melphalan FDA approved compound

(2S)-2-amino-3-[4-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]phenyl]propanoic acid

A DNA alkylator.

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PubChem MeSH terms: Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating;Myeloablative Agonists



Source SMILES: standardizedunstandardized
Compound:
Screen ID SGTC_251
Screen concentration 456.5 μM
Source Miscellaneous
PubChem CID 460612
SMILES C1=CC(=CC=C1CC(C(=O)O)N)N(CCCl)CCCl
Standardized SMILES NC(Cc1ccc(cc1)N(CCCl)CCCl)C(=O)O
Molecular weight 305.2002
ALogP -0.11
H-bond donor count 2
H-bond acceptor count 4
Response signature DNA damage response

Pool Growth Kinetics
% growth inhibition (Het. pool) 9.27
% growth inhibition (Hom. pool) 4.75


HIP profile

Heterozygous deletion strains
Scale: fixedexpanded
Heterozygous profile for 460612
Download HIP data (tab-delimited text)  (excel)
Gene:ALG14(YBR070C)|FD-Score:3.21|P-value:6.75E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Component of UDP-GlcNAc transferase required for the second step of dolichyl-linked oligosaccharide synthesis; anchors the catalytic subunit Alg13p to the ER membrane; similar to bacterial and human glycosyltransferases Gene:ERG8(YMR220W)|FD-Score:3.64|P-value:1.36E-4|Clearance:0.32||SGD DESC:Phosphomevalonate kinase, an essential cytosolic enzyme that acts in the biosynthesis of isoprenoids and sterols, including ergosterol, from mevalonate Gene:JIP5(YPR169W)|FD-Score:4.82|P-value:7.07E-7|Clearance:0.8||SGD DESC:Essential protein required for biogenesis of the large ribosomal subunit; interacts with proteins involved in RNA processing, ribosome biogenesis, ubiquitination and demethylation; similar to WDR55, a human WD repeat protein Gene:MDN1(YLR106C)|FD-Score:3.32|P-value:4.44E-4|Clearance:0.12||SGD DESC:Huge dynein-related AAA-type ATPase (midasin), forms extended pre-60S particle with the Rix1 complex (Rix1p-Ipi1p-Ipi3p); acts in removal of ribosomal biogenesis factors at successive steps of pre-60S assembly and export from nucleus Gene:PKC1(YBL105C)|FD-Score:4.77|P-value:9.11E-7|Clearance:0.8||SGD DESC:Protein serine/threonine kinase essential for cell wall remodeling during growth; localized to sites of polarized growth and the mother-daughter bud neck; homolog of the alpha, beta, and gamma isoforms of mammalian protein kinase C (PKC) Gene:RPB10(YOR210W)|FD-Score:3.97|P-value:3.55E-5|Clearance:0.33||SGD DESC:RNA polymerase subunit ABC10-beta, common to RNA polymerases I, II, and III Gene:RPB8(YOR224C)|FD-Score:3.12|P-value:8.98E-4|Clearance:0.03||SGD DESC:RNA polymerase subunit ABC14.5, common to RNA polymerases I, II, and III Gene:RPP1(YHR062C)|FD-Score:-3.88|P-value:5.22E-5|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Subunit of both RNase MRP and nuclear RNase P; RNase MRP cleaves pre-rRNA, while nuclear RNase P cleaves tRNA precursors to generate mature 5' ends and facilitates turnover of nuclear RNAs Gene:TAF12(YDR145W)|FD-Score:3.09|P-value:9.88E-4|Clearance:0.07||SGD DESC:Subunit (61/68 kDa) of TFIID and SAGA complexes, involved in RNA polymerase II transcription initiation and in chromatin modification, similar to histone H2A Gene:YBR124W(YBR124W_d)|FD-Score:3.2|P-value:6.81E-4|Clearance:0.08||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function Gene:ALG14(YBR070C)|FD-Score:3.21|P-value:6.75E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Component of UDP-GlcNAc transferase required for the second step of dolichyl-linked oligosaccharide synthesis; anchors the catalytic subunit Alg13p to the ER membrane; similar to bacterial and human glycosyltransferases Gene:ERG8(YMR220W)|FD-Score:3.64|P-value:1.36E-4|Clearance:0.32||SGD DESC:Phosphomevalonate kinase, an essential cytosolic enzyme that acts in the biosynthesis of isoprenoids and sterols, including ergosterol, from mevalonate Gene:JIP5(YPR169W)|FD-Score:4.82|P-value:7.07E-7|Clearance:0.8||SGD DESC:Essential protein required for biogenesis of the large ribosomal subunit; interacts with proteins involved in RNA processing, ribosome biogenesis, ubiquitination and demethylation; similar to WDR55, a human WD repeat protein Gene:MDN1(YLR106C)|FD-Score:3.32|P-value:4.44E-4|Clearance:0.12||SGD DESC:Huge dynein-related AAA-type ATPase (midasin), forms extended pre-60S particle with the Rix1 complex (Rix1p-Ipi1p-Ipi3p); acts in removal of ribosomal biogenesis factors at successive steps of pre-60S assembly and export from nucleus Gene:PKC1(YBL105C)|FD-Score:4.77|P-value:9.11E-7|Clearance:0.8||SGD DESC:Protein serine/threonine kinase essential for cell wall remodeling during growth; localized to sites of polarized growth and the mother-daughter bud neck; homolog of the alpha, beta, and gamma isoforms of mammalian protein kinase C (PKC) Gene:RPB10(YOR210W)|FD-Score:3.97|P-value:3.55E-5|Clearance:0.33||SGD DESC:RNA polymerase subunit ABC10-beta, common to RNA polymerases I, II, and III Gene:RPB8(YOR224C)|FD-Score:3.12|P-value:8.98E-4|Clearance:0.03||SGD DESC:RNA polymerase subunit ABC14.5, common to RNA polymerases I, II, and III Gene:RPP1(YHR062C)|FD-Score:-3.88|P-value:5.22E-5|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Subunit of both RNase MRP and nuclear RNase P; RNase MRP cleaves pre-rRNA, while nuclear RNase P cleaves tRNA precursors to generate mature 5' ends and facilitates turnover of nuclear RNAs Gene:TAF12(YDR145W)|FD-Score:3.09|P-value:9.88E-4|Clearance:0.07||SGD DESC:Subunit (61/68 kDa) of TFIID and SAGA complexes, involved in RNA polymerase II transcription initiation and in chromatin modification, similar to histone H2A Gene:YBR124W(YBR124W_d)|FD-Score:3.2|P-value:6.81E-4|Clearance:0.08||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function

HOP profile

Homozygous deletion strains
Scale: fixedexpanded
Homozygous profile for 460612
Download HOP data (tab-delimited text)  (excel)
Gene:ADE5,7(YGL234W)|FD-Score:3.42|P-value:3.16E-4||SGD DESC:Bifunctional enzyme of the 'de novo' purine nucleotide biosynthetic pathway, contains aminoimidazole ribotide synthetase and glycinamide ribotide synthetase activities Gene:AXL2(YIL140W)|FD-Score:-3.46|P-value:2.75E-4||SGD DESC:Integral plasma membrane protein required for axial budding in haploid cells, localizes to the incipient bud site and bud neck; glycosylated by Pmt4p; potential Cdc28p substrate Gene:BUD21(YOR078W)|FD-Score:3.85|P-value:5.87E-5||SGD DESC:Component of small ribosomal subunit (SSU) processosome that contains U3 snoRNA; originally isolated as bud-site selection mutant that displays a random budding pattern Gene:CHO1(YER026C)|FD-Score:4.15|P-value:1.66E-5||SGD DESC:Phosphatidylserine synthase, functions in phospholipid biosynthesis; catalyzes the reaction CDP-diaclyglycerol + L-serine = CMP + L-1-phosphatidylserine, transcriptionally repressed by myo-inositol and choline Gene:CNB1(YKL190W)|FD-Score:-3.14|P-value:8.38E-4||SGD DESC:Calcineurin B; the regulatory subunit of calcineurin, a Ca++/calmodulin-regulated type 2B protein phosphatase which regulates Crz1p (a stress-response transcription factor), the other calcineurin subunit is encoded by CNA1 and/or CMP1; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:CTI6(YPL181W)|FD-Score:4.05|P-value:2.53E-5||SGD DESC:Protein that relieves transcriptional repression by binding to the Cyc8p-Tup1p corepressor and recruiting the SAGA complex to the repressed promoter; contains a PHD finger domain Gene:DSF2(YBR007C_p)|FD-Score:6.46|P-value:5.34E-11||SGD DESC:Deletion suppressor of mpt5 mutation; relocalizes from bud neck to cytoplasm upon DNA replication stress Gene:EOS1(YNL080C)|FD-Score:3.28|P-value:5.18E-4||SGD DESC:Protein involved in N-glycosylation; deletion mutation confers sensitivity to exidative stress and shows synthetic lethality with mutations in the spindle checkpoint genes BUB3 and MAD1; YNL080C is not an essential gene Gene:ERJ5(YFR041C)|FD-Score:3.98|P-value:3.44E-5||SGD DESC:Type I membrane protein with a J domain is required to preserve the folding capacity of the endoplasmic reticulum; loss of the non-essential ERJ5 gene leads to a constitutively induced unfolded protein response Gene:FMP41(YNL168C_p)|FD-Score:-3.1|P-value:9.74E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; GFP-fusion protein is induced in response to the DNA-damaging agent MMS; the authentic, non-tagged protein is detected in highly purified mitochondria in high-throughput studies Gene:GLR1(YPL091W)|FD-Score:3.75|P-value:8.98E-5||SGD DESC:Cytosolic and mitochondrial glutathione oxidoreductase; converts oxidized glutathione to reduced glutathione; mitochondrial but not cytosolic form has a role in resistance to hyperoxia; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:GPX2(YBR244W)|FD-Score:3.27|P-value:5.42E-4||SGD DESC:Phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase; protects cells from phospholipid hydroperoxides and nonphospholipid peroxides during oxidative stress; induced by glucose starvation; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:GUF1(YLR289W)|FD-Score:4.78|P-value:8.96E-7||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial matrix GTPase that associates with mitochondrial ribosomes; important for translation under temperature and nutrient stress; may have a role in translational fidelity; similar to bacterial LepA elongation factor Gene:GUP1(YGL084C)|FD-Score:3.91|P-value:4.56E-5||SGD DESC:Plasma membrane protein involved in remodeling GPI anchors; member of the MBOAT family of putative membrane-bound O-acyltransferases; proposed to be involved in glycerol transport Gene:HES1(YOR237W)|FD-Score:3.67|P-value:1.19E-4||SGD DESC:Protein implicated in the regulation of ergosterol biosynthesis; one of a seven member gene family with a common essential function and non-essential unique functions; similar to human oxysterol binding protein (OSBP); HES1 has a paralog, KES1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:HXT17(YNR072W)|FD-Score:3.24|P-value:5.96E-4||SGD DESC:Hexose transporter, up-regulated in media containing raffinose and galactose at pH 7.7 versus pH 4.7, repressed by high levels of glucose Gene:HYR1(YIR037W)|FD-Score:3.48|P-value:2.48E-4||SGD DESC:Thiol peroxidase that functions as a hydroperoxide receptor to sense intracellular hydroperoxide levels and transduce a redox signal to the Yap1p transcription factor Gene:ICY1(YMR195W)|FD-Score:6.38|P-value:8.86E-11||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function, required for viability in rich media of cells lacking mitochondrial DNA; mutants have an invasive growth defect with elongated morphology; induced by amino acid starvation Gene:IRC10(YOL015W)|FD-Score:-4.26|P-value:1.03E-5||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; null mutant displays increased levels of spontaneous Rad52p foci Gene:IRC16(YPR038W_d)|FD-Score:3.77|P-value:8.22E-5||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps verified gene YPR037C; null mutant displays increased levels of spontaneous Rad52p foci Gene:LEA1(YPL213W)|FD-Score:3.22|P-value:6.35E-4||SGD DESC:Component of U2 snRNP; disruption causes reduced U2 snRNP levels; physically interacts with Msl1p; putative homolog of human U2A' snRNP protein Gene:LOA1(YPR139C)|FD-Score:3.16|P-value:7.86E-4||SGD DESC:Lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase; involved in triacelglyceride homeostasis and lipid droplet formation; localized to lipid droplets and the ER; specificity for oleoyl-CoA Gene:MAC1(YMR021C)|FD-Score:-3.78|P-value:7.93E-5||SGD DESC:Copper-sensing transcription factor involved in regulation of genes required for high affinity copper transport Gene:MBP1(YDL056W)|FD-Score:3.51|P-value:2.24E-4||SGD DESC:Transcription factor involved in regulation of cell cycle progression from G1 to S phase, forms a complex with Swi6p that binds to MluI cell cycle box regulatory element in promoters of DNA synthesis genes Gene:MDJ1(YFL016C)|FD-Score:7.18|P-value:3.59E-13||SGD DESC:Co-chaperone that stimulates the ATPase activity of the HSP70 protein Ssc1p; involved in protein folding/refolding in the mitochodrial matrix; required for proteolysis of misfolded proteins; member of the HSP40 (DnaJ) family of chaperones Gene:MEH1(YKR007W)|FD-Score:4.02|P-value:2.87E-5||SGD DESC:Component of the EGO complex, which is involved in the regulation of microautophagy, and of the GSE complex, which is required for proper sorting of amino acid permease Gap1p; loss results in a defect in vacuolar acidification Gene:MGR2(YPL098C)|FD-Score:-3.14|P-value:8.43E-4||SGD DESC:Subunit of the TIM23 translocase complex; acts to couple Tim21p with the core Tim23 translocase; absolutely required for mitochondrial import of presequence-containing proteins at elevated temperature; required for viability of cells lacking the mitochondrial genome (petite-negative phenotype) Gene:MMS2(YGL087C)|FD-Score:3.14|P-value:8.34E-4||SGD DESC:Ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme variant; involved in error-free postreplication repair; forms a heteromeric complex with Ubc13p, an active ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme; cooperates with chromatin-associated RING finger proteins, Rad18p and Rad5p; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:MRP4(YHL004W)|FD-Score:4.86|P-value:5.82E-7||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial ribosomal protein of the small subunit Gene:MRP51(YPL118W)|FD-Score:4.24|P-value:1.13E-5||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial ribosomal protein of the small subunit; MRP51 exhibits genetic interactions with mutations in the COX2 and COX3 mRNA 5'-untranslated leader sequences Gene:MRPL25(YGR076C)|FD-Score:3.28|P-value:5.26E-4||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial ribosomal protein of the large subunit; mutation confers increased replicative lifespan Gene:MSD1(YPL104W)|FD-Score:3.56|P-value:1.89E-4||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial aspartyl-tRNA synthetase, required for acylation of aspartyl-tRNA; yeast and bacterial aspartyl-, asparaginyl-, and lysyl-tRNA synthetases contain regions with high sequence similarity, suggesting a common ancestral gene Gene:MTG2(YHR168W)|FD-Score:3.58|P-value:1.75E-4||SGD DESC:Putative GTPase, member of the Obg family; peripheral protein of the mitochondrial inner membrane that associates with the large ribosomal subunit; required for mitochondrial translation, possibly via a role in ribosome assembly Gene:NVJ1(YHR195W)|FD-Score:3.83|P-value:6.28E-5||SGD DESC:Nuclear envelope protein, anchored to the nuclear inner membrane, that interacts with the vacuolar membrane protein Vac8p to promote formation of nucleus-vacuole junctions during piecemeal microautophagy of the nucleus (PMN) Gene:PCL2(YDL127W)|FD-Score:3.19|P-value:7.01E-4||SGD DESC:Cyclin, interacts with cyclin-dependent kinase Pho85p; member of the Pcl1,2-like subfamily, involved in the regulation of polarized growth and morphogenesis and progression through the cell cycle; localizes to sites of polarized cell growth Gene:PDA1(YER178W)|FD-Score:-3.27|P-value:5.47E-4||SGD DESC:E1 alpha subunit of the pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) complex, catalyzes the direct oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate to acetyl-CoA; phosphorylated; regulated by glucose Gene:PEX1(YKL197C)|FD-Score:4.05|P-value:2.61E-5||SGD DESC:AAA-peroxin that heterodimerizes with AAA-peroxin Pex6p and participates in the recycling of peroxisomal signal receptor Pex5p from the peroxisomal membrane to the cystosol; induced by oleic acid and upregulated during anaerobiosis Gene:PRO1(YDR300C)|FD-Score:3.2|P-value:6.92E-4||SGD DESC:Gamma-glutamyl kinase; catalyzes the first step in proline biosynthesis; PRO1 has a paralog, YHR033W, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RAD18(YCR066W)|FD-Score:3.91|P-value:4.69E-5||SGD DESC:E3 ubiquitin ligase; forms heterodimer with Rad6p to monoubiquitinate PCNA-K164; heterodimer binds single-stranded DNA and has single-stranded DNA dependent ATPase activity; required for postreplication repair; SUMO-targeted ubiquitin ligase (STUbl) that contains a SUMO-interacting motif (SIM) which stimulates its ubiquitin ligase activity towards the sumoylated form of PCNA Gene:RAD4(YER162C)|FD-Score:10.8|P-value:1.17E-27||SGD DESC:Protein that recognizes and binds damaged DNA (with Rad23p) during nucleotide excision repair; subunit of Nuclear Excision Repair Factor 2 (NEF2); also involved, with Rad23p, in turnover of ubiquitylated proteins Gene:RAD5(YLR032W)|FD-Score:7.58|P-value:1.79E-14||SGD DESC:DNA helicase; proposed to promote replication fork regression during postreplication repair by template switching; RING finger containing ubiquitin ligase; stimulates the synthesis of free and PCNA-bound polyubiquitin chains by Ubc13p-Mms2p; required for error-prone translesion synthesis; forms nuclear foci upon DNA replication stress Gene:RAD57(YDR004W)|FD-Score:4.07|P-value:2.33E-5||SGD DESC:Protein that stimulates strand exchange by stabilizing the binding of Rad51p to single-stranded DNA; involved in the recombinational repair of double-strand breaks in DNA during vegetative growth and meiosis; forms heterodimer with Rad55p Gene:RIB4(YOL143C)|FD-Score:3.75|P-value:8.85E-5||SGD DESC:Lumazine synthase (6,7-dimethyl-8-ribityllumazine synthase, also known as DMRL synthase); catalyzes synthesis of immediate precursor to riboflavin Gene:RPP2A(YOL039W)|FD-Score:3.57|P-value:1.76E-4||SGD DESC:Ribosomal protein P2 alpha, a component of the ribosomal stalk, which is involved in the interaction between translational elongation factors and the ribosome; regulates the accumulation of P1 (Rpp1Ap and Rpp1Bp) in the cytoplasm Gene:RPS12(YOR369C)|FD-Score:5.77|P-value:4.00E-9||SGD DESC:Protein component of the small (40S) ribosomal subunit; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein S12, no bacterial homolog Gene:RPS7B(YNL096C)|FD-Score:3.67|P-value:1.20E-4||SGD DESC:Protein component of the small (40S) ribosomal subunit; interacts with Kti11p; deletion causes hypersensitivity to zymocin; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein S7, no bacterial homolog; RPS7B has a paralog, RPS7A, that arose from the whole genome duplication; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:RRG9(YNL213C)|FD-Score:3.42|P-value:3.17E-4||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function; null mutant lacks mitochondrial DNA and cannot grow on glycerol; the authentic, non-tagged protein is detected in highly purified mitochondria in high-throughput studies Gene:SFP1(YLR403W)|FD-Score:8.12|P-value:2.41E-16||SGD DESC:Regulates transcription of ribosomal protein and biogenesis genes; regulates response to nutrients and stress, G2/M transitions during mitotic cell cycle and DNA-damage response, and modulates cell size; regulated by TORC1 and Mrs6p; sequence of zinc finger, ChIP localization data, and protein-binding microarray (PBM) data, and computational analyses suggest it binds DNA directly at highly active RP genes and indirectly through Rap1p at others; can form the [ISP+] prion Gene:SNF2(YOR290C)|FD-Score:3.86|P-value:5.70E-5||SGD DESC:Catalytic subunit of the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex involved in transcriptional regulation; contains DNA-stimulated ATPase activity; functions interdependently in transcriptional activation with Snf5p and Snf6p Gene:SNF3(YDL194W)|FD-Score:4.33|P-value:7.41E-6||SGD DESC:Plasma membrane low glucose sensor, regulates glucose transport; contains 12 predicted transmembrane segments and a long C-terminal tail required for induction of hexose transporters; also senses fructose and mannose; SNF3 has a paralog, RGT2, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:SPT21(YMR179W)|FD-Score:5.87|P-value:2.17E-9||SGD DESC:Protein with a role in transcriptional silencing; required for normal transcription at several loci including HTA2-HTB2 and HHF2-HHT2, but not required at the other histone loci; functionally related to Spt10p; localizes to nuclear foci that become diffuse upon DNA replication stress Gene:SRS2(YJL092W)|FD-Score:3.52|P-value:2.18E-4||SGD DESC:DNA helicase and DNA-dependent ATPase involved in DNA repair and checkpoint recovery, needed for proper timing of commitment to meiotic recombination and transition from Meiosis I to II; blocks trinucleotide repeat expansion; affects genome stability Gene:SSK2(YNR031C)|FD-Score:4.18|P-value:1.46E-5||SGD DESC:MAP kinase kinase kinase of the HOG1 mitogen-activated signaling pathway; interacts with Ssk1p, leading to autophosphorylation and activation of Ssk2p which phosphorylates Pbs2p; also mediates actin cytoskeleton recovery from osmotic stress Gene:SWI4(YER111C)|FD-Score:3.9|P-value:4.85E-5||SGD DESC:DNA binding component of the SBF complex (Swi4p-Swi6p); a transcriptional activator that in concert with MBF (Mbp1-Swi6p) regulates late G1-specific transcription of targets including cyclins and genes required for DNA synthesis and repair; acetylation at two sites, K1016 and K1066, regulates interaction with Swi6p Gene:SYH1(YPL105C)|FD-Score:3.13|P-value:8.78E-4||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function that influences nuclear pore distribution; co-purifies with ribosomes; contains a GYF domain, which bind proline-rich sequences; deletion extends chronological lifespan; SYH1 has a paralog, SMY2, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:TPO3(YPR156C)|FD-Score:4.48|P-value:3.69E-6||SGD DESC:Polyamine transporter of the major facilitator superfamily; member of the 12-spanner drug:H(+) antiporter DHA1 family; specific for spermine; localizes to the plasma membrane; TPO3 has a paralog, TPO2, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:TPO4(YOR273C)|FD-Score:3.37|P-value:3.72E-4||SGD DESC:Polyamine transporter of the major facilitator superfamily; member of the 12-spanner drug:H(+) antiporter DHA1 family; recognizes spermine, putrescine, and spermidine; localizes to the plasma membrane Gene:TRM10(YOL093W)|FD-Score:3.96|P-value:3.68E-5||SGD DESC:tRNA methyltransferase; methylates the N-1 position of guanosine in tRNAs; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:TRP1(YDR007W)|FD-Score:4.06|P-value:2.43E-5||SGD DESC:Phosphoribosylanthranilate isomerase that catalyzes the third step in tryptophan biosynthesis; in 2004, the sequence of TRP1 from strain S228C was updated by changing the previously annotated internal STOP (TAA) to serine (TCA) Gene:TRP3(YKL211C)|FD-Score:-3.28|P-value:5.21E-4||SGD DESC:Indole-3-glycerol-phosphate synthase; forms bifunctional hetero-oligomeric anthranilate synthase:indole-3-glycerol phosphate synthase enzyme complex with Trp2p Gene:VMA16(YHR026W)|FD-Score:3.19|P-value:7.07E-4||SGD DESC:Subunit c'' of the vacuolar ATPase, which functions in acidification of the vacuole; one of three proteolipid subunits of the V0 domain Gene:VMA5(YKL080W)|FD-Score:3.19|P-value:7.09E-4||SGD DESC:Subunit C of the eight-subunit V1 peripheral membrane domain of vacuolar H+-ATPase (V-ATPase), an electrogenic proton pump found throughout the endomembrane system; required for the V1 domain to assemble onto the vacuolar membrane Gene:VPH2(YKL119C)|FD-Score:3.44|P-value:2.95E-4||SGD DESC:Integral membrane protein required for vacuolar H+-ATPase (V-ATPase) function, although not an actual component of the V-ATPase complex; functions in the assembly of the V-ATPase; localized to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Gene:XRS2(YDR369C)|FD-Score:4.5|P-value:3.35E-6||SGD DESC:Protein required for DNA repair; component of the Mre11 complex, which is involved in double strand breaks, meiotic recombination, telomere maintenance, and checkpoint signaling Gene:YAP1(YML007W)|FD-Score:3.86|P-value:5.77E-5||SGD DESC:Basic leucine zipper (bZIP) transcription factor; required for oxidative stress tolerance; activated by H2O2 through the multistep formation of disulfide bonds and transit from the cytoplasm to the nucleus; Yap1p is degraded in the nucleus after the oxidative stress has passed; mediates resistance to cadmium; YAP1 has a paralog, CAD1, that arose from the whole genome duplication; relative distribution to the nucleus increases upon DNA replication stress Gene:YBL071C(YBL071C_d)|FD-Score:3.25|P-value:5.79E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame, predicted protein contains a peroxisomal targeting signal Gene:YDL124W(YDL124W)|FD-Score:3.24|P-value:5.95E-4||SGD DESC:NADPH-dependent alpha-keto amide reductase; reduces aromatic alpha-keto amides, aliphatic alpha-keto esters, and aromatic alpha-keto esters; member of the aldo-keto reductase (AKR) family; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:YER121W(YER121W_p)|FD-Score:-3.62|P-value:1.47E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; may be involved in phosphatase regulation and/or generation of precursor metabolites and energy Gene:YER156C(YER156C_p)|FD-Score:3.22|P-value:6.35E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; interacts with Hsp82p and copurifies with Ipl1p; expression is copper responsive and downregulated in strains deleted for MAC1, a copper-responsive transcription factor; similarity to mammalian MYG1 Gene:YGR111W(YGR111W_p)|FD-Score:-3.34|P-value:4.23E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to both the cytoplasm and the nucleus Gene:YJL045W(YJL045W)|FD-Score:-3.41|P-value:3.25E-4||SGD DESC:Minor succinate dehydrogenase isozyme; homologous to Sdh1p, the major isozyme reponsible for the oxidation of succinate and transfer of electrons to ubiquinone; induced during the diauxic shift in a Cat8p-dependent manner Gene:YLR366W(YLR366W_d)|FD-Score:3.26|P-value:5.52E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the dubious ORF YLR364C-A Gene:YMR085W(YMR085W_p)|FD-Score:4.35|P-value:6.74E-6||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; YMR085W and adjacent ORF YMR084W are merged in related strains, and together are paralogous to glutamine-fructose-6-phosphate amidotransferase GFA1 Gene:YMR244W(YMR244W_p)|FD-Score:3.27|P-value:5.36E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function Gene:YOL057W(YOL057W)|FD-Score:3.82|P-value:6.54E-5||SGD DESC:Dipeptidyl-peptidase III; cleaves dipeptides from the amino terminus of target proteins; highly active on synthetic substrate Arg-Arg-2-naphthylamide; mammalian ortholog may be a biomarker for some cancers Gene:YOR331C(YOR331C_d)|FD-Score:3.62|P-value:1.50E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; open reading frame overlaps the verified gene VMA4/YOR332W Gene:YPR127W(YPR127W)|FD-Score:3.54|P-value:2.02E-4||SGD DESC:Putative pyridoxine 4-dehydrogenase; differentially expressed during alcoholic fermentation; expression activated by transcription factor YRM1/YOR172W; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to both the cytoplasm and the nucleus Gene:ADE5,7(YGL234W)|FD-Score:3.42|P-value:3.16E-4||SGD DESC:Bifunctional enzyme of the 'de novo' purine nucleotide biosynthetic pathway, contains aminoimidazole ribotide synthetase and glycinamide ribotide synthetase activities Gene:AXL2(YIL140W)|FD-Score:-3.46|P-value:2.75E-4||SGD DESC:Integral plasma membrane protein required for axial budding in haploid cells, localizes to the incipient bud site and bud neck; glycosylated by Pmt4p; potential Cdc28p substrate Gene:BUD21(YOR078W)|FD-Score:3.85|P-value:5.87E-5||SGD DESC:Component of small ribosomal subunit (SSU) processosome that contains U3 snoRNA; originally isolated as bud-site selection mutant that displays a random budding pattern Gene:CHO1(YER026C)|FD-Score:4.15|P-value:1.66E-5||SGD DESC:Phosphatidylserine synthase, functions in phospholipid biosynthesis; catalyzes the reaction CDP-diaclyglycerol + L-serine = CMP + L-1-phosphatidylserine, transcriptionally repressed by myo-inositol and choline Gene:CNB1(YKL190W)|FD-Score:-3.14|P-value:8.38E-4||SGD DESC:Calcineurin B; the regulatory subunit of calcineurin, a Ca++/calmodulin-regulated type 2B protein phosphatase which regulates Crz1p (a stress-response transcription factor), the other calcineurin subunit is encoded by CNA1 and/or CMP1; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:CTI6(YPL181W)|FD-Score:4.05|P-value:2.53E-5||SGD DESC:Protein that relieves transcriptional repression by binding to the Cyc8p-Tup1p corepressor and recruiting the SAGA complex to the repressed promoter; contains a PHD finger domain Gene:DSF2(YBR007C_p)|FD-Score:6.46|P-value:5.34E-11||SGD DESC:Deletion suppressor of mpt5 mutation; relocalizes from bud neck to cytoplasm upon DNA replication stress Gene:EOS1(YNL080C)|FD-Score:3.28|P-value:5.18E-4||SGD DESC:Protein involved in N-glycosylation; deletion mutation confers sensitivity to exidative stress and shows synthetic lethality with mutations in the spindle checkpoint genes BUB3 and MAD1; YNL080C is not an essential gene Gene:ERJ5(YFR041C)|FD-Score:3.98|P-value:3.44E-5||SGD DESC:Type I membrane protein with a J domain is required to preserve the folding capacity of the endoplasmic reticulum; loss of the non-essential ERJ5 gene leads to a constitutively induced unfolded protein response Gene:FMP41(YNL168C_p)|FD-Score:-3.1|P-value:9.74E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; GFP-fusion protein is induced in response to the DNA-damaging agent MMS; the authentic, non-tagged protein is detected in highly purified mitochondria in high-throughput studies Gene:GLR1(YPL091W)|FD-Score:3.75|P-value:8.98E-5||SGD DESC:Cytosolic and mitochondrial glutathione oxidoreductase; converts oxidized glutathione to reduced glutathione; mitochondrial but not cytosolic form has a role in resistance to hyperoxia; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:GPX2(YBR244W)|FD-Score:3.27|P-value:5.42E-4||SGD DESC:Phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase; protects cells from phospholipid hydroperoxides and nonphospholipid peroxides during oxidative stress; induced by glucose starvation; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:GUF1(YLR289W)|FD-Score:4.78|P-value:8.96E-7||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial matrix GTPase that associates with mitochondrial ribosomes; important for translation under temperature and nutrient stress; may have a role in translational fidelity; similar to bacterial LepA elongation factor Gene:GUP1(YGL084C)|FD-Score:3.91|P-value:4.56E-5||SGD DESC:Plasma membrane protein involved in remodeling GPI anchors; member of the MBOAT family of putative membrane-bound O-acyltransferases; proposed to be involved in glycerol transport Gene:HES1(YOR237W)|FD-Score:3.67|P-value:1.19E-4||SGD DESC:Protein implicated in the regulation of ergosterol biosynthesis; one of a seven member gene family with a common essential function and non-essential unique functions; similar to human oxysterol binding protein (OSBP); HES1 has a paralog, KES1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:HXT17(YNR072W)|FD-Score:3.24|P-value:5.96E-4||SGD DESC:Hexose transporter, up-regulated in media containing raffinose and galactose at pH 7.7 versus pH 4.7, repressed by high levels of glucose Gene:HYR1(YIR037W)|FD-Score:3.48|P-value:2.48E-4||SGD DESC:Thiol peroxidase that functions as a hydroperoxide receptor to sense intracellular hydroperoxide levels and transduce a redox signal to the Yap1p transcription factor Gene:ICY1(YMR195W)|FD-Score:6.38|P-value:8.86E-11||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function, required for viability in rich media of cells lacking mitochondrial DNA; mutants have an invasive growth defect with elongated morphology; induced by amino acid starvation Gene:IRC10(YOL015W)|FD-Score:-4.26|P-value:1.03E-5||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; null mutant displays increased levels of spontaneous Rad52p foci Gene:IRC16(YPR038W_d)|FD-Score:3.77|P-value:8.22E-5||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps verified gene YPR037C; null mutant displays increased levels of spontaneous Rad52p foci Gene:LEA1(YPL213W)|FD-Score:3.22|P-value:6.35E-4||SGD DESC:Component of U2 snRNP; disruption causes reduced U2 snRNP levels; physically interacts with Msl1p; putative homolog of human U2A' snRNP protein Gene:LOA1(YPR139C)|FD-Score:3.16|P-value:7.86E-4||SGD DESC:Lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase; involved in triacelglyceride homeostasis and lipid droplet formation; localized to lipid droplets and the ER; specificity for oleoyl-CoA Gene:MAC1(YMR021C)|FD-Score:-3.78|P-value:7.93E-5||SGD DESC:Copper-sensing transcription factor involved in regulation of genes required for high affinity copper transport Gene:MBP1(YDL056W)|FD-Score:3.51|P-value:2.24E-4||SGD DESC:Transcription factor involved in regulation of cell cycle progression from G1 to S phase, forms a complex with Swi6p that binds to MluI cell cycle box regulatory element in promoters of DNA synthesis genes Gene:MDJ1(YFL016C)|FD-Score:7.18|P-value:3.59E-13||SGD DESC:Co-chaperone that stimulates the ATPase activity of the HSP70 protein Ssc1p; involved in protein folding/refolding in the mitochodrial matrix; required for proteolysis of misfolded proteins; member of the HSP40 (DnaJ) family of chaperones Gene:MEH1(YKR007W)|FD-Score:4.02|P-value:2.87E-5||SGD DESC:Component of the EGO complex, which is involved in the regulation of microautophagy, and of the GSE complex, which is required for proper sorting of amino acid permease Gap1p; loss results in a defect in vacuolar acidification Gene:MGR2(YPL098C)|FD-Score:-3.14|P-value:8.43E-4||SGD DESC:Subunit of the TIM23 translocase complex; acts to couple Tim21p with the core Tim23 translocase; absolutely required for mitochondrial import of presequence-containing proteins at elevated temperature; required for viability of cells lacking the mitochondrial genome (petite-negative phenotype) Gene:MMS2(YGL087C)|FD-Score:3.14|P-value:8.34E-4||SGD DESC:Ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme variant; involved in error-free postreplication repair; forms a heteromeric complex with Ubc13p, an active ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme; cooperates with chromatin-associated RING finger proteins, Rad18p and Rad5p; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:MRP4(YHL004W)|FD-Score:4.86|P-value:5.82E-7||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial ribosomal protein of the small subunit Gene:MRP51(YPL118W)|FD-Score:4.24|P-value:1.13E-5||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial ribosomal protein of the small subunit; MRP51 exhibits genetic interactions with mutations in the COX2 and COX3 mRNA 5'-untranslated leader sequences Gene:MRPL25(YGR076C)|FD-Score:3.28|P-value:5.26E-4||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial ribosomal protein of the large subunit; mutation confers increased replicative lifespan Gene:MSD1(YPL104W)|FD-Score:3.56|P-value:1.89E-4||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial aspartyl-tRNA synthetase, required for acylation of aspartyl-tRNA; yeast and bacterial aspartyl-, asparaginyl-, and lysyl-tRNA synthetases contain regions with high sequence similarity, suggesting a common ancestral gene Gene:MTG2(YHR168W)|FD-Score:3.58|P-value:1.75E-4||SGD DESC:Putative GTPase, member of the Obg family; peripheral protein of the mitochondrial inner membrane that associates with the large ribosomal subunit; required for mitochondrial translation, possibly via a role in ribosome assembly Gene:NVJ1(YHR195W)|FD-Score:3.83|P-value:6.28E-5||SGD DESC:Nuclear envelope protein, anchored to the nuclear inner membrane, that interacts with the vacuolar membrane protein Vac8p to promote formation of nucleus-vacuole junctions during piecemeal microautophagy of the nucleus (PMN) Gene:PCL2(YDL127W)|FD-Score:3.19|P-value:7.01E-4||SGD DESC:Cyclin, interacts with cyclin-dependent kinase Pho85p; member of the Pcl1,2-like subfamily, involved in the regulation of polarized growth and morphogenesis and progression through the cell cycle; localizes to sites of polarized cell growth Gene:PDA1(YER178W)|FD-Score:-3.27|P-value:5.47E-4||SGD DESC:E1 alpha subunit of the pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) complex, catalyzes the direct oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate to acetyl-CoA; phosphorylated; regulated by glucose Gene:PEX1(YKL197C)|FD-Score:4.05|P-value:2.61E-5||SGD DESC:AAA-peroxin that heterodimerizes with AAA-peroxin Pex6p and participates in the recycling of peroxisomal signal receptor Pex5p from the peroxisomal membrane to the cystosol; induced by oleic acid and upregulated during anaerobiosis Gene:PRO1(YDR300C)|FD-Score:3.2|P-value:6.92E-4||SGD DESC:Gamma-glutamyl kinase; catalyzes the first step in proline biosynthesis; PRO1 has a paralog, YHR033W, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RAD18(YCR066W)|FD-Score:3.91|P-value:4.69E-5||SGD DESC:E3 ubiquitin ligase; forms heterodimer with Rad6p to monoubiquitinate PCNA-K164; heterodimer binds single-stranded DNA and has single-stranded DNA dependent ATPase activity; required for postreplication repair; SUMO-targeted ubiquitin ligase (STUbl) that contains a SUMO-interacting motif (SIM) which stimulates its ubiquitin ligase activity towards the sumoylated form of PCNA Gene:RAD4(YER162C)|FD-Score:10.8|P-value:1.17E-27||SGD DESC:Protein that recognizes and binds damaged DNA (with Rad23p) during nucleotide excision repair; subunit of Nuclear Excision Repair Factor 2 (NEF2); also involved, with Rad23p, in turnover of ubiquitylated proteins Gene:RAD5(YLR032W)|FD-Score:7.58|P-value:1.79E-14||SGD DESC:DNA helicase; proposed to promote replication fork regression during postreplication repair by template switching; RING finger containing ubiquitin ligase; stimulates the synthesis of free and PCNA-bound polyubiquitin chains by Ubc13p-Mms2p; required for error-prone translesion synthesis; forms nuclear foci upon DNA replication stress Gene:RAD57(YDR004W)|FD-Score:4.07|P-value:2.33E-5||SGD DESC:Protein that stimulates strand exchange by stabilizing the binding of Rad51p to single-stranded DNA; involved in the recombinational repair of double-strand breaks in DNA during vegetative growth and meiosis; forms heterodimer with Rad55p Gene:RIB4(YOL143C)|FD-Score:3.75|P-value:8.85E-5||SGD DESC:Lumazine synthase (6,7-dimethyl-8-ribityllumazine synthase, also known as DMRL synthase); catalyzes synthesis of immediate precursor to riboflavin Gene:RPP2A(YOL039W)|FD-Score:3.57|P-value:1.76E-4||SGD DESC:Ribosomal protein P2 alpha, a component of the ribosomal stalk, which is involved in the interaction between translational elongation factors and the ribosome; regulates the accumulation of P1 (Rpp1Ap and Rpp1Bp) in the cytoplasm Gene:RPS12(YOR369C)|FD-Score:5.77|P-value:4.00E-9||SGD DESC:Protein component of the small (40S) ribosomal subunit; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein S12, no bacterial homolog Gene:RPS7B(YNL096C)|FD-Score:3.67|P-value:1.20E-4||SGD DESC:Protein component of the small (40S) ribosomal subunit; interacts with Kti11p; deletion causes hypersensitivity to zymocin; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein S7, no bacterial homolog; RPS7B has a paralog, RPS7A, that arose from the whole genome duplication; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:RRG9(YNL213C)|FD-Score:3.42|P-value:3.17E-4||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function; null mutant lacks mitochondrial DNA and cannot grow on glycerol; the authentic, non-tagged protein is detected in highly purified mitochondria in high-throughput studies Gene:SFP1(YLR403W)|FD-Score:8.12|P-value:2.41E-16||SGD DESC:Regulates transcription of ribosomal protein and biogenesis genes; regulates response to nutrients and stress, G2/M transitions during mitotic cell cycle and DNA-damage response, and modulates cell size; regulated by TORC1 and Mrs6p; sequence of zinc finger, ChIP localization data, and protein-binding microarray (PBM) data, and computational analyses suggest it binds DNA directly at highly active RP genes and indirectly through Rap1p at others; can form the [ISP+] prion Gene:SNF2(YOR290C)|FD-Score:3.86|P-value:5.70E-5||SGD DESC:Catalytic subunit of the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex involved in transcriptional regulation; contains DNA-stimulated ATPase activity; functions interdependently in transcriptional activation with Snf5p and Snf6p Gene:SNF3(YDL194W)|FD-Score:4.33|P-value:7.41E-6||SGD DESC:Plasma membrane low glucose sensor, regulates glucose transport; contains 12 predicted transmembrane segments and a long C-terminal tail required for induction of hexose transporters; also senses fructose and mannose; SNF3 has a paralog, RGT2, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:SPT21(YMR179W)|FD-Score:5.87|P-value:2.17E-9||SGD DESC:Protein with a role in transcriptional silencing; required for normal transcription at several loci including HTA2-HTB2 and HHF2-HHT2, but not required at the other histone loci; functionally related to Spt10p; localizes to nuclear foci that become diffuse upon DNA replication stress Gene:SRS2(YJL092W)|FD-Score:3.52|P-value:2.18E-4||SGD DESC:DNA helicase and DNA-dependent ATPase involved in DNA repair and checkpoint recovery, needed for proper timing of commitment to meiotic recombination and transition from Meiosis I to II; blocks trinucleotide repeat expansion; affects genome stability Gene:SSK2(YNR031C)|FD-Score:4.18|P-value:1.46E-5||SGD DESC:MAP kinase kinase kinase of the HOG1 mitogen-activated signaling pathway; interacts with Ssk1p, leading to autophosphorylation and activation of Ssk2p which phosphorylates Pbs2p; also mediates actin cytoskeleton recovery from osmotic stress Gene:SWI4(YER111C)|FD-Score:3.9|P-value:4.85E-5||SGD DESC:DNA binding component of the SBF complex (Swi4p-Swi6p); a transcriptional activator that in concert with MBF (Mbp1-Swi6p) regulates late G1-specific transcription of targets including cyclins and genes required for DNA synthesis and repair; acetylation at two sites, K1016 and K1066, regulates interaction with Swi6p Gene:SYH1(YPL105C)|FD-Score:3.13|P-value:8.78E-4||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function that influences nuclear pore distribution; co-purifies with ribosomes; contains a GYF domain, which bind proline-rich sequences; deletion extends chronological lifespan; SYH1 has a paralog, SMY2, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:TPO3(YPR156C)|FD-Score:4.48|P-value:3.69E-6||SGD DESC:Polyamine transporter of the major facilitator superfamily; member of the 12-spanner drug:H(+) antiporter DHA1 family; specific for spermine; localizes to the plasma membrane; TPO3 has a paralog, TPO2, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:TPO4(YOR273C)|FD-Score:3.37|P-value:3.72E-4||SGD DESC:Polyamine transporter of the major facilitator superfamily; member of the 12-spanner drug:H(+) antiporter DHA1 family; recognizes spermine, putrescine, and spermidine; localizes to the plasma membrane Gene:TRM10(YOL093W)|FD-Score:3.96|P-value:3.68E-5||SGD DESC:tRNA methyltransferase; methylates the N-1 position of guanosine in tRNAs; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:TRP1(YDR007W)|FD-Score:4.06|P-value:2.43E-5||SGD DESC:Phosphoribosylanthranilate isomerase that catalyzes the third step in tryptophan biosynthesis; in 2004, the sequence of TRP1 from strain S228C was updated by changing the previously annotated internal STOP (TAA) to serine (TCA) Gene:TRP3(YKL211C)|FD-Score:-3.28|P-value:5.21E-4||SGD DESC:Indole-3-glycerol-phosphate synthase; forms bifunctional hetero-oligomeric anthranilate synthase:indole-3-glycerol phosphate synthase enzyme complex with Trp2p Gene:VMA16(YHR026W)|FD-Score:3.19|P-value:7.07E-4||SGD DESC:Subunit c'' of the vacuolar ATPase, which functions in acidification of the vacuole; one of three proteolipid subunits of the V0 domain Gene:VMA5(YKL080W)|FD-Score:3.19|P-value:7.09E-4||SGD DESC:Subunit C of the eight-subunit V1 peripheral membrane domain of vacuolar H+-ATPase (V-ATPase), an electrogenic proton pump found throughout the endomembrane system; required for the V1 domain to assemble onto the vacuolar membrane Gene:VPH2(YKL119C)|FD-Score:3.44|P-value:2.95E-4||SGD DESC:Integral membrane protein required for vacuolar H+-ATPase (V-ATPase) function, although not an actual component of the V-ATPase complex; functions in the assembly of the V-ATPase; localized to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Gene:XRS2(YDR369C)|FD-Score:4.5|P-value:3.35E-6||SGD DESC:Protein required for DNA repair; component of the Mre11 complex, which is involved in double strand breaks, meiotic recombination, telomere maintenance, and checkpoint signaling Gene:YAP1(YML007W)|FD-Score:3.86|P-value:5.77E-5||SGD DESC:Basic leucine zipper (bZIP) transcription factor; required for oxidative stress tolerance; activated by H2O2 through the multistep formation of disulfide bonds and transit from the cytoplasm to the nucleus; Yap1p is degraded in the nucleus after the oxidative stress has passed; mediates resistance to cadmium; YAP1 has a paralog, CAD1, that arose from the whole genome duplication; relative distribution to the nucleus increases upon DNA replication stress Gene:YBL071C(YBL071C_d)|FD-Score:3.25|P-value:5.79E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame, predicted protein contains a peroxisomal targeting signal Gene:YDL124W(YDL124W)|FD-Score:3.24|P-value:5.95E-4||SGD DESC:NADPH-dependent alpha-keto amide reductase; reduces aromatic alpha-keto amides, aliphatic alpha-keto esters, and aromatic alpha-keto esters; member of the aldo-keto reductase (AKR) family; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:YER121W(YER121W_p)|FD-Score:-3.62|P-value:1.47E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; may be involved in phosphatase regulation and/or generation of precursor metabolites and energy Gene:YER156C(YER156C_p)|FD-Score:3.22|P-value:6.35E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; interacts with Hsp82p and copurifies with Ipl1p; expression is copper responsive and downregulated in strains deleted for MAC1, a copper-responsive transcription factor; similarity to mammalian MYG1 Gene:YGR111W(YGR111W_p)|FD-Score:-3.34|P-value:4.23E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to both the cytoplasm and the nucleus Gene:YJL045W(YJL045W)|FD-Score:-3.41|P-value:3.25E-4||SGD DESC:Minor succinate dehydrogenase isozyme; homologous to Sdh1p, the major isozyme reponsible for the oxidation of succinate and transfer of electrons to ubiquinone; induced during the diauxic shift in a Cat8p-dependent manner Gene:YLR366W(YLR366W_d)|FD-Score:3.26|P-value:5.52E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the dubious ORF YLR364C-A Gene:YMR085W(YMR085W_p)|FD-Score:4.35|P-value:6.74E-6||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; YMR085W and adjacent ORF YMR084W are merged in related strains, and together are paralogous to glutamine-fructose-6-phosphate amidotransferase GFA1 Gene:YMR244W(YMR244W_p)|FD-Score:3.27|P-value:5.36E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function Gene:YOL057W(YOL057W)|FD-Score:3.82|P-value:6.54E-5||SGD DESC:Dipeptidyl-peptidase III; cleaves dipeptides from the amino terminus of target proteins; highly active on synthetic substrate Arg-Arg-2-naphthylamide; mammalian ortholog may be a biomarker for some cancers Gene:YOR331C(YOR331C_d)|FD-Score:3.62|P-value:1.50E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; open reading frame overlaps the verified gene VMA4/YOR332W Gene:YPR127W(YPR127W)|FD-Score:3.54|P-value:2.02E-4||SGD DESC:Putative pyridoxine 4-dehydrogenase; differentially expressed during alcoholic fermentation; expression activated by transcription factor YRM1/YOR172W; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to both the cytoplasm and the nucleus

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Top 15 HET fitness defect scores (HIP)

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Deletion Strain FD score P-value Clearance Gene Gene Description
YPR169W4.827.07E-70.80JIP5Essential protein required for biogenesis of the large ribosomal subunit; interacts with proteins involved in RNA processing, ribosome biogenesis, ubiquitination and demethylation; similar to WDR55, a human WD repeat protein
YBL105C4.779.11E-70.80PKC1Protein serine/threonine kinase essential for cell wall remodeling during growth; localized to sites of polarized growth and the mother-daughter bud neck; homolog of the alpha, beta, and gamma isoforms of mammalian protein kinase C (PKC)
YOR210W3.973.55E-50.33RPB10RNA polymerase subunit ABC10-beta, common to RNA polymerases I, II, and III
YMR220W3.641.36E-40.32ERG8Phosphomevalonate kinase, an essential cytosolic enzyme that acts in the biosynthesis of isoprenoids and sterols, including ergosterol, from mevalonate
YLR106C3.324.44E-40.12MDN1Huge dynein-related AAA-type ATPase (midasin), forms extended pre-60S particle with the Rix1 complex (Rix1p-Ipi1p-Ipi3p); acts in removal of ribosomal biogenesis factors at successive steps of pre-60S assembly and export from nucleus
YBR070C3.216.75E-40.00ALG14Component of UDP-GlcNAc transferase required for the second step of dolichyl-linked oligosaccharide synthesis; anchors the catalytic subunit Alg13p to the ER membrane; similar to bacterial and human glycosyltransferases
YBR124W_d3.206.81E-40.08YBR124W_dPutative protein of unknown function
YOR224C3.128.98E-40.03RPB8RNA polymerase subunit ABC14.5, common to RNA polymerases I, II, and III
YDR145W3.099.88E-40.07TAF12Subunit (61/68 kDa) of TFIID and SAGA complexes, involved in RNA polymerase II transcription initiation and in chromatin modification, similar to histone H2A
YDL003W3.020.001260.05MCD1Essential alpha-kleisin subunit of the cohesin complex; required for sister chromatid cohesion in mitosis and meiosis; apoptosis induces cleavage and translocation of a C-terminal fragment to mitochondria; expression peaks in S phase
YPL010W2.970.001490.02RET3Zeta subunit of the coatomer complex (COPI), which coats Golgi-derived transport vesicles; involved in retrograde transport between Golgi and ER
YBR237W2.950.001590.01PRP5RNA helicase in the DEAD-box family, necessary for prespliceosome formation, bridges U1 and U2 snRNPs and enables stable U2 snRNP association with intron RNA
YLR317W_d2.940.001658.36E-4YLR317W_dDubious open reading frame; may be part of a bicistronic transcript with NKP2/YLR315W; overlaps the verified ORF TAD3/YLR316C
YOR181W2.940.001660.04LAS17Actin assembly factor, activates the Arp2/3 protein complex that nucleates branched actin filaments; localizes with the Arp2/3 complex to actin patches; homolog of the human Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASP)
YNL124W2.890.001910.03NAF1RNA-binding protein required for the assembly of box H/ACA snoRNPs and thus for pre-rRNA processing, forms a complex with Shq1p and interacts with H/ACA snoRNP components Nhp2p and Cbf5p; similar to Gar1p

Top 15 HOM fitness defect scores (HOP)

Download all HOP Data (tab-delimited text)  (excel)
Deletion Strain FD score P-value Gene Gene Description
YER162C10.801.17E-27RAD4Protein that recognizes and binds damaged DNA (with Rad23p) during nucleotide excision repair; subunit of Nuclear Excision Repair Factor 2 (NEF2); also involved, with Rad23p, in turnover of ubiquitylated proteins
YLR403W8.122.41E-16SFP1Regulates transcription of ribosomal protein and biogenesis genes; regulates response to nutrients and stress, G2/M transitions during mitotic cell cycle and DNA-damage response, and modulates cell size; regulated by TORC1 and Mrs6p; sequence of zinc finger, ChIP localization data, and protein-binding microarray (PBM) data, and computational analyses suggest it binds DNA directly at highly active RP genes and indirectly through Rap1p at others; can form the [ISP+] prion
YLR032W7.581.79E-14RAD5DNA helicase; proposed to promote replication fork regression during postreplication repair by template switching; RING finger containing ubiquitin ligase; stimulates the synthesis of free and PCNA-bound polyubiquitin chains by Ubc13p-Mms2p; required for error-prone translesion synthesis; forms nuclear foci upon DNA replication stress
YFL016C7.183.59E-13MDJ1Co-chaperone that stimulates the ATPase activity of the HSP70 protein Ssc1p; involved in protein folding/refolding in the mitochodrial matrix; required for proteolysis of misfolded proteins; member of the HSP40 (DnaJ) family of chaperones
YBR007C_p6.465.34E-11DSF2_pDeletion suppressor of mpt5 mutation; relocalizes from bud neck to cytoplasm upon DNA replication stress
YMR195W6.388.86E-11ICY1Protein of unknown function, required for viability in rich media of cells lacking mitochondrial DNA; mutants have an invasive growth defect with elongated morphology; induced by amino acid starvation
YMR179W5.872.17E-9SPT21Protein with a role in transcriptional silencing; required for normal transcription at several loci including HTA2-HTB2 and HHF2-HHT2, but not required at the other histone loci; functionally related to Spt10p; localizes to nuclear foci that become diffuse upon DNA replication stress
YOR369C5.774.00E-9RPS12Protein component of the small (40S) ribosomal subunit; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein S12, no bacterial homolog
YHL004W4.865.82E-7MRP4Mitochondrial ribosomal protein of the small subunit
YLR289W4.788.96E-7GUF1Mitochondrial matrix GTPase that associates with mitochondrial ribosomes; important for translation under temperature and nutrient stress; may have a role in translational fidelity; similar to bacterial LepA elongation factor
YDR369C4.503.35E-6XRS2Protein required for DNA repair; component of the Mre11 complex, which is involved in double strand breaks, meiotic recombination, telomere maintenance, and checkpoint signaling
YPR156C4.483.69E-6TPO3Polyamine transporter of the major facilitator superfamily; member of the 12-spanner drug:H(+) antiporter DHA1 family; specific for spermine; localizes to the plasma membrane; TPO3 has a paralog, TPO2, that arose from the whole genome duplication
YMR085W_p4.356.74E-6YMR085W_pPutative protein of unknown function; YMR085W and adjacent ORF YMR084W are merged in related strains, and together are paralogous to glutamine-fructose-6-phosphate amidotransferase GFA1
YDL194W4.337.41E-6SNF3Plasma membrane low glucose sensor, regulates glucose transport; contains 12 predicted transmembrane segments and a long C-terminal tail required for induction of hexose transporters; also senses fructose and mannose; SNF3 has a paralog, RGT2, that arose from the whole genome duplication
YPL118W4.241.13E-5MRP51Mitochondrial ribosomal protein of the small subunit; MRP51 exhibits genetic interactions with mutations in the COX2 and COX3 mRNA 5'-untranslated leader sequences

GO enrichment analysis for SGTC_251
biological processes

No protein complexes are significantly enriched (FDR < 0.1).

Coinhibitory screens
Download Coinhibition data (tab-delimited text)  (excel)

Correlation pval Screen ID Condition Source PubChem
CID
Tanimoto
Score
Response
Signature
0.1541.37E-32SGTC_2674-Nitroquinoline-1-oxide (4-NQO) 44.4 nMMiscellaneous59550.0714286DNA damage response
0.1346.55E-25SGTC_2677mitomycin C 100.0 μMMiscellaneous57460.0769231DNA damage response
0.0938.38E-13SGTC_244nsc-207895 1.3 μMMiscellaneous426400.0571429DNA damage response
0.0937.68E-13SGTC_12981079-1278 263.0 μMChemDiv (Drug-like library)28409500.057971DNA damage response
0.0903.29E-12SGTC_31719103192 49.5 μMChembridge (Drug-like library)130184340.126984
0.0896.22E-12SGTC_247mechlorethamine 29.7 μMMiscellaneous221335930.184211DNA damage response
0.0815.35E-10SGTC_1936st074407 74.3 μMTimTec (Natural product derivative library)8098130.0428571DNA damage response
0.0815.48E-10SGTC_248streptozotocin 5.2 mMMiscellaneous53000.0952381DNA damage response
0.0791.21E-9SGTC_32549136651 49.5 μMChembridge (Drug-like library)164540300.0344828DNA damage response
0.0782.42E-9SGTC_25354',4'-dimethoxydalbergione 51.2 μMMicrosource (Natural product library)3641060.0793651DNA damage response
0.0772.68E-9SGTC_1505k297-0037 20.6 μMChemDiv (Drug-like library)40893960.111111
0.0759.41E-9SGTC_915methyl methanesulfonate (MMS) 110.0 mMMiscellaneous41560.0238095DNA damage response
0.0723.69E-8SGTC_21425622915 118.5 μMChembridge (Fragment library)53221960.0862069
0.0715.46E-8SGTC_5504123-0385 25.7 μMChemDiv (Drug-like library)57311230.0666667TSC3-RPN4
0.0691.04E-7SGTC_11881403-0014 4.6 μMChemDiv (Drug-like library)96148670.0634921mitochondrial stress

Screens with compounds having similar structures
Screen ID Chemical Concentration Tanimoto Score PubChem ID Source Molecular Weight AlogP H-bond
donor
count
H-bond
acceptor
count
Response
Signature
SGTC_15846-fluoro-dl-tryptophan90 μM0.32075594937TimTec (Pure natural product library)222.215643-1.10634mitochondrial processes
SGTC_1888azatryptophan97.5 μM0.3207555354789TimTec (Natural product derivative library)205.21324-2.26334
SGTC_403arphamenine a50 μM0.2833335487158Miscellaneous320.38676-1.9344560S ribosome export
SGTC_1796st049173110.4 μM0.26666794134TimTec (Natural product derivative library)181.18854-2.43734
SGTC_2585alliin100 μM0.25531987310Microsource (Natural product library)177.22144-3.39125
SGTC_1564D-Arginine115 μM0.2571070TimTec (Pure natural product library)174.20096-3.83144
SGTC_2764methyldopa94.69 μM0.23529438853Miscellaneous211.21452-1.77845
SGTC_389tpck16.7 μM0.220339439647Miscellaneous351.847723.38114
SGTC_393acivicin6.25 μM0.21568616758175Miscellaneous178.57368-3.2525
SGTC_1121fusaric acid630.51 nM0.2115383442TimTec (Natural product library)179.215722.59213