, for unwinding promoter DNA; interacts functionally with TFIIB and has roles in transcription start site selection and in gene looping to juxtapose initiation and termination regions; involved in DNA repair; homolog of human ERCC3 Gene:SUA5(YGL169W)|FD-Score:5.12|P-value:1.49E-7|Clearance:0.36||SGD DESC:Single-stranded telomeric DNA-binding protein, required for normal telomere length; null mutant lacks N6-threonylcarbamoyl adenosine (t6A) modification in the anticodon loop of ANN-decoding tRNA; member of conserved YrdC/Sua5 family Gene:SUI2(YJR007W)|FD-Score:4.76|P-value:9.50E-7|Clearance:1.13||SGD DESC:Alpha subunit of the translation initiation factor eIF2; eIF2 is involved in identification of the start codon; phosphorylation of Ser51 is required for regulation of translation by inhibiting the exchange of GDP for GTP; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:TFB4(YPR056W)|FD-Score:3.14|P-value:8.33E-4|Clearance:0.01||SGD DESC:Subunit of TFIIH complex, involved in transcription initiation, similar to 34 kDa subunit of human TFIIH; interacts with Ssl1p Gene:TOA2(YKL058W)|FD-Score:3.23|P-value:6.22E-4|Clearance:0.08||SGD DESC:TFIIA small subunit; involved in transcriptional activation, acts as antirepressor or as coactivator; homologous to smallest subunit of human and Drosophila TFIIA; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:TOM20(YGR082W)|FD-Score:-4.3|P-value:8.41E-6|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Component of the TOM (translocase of outer membrane) complex responsible for recognition and initial import steps for all mitochondrially directed proteins; acts as a receptor for incoming precursor proteins Gene:UTP8(YGR128C)|FD-Score:3.13|P-value:8.77E-4|Clearance:0.01||SGD DESC:Nucleolar protein required for export of tRNAs from the nucleus; also copurifies with the small subunit (SSU) processome containing the U3 snoRNA that is involved in processing of pre-18S rRNA Gene:YBR190W(YBR190W_d)|FD-Score:-4.09|P-value:2.14E-5|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified ribosomal protein gene RPL21A/YBR191W Gene:YDL196W(YDL196W_d)|FD-Score:-3.7|P-value:1.08E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; open reading frame is located in promoter region of essential gene SEC31 Gene:YLR101C(YLR101C_d)|FD-Score:-4.48|P-value:3.70E-6|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified, essential ORF ERG27/YLR100W Gene:ASK1(YKL052C)|FD-Score:5.29|P-value:6.27E-8|Clearance:0.16||SGD DESC:Essential subunit of the Dam1 complex (aka DASH complex); couples kinetochores to the force produced by MT depolymerization thereby aiding in chromosome segregation; phosphorylated during the cell cycle by cyclin-dependent kinases; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:BMS1(YPL217C)|FD-Score:6.04|P-value:7.58E-10|Clearance:0.76||SGD DESC:GTPase required for synthesis of 40S ribosomal subunits and for processing the 35S pre-rRNA at sites A0, A1, and A2; interacts with Rcl1p, which stimulates its GTPase and U3 snoRNA binding activities; has similarity to Tsr1p Gene:CCT3(YJL014W)|FD-Score:-4.51|P-value:3.19E-6|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Subunit of the cytosolic chaperonin Cct ring complex, related to Tcp1p, required for the assembly of actin and tubulins in vivo Gene:CWC23(YGL128C)|FD-Score:3.12|P-value:9.01E-4|Clearance:0.01||SGD DESC:Component of a complex containing Cef1p, putatively involved in pre-mRNA splicing; has similarity to E. coli DnaJ and other DnaJ-like proteins and to S. pombe Cwf23p Gene:GLC7(YER133W)|FD-Score:8.6|P-value:3.93E-18|Clearance:2.42||SGD DESC:Type 1 serine/threonine protein phosphatase catalytic subunit; involved in various processes including glycogen metabolism, sporulation, mitosis; accumulates at mating projections by interaction with Afr1p; interacts with many regulatory subunits; involved in regulation of the nucleocytoplasmic shuttling of Hxk2p; import into nucleus is inhibited during spindle assembly checkpoint arrest Gene:KAP95(YLR347C)|FD-Score:-3.49|P-value:2.46E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Karyopherin beta, forms a complex with Srp1p/Kap60p; interacts with nucleoporins to mediate nuclear import of NLS-containing cargo proteins via the nuclear pore complex; regulates PC biosynthesis; GDP-to-GTP exchange factor for Gsp1p Gene:KEI1(YDR367W)|FD-Score:-3.27|P-value:5.29E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Component of inositol phosphorylceramide (IPC) synthase; forms a complex with Aur1p and regulates its activity; required for IPC synthase complex localization to the Golgi; post-translationally processed by Kex2p; KEI1 is an essential gene Gene:MCM5(YLR274W)|FD-Score:3.11|P-value:9.48E-4|Clearance:0.03||SGD DESC:Component of the hexameric MCM complex, which is important for priming origins of DNA replication in G1 and becomes an active ATP-dependent helicase that promotes DNA melting and elongation when activated by Cdc7p-Dbf4p in S-phase Gene:NET1(YJL076W)|FD-Score:3.38|P-value:3.61E-4|Clearance:0.15||SGD DESC:Core subunit of the RENT complex; involved in nucleolar silencing and telophase exit; stimulates transcription by RNA polymerase I and regulates nucleolar structure; NET1 has a paralog, TOF2, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:NMD3(YHR170W)|FD-Score:-4.55|P-value:2.71E-6|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Protein involved in nuclear export of the large ribosomal subunit; acts as a Crm1p-dependent adapter protein for export of nascent ribosomal subunits through the nuclear pore complex Gene:POP4(YBR257W)|FD-Score:20.5|P-value:1.59E-93|Clearance:7.18||SGD DESC:Subunit of both RNase MRP and nuclear RNase P; RNase MRP cleaves pre-rRNA, while nuclear RNase P cleaves tRNA precursors to generate mature 5' ends and facilitates turnover of nuclear RNAs; binds to the RPR1 RNA subunit in RNase P Gene:RFC3(YNL290W)|FD-Score:-3.46|P-value:2.74E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Subunit of heteropentameric Replication factor C (RF-C), which is a DNA binding protein and ATPase that acts as a clamp loader of the proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) processivity factor for DNA polymerases delta and epsilon Gene:RIB2(YOL066C)|FD-Score:-3.26|P-value:5.55E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Bifunctional enzyme with DRAP deaminase and tRNA:pseudouridine synthase activity; the deaminase catalyzes the third step in riboflavin biosynthesis and the synthase catalyzes formation of pseudouridine at position 32 in cytoplasmic tRNAs Gene:RPA43(YOR340C)|FD-Score:-5.61|P-value:1.00E-8|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:RNA polymerase I subunit A43 Gene:RPL32(YBL092W)|FD-Score:3.63|P-value:1.39E-4|Clearance:0.25||SGD DESC:Ribosomal 60S subunit protein L32; overexpression disrupts telomeric silencing; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein L32, no bacterial homolog Gene:RPP1(YHR062C)|FD-Score:15.8|P-value:2.25E-56|Clearance:7.18||SGD DESC:Subunit of both RNase MRP and nuclear RNase P; RNase MRP cleaves pre-rRNA, while nuclear RNase P cleaves tRNA precursors to generate mature 5' ends and facilitates turnover of nuclear RNAs Gene:SSL2(YIL143C)|FD-Score:6.18|P-value:3.11E-10|Clearance:0.14||SGD DESC:Component of RNA polymerase transcription factor TFIIH holoenzyme; has DNA-dependent ATPase/helicase activity and is required, with Rad3p, for unwinding promoter DNA; interacts functionally with TFIIB and has roles in transcription start site selection and in gene looping to juxtapose initiation and termination regions; involved in DNA repair; homolog of human ERCC3 Gene:SUA5(YGL169W)|FD-Score:5.12|P-value:1.49E-7|Clearance:0.36||SGD DESC:Single-stranded telomeric DNA-binding protein, required for normal telomere length; null mutant lacks N6-threonylcarbamoyl adenosine (t6A) modification in the anticodon loop of ANN-decoding tRNA; member of conserved YrdC/Sua5 family Gene:SUI2(YJR007W)|FD-Score:4.76|P-value:9.50E-7|Clearance:1.13||SGD DESC:Alpha subunit of the translation initiation factor eIF2; eIF2 is involved in identification of the start codon; phosphorylation of Ser51 is required for regulation of translation by inhibiting the exchange of GDP for GTP; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:TFB4(YPR056W)|FD-Score:3.14|P-value:8.33E-4|Clearance:0.01||SGD DESC:Subunit of TFIIH complex, involved in transcription initiation, similar to 34 kDa subunit of human TFIIH; interacts with Ssl1p Gene:TOA2(YKL058W)|FD-Score:3.23|P-value:6.22E-4|Clearance:0.08||SGD DESC:TFIIA small subunit; involved in transcriptional activation, acts as antirepressor or as coactivator; homologous to smallest subunit of human and Drosophila TFIIA; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:TOM20(YGR082W)|FD-Score:-4.3|P-value:8.41E-6|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Component of the TOM (translocase of outer membrane) complex responsible for recognition and initial import steps for all mitochondrially directed proteins; acts as a receptor for incoming precursor proteins Gene:UTP8(YGR128C)|FD-Score:3.13|P-value:8.77E-4|Clearance:0.01||SGD DESC:Nucleolar protein required for export of tRNAs from the nucleus; also copurifies with the small subunit (SSU) processome containing the U3 snoRNA that is involved in processing of pre-18S rRNA Gene:YBR190W(YBR190W_d)|FD-Score:-4.09|P-value:2.14E-5|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified ribosomal protein gene RPL21A/YBR191W Gene:YDL196W(YDL196W_d)|FD-Score:-3.7|P-value:1.08E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; open reading frame is located in promoter region of essential gene SEC31 Gene:YLR101C(YLR101C_d)|FD-Score:-4.48|P-value:3.70E-6|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified, essential ORF ERG27/YLR100W

HOP profile

Homozygous deletion strains
Scale: fixedexpanded
Homozygous profile for 6683
Download HOP data (tab-delimited text)  (excel)
Gene:AAT2(YLR027C)|FD-Score:3.89|P-value:5.09E-5||SGD DESC:Cytosolic aspartate aminotransferase, involved in nitrogen metabolism; localizes to peroxisomes in oleate-grown cells Gene:AIM44(YPL158C)|FD-Score:5.84|P-value:2.67E-9||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function; GFP-fusion protein localizes to the bud neck; transcription is regulated by Swi5p; null mutant displays elevated frequency of mitochondrial genome loss; relocalizes from bud neck to cytoplasm upon DNA replication stress Gene:ARD1(YHR013C)|FD-Score:3.28|P-value:5.26E-4||SGD DESC:Subunit of protein N-terminal acetyltransferase NatA; NatA is comprised of Nat1p, Ard1p, and Nat5p; acetylates many proteins and thus affects telomeric silencing, cell cycle, heat-shock resistance, mating, and sporulation; human Ard1p levels are elevated in cancer cells; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:ARK1(YNL020C)|FD-Score:-3.13|P-value:8.80E-4||SGD DESC:Serine/threonine protein kinase; involved in regulation of the cortical actin cytoskeleton; involved in control of endocytosis; ARK1 has a paralog, PRK1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:ARR3(YPR201W)|FD-Score:3.36|P-value:3.85E-4||SGD DESC:Plasma membrane metalloid/H+ antiporter; transports arsenite and antimonite; required for resistance to arsenic compounds; transcription is activated by Arr1p in the presence of arsenite Gene:ATC1(YDR184C)|FD-Score:5.12|P-value:1.50E-7||SGD DESC:Nuclear protein; possibly involved in regulation of cation stress responses and/or in the establishment of bipolar budding pattern; relative distribution to the nucleus decreases upon DNA replication stress Gene:CCS1(YMR038C)|FD-Score:17|P-value:6.21E-65||SGD DESC:Copper chaperone for superoxide dismutase Sod1p; involved in oxidative stress protection; Met-X-Cys-X2-Cys motif within the N-terminal portion is involved in insertion of copper into Sod1p under conditions of copper deprivation; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:CDC10(YCR002C)|FD-Score:3.17|P-value:7.52E-4||SGD DESC:Component of the septin ring, required for cytokinesis; septins are GTP-binding proteins that assemble into rod-like hetero-oligomers that can associate to form filaments; septin rings at the mother-bud neck act as scaffolds for recruiting cell division factors and as barriers to prevent diffusion of specific proteins between mother and daughter cells; N-terminus interacts with phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate; protein abundance increases under DNA damage stress Gene:CLB2(YPR119W)|FD-Score:3.24|P-value:5.94E-4||SGD DESC:B-type cyclin involved in cell cycle progression; activates Cdc28p to promote the transition from G2 to M phase; accumulates during G2 and M, then targeted via a destruction box motif for ubiquitin-mediated degradation by the proteasome Gene:CLN2(YPL256C)|FD-Score:3.55|P-value:1.91E-4||SGD DESC:G1 cyclin involved in regulation of the cell cycle; activates Cdc28p kinase to promote the G1 to S phase transition; late G1 specific expression depends on transcription factor complexes, MBF (Swi6p-Mbp1p) and SBF (Swi6p-Swi4p) Gene:COG7(YGL005C)|FD-Score:6.23|P-value:2.26E-10||SGD DESC:Component of the conserved oligomeric Golgi complex (Cog1p through Cog8p), a cytosolic tethering complex that functions in protein trafficking to mediate fusion of transport vesicles to Golgi compartments Gene:CTR1(YPR124W)|FD-Score:6.93|P-value:2.11E-12||SGD DESC:High-affinity copper transporter of the plasma membrane; mediates nearly all copper uptake under low copper conditions; transcriptionally induced at low copper levels and degraded at high copper levels; protein increases in abundance and relocalizes from nucleus to plasma membrane upon DNA replication stress Gene:ECM5(YMR176W)|FD-Score:-3.32|P-value:4.56E-4||SGD DESC:Non-essential protein of unknown function; contains ATP/GTP-binding site motif A; null mutant exhibits cellular volume up to four times greater than wild-type, also large drooping buds with elongated necks; relative distribution to the nucleus increases upon DNA replication stress Gene:GAL11(YOL051W)|FD-Score:3.72|P-value:1.01E-4||SGD DESC:Subunit of the RNA polymerase II mediator complex; associates with core polymerase subunits to form the RNA polymerase II holoenzyme; affects transcription by acting as target of activators and repressors; forms part of the tail domain of mediator Gene:GCN5(YGR252W)|FD-Score:-3.38|P-value:3.68E-4||SGD DESC:Acetyltransferase, modifies N-terminal lysines on histones H2B and H3; acetylates Rsc4p, a subunit of the RSC chromatin-remodeling complex, altering replication stress tolerance; catalytic subunit of the ADA and SAGA histone acetyltransferase complexes; mutant displays reduced transcription elongation in the G-less-based run-on (GLRO) assay; greater involvement in repression of RNAPII-dependent transcription than in activation Gene:GEF1(YJR040W)|FD-Score:5.85|P-value:2.42E-9||SGD DESC:Voltage-gated chloride channel localized to the golgi, the endosomal system, and plasma membrane, and involved in cation homeostasis; highly homologous to vertebrate voltage-gated chloride channels; modulates TBSV model (+) RNA virus replication by regulating copper metabolism Gene:GOT1(YMR292W)|FD-Score:-5.12|P-value:1.55E-7||SGD DESC:Homodimeric protein that is packaged into COPII vesicles and cycles between the ER and Golgi; involved in secretory transport but not directly required for aspects of transport assayed in vitro; may influence membrane composition Gene:HCR1(YLR192C)|FD-Score:3.34|P-value:4.18E-4||SGD DESC:Dual function protein involved in translation initiation as a substoichiometric component (eIF3j) of translation initiation factor 3 (eIF3) and required for processing of 20S pre-rRNA; binds to eIF3 subunits Rpg1p and Prt1p and 18S rRNA Gene:HPR1(YDR138W)|FD-Score:-3.13|P-value:8.70E-4||SGD DESC:Subunit of THO/TREX complexes that couple transcription elongation with mitotic recombination and with mRNA metabolism and export, subunit of an RNA Pol II complex; regulates lifespan; involved in telomere maintenance; similar to Top1p Gene:HUR1(YGL168W)|FD-Score:3.2|P-value:6.97E-4||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function; reported null mutant phenotype of hydroxyurea sensitivity may be due to effects on overlapping PMR1 gene Gene:IES6(YEL044W)|FD-Score:5.77|P-value:4.02E-9||SGD DESC:Protein that associates with the INO80 chromatin remodeling complex under low-salt conditions; human ortholog INO80C is a member of the human INO80 complex; implicated in DNA repair based on genetic interactions with RAD52 epistasis genes Gene:IRC21(YMR073C)|FD-Score:9.29|P-value:7.87E-21||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; may be involved in resistance to carboplatin and cisplatin; null mutant displays increase in spontaneous Rad52p foci; contains a lipid-binding domain and binds cardiolipin in a large-scale study Gene:IRC4(YDR540C)|FD-Score:5.82|P-value:2.88E-9||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; null mutant displays increased levels of spontaneous Rad52p foci; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to the cytoplasm and nucleus Gene:KAR9(YPL269W)|FD-Score:3.11|P-value:9.25E-4||SGD DESC:Karyogamy protein required for correct positioning of the mitotic spindle and for orienting cytoplasmic microtubules, localizes at the shmoo tip in mating cells and at the tip of the growing bud in small-budded cells through anaphase Gene:KEL2(YGR238C)|FD-Score:3.39|P-value:3.46E-4||SGD DESC:Protein that functions in a complex with Kel1p to negatively regulate mitotic exit, interacts with Tem1p and Lte1p; localizes to regions of polarized growth; potential Cdc28p substrate Gene:LSM7(YNL147W)|FD-Score:3.19|P-value:7.06E-4||SGD DESC:Lsm (Like Sm) protein; part of heteroheptameric complexes (Lsm2p-7p and either Lsm1p or 8p): cytoplasmic Lsm1p complex involved in mRNA decay; nuclear Lsm8p complex part of U6 snRNP and possibly involved in processing tRNA, snoRNA, and rRNA; protein abundance increases and forms cytoplasmic foci in response to DNA replication stress Gene:MAC1(YMR021C)|FD-Score:3.8|P-value:7.16E-5||SGD DESC:Copper-sensing transcription factor involved in regulation of genes required for high affinity copper transport Gene:MDG1(YNL173C)|FD-Score:6.14|P-value:4.10E-10||SGD DESC:Plasma membrane protein involved in G-protein mediated pheromone signaling pathway; overproduction suppresses bem1 mutations Gene:MET31(YPL038W)|FD-Score:4.08|P-value:2.30E-5||SGD DESC:Zinc-finger DNA-binding transcription factor; involved in transcriptional regulation of the methionine biosynthetic genes; MET31 has a paralog, MET32, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:MPC54(YOR177C)|FD-Score:3.53|P-value:2.05E-4||SGD DESC:Component of the meiotic outer plaque, a membrane-organizing center which is assembled on the cytoplasmic face of the spindle pole body during meiosis II and triggers the formation of the prospore membrane; potential Cdc28p substrate Gene:MSD1(YPL104W)|FD-Score:-3.3|P-value:4.90E-4||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial aspartyl-tRNA synthetase, required for acylation of aspartyl-tRNA; yeast and bacterial aspartyl-, asparaginyl-, and lysyl-tRNA synthetases contain regions with high sequence similarity, suggesting a common ancestral gene Gene:MXR1(YER042W)|FD-Score:4.02|P-value:2.91E-5||SGD DESC:Methionine-S-sulfoxide reductase, involved in the response to oxidative stress; protects iron-sulfur clusters from oxidative inactivation along with MXR2; involved in the regulation of lifespan Gene:NGG1(YDR176W)|FD-Score:-3.1|P-value:9.54E-4||SGD DESC:Transcriptional regulator involved in glucose repression of Gal4p-regulated genes; component of transcriptional adaptor and histone acetyltransferase complexes, the ADA complex, the SAGA complex, and the SLIK complex Gene:NPT1(YOR209C)|FD-Score:4.21|P-value:1.28E-5||SGD DESC:Nicotinate phosphoribosyltransferase, acts in the salvage pathway of NAD+ biosynthesis; required for silencing at rDNA and telomeres and has a role in silencing at mating-type loci; localized to the nucleus Gene:NTH2(YBR001C)|FD-Score:3.37|P-value:3.74E-4||SGD DESC:Putative neutral trehalase, required for thermotolerance; may mediate resistance to other cellular stresses; NTH2 has a paralog, NTH1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:NUT1(YGL151W)|FD-Score:3.69|P-value:1.13E-4||SGD DESC:Component of the RNA polymerase II mediator complex, which is required for transcriptional activation and also has a role in basal transcription Gene:PDA1(YER178W)|FD-Score:4.08|P-value:2.23E-5||SGD DESC:E1 alpha subunit of the pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) complex, catalyzes the direct oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate to acetyl-CoA; phosphorylated; regulated by glucose Gene:PER1(YCR044C)|FD-Score:4.52|P-value:3.04E-6||SGD DESC:Protein of the endoplasmic reticulum, required for GPI-phospholipase A2 activity that remodels the GPI anchor as a prerequisite for association of GPI-anchored proteins with lipid rafts; functionally complemented by human ortholog PERLD1 Gene:PGD1(YGL025C)|FD-Score:3.77|P-value:8.24E-5||SGD DESC:Subunit of the RNA polymerase II mediator complex; associates with core polymerase subunits to form the RNA polymerase II holoenzyme; essential for basal and activated transcription; direct target of Cyc8p-Tup1p transcriptional corepressor Gene:PHR1(YOR386W)|FD-Score:3.39|P-value:3.43E-4||SGD DESC:DNA photolyase involved in photoreactivation, repairs pyrimidine dimers in the presence of visible light; induced by DNA damage; regulated by transcriptional repressor Rph1p Gene:PMR1(YGL167C)|FD-Score:6.23|P-value:2.37E-10||SGD DESC:High affinity Ca2+/Mn2+ P-type ATPase required for Ca2+ and Mn2+ transport into Golgi; involved in Ca2+ dependent protein sorting and processing; mutations in human homolog ATP2C1 cause acantholytic skin condition Hailey-Hailey disease Gene:POP2(YNR052C)|FD-Score:3.13|P-value:8.74E-4||SGD DESC:RNase of the DEDD superfamily, subunit of the Ccr4-Not complex that mediates 3' to 5' mRNA deadenylation Gene:RAD24(YER173W)|FD-Score:3.78|P-value:7.87E-5||SGD DESC:Checkpoint protein, involved in the activation of the DNA damage and meiotic pachytene checkpoints; subunit of a clamp loader that loads Rad17p-Mec3p-Ddc1p onto DNA; homolog of human and S. pombe Rad17 protein Gene:RAV2(YDR202C)|FD-Score:4.99|P-value:3.04E-7||SGD DESC:Subunit of RAVE (Rav1p, Rav2p, Skp1p), a complex that associates with the V1 domain of the vacuolar membrane (H+)-ATPase (V-ATPase) and promotes assembly and reassembly of the holoenzyme Gene:RCO1(YMR075W)|FD-Score:4.39|P-value:5.72E-6||SGD DESC:Essential subunit of the histone deacetylase Rpd3S complex; interacts with Eaf3p Gene:RGP1(YDR137W)|FD-Score:3.34|P-value:4.11E-4||SGD DESC:Subunit of a Golgi membrane exchange factor (Ric1p-Rgp1p) that catalyzes nucleotide exchange on Ypt6p Gene:RHR2(YIL053W)|FD-Score:4.01|P-value:3.01E-5||SGD DESC:Constitutively expressed glycerol-1-phosphatase; involved in glycerol biosynthesis, induced in response to both anaerobic and osmotic stress; RHR2 has a paralog, HOR2, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RPH1(YER169W)|FD-Score:3.15|P-value:8.23E-4||SGD DESC:JmjC domain-containing histone demethylase; specifically demethylates H3K36 tri- and dimethyl modification states; associates with actively transcribed (RNA polymerase II) regions in vivo and specifically targets H3K36 in its trimethylation state as its substrate; transcriptional repressor of PHR1; Rph1p phosphorylation during DNA damage is under control of the MEC1-RAD53 pathway; RPH1 has a paralog, GIS1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RPL34B(YIL052C)|FD-Score:-3.96|P-value:3.68E-5||SGD DESC:Ribosomal 60S subunit protein L34B; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein L34, no bacterial homolog; RPL34B has a paralog, RPL34A, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RPL35B(YDL136W)|FD-Score:-6.52|P-value:3.48E-11||SGD DESC:Ribosomal 60S subunit protein L35B; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein L35 and bacterial L29; RPL35B has a paralog, RPL35A, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RPL42B(YHR141C)|FD-Score:4.93|P-value:4.05E-7||SGD DESC:Ribosomal 60S subunit protein L42B; required for propagation of the killer toxin-encoding M1 double-stranded RNA satellite of the L-A double-stranded RNA virus; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein L36A, no bacterial homolog; RPL42B has a paralog, RPL42A, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RPP2A(YOL039W)|FD-Score:-3.68|P-value:1.18E-4||SGD DESC:Ribosomal protein P2 alpha, a component of the ribosomal stalk, which is involved in the interaction between translational elongation factors and the ribosome; regulates the accumulation of P1 (Rpp1Ap and Rpp1Bp) in the cytoplasm Gene:RPS8A(YBL072C)|FD-Score:4.88|P-value:5.27E-7||SGD DESC:Protein component of the small (40S) ribosomal subunit; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein S8, no bacterial homolog; RPS8A has a paralog, RPS8B, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RRM3(YHR031C)|FD-Score:3.15|P-value:8.04E-4||SGD DESC:DNA helicase involved in rDNA replication and Ty1 transposition; relieves replication fork pauses at telomeric regions; structurally and functionally related to Pif1p Gene:RSM28(YDR494W)|FD-Score:3.21|P-value:6.74E-4||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial ribosomal protein of the small subunit; genetic interactions suggest a possible role in promoting translation initiation Gene:RTT101(YJL047C)|FD-Score:4.76|P-value:9.53E-7||SGD DESC:Cullin subunit of a Roc1p-dependent E3 ubiquitin ligase complex with a role in anaphase progression; implicated in Mms22-dependent DNA repair; involved with Mms1p in nonfunctional rRNA decay; modified by the ubiquitin-like protein, Rub1p Gene:SAC6(YDR129C)|FD-Score:5.71|P-value:5.59E-9||SGD DESC:Fimbrin, actin-bundling protein; cooperates with Scp1p (calponin/transgelin) in the organization and maintenance of the actin cytoskeleton; relocalizes from plasma membrane to cytoplasm upon DNA replication stress Gene:SAS3(YBL052C)|FD-Score:-3.75|P-value:8.75E-5||SGD DESC:Histone acetyltransferase catalytic subunit of NuA3 complex that acetylates histone H3, involved in transcriptional silencing; homolog of the mammalian MOZ proto-oncogene; mutant has aneuploidy tolerance; sas3gcn5 double mutation is lethal Gene:SDS23(YGL056C)|FD-Score:4.78|P-value:8.81E-7||SGD DESC:One of two S. cerevisiae homologs (Sds23p and Sds24p) of the S. pombe Sds23 protein, which is implicated in APC/cyclosome regulation; involved in cell separation during budding; SDS23 has a paralog, SDS24, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:SHE4(YOR035C)|FD-Score:3.72|P-value:1.00E-4||SGD DESC:Protein containing a UCS (UNC-45/CRO1/SHE4) domain, binds to myosin motor domains to regulate myosin function; involved in endocytosis, polarization of the actin cytoskeleton, and asymmetric mRNA localization Gene:SIN4(YNL236W)|FD-Score:6.53|P-value:3.32E-11||SGD DESC:Subunit of the RNA polymerase II mediator complex; associates with core polymerase subunits to form the RNA polymerase II holoenzyme; contributes to both postive and negative transcriptional regulation; dispensible for basal transcription Gene:SKY1(YMR216C)|FD-Score:-3.89|P-value:5.06E-5||SGD DESC:SR protein kinase (SRPK) involved in regulating proteins involved in mRNA metabolism and cation homeostasis; similar to human SRPK1 Gene:SNF2(YOR290C)|FD-Score:-3.38|P-value:3.61E-4||SGD DESC:Catalytic subunit of the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex involved in transcriptional regulation; contains DNA-stimulated ATPase activity; functions interdependently in transcriptional activation with Snf5p and Snf6p Gene:SNO2(YNL334C)|FD-Score:3.39|P-value:3.43E-4||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function, nearly identical to Sno3p; expression is induced before the diauxic shift and also in the absence of thiamin Gene:SOD1(YJR104C)|FD-Score:14.6|P-value:1.65E-48||SGD DESC:Cytosolic copper-zinc superoxide dismutase; some mutations are analogous to those that cause ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) in humans; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress and in response to prolonged exposure to boric acid Gene:SPS4(YOR313C)|FD-Score:3.26|P-value:5.55E-4||SGD DESC:Protein whose expression is induced during sporulation; not required for sporulation; heterologous expression in E. coli induces the SOS response that senses DNA damage Gene:TAN1(YGL232W)|FD-Score:3.37|P-value:3.82E-4||SGD DESC:Putative tRNA acetyltransferase; RNA-binding protein required for the formation of the modified nucleoside N(4)-acetylcytidine in serine and leucine tRNAs but not required for the same modification in 18S rRNA; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:TDA8(YAL064C-A_p)|FD-Score:4.22|P-value:1.20E-5||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; null mutant is sensitive to expression of the top1-T722A allele; not an essential gene Gene:THI21(YPL258C)|FD-Score:3.22|P-value:6.39E-4||SGD DESC:Hydroxymethylpyrimidine (HMP) and HMP-phosphate kinase; involved in thiamine biosynthesis; member of a gene family with THI20 and THI22; functionally redundant with Thi20p Gene:THP1(YOL072W)|FD-Score:-4.34|P-value:6.96E-6||SGD DESC:Nuclear pore-associated protein; component of TREX-2 complex (Sac3p-Thp1p-Sus1p-Cdc31p) involved in transcription elongation and mRNA export from the nucleus; involved in post-transcriptional tethering of active genes to the nuclear periphery and to non-nascent mRNP; contains a PAM domain implicated in protein-protein binding Gene:TPM2(YIL138C)|FD-Score:3.48|P-value:2.46E-4||SGD DESC:Minor isoform of tropomyosin; binds to and stabilizes actin cables and filaments, which direct polarized cell growth and the distribution of several organelles; appears to have distinct and also overlapping functions with Tpm1p; TPM2 has a paralog, TPM1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:TRP1(YDR007W)|FD-Score:-3.81|P-value:7.01E-5||SGD DESC:Phosphoribosylanthranilate isomerase that catalyzes the third step in tryptophan biosynthesis; in 2004, the sequence of TRP1 from strain S228C was updated by changing the previously annotated internal STOP (TAA) to serine (TCA) Gene:TSC3(YBR058C-A)|FD-Score:3.86|P-value:5.62E-5||SGD DESC:Protein that stimulates the activity of serine palmitoyltransferase (Lcb1p, Lcb2p) several-fold; involved in sphingolipid biosynthesis Gene:URN1(YPR152C)|FD-Score:-3.14|P-value:8.44E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function containing WW and FF domains; overexpression causes accumulation of cells in G1 phase Gene:VPS21(YOR089C)|FD-Score:3.84|P-value:6.08E-5||SGD DESC:Rab family GTPase; required for endocytic transport and for sorting of vacuolar hydrolases; localized in endocytic intermediates; detected in mitochondria; geranylgeranylation required for membrane association; mammalian Rab5 homolog; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress; VPS21 has a paralog, YPT53, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:VPS45(YGL095C)|FD-Score:4.29|P-value:9.00E-6||SGD DESC:Protein of the Sec1p/Munc-18 family, essential for vacuolar protein sorting; required for the function of Pep12p and the early endosome/late Golgi SNARE Tlg2p; essential for fusion of Golgi-derived vesicles with the prevacuolar compartment Gene:VPS51(YKR020W)|FD-Score:3.78|P-value:7.99E-5||SGD DESC:Component of the GARP (Golgi-associated retrograde protein) complex, Vps51p-Vps52p-Vps53p-Vps54p, which is required for the recycling of proteins from endosomes to the late Golgi; links the (VFT/GARP) complex to the SNARE Tlg1p Gene:VPS61(YDR136C_d)|FD-Score:3.3|P-value:4.83E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame, unlikely to encode a protein; not conserved in closely related Saccharomyces species; 4% of ORF overlaps the verified gene RGP1; deletion causes a vacuolar protein sorting defect Gene:VPS68(YOL129W)|FD-Score:3.11|P-value:9.46E-4||SGD DESC:Vacuolar membrane protein of unknown function involved in vacuolar protein sorting; also detected in the mitochondria Gene:YBR226C(YBR226C_d)|FD-Score:-3.51|P-value:2.21E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the uncharacterized ORF YBR225W Gene:YBR292C(YBR292C_d)|FD-Score:3.87|P-value:5.35E-5||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; YBR292C is not an essential gene Gene:YDL041W(YDL041W_d)|FD-Score:3.21|P-value:6.64E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; overlaps the verified gene SIR2/YDL042C Gene:YEL028W(YEL028W_d)|FD-Score:3.92|P-value:4.40E-5||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YGL007C-A(YGL007C-A_p)|FD-Score:3.71|P-value:1.02E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function, identified by gene-trapping, microarray-based expression analysis, and genome-wide homology searching; deletion exhibits slow-growth phenotype; computationally predicted to have a role in cell budding Gene:YJL206C(YJL206C_p)|FD-Score:3.25|P-value:5.72E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; similar to transcriptional regulators from the Zn[2]-Cys[6] binuclear cluster protein family; mRNA is weakly cell cycle regulated, peaking in S phase; induced rapidly upon MMS treatment Gene:YKL053W(YKL053W_d)|FD-Score:3.93|P-value:4.28E-5||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps verified ORF ASK1 Gene:YKL069W(YKL069W)|FD-Score:4.76|P-value:9.53E-7||SGD DESC:Methionine-R-sulfoxide reductase; reduces the R enantiomer of free Met-SO, in contrast to Ycl033Cp which reduces Met-R-SO in a peptide linkage; has a role in protection against oxidative stress; relative distribution to the nucleus increases upon DNA replication stress Gene:YKR075C(YKR075C_p)|FD-Score:3.11|P-value:9.23E-4||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function; similar to YOR062Cp and Reg1p; expression regulated by glucose and Rgt1p; GFP-fusion protein is induced in response to the DNA-damaging agent MMS Gene:YLR402W(YLR402W_d)|FD-Score:3.29|P-value:5.05E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YLR422W(YLR422W_p)|FD-Score:3.35|P-value:4.02E-4||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function with similarity to human DOCK proteins (guanine nucleotide exchange factors); interacts with Ino4p; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to the cytoplasm, YLR422W is not an essential protein Gene:YML122C(YML122C_d)|FD-Score:3.89|P-value:4.96E-5||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YMR221C(YMR221C_p)|FD-Score:4.43|P-value:4.62E-6||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; the authentic, non-tagged protein is detected in highly purified mitochondria in high-throughput studies; physical interaction with Atg27p suggests a possible role in autophagy Gene:YNL235C(YNL235C_d)|FD-Score:6.26|P-value:1.93E-10||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified ORF SIN4/YNL236W, a subunit of the mediator complex Gene:YNR021W(YNR021W_p)|FD-Score:-3.75|P-value:8.71E-5||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum; YNR021W is not an essential gene Gene:YNR063W(YNR063W_p)|FD-Score:3.26|P-value:5.49E-4||SGD DESC:Putative zinc-cluster protein of unknown function Gene:YOR072W(YOR072W_d)|FD-Score:-3.22|P-value:6.41E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the dubious gene YOR072W-A; diploid deletion strains are methotrexate, paraquat and wortmannin sensitive Gene:YPL191C(YPL191C_p)|FD-Score:5.83|P-value:2.78E-9||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; diploid deletion strain exhibits high budding index; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to the cytoplasm Gene:YPR050C(YPR050C_d)|FD-Score:4.07|P-value:2.33E-5||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified gene MAK3/YPR051W Gene:YPR123C(YPR123C_d)|FD-Score:16.2|P-value:1.84E-59||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially/completely overlaps the verified ORF CTR Gene:YPR127W(YPR127W)|FD-Score:5.27|P-value:6.67E-8||SGD DESC:Putative pyridoxine 4-dehydrogenase; differentially expressed during alcoholic fermentation; expression activated by transcription factor YRM1/YOR172W; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to both the cytoplasm and the nucleus Gene:YPT6(YLR262C)|FD-Score:3.59|P-value:1.67E-4||SGD DESC:Rab family GTPase, Ras-like GTP binding protein involved in the secretory pathway, required for fusion of endosome-derived vesicles with the late Golgi, maturation of the vacuolar carboxypeptidase Y; has similarity to the human GTPase, Rab6 Gene:ZDS2(YML109W)|FD-Score:-3.15|P-value:8.06E-4||SGD DESC:Protein with a role in regulating Swe1p-dependent polarized growth; involved in maintenance of Cdc55p in the cytoplasm where it promotes mitotic entry; interacts with silencing proteins at the telomere; implicated in the mitotic exit network through regulation of Cdc14p localization; ZDS2 has a paralog, ZDS1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:AAT2(YLR027C)|FD-Score:3.89|P-value:5.09E-5||SGD DESC:Cytosolic aspartate aminotransferase, involved in nitrogen metabolism; localizes to peroxisomes in oleate-grown cells Gene:AIM44(YPL158C)|FD-Score:5.84|P-value:2.67E-9||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function; GFP-fusion protein localizes to the bud neck; transcription is regulated by Swi5p; null mutant displays elevated frequency of mitochondrial genome loss; relocalizes from bud neck to cytoplasm upon DNA replication stress Gene:ARD1(YHR013C)|FD-Score:3.28|P-value:5.26E-4||SGD DESC:Subunit of protein N-terminal acetyltransferase NatA; NatA is comprised of Nat1p, Ard1p, and Nat5p; acetylates many proteins and thus affects telomeric silencing, cell cycle, heat-shock resistance, mating, and sporulation; human Ard1p levels are elevated in cancer cells; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:ARK1(YNL020C)|FD-Score:-3.13|P-value:8.80E-4||SGD DESC:Serine/threonine protein kinase; involved in regulation of the cortical actin cytoskeleton; involved in control of endocytosis; ARK1 has a paralog, PRK1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:ARR3(YPR201W)|FD-Score:3.36|P-value:3.85E-4||SGD DESC:Plasma membrane metalloid/H+ antiporter; transports arsenite and antimonite; required for resistance to arsenic compounds; transcription is activated by Arr1p in the presence of arsenite Gene:ATC1(YDR184C)|FD-Score:5.12|P-value:1.50E-7||SGD DESC:Nuclear protein; possibly involved in regulation of cation stress responses and/or in the establishment of bipolar budding pattern; relative distribution to the nucleus decreases upon DNA replication stress Gene:CCS1(YMR038C)|FD-Score:17|P-value:6.21E-65||SGD DESC:Copper chaperone for superoxide dismutase Sod1p; involved in oxidative stress protection; Met-X-Cys-X2-Cys motif within the N-terminal portion is involved in insertion of copper into Sod1p under conditions of copper deprivation; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:CDC10(YCR002C)|FD-Score:3.17|P-value:7.52E-4||SGD DESC:Component of the septin ring, required for cytokinesis; septins are GTP-binding proteins that assemble into rod-like hetero-oligomers that can associate to form filaments; septin rings at the mother-bud neck act as scaffolds for recruiting cell division factors and as barriers to prevent diffusion of specific proteins between mother and daughter cells; N-terminus interacts with phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate; protein abundance increases under DNA damage stress Gene:CLB2(YPR119W)|FD-Score:3.24|P-value:5.94E-4||SGD DESC:B-type cyclin involved in cell cycle progression; activates Cdc28p to promote the transition from G2 to M phase; accumulates during G2 and M, then targeted via a destruction box motif for ubiquitin-mediated degradation by the proteasome Gene:CLN2(YPL256C)|FD-Score:3.55|P-value:1.91E-4||SGD DESC:G1 cyclin involved in regulation of the cell cycle; activates Cdc28p kinase to promote the G1 to S phase transition; late G1 specific expression depends on transcription factor complexes, MBF (Swi6p-Mbp1p) and SBF (Swi6p-Swi4p) Gene:COG7(YGL005C)|FD-Score:6.23|P-value:2.26E-10||SGD DESC:Component of the conserved oligomeric Golgi complex (Cog1p through Cog8p), a cytosolic tethering complex that functions in protein trafficking to mediate fusion of transport vesicles to Golgi compartments Gene:CTR1(YPR124W)|FD-Score:6.93|P-value:2.11E-12||SGD DESC:High-affinity copper transporter of the plasma membrane; mediates nearly all copper uptake under low copper conditions; transcriptionally induced at low copper levels and degraded at high copper levels; protein increases in abundance and relocalizes from nucleus to plasma membrane upon DNA replication stress Gene:ECM5(YMR176W)|FD-Score:-3.32|P-value:4.56E-4||SGD DESC:Non-essential protein of unknown function; contains ATP/GTP-binding site motif A; null mutant exhibits cellular volume up to four times greater than wild-type, also large drooping buds with elongated necks; relative distribution to the nucleus increases upon DNA replication stress Gene:GAL11(YOL051W)|FD-Score:3.72|P-value:1.01E-4||SGD DESC:Subunit of the RNA polymerase II mediator complex; associates with core polymerase subunits to form the RNA polymerase II holoenzyme; affects transcription by acting as target of activators and repressors; forms part of the tail domain of mediator Gene:GCN5(YGR252W)|FD-Score:-3.38|P-value:3.68E-4||SGD DESC:Acetyltransferase, modifies N-terminal lysines on histones H2B and H3; acetylates Rsc4p, a subunit of the RSC chromatin-remodeling complex, altering replication stress tolerance; catalytic subunit of the ADA and SAGA histone acetyltransferase complexes; mutant displays reduced transcription elongation in the G-less-based run-on (GLRO) assay; greater involvement in repression of RNAPII-dependent transcription than in activation Gene:GEF1(YJR040W)|FD-Score:5.85|P-value:2.42E-9||SGD DESC:Voltage-gated chloride channel localized to the golgi, the endosomal system, and plasma membrane, and involved in cation homeostasis; highly homologous to vertebrate voltage-gated chloride channels; modulates TBSV model (+) RNA virus replication by regulating copper metabolism Gene:GOT1(YMR292W)|FD-Score:-5.12|P-value:1.55E-7||SGD DESC:Homodimeric protein that is packaged into COPII vesicles and cycles between the ER and Golgi; involved in secretory transport but not directly required for aspects of transport assayed in vitro; may influence membrane composition Gene:HCR1(YLR192C)|FD-Score:3.34|P-value:4.18E-4||SGD DESC:Dual function protein involved in translation initiation as a substoichiometric component (eIF3j) of translation initiation factor 3 (eIF3) and required for processing of 20S pre-rRNA; binds to eIF3 subunits Rpg1p and Prt1p and 18S rRNA Gene:HPR1(YDR138W)|FD-Score:-3.13|P-value:8.70E-4||SGD DESC:Subunit of THO/TREX complexes that couple transcription elongation with mitotic recombination and with mRNA metabolism and export, subunit of an RNA Pol II complex; regulates lifespan; involved in telomere maintenance; similar to Top1p Gene:HUR1(YGL168W)|FD-Score:3.2|P-value:6.97E-4||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function; reported null mutant phenotype of hydroxyurea sensitivity may be due to effects on overlapping PMR1 gene Gene:IES6(YEL044W)|FD-Score:5.77|P-value:4.02E-9||SGD DESC:Protein that associates with the INO80 chromatin remodeling complex under low-salt conditions; human ortholog INO80C is a member of the human INO80 complex; implicated in DNA repair based on genetic interactions with RAD52 epistasis genes Gene:IRC21(YMR073C)|FD-Score:9.29|P-value:7.87E-21||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; may be involved in resistance to carboplatin and cisplatin; null mutant displays increase in spontaneous Rad52p foci; contains a lipid-binding domain and binds cardiolipin in a large-scale study Gene:IRC4(YDR540C)|FD-Score:5.82|P-value:2.88E-9||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; null mutant displays increased levels of spontaneous Rad52p foci; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to the cytoplasm and nucleus Gene:KAR9(YPL269W)|FD-Score:3.11|P-value:9.25E-4||SGD DESC:Karyogamy protein required for correct positioning of the mitotic spindle and for orienting cytoplasmic microtubules, localizes at the shmoo tip in mating cells and at the tip of the growing bud in small-budded cells through anaphase Gene:KEL2(YGR238C)|FD-Score:3.39|P-value:3.46E-4||SGD DESC:Protein that functions in a complex with Kel1p to negatively regulate mitotic exit, interacts with Tem1p and Lte1p; localizes to regions of polarized growth; potential Cdc28p substrate Gene:LSM7(YNL147W)|FD-Score:3.19|P-value:7.06E-4||SGD DESC:Lsm (Like Sm) protein; part of heteroheptameric complexes (Lsm2p-7p and either Lsm1p or 8p): cytoplasmic Lsm1p complex involved in mRNA decay; nuclear Lsm8p complex part of U6 snRNP and possibly involved in processing tRNA, snoRNA, and rRNA; protein abundance increases and forms cytoplasmic foci in response to DNA replication stress Gene:MAC1(YMR021C)|FD-Score:3.8|P-value:7.16E-5||SGD DESC:Copper-sensing transcription factor involved in regulation of genes required for high affinity copper transport Gene:MDG1(YNL173C)|FD-Score:6.14|P-value:4.10E-10||SGD DESC:Plasma membrane protein involved in G-protein mediated pheromone signaling pathway; overproduction suppresses bem1 mutations Gene:MET31(YPL038W)|FD-Score:4.08|P-value:2.30E-5||SGD DESC:Zinc-finger DNA-binding transcription factor; involved in transcriptional regulation of the methionine biosynthetic genes; MET31 has a paralog, MET32, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:MPC54(YOR177C)|FD-Score:3.53|P-value:2.05E-4||SGD DESC:Component of the meiotic outer plaque, a membrane-organizing center which is assembled on the cytoplasmic face of the spindle pole body during meiosis II and triggers the formation of the prospore membrane; potential Cdc28p substrate Gene:MSD1(YPL104W)|FD-Score:-3.3|P-value:4.90E-4||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial aspartyl-tRNA synthetase, required for acylation of aspartyl-tRNA; yeast and bacterial aspartyl-, asparaginyl-, and lysyl-tRNA synthetases contain regions with high sequence similarity, suggesting a common ancestral gene Gene:MXR1(YER042W)|FD-Score:4.02|P-value:2.91E-5||SGD DESC:Methionine-S-sulfoxide reductase, involved in the response to oxidative stress; protects iron-sulfur clusters from oxidative inactivation along with MXR2; involved in the regulation of lifespan Gene:NGG1(YDR176W)|FD-Score:-3.1|P-value:9.54E-4||SGD DESC:Transcriptional regulator involved in glucose repression of Gal4p-regulated genes; component of transcriptional adaptor and histone acetyltransferase complexes, the ADA complex, the SAGA complex, and the SLIK complex Gene:NPT1(YOR209C)|FD-Score:4.21|P-value:1.28E-5||SGD DESC:Nicotinate phosphoribosyltransferase, acts in the salvage pathway of NAD+ biosynthesis; required for silencing at rDNA and telomeres and has a role in silencing at mating-type loci; localized to the nucleus Gene:NTH2(YBR001C)|FD-Score:3.37|P-value:3.74E-4||SGD DESC:Putative neutral trehalase, required for thermotolerance; may mediate resistance to other cellular stresses; NTH2 has a paralog, NTH1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:NUT1(YGL151W)|FD-Score:3.69|P-value:1.13E-4||SGD DESC:Component of the RNA polymerase II mediator complex, which is required for transcriptional activation and also has a role in basal transcription Gene:PDA1(YER178W)|FD-Score:4.08|P-value:2.23E-5||SGD DESC:E1 alpha subunit of the pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) complex, catalyzes the direct oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate to acetyl-CoA; phosphorylated; regulated by glucose Gene:PER1(YCR044C)|FD-Score:4.52|P-value:3.04E-6||SGD DESC:Protein of the endoplasmic reticulum, required for GPI-phospholipase A2 activity that remodels the GPI anchor as a prerequisite for association of GPI-anchored proteins with lipid rafts; functionally complemented by human ortholog PERLD1 Gene:PGD1(YGL025C)|FD-Score:3.77|P-value:8.24E-5||SGD DESC:Subunit of the RNA polymerase II mediator complex; associates with core polymerase subunits to form the RNA polymerase II holoenzyme; essential for basal and activated transcription; direct target of Cyc8p-Tup1p transcriptional corepressor Gene:PHR1(YOR386W)|FD-Score:3.39|P-value:3.43E-4||SGD DESC:DNA photolyase involved in photoreactivation, repairs pyrimidine dimers in the presence of visible light; induced by DNA damage; regulated by transcriptional repressor Rph1p Gene:PMR1(YGL167C)|FD-Score:6.23|P-value:2.37E-10||SGD DESC:High affinity Ca2+/Mn2+ P-type ATPase required for Ca2+ and Mn2+ transport into Golgi; involved in Ca2+ dependent protein sorting and processing; mutations in human homolog ATP2C1 cause acantholytic skin condition Hailey-Hailey disease Gene:POP2(YNR052C)|FD-Score:3.13|P-value:8.74E-4||SGD DESC:RNase of the DEDD superfamily, subunit of the Ccr4-Not complex that mediates 3' to 5' mRNA deadenylation Gene:RAD24(YER173W)|FD-Score:3.78|P-value:7.87E-5||SGD DESC:Checkpoint protein, involved in the activation of the DNA damage and meiotic pachytene checkpoints; subunit of a clamp loader that loads Rad17p-Mec3p-Ddc1p onto DNA; homolog of human and S. pombe Rad17 protein Gene:RAV2(YDR202C)|FD-Score:4.99|P-value:3.04E-7||SGD DESC:Subunit of RAVE (Rav1p, Rav2p, Skp1p), a complex that associates with the V1 domain of the vacuolar membrane (H+)-ATPase (V-ATPase) and promotes assembly and reassembly of the holoenzyme Gene:RCO1(YMR075W)|FD-Score:4.39|P-value:5.72E-6||SGD DESC:Essential subunit of the histone deacetylase Rpd3S complex; interacts with Eaf3p Gene:RGP1(YDR137W)|FD-Score:3.34|P-value:4.11E-4||SGD DESC:Subunit of a Golgi membrane exchange factor (Ric1p-Rgp1p) that catalyzes nucleotide exchange on Ypt6p Gene:RHR2(YIL053W)|FD-Score:4.01|P-value:3.01E-5||SGD DESC:Constitutively expressed glycerol-1-phosphatase; involved in glycerol biosynthesis, induced in response to both anaerobic and osmotic stress; RHR2 has a paralog, HOR2, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RPH1(YER169W)|FD-Score:3.15|P-value:8.23E-4||SGD DESC:JmjC domain-containing histone demethylase; specifically demethylates H3K36 tri- and dimethyl modification states; associates with actively transcribed (RNA polymerase II) regions in vivo and specifically targets H3K36 in its trimethylation state as its substrate; transcriptional repressor of PHR1; Rph1p phosphorylation during DNA damage is under control of the MEC1-RAD53 pathway; RPH1 has a paralog, GIS1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RPL34B(YIL052C)|FD-Score:-3.96|P-value:3.68E-5||SGD DESC:Ribosomal 60S subunit protein L34B; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein L34, no bacterial homolog; RPL34B has a paralog, RPL34A, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RPL35B(YDL136W)|FD-Score:-6.52|P-value:3.48E-11||SGD DESC:Ribosomal 60S subunit protein L35B; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein L35 and bacterial L29; RPL35B has a paralog, RPL35A, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RPL42B(YHR141C)|FD-Score:4.93|P-value:4.05E-7||SGD DESC:Ribosomal 60S subunit protein L42B; required for propagation of the killer toxin-encoding M1 double-stranded RNA satellite of the L-A double-stranded RNA virus; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein L36A, no bacterial homolog; RPL42B has a paralog, RPL42A, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RPP2A(YOL039W)|FD-Score:-3.68|P-value:1.18E-4||SGD DESC:Ribosomal protein P2 alpha, a component of the ribosomal stalk, which is involved in the interaction between translational elongation factors and the ribosome; regulates the accumulation of P1 (Rpp1Ap and Rpp1Bp) in the cytoplasm Gene:RPS8A(YBL072C)|FD-Score:4.88|P-value:5.27E-7||SGD DESC:Protein component of the small (40S) ribosomal subunit; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein S8, no bacterial homolog; RPS8A has a paralog, RPS8B, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RRM3(YHR031C)|FD-Score:3.15|P-value:8.04E-4||SGD DESC:DNA helicase involved in rDNA replication and Ty1 transposition; relieves replication fork pauses at telomeric regions; structurally and functionally related to Pif1p Gene:RSM28(YDR494W)|FD-Score:3.21|P-value:6.74E-4||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial ribosomal protein of the small subunit; genetic interactions suggest a possible role in promoting translation initiation Gene:RTT101(YJL047C)|FD-Score:4.76|P-value:9.53E-7||SGD DESC:Cullin subunit of a Roc1p-dependent E3 ubiquitin ligase complex with a role in anaphase progression; implicated in Mms22-dependent DNA repair; involved with Mms1p in nonfunctional rRNA decay; modified by the ubiquitin-like protein, Rub1p Gene:SAC6(YDR129C)|FD-Score:5.71|P-value:5.59E-9||SGD DESC:Fimbrin, actin-bundling protein; cooperates with Scp1p (calponin/transgelin) in the organization and maintenance of the actin cytoskeleton; relocalizes from plasma membrane to cytoplasm upon DNA replication stress Gene:SAS3(YBL052C)|FD-Score:-3.75|P-value:8.75E-5||SGD DESC:Histone acetyltransferase catalytic subunit of NuA3 complex that acetylates histone H3, involved in transcriptional silencing; homolog of the mammalian MOZ proto-oncogene; mutant has aneuploidy tolerance; sas3gcn5 double mutation is lethal Gene:SDS23(YGL056C)|FD-Score:4.78|P-value:8.81E-7||SGD DESC:One of two S. cerevisiae homologs (Sds23p and Sds24p) of the S. pombe Sds23 protein, which is implicated in APC/cyclosome regulation; involved in cell separation during budding; SDS23 has a paralog, SDS24, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:SHE4(YOR035C)|FD-Score:3.72|P-value:1.00E-4||SGD DESC:Protein containing a UCS (UNC-45/CRO1/SHE4) domain, binds to myosin motor domains to regulate myosin function; involved in endocytosis, polarization of the actin cytoskeleton, and asymmetric mRNA localization Gene:SIN4(YNL236W)|FD-Score:6.53|P-value:3.32E-11||SGD DESC:Subunit of the RNA polymerase II mediator complex; associates with core polymerase subunits to form the RNA polymerase II holoenzyme; contributes to both postive and negative transcriptional regulation; dispensible for basal transcription Gene:SKY1(YMR216C)|FD-Score:-3.89|P-value:5.06E-5||SGD DESC:SR protein kinase (SRPK) involved in regulating proteins involved in mRNA metabolism and cation homeostasis; similar to human SRPK1 Gene:SNF2(YOR290C)|FD-Score:-3.38|P-value:3.61E-4||SGD DESC:Catalytic subunit of the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex involved in transcriptional regulation; contains DNA-stimulated ATPase activity; functions interdependently in transcriptional activation with Snf5p and Snf6p Gene:SNO2(YNL334C)|FD-Score:3.39|P-value:3.43E-4||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function, nearly identical to Sno3p; expression is induced before the diauxic shift and also in the absence of thiamin Gene:SOD1(YJR104C)|FD-Score:14.6|P-value:1.65E-48||SGD DESC:Cytosolic copper-zinc superoxide dismutase; some mutations are analogous to those that cause ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) in humans; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress and in response to prolonged exposure to boric acid Gene:SPS4(YOR313C)|FD-Score:3.26|P-value:5.55E-4||SGD DESC:Protein whose expression is induced during sporulation; not required for sporulation; heterologous expression in E. coli induces the SOS response that senses DNA damage Gene:TAN1(YGL232W)|FD-Score:3.37|P-value:3.82E-4||SGD DESC:Putative tRNA acetyltransferase; RNA-binding protein required for the formation of the modified nucleoside N(4)-acetylcytidine in serine and leucine tRNAs but not required for the same modification in 18S rRNA; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:TDA8(YAL064C-A_p)|FD-Score:4.22|P-value:1.20E-5||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; null mutant is sensitive to expression of the top1-T722A allele; not an essential gene Gene:THI21(YPL258C)|FD-Score:3.22|P-value:6.39E-4||SGD DESC:Hydroxymethylpyrimidine (HMP) and HMP-phosphate kinase; involved in thiamine biosynthesis; member of a gene family with THI20 and THI22; functionally redundant with Thi20p Gene:THP1(YOL072W)|FD-Score:-4.34|P-value:6.96E-6||SGD DESC:Nuclear pore-associated protein; component of TREX-2 complex (Sac3p-Thp1p-Sus1p-Cdc31p) involved in transcription elongation and mRNA export from the nucleus; involved in post-transcriptional tethering of active genes to the nuclear periphery and to non-nascent mRNP; contains a PAM domain implicated in protein-protein binding Gene:TPM2(YIL138C)|FD-Score:3.48|P-value:2.46E-4||SGD DESC:Minor isoform of tropomyosin; binds to and stabilizes actin cables and filaments, which direct polarized cell growth and the distribution of several organelles; appears to have distinct and also overlapping functions with Tpm1p; TPM2 has a paralog, TPM1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:TRP1(YDR007W)|FD-Score:-3.81|P-value:7.01E-5||SGD DESC:Phosphoribosylanthranilate isomerase that catalyzes the third step in tryptophan biosynthesis; in 2004, the sequence of TRP1 from strain S228C was updated by changing the previously annotated internal STOP (TAA) to serine (TCA) Gene:TSC3(YBR058C-A)|FD-Score:3.86|P-value:5.62E-5||SGD DESC:Protein that stimulates the activity of serine palmitoyltransferase (Lcb1p, Lcb2p) several-fold; involved in sphingolipid biosynthesis Gene:URN1(YPR152C)|FD-Score:-3.14|P-value:8.44E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function containing WW and FF domains; overexpression causes accumulation of cells in G1 phase Gene:VPS21(YOR089C)|FD-Score:3.84|P-value:6.08E-5||SGD DESC:Rab family GTPase; required for endocytic transport and for sorting of vacuolar hydrolases; localized in endocytic intermediates; detected in mitochondria; geranylgeranylation required for membrane association; mammalian Rab5 homolog; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress; VPS21 has a paralog, YPT53, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:VPS45(YGL095C)|FD-Score:4.29|P-value:9.00E-6||SGD DESC:Protein of the Sec1p/Munc-18 family, essential for vacuolar protein sorting; required for the function of Pep12p and the early endosome/late Golgi SNARE Tlg2p; essential for fusion of Golgi-derived vesicles with the prevacuolar compartment Gene:VPS51(YKR020W)|FD-Score:3.78|P-value:7.99E-5||SGD DESC:Component of the GARP (Golgi-associated retrograde protein) complex, Vps51p-Vps52p-Vps53p-Vps54p, which is required for the recycling of proteins from endosomes to the late Golgi; links the (VFT/GARP) complex to the SNARE Tlg1p Gene:VPS61(YDR136C_d)|FD-Score:3.3|P-value:4.83E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame, unlikely to encode a protein; not conserved in closely related Saccharomyces species; 4% of ORF overlaps the verified gene RGP1; deletion causes a vacuolar protein sorting defect Gene:VPS68(YOL129W)|FD-Score:3.11|P-value:9.46E-4||SGD DESC:Vacuolar membrane protein of unknown function involved in vacuolar protein sorting; also detected in the mitochondria Gene:YBR226C(YBR226C_d)|FD-Score:-3.51|P-value:2.21E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the uncharacterized ORF YBR225W Gene:YBR292C(YBR292C_d)|FD-Score:3.87|P-value:5.35E-5||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; YBR292C is not an essential gene Gene:YDL041W(YDL041W_d)|FD-Score:3.21|P-value:6.64E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; overlaps the verified gene SIR2/YDL042C Gene:YEL028W(YEL028W_d)|FD-Score:3.92|P-value:4.40E-5||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YGL007C-A(YGL007C-A_p)|FD-Score:3.71|P-value:1.02E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function, identified by gene-trapping, microarray-based expression analysis, and genome-wide homology searching; deletion exhibits slow-growth phenotype; computationally predicted to have a role in cell budding Gene:YJL206C(YJL206C_p)|FD-Score:3.25|P-value:5.72E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; similar to transcriptional regulators from the Zn[2]-Cys[6] binuclear cluster protein family; mRNA is weakly cell cycle regulated, peaking in S phase; induced rapidly upon MMS treatment Gene:YKL053W(YKL053W_d)|FD-Score:3.93|P-value:4.28E-5||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps verified ORF ASK1 Gene:YKL069W(YKL069W)|FD-Score:4.76|P-value:9.53E-7||SGD DESC:Methionine-R-sulfoxide reductase; reduces the R enantiomer of free Met-SO, in contrast to Ycl033Cp which reduces Met-R-SO in a peptide linkage; has a role in protection against oxidative stress; relative distribution to the nucleus increases upon DNA replication stress Gene:YKR075C(YKR075C_p)|FD-Score:3.11|P-value:9.23E-4||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function; similar to YOR062Cp and Reg1p; expression regulated by glucose and Rgt1p; GFP-fusion protein is induced in response to the DNA-damaging agent MMS Gene:YLR402W(YLR402W_d)|FD-Score:3.29|P-value:5.05E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YLR422W(YLR422W_p)|FD-Score:3.35|P-value:4.02E-4||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function with similarity to human DOCK proteins (guanine nucleotide exchange factors); interacts with Ino4p; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to the cytoplasm, YLR422W is not an essential protein Gene:YML122C(YML122C_d)|FD-Score:3.89|P-value:4.96E-5||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YMR221C(YMR221C_p)|FD-Score:4.43|P-value:4.62E-6||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; the authentic, non-tagged protein is detected in highly purified mitochondria in high-throughput studies; physical interaction with Atg27p suggests a possible role in autophagy Gene:YNL235C(YNL235C_d)|FD-Score:6.26|P-value:1.93E-10||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified ORF SIN4/YNL236W, a subunit of the mediator complex Gene:YNR021W(YNR021W_p)|FD-Score:-3.75|P-value:8.71E-5||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum; YNR021W is not an essential gene Gene:YNR063W(YNR063W_p)|FD-Score:3.26|P-value:5.49E-4||SGD DESC:Putative zinc-cluster protein of unknown function Gene:YOR072W(YOR072W_d)|FD-Score:-3.22|P-value:6.41E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the dubious gene YOR072W-A; diploid deletion strains are methotrexate, paraquat and wortmannin sensitive Gene:YPL191C(YPL191C_p)|FD-Score:5.83|P-value:2.78E-9||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; diploid deletion strain exhibits high budding index; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to the cytoplasm Gene:YPR050C(YPR050C_d)|FD-Score:4.07|P-value:2.33E-5||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified gene MAK3/YPR051W Gene:YPR123C(YPR123C_d)|FD-Score:16.2|P-value:1.84E-59||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially/completely overlaps the verified ORF CTR Gene:YPR127W(YPR127W)|FD-Score:5.27|P-value:6.67E-8||SGD DESC:Putative pyridoxine 4-dehydrogenase; differentially expressed during alcoholic fermentation; expression activated by transcription factor YRM1/YOR172W; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to both the cytoplasm and the nucleus Gene:YPT6(YLR262C)|FD-Score:3.59|P-value:1.67E-4||SGD DESC:Rab family GTPase, Ras-like GTP binding protein involved in the secretory pathway, required for fusion of endosome-derived vesicles with the late Golgi, maturation of the vacuolar carboxypeptidase Y; has similarity to the human GTPase, Rab6 Gene:ZDS2(YML109W)|FD-Score:-3.15|P-value:8.06E-4||SGD DESC:Protein with a role in regulating Swe1p-dependent polarized growth; involved in maintenance of Cdc55p in the cytoplasm where it promotes mitotic entry; interacts with silencing proteins at the telomere; implicated in the mitotic exit network through regulation of Cdc14p localization; ZDS2 has a paralog, ZDS1, that arose from the whole genome duplication

Click on Significant Values for Strain Details

Top 15 HET fitness defect scores (HIP)

Download all HIP Data (tab-delimited text)  (excel)
Deletion Strain FD score P-value Clearance Gene Gene Description
YBR257W20.501.59E-937.18POP4Subunit of both RNase MRP and nuclear RNase P; RNase MRP cleaves pre-rRNA, while nuclear RNase P cleaves tRNA precursors to generate mature 5' ends and facilitates turnover of nuclear RNAs; binds to the RPR1 RNA subunit in RNase P
YHR062C15.802.25E-567.18RPP1Subunit of both RNase MRP and nuclear RNase P; RNase MRP cleaves pre-rRNA, while nuclear RNase P cleaves tRNA precursors to generate mature 5' ends and facilitates turnover of nuclear RNAs
YER133W8.603.93E-182.42GLC7Type 1 serine/threonine protein phosphatase catalytic subunit; involved in various processes including glycogen metabolism, sporulation, mitosis; accumulates at mating projections by interaction with Afr1p; interacts with many regulatory subunits; involved in regulation of the nucleocytoplasmic shuttling of Hxk2p; import into nucleus is inhibited during spindle assembly checkpoint arrest
YIL143C6.183.11E-100.14SSL2Component of RNA polymerase transcription factor TFIIH holoenzyme; has DNA-dependent ATPase/helicase activity and is required, with Rad3p, for unwinding promoter DNA; interacts functionally with TFIIB and has roles in transcription start site selection and in gene looping to juxtapose initiation and termination regions; involved in DNA repair; homolog of human ERCC3
YPL217C6.047.58E-100.76BMS1GTPase required for synthesis of 40S ribosomal subunits and for processing the 35S pre-rRNA at sites A0, A1, and A2; interacts with Rcl1p, which stimulates its GTPase and U3 snoRNA binding activities; has similarity to Tsr1p
YKL052C5.296.27E-80.16ASK1Essential subunit of the Dam1 complex (aka DASH complex); couples kinetochores to the force produced by MT depolymerization thereby aiding in chromosome segregation; phosphorylated during the cell cycle by cyclin-dependent kinases; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress
YGL169W5.121.49E-70.36SUA5Single-stranded telomeric DNA-binding protein, required for normal telomere length; null mutant lacks N6-threonylcarbamoyl adenosine (t6A) modification in the anticodon loop of ANN-decoding tRNA; member of conserved YrdC/Sua5 family
YJR007W4.769.50E-71.13SUI2Alpha subunit of the translation initiation factor eIF2; eIF2 is involved in identification of the start codon; phosphorylation of Ser51 is required for regulation of translation by inhibiting the exchange of GDP for GTP; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress
YBL092W3.631.39E-40.25RPL32Ribosomal 60S subunit protein L32; overexpression disrupts telomeric silencing; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein L32, no bacterial homolog
YJL076W3.383.61E-40.15NET1Core subunit of the RENT complex; involved in nucleolar silencing and telophase exit; stimulates transcription by RNA polymerase I and regulates nucleolar structure; NET1 has a paralog, TOF2, that arose from the whole genome duplication
YKL058W3.236.22E-40.08TOA2TFIIA small subunit; involved in transcriptional activation, acts as antirepressor or as coactivator; homologous to smallest subunit of human and Drosophila TFIIA; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress
YPR056W3.148.33E-40.01TFB4Subunit of TFIIH complex, involved in transcription initiation, similar to 34 kDa subunit of human TFIIH; interacts with Ssl1p
YGR128C3.138.77E-40.01UTP8Nucleolar protein required for export of tRNAs from the nucleus; also copurifies with the small subunit (SSU) processome containing the U3 snoRNA that is involved in processing of pre-18S rRNA
YGL128C3.129.01E-40.01CWC23Component of a complex containing Cef1p, putatively involved in pre-mRNA splicing; has similarity to E. coli DnaJ and other DnaJ-like proteins and to S. pombe Cwf23p
YLR274W3.119.48E-40.03MCM5Component of the hexameric MCM complex, which is important for priming origins of DNA replication in G1 and becomes an active ATP-dependent helicase that promotes DNA melting and elongation when activated by Cdc7p-Dbf4p in S-phase

Top 15 HOM fitness defect scores (HOP)

Download all HOP Data (tab-delimited text)  (excel)
Deletion Strain FD score P-value Gene Gene Description
YMR038C17.006.21E-65CCS1Copper chaperone for superoxide dismutase Sod1p; involved in oxidative stress protection; Met-X-Cys-X2-Cys motif within the N-terminal portion is involved in insertion of copper into Sod1p under conditions of copper deprivation; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress
YPR123C_d16.201.84E-59YPR123C_dDubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially/completely overlaps the verified ORF CTR
YJR104C14.601.65E-48SOD1Cytosolic copper-zinc superoxide dismutase; some mutations are analogous to those that cause ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) in humans; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress and in response to prolonged exposure to boric acid
YMR073C9.297.87E-21IRC21Putative protein of unknown function; may be involved in resistance to carboplatin and cisplatin; null mutant displays increase in spontaneous Rad52p foci; contains a lipid-binding domain and binds cardiolipin in a large-scale study
YPR124W6.932.11E-12CTR1High-affinity copper transporter of the plasma membrane; mediates nearly all copper uptake under low copper conditions; transcriptionally induced at low copper levels and degraded at high copper levels; protein increases in abundance and relocalizes from nucleus to plasma membrane upon DNA replication stress
YNL236W6.533.32E-11SIN4Subunit of the RNA polymerase II mediator complex; associates with core polymerase subunits to form the RNA polymerase II holoenzyme; contributes to both postive and negative transcriptional regulation; dispensible for basal transcription
YNL235C_d6.261.93E-10YNL235C_dDubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified ORF SIN4/YNL236W, a subunit of the mediator complex
YGL005C6.232.26E-10COG7Component of the conserved oligomeric Golgi complex (Cog1p through Cog8p), a cytosolic tethering complex that functions in protein trafficking to mediate fusion of transport vesicles to Golgi compartments
YGL167C6.232.37E-10PMR1High affinity Ca2+/Mn2+ P-type ATPase required for Ca2+ and Mn2+ transport into Golgi; involved in Ca2+ dependent protein sorting and processing; mutations in human homolog ATP2C1 cause acantholytic skin condition Hailey-Hailey disease
YNL173C6.144.10E-10MDG1Plasma membrane protein involved in G-protein mediated pheromone signaling pathway; overproduction suppresses bem1 mutations
YJR040W5.852.42E-9GEF1Voltage-gated chloride channel localized to the golgi, the endosomal system, and plasma membrane, and involved in cation homeostasis; highly homologous to vertebrate voltage-gated chloride channels; modulates TBSV model (+) RNA virus replication by regulating copper metabolism
YPL158C5.842.67E-9AIM44Protein of unknown function; GFP-fusion protein localizes to the bud neck; transcription is regulated by Swi5p; null mutant displays elevated frequency of mitochondrial genome loss; relocalizes from bud neck to cytoplasm upon DNA replication stress
YPL191C_p5.832.78E-9YPL191C_pPutative protein of unknown function; diploid deletion strain exhibits high budding index; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to the cytoplasm
YDR540C5.822.88E-9IRC4Putative protein of unknown function; null mutant displays increased levels of spontaneous Rad52p foci; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to the cytoplasm and nucleus
YEL044W5.774.02E-9IES6Protein that associates with the INO80 chromatin remodeling complex under low-salt conditions; human ortholog INO80C is a member of the human INO80 complex; implicated in DNA repair based on genetic interactions with RAD52 epistasis genes

GO enrichment analysis for SGTC_2507
No biological processes are significantly enriched (FDR < 0.1).

No protein complexes are significantly enriched (FDR < 0.1).

Coinhibitory screens
Download Coinhibition data (tab-delimited text)  (excel)

Correlation pval Screen ID Condition Source PubChem
CID
Tanimoto
Score
Response
Signature
0.3541.03E-173SGTC_21565649887 115.0 μMChembridge (Fragment library)54680440NARPP1 & pyrimidine depletion
0.2692.13E-98SGTC_2509methyl 7-deshydroxypyrogallin-4-carboxylate 54.6 μMMicrosource (Natural product library)50988840.255319RPP1 & pyrimidine depletion
0.2552.64E-88SGTC_13993562-5772 25.0 μMChemDiv (Drug-like library)238474900.147541RPP1 & pyrimidine depletion
0.2452.07E-81SGTC_21715739187 198.1 μMChembridge (Fragment library)22627610.1copper-dependent oxidative stress
0.2359.23E-75SGTC_20805212524 12.4 μMChembridge (Fragment library)2601830.297297copper-dependent oxidative stress
0.2326.07E-73SGTC_20575236571 38.3 μMChembridge (Fragment library)54684039NARPP1 & pyrimidine depletion
0.2252.19E-68SGTC_6120302-0167 22.4 μMChemDiv (Drug-like library)2358210.325copper-dependent oxidative stress
0.2246.20E-68SGTC_1000086-0128 49.6 μMChemDiv (Drug-like library)932970.137255copper-dependent oxidative stress
0.2162.84E-63SGTC_2575plumbagin 510.0 nMTimTec (Pure natural product library)102050.342105superoxide
0.2142.32E-62SGTC_1060092-0003 11.6 μMChemDiv (Drug-like library)10721480.25copper-dependent oxidative stress
0.2033.81E-56SGTC_10014048-4355 44.4 μMChemDiv (Drug-like library)218242330.0983607copper-dependent oxidative stress
0.1983.48E-53SGTC_10164226-1401 38.0 μMChemDiv (Drug-like library)29016130.102941RNA pol III & RNase P/MRP
0.1945.56E-51SGTC_2671danthron 100.0 μMMicrosource (Natural product library)29500.419355DNA damage response
0.1831.76E-45SGTC_1766st045414 44.8 μMTimTec (Natural product derivative library)2539600.207547RPP1 & pyrimidine depletion
0.1796.82E-44SGTC_14254048-4433 7.3 μMChemDiv (Drug-like library)237349460.0833333copper-dependent oxidative stress

Screens with compounds having similar structures
Screen ID Chemical Concentration Tanimoto Score PubChem ID Source Molecular Weight AlogP H-bond
donor
count
H-bond
acceptor
count
Response
Signature
SGTC_263alizarin107.93 μM0.66293Miscellaneous240.210922.32424iron homeostasis
SGTC_2686alizarin95.37 μM0.66293Miscellaneous240.210922.32424RPP1 & pyrimidine depletion
SGTC_2671danthron100 μM0.4193552950Microsource (Natural product library)240.210922.32424DNA damage response
SGTC_1530rhein70.4 μM0.36585410168TimTec (Pure natural product library)284.220421.95436
SGTC_1556plumbagin1.48 μM0.34210510205TimTec (Pure natural product library)188.179421.96213superoxide
SGTC_2575plumbagin510 nM0.34210510205TimTec (Pure natural product library)188.179421.96213superoxide
SGTC_501nsc-95397161 μM0.333333262093ICCB bioactive library310.388561.17126
SGTC_1830st05598250.3 μM0.333333455313TimTec (Natural product derivative library)254.23752.35624
SGTC_14790549-0158134 μM0.3260875440202ChemDiv (Drug-like library)356.17023.19913
SGTC_1112tnp000691.17 μM0.325581145826TimTec (Natural product library)270.23692.11435
SGTC_1115galangin695.68 nM0.3255815281616TimTec (Natural product library)270.23692.11435RPP1 & pyrimidine depletion
SGTC_2505galangin7.89 μM0.3255815281616Microsource (Natural product library)270.23692.11435RPP1 & pyrimidine depletion
SGTC_2513baicalein25.65 μM0.3255815281605Microsource (Natural product library)270.23692.4135calcium & mitochondrial duress