abietic acid

(1S,4aR)-1,4a-dimethyl-7-propan-2-yl-2,3,4,4b,5,6,10,10a-octahydrophenanthrene-1-carboxylic acid

Abietic acid is an inhibitor of 5α-reductase.

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Source SMILES: standardizedunstandardized
Compound:
Screen ID SGTC_2616
Screen concentration 100.0 μM
Source Microsource (Natural product library)
PubChem CID 6708678
SMILES CC(C)C1=CC2=CCC3C(C2CC1)(CCCC3(C)C(=O)O)C
Standardized SMILES CC(C)C1=CC2=CCC3C(C)(CCCC3(C)C(=O)O)C2CC1
Molecular weight 302.451
ALogP 5.09
H-bond donor count 1
H-bond acceptor count 2
Response signature

Pool Growth Kinetics
% growth inhibition (Het. pool) 6.79
% growth inhibition (Hom. pool) 6.71


HIP profile

Heterozygous deletion strains
Scale: fixedexpanded
Heterozygous profile for 6708678
Download HIP data (tab-delimited text)  (excel)
Gene:ALG13(YGL047W)|FD-Score:4.14|P-value:1.71E-5|Clearance:0.04||SGD DESC:Catalytic component of UDP-GlcNAc transferase; required for the second step of dolichyl-linked oligosaccharide synthesis; anchored to the ER membrane via interaction with Alg14p; similar to bacterial and human glycosyltransferases; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:CDC4(YFL009W)|FD-Score:3.67|P-value:1.23E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:F-box protein required for G1/S and G2/M transition, associates with Skp1p and Cdc53p to form a complex, SCFCdc4, which acts as ubiquitin-protein ligase directing ubiquitination of the phosphorylated CDK inhibitor Sic1p Gene:CEF1(YMR213W)|FD-Score:4.22|P-value:1.24E-5|Clearance:0.07||SGD DESC:Essential splicing factor; associated with Prp19p and the spliceosome, contains an N-terminal c-Myb DNA binding motif necessary for cell viability but not for Prp19p association, evolutionarily conserved and homologous to S. pombe Cdc5p Gene:DIB1(YPR082C)|FD-Score:-3.12|P-value:8.98E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:17-kDa component of the U4/U6aU5 tri-snRNP, plays an essential role in pre-mRNA splicing, orthologue of hDIM1, the human U5-specific 15-kDa protein Gene:MAK21(YDR060W)|FD-Score:-3.38|P-value:3.65E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Constituent of 66S pre-ribosomal particles, required for large (60S) ribosomal subunit biogenesis; involved in nuclear export of pre-ribosomes; required for maintenance of dsRNA virus; homolog of human CAATT-binding protein Gene:MET4(YNL103W)|FD-Score:6.03|P-value:8.31E-10|Clearance:1.81||SGD DESC:Leucine-zipper transcriptional activator, responsible for the regulation of the sulfur amino acid pathway, requires different combinations of the auxiliary factors Cbf1p, Met28p, Met31p and Met32p Gene:MMS21(YEL019C)|FD-Score:3.14|P-value:8.40E-4|Clearance:0.16||SGD DESC:SUMO ligase and component of the SMC5-SMC6 complex; this complex plays a key role in the removal of X-shaped DNA structures that arise between sister chromatids during DNA replication and repair; mutants are sensitive to methyl methanesulfonate and show increased spontaneous mutation and mitotic recombination Gene:MRD1(YPR112C)|FD-Score:3.66|P-value:1.25E-4|Clearance:0.43||SGD DESC:Essential conserved small ribosomal subunit (40s) synthesis factor; component of the 90S preribosome; required for production of 18S rRNA and small ribosomal subunit; contains five consensus RNA-binding domains and binds to the pre-rRNA at two sites within the 18S region Gene:RPA135(YPR010C)|FD-Score:3.67|P-value:1.21E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:RNA polymerase I second largest subunit A135 Gene:RPC53(YDL150W)|FD-Score:-5.12|P-value:1.51E-7|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:RNA polymerase III subunit C53 Gene:RRP17(YDR412W)|FD-Score:-3.33|P-value:4.42E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Component of the pre-60S pre-ribosomal particle; required for cell viability under standard (aerobic) conditions but not under anaerobic conditions; exonuclease required for 5′ end processing of pre-60S ribosomal RNA Gene:RRP36(YOR287C)|FD-Score:3.15|P-value:8.15E-4|Clearance:0.01||SGD DESC:Component of 90S preribosomes; involved in early cleavages of the 35S pre-rRNA and in production of the 40S ribosomal subunit Gene:RSC6(YCR052W)|FD-Score:-3.84|P-value:6.17E-5|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Component of the RSC chromatin remodeling complex; essential for mitotic growth; homolog of SWI/SNF subunit Swp73p Gene:SEC13(YLR208W)|FD-Score:4.11|P-value:2.01E-5|Clearance:0.44||SGD DESC:Structural component of 3 distinct complexes; subunit of Nup84 nuclear pore sub-complex (NPC), COPII vesicle coat, and Seh1-associated (SEA) complex; COPII vesicle coat is required for ER to Golgi transport; the Nup84 subcomplex contributes to nucleocytoplasmic transport, NPC biogenesis and processes that may require localization of chromosomes at the nuclear periphery, including transcription; homologous to human SEC13; abundance increases under DNA replication stress Gene:TRM5(YHR070W)|FD-Score:3.24|P-value:6.06E-4|Clearance:0.09||SGD DESC:tRNA(m(1)G37)methyltransferase, methylates a tRNA base adjacent to the anticodon that has a role in prevention of frameshifting; highly conserved across Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukarya Gene:ALG13(YGL047W)|FD-Score:4.14|P-value:1.71E-5|Clearance:0.04||SGD DESC:Catalytic component of UDP-GlcNAc transferase; required for the second step of dolichyl-linked oligosaccharide synthesis; anchored to the ER membrane via interaction with Alg14p; similar to bacterial and human glycosyltransferases; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:CDC4(YFL009W)|FD-Score:3.67|P-value:1.23E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:F-box protein required for G1/S and G2/M transition, associates with Skp1p and Cdc53p to form a complex, SCFCdc4, which acts as ubiquitin-protein ligase directing ubiquitination of the phosphorylated CDK inhibitor Sic1p Gene:CEF1(YMR213W)|FD-Score:4.22|P-value:1.24E-5|Clearance:0.07||SGD DESC:Essential splicing factor; associated with Prp19p and the spliceosome, contains an N-terminal c-Myb DNA binding motif necessary for cell viability but not for Prp19p association, evolutionarily conserved and homologous to S. pombe Cdc5p Gene:DIB1(YPR082C)|FD-Score:-3.12|P-value:8.98E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:17-kDa component of the U4/U6aU5 tri-snRNP, plays an essential role in pre-mRNA splicing, orthologue of hDIM1, the human U5-specific 15-kDa protein Gene:MAK21(YDR060W)|FD-Score:-3.38|P-value:3.65E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Constituent of 66S pre-ribosomal particles, required for large (60S) ribosomal subunit biogenesis; involved in nuclear export of pre-ribosomes; required for maintenance of dsRNA virus; homolog of human CAATT-binding protein Gene:MET4(YNL103W)|FD-Score:6.03|P-value:8.31E-10|Clearance:1.81||SGD DESC:Leucine-zipper transcriptional activator, responsible for the regulation of the sulfur amino acid pathway, requires different combinations of the auxiliary factors Cbf1p, Met28p, Met31p and Met32p Gene:MMS21(YEL019C)|FD-Score:3.14|P-value:8.40E-4|Clearance:0.16||SGD DESC:SUMO ligase and component of the SMC5-SMC6 complex; this complex plays a key role in the removal of X-shaped DNA structures that arise between sister chromatids during DNA replication and repair; mutants are sensitive to methyl methanesulfonate and show increased spontaneous mutation and mitotic recombination Gene:MRD1(YPR112C)|FD-Score:3.66|P-value:1.25E-4|Clearance:0.43||SGD DESC:Essential conserved small ribosomal subunit (40s) synthesis factor; component of the 90S preribosome; required for production of 18S rRNA and small ribosomal subunit; contains five consensus RNA-binding domains and binds to the pre-rRNA at two sites within the 18S region Gene:RPA135(YPR010C)|FD-Score:3.67|P-value:1.21E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:RNA polymerase I second largest subunit A135 Gene:RPC53(YDL150W)|FD-Score:-5.12|P-value:1.51E-7|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:RNA polymerase III subunit C53 Gene:RRP17(YDR412W)|FD-Score:-3.33|P-value:4.42E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Component of the pre-60S pre-ribosomal particle; required for cell viability under standard (aerobic) conditions but not under anaerobic conditions; exonuclease required for 5′ end processing of pre-60S ribosomal RNA Gene:RRP36(YOR287C)|FD-Score:3.15|P-value:8.15E-4|Clearance:0.01||SGD DESC:Component of 90S preribosomes; involved in early cleavages of the 35S pre-rRNA and in production of the 40S ribosomal subunit Gene:RSC6(YCR052W)|FD-Score:-3.84|P-value:6.17E-5|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Component of the RSC chromatin remodeling complex; essential for mitotic growth; homolog of SWI/SNF subunit Swp73p Gene:SEC13(YLR208W)|FD-Score:4.11|P-value:2.01E-5|Clearance:0.44||SGD DESC:Structural component of 3 distinct complexes; subunit of Nup84 nuclear pore sub-complex (NPC), COPII vesicle coat, and Seh1-associated (SEA) complex; COPII vesicle coat is required for ER to Golgi transport; the Nup84 subcomplex contributes to nucleocytoplasmic transport, NPC biogenesis and processes that may require localization of chromosomes at the nuclear periphery, including transcription; homologous to human SEC13; abundance increases under DNA replication stress Gene:TRM5(YHR070W)|FD-Score:3.24|P-value:6.06E-4|Clearance:0.09||SGD DESC:tRNA(m(1)G37)methyltransferase, methylates a tRNA base adjacent to the anticodon that has a role in prevention of frameshifting; highly conserved across Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukarya

HOP profile

Homozygous deletion strains
Scale: fixedexpanded
Homozygous profile for 6708678
Download HOP data (tab-delimited text)  (excel)
Gene:AGA1(YNR044W)|FD-Score:4.06|P-value:2.44E-5||SGD DESC:Anchorage subunit of a-agglutinin of a-cells, highly O-glycosylated protein with N-terminal secretion signal and C-terminal signal for addition of GPI anchor to cell wall, linked to adhesion subunit Aga2p via two disulfide bonds Gene:ARO1(YDR127W)|FD-Score:16.6|P-value:6.76E-62||SGD DESC:Pentafunctional arom protein, catalyzes steps 2 through 6 in the biosynthesis of chorismate, which is a precursor to aromatic amino acids Gene:ARP8(YOR141C)|FD-Score:-5.24|P-value:7.92E-8||SGD DESC:Nuclear actin-related protein involved in chromatin remodeling, component of chromatin-remodeling enzyme complexes; has mRNA binding activity Gene:ASG1(YIL130W)|FD-Score:3.46|P-value:2.75E-4||SGD DESC:Zinc cluster protein proposed to function as a transcriptional regulator involved in the stress response; null mutants have a respiratory deficiency, calcofluor white sensitivity and slightly increased cycloheximide resistance Gene:BCK2(YER167W)|FD-Score:3.22|P-value:6.46E-4||SGD DESC:Protein rich in serine and threonine residues involved in protein kinase C signaling pathway, which controls cell integrity; overproduction suppresses pkc1 mutations Gene:CMK1(YFR014C)|FD-Score:3.77|P-value:8.21E-5||SGD DESC:Calmodulin-dependent protein kinase; may play a role in stress response, many Ca++/calmodulin dependent phosphorylation substrates demonstrated in vitro, amino acid sequence similar to mammalian Cam Kinase II; CMK1 has a paralog, CMK2, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:CPA1(YOR303W)|FD-Score:4.41|P-value:5.12E-6||SGD DESC:Small subunit of carbamoyl phosphate synthetase, which catalyzes a step in the synthesis of citrulline, an arginine precursor; translationally regulated by an attenuator peptide encoded by YOR302W within the CPA1 mRNA 5'-leader Gene:DIA4(YHR011W)|FD-Score:4.08|P-value:2.30E-5||SGD DESC:Probable mitochondrial seryl-tRNA synthetase, mutant displays increased invasive and pseudohyphal growth Gene:DNF3(YMR162C)|FD-Score:3.19|P-value:7.17E-4||SGD DESC:Aminophospholipid translocase (flippase) that maintains membrane lipid asymmetry in post-Golgi secretory vesicles; localizes to the trans-Golgi network; likely involved in protein transport; type 4 P-type ATPase Gene:DUG2(YBR281C)|FD-Score:-3.21|P-value:6.64E-4||SGD DESC:Component of glutamine amidotransferase (GATase II); forms a complex with Dug3p to degrade glutathione (GSH) and other peptides containing a gamma-glu-X bond in an alternative pathway to GSH degradation by gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (Ecm38p) Gene:EDC1(YGL222C)|FD-Score:5.44|P-value:2.72E-8||SGD DESC:RNA-binding protein that activates mRNA decapping directly; binds to the mRNA substrate and enhances the activity of the decapping proteins Dcp1p and Dcp2p; has a role in translation during heat stress; protein becomes more abundant and forms cytoplasmic foci in response to DNA replication stress Gene:EMC6(YLL014W)|FD-Score:-3.65|P-value:1.32E-4||SGD DESC:Member of conserved ER transmembrane complex; required for efficient folding of proteins in the ER; null mutant displays induction of the unfolded protein response; homologous to worm F33D4.7/EMC-6, fly CG11781, human TMEM93 Gene:FTH1(YBR207W)|FD-Score:3.81|P-value:6.94E-5||SGD DESC:Putative high affinity iron transporter; involved in transport of intravacuolar stores of iron; forms complex with Fet5p; expression is regulated by iron; proposed to play indirect role in endocytosis; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:FUN30(YAL019W)|FD-Score:-3.58|P-value:1.74E-4||SGD DESC:Snf2p family member with ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling activity; has a role in silencing at the mating type locus, telomeres and centromeres; enriched at centromeres and is required for correct chromatin structure around centromeres, as well as at the boundary element of the silent HMR; recruited to DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) where it promotes 5' strand resection of DSBs; potential Cdc28p substrate Gene:GCN2(YDR283C)|FD-Score:6.71|P-value:9.88E-12||SGD DESC:Protein kinase, phosphorylates the alpha-subunit of translation initiation factor eIF2 (Sui2p) in response to starvation; activated by uncharged tRNAs and the Gcn1p-Gcn20p complex; contributes to DNA damage checkpoint control Gene:GCN20(YFR009W)|FD-Score:7.94|P-value:1.01E-15||SGD DESC:Positive regulator of the Gcn2p kinase activity, forms a complex with Gcn1p; proposed to stimulate Gcn2p activation by an uncharged tRNA Gene:GCV3(YAL044C)|FD-Score:3.43|P-value:2.99E-4||SGD DESC:H subunit of the mitochondrial glycine decarboxylase complex, required for the catabolism of glycine to 5,10-methylene-THF; also required for all protein lipoylation; expression is regulated by levels of 5,10-methylene-THF Gene:GFD2(YCL036W)|FD-Score:3.36|P-value:3.94E-4||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function; identified as a high-copy suppressor of a dbp5 mutation; GFD2 has a paralog, YDR514C, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:GLE2(YER107C)|FD-Score:3.15|P-value:8.18E-4||SGD DESC:RNA export factor associated with the nuclear pore complex (NPC); associates with NUP116p; required for polyadenylated RNA export but not for protein import; homologous to S. pombe Rae1p and human RAE1 Gene:GRX3(YDR098C)|FD-Score:4.26|P-value:1.02E-5||SGD DESC:Hydroperoxide and superoxide-radical responsive glutathione-dependent oxidoreductase; monothiol glutaredoxin subfamily member along with Grx4p and Grx5p; protects cells from oxidative damage; evidence exists indicating that the translation start site is not Met1 as currently annotated, but rather Met36 Gene:HOF1(YMR032W)|FD-Score:-3.1|P-value:9.61E-4||SGD DESC:Bud neck-localized, SH3 domain-containing protein required for cytokinesis; is phosphorylated by Dbf2p; regulates actomyosin ring dynamics and septin localization; interacts with the formins, Bni1p and Bnr1p, and with Cyk3p, Vrp1p, and Bni5p Gene:HOS1(YPR068C)|FD-Score:3.82|P-value:6.56E-5||SGD DESC:Class I histone deacetylase (HDAC) family member that deacetylates Smc3p on lysine residues at anaphase onset; has sequence similarity to Hda1p, Rpd3p, Hos2p, and Hos3p; interacts with the Tup1p-Ssn6p corepressor complex Gene:ICS2(YBR157C)|FD-Score:-7.42|P-value:5.85E-14||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function; null mutation does not confer any obvious defects in growth, spore germination, viability, or carbohydrate utilization Gene:KTR4(YBR199W)|FD-Score:3.63|P-value:1.43E-4||SGD DESC:Putative mannosyltransferase involved in protein glycosylation; member of the KRE2/MNT1 mannosyltransferase family Gene:MAL32(YBR299W)|FD-Score:3.94|P-value:4.11E-5||SGD DESC:Maltase (alpha-D-glucosidase), inducible protein involved in maltose catabolism; encoded in the MAL3 complex locus; functional in genomic reference strain S288C; hydrolyzes the disaccharides maltose, turanose, maltotriose, and sucrose Gene:MAM33(YIL070C)|FD-Score:-4.17|P-value:1.49E-5||SGD DESC:Acidic protein of the mitochondrial matrix involved in oxidative phosphorylation; related to the human complement receptor gC1q-R Gene:MDM20(YOL076W)|FD-Score:3.3|P-value:4.84E-4||SGD DESC:Non-catalytic subunit of the NatB N-terminal acetyltransferase, which catalyzes N-acetylation of proteins with specific N-terminal sequences; involved in mitochondrial inheritance and actin assembly Gene:MDM36(YPR083W)|FD-Score:5.11|P-value:1.63E-7||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial protein required for normal mitochondrial morphology and inheritance; proposed involvement in the formation of Dnm1p and Num1p-containing cortical anchor complexes that promote mitochondrial fission Gene:MF(ALPHA)1(YPL187W)|FD-Score:3.87|P-value:5.45E-5||SGD DESC:Mating pheromone alpha-factor, made by alpha cells; interacts with mating type a cells to induce cell cycle arrest and other responses leading to mating; also encoded by MF(ALPHA)2, although MF(ALPHA)1 produces most alpha-factor Gene:MVP1(YMR004W)|FD-Score:-3.25|P-value:5.67E-4||SGD DESC:Protein required for sorting proteins to the vacuole; Mvp1p and Vps1p act in concert to promote membrane traffic to the vacuole; participates in transcription initiation and/or early elongation of specific genes; interacts with foot domain of RNA polymerase II; deletion results in abnormal CTD-Ser5 phosphorylation of RNA polymerase II at specific promoter regions; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:NBP2(YDR162C)|FD-Score:3.11|P-value:9.33E-4||SGD DESC:Protein involved in the HOG (high osmolarity glycerol) pathway; negatively regulates Hog1p by recruitment of phosphatase Ptc1p the Pbs2p-Hog1p complex; interacts with Bck1p and down regulates the cell wall integrity pathway; found in the nucleus and cytoplasm, contains an SH3 domain and a Ptc1p binding domain (PBM) Gene:NRG1(YDR043C)|FD-Score:3.46|P-value:2.72E-4||SGD DESC:Transcriptional repressor; recruits the Cyc8p-Tup1p complex to promoters; mediates glucose repression and negatively regulates a variety of processes including filamentous growth and alkaline pH response; NRG1 has a paralog, NRG2, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:PAC11(YDR488C)|FD-Score:3.37|P-value:3.77E-4||SGD DESC:Dynein intermediate chain, acts in the cytoplasmic dynein pathway, forms cortical cytoplasmic microtubule capture site with Num1p; null mutant is defective in nuclear migration, essential in the absence of CIN8 Gene:PAU4(YLR461W)|FD-Score:3.64|P-value:1.38E-4||SGD DESC:Member of the seripauperin multigene family encoded mainly in subtelomeric regions; active during alcoholic fermentation, regulated by anaerobiosis, negatively regulated by oxygen, repressed by heme Gene:PER1(YCR044C)|FD-Score:4.31|P-value:8.12E-6||SGD DESC:Protein of the endoplasmic reticulum, required for GPI-phospholipase A2 activity that remodels the GPI anchor as a prerequisite for association of GPI-anchored proteins with lipid rafts; functionally complemented by human ortholog PERLD1 Gene:PGM2(YMR105C)|FD-Score:4.01|P-value:3.07E-5||SGD DESC:Phosphoglucomutase; catalyzes the conversion from glucose-1-phosphate to glucose-6-phosphate, which is a key step in hexose metabolism; functions as the acceptor for a Glc-phosphotransferase; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:PKR1(YMR123W)|FD-Score:-3.56|P-value:1.83E-4||SGD DESC:V-ATPase assembly factor; functions with other V-ATPase assembly factors in the ER to efficiently assemble the V-ATPase membrane sector (V0); protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:POL32(YJR043C)|FD-Score:-3.47|P-value:2.59E-4||SGD DESC:Third subunit of DNA polymerase delta, involved in chromosomal DNA replication; required for error-prone DNA synthesis in the presence of DNA damage and processivity; interacts with Hys2p, PCNA (Pol30p), and Pol1p Gene:RHR2(YIL053W)|FD-Score:-3.23|P-value:6.27E-4||SGD DESC:Constitutively expressed glycerol-1-phosphatase; involved in glycerol biosynthesis, induced in response to both anaerobic and osmotic stress; RHR2 has a paralog, HOR2, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RPL13A(YDL082W)|FD-Score:-3.32|P-value:4.45E-4||SGD DESC:Ribosomal 60S subunit protein L13A; not essential for viability; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein L13, no bacterial homolog; RPL13A has a paralog, RPL13B, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RPL33B(YOR234C)|FD-Score:-4.11|P-value:2.01E-5||SGD DESC:Ribosomal 60S subunit protein L33B; rpl33b null mutant exhibits normal growth while rpl33a rpl33b double null mutant is inviable; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein L35A, no bacterial homolog; RPL33B has a paralog, RPL33A, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RRT5(YFR032C_p)|FD-Score:3.19|P-value:7.12E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; non-essential gene identified in a screen for mutants with increased levels of rDNA transcription; expressed at high levels during sporulation Gene:SAS2(YMR127C)|FD-Score:6.3|P-value:1.50E-10||SGD DESC:Histone acetyltransferase (HAT) catalytic subunit of the SAS complex (Sas2p-Sas4p-Sas5p), which acetylates free histones and nucleosomes and regulates transcriptional silencing; member of the MYSTacetyltransferase family Gene:SET4(YJL105W)|FD-Score:5.39|P-value:3.56E-8||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function, contains a SET domain; SET4 has a paralog, SET3, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:SGO1(YOR073W)|FD-Score:-3.29|P-value:5.01E-4||SGD DESC:Component of the spindle checkpoint, involved in sensing lack of tension on mitotic chromosomes; protects centromeric Rec8p at meiosis I; required for accurate chromosomal segregation at meiosis II and for mitotic chromosome stability Gene:SPT10(YJL127C)|FD-Score:3.72|P-value:1.01E-4||SGD DESC:Putative histone acetylase with a role in transcriptional silencing, sequence-specific activator of histone genes, binds specifically and cooperatively to pairs of UAS elements in core histone promoters, functions at or near the TATA box Gene:STE13(YOR219C)|FD-Score:-3.39|P-value:3.55E-4||SGD DESC:Dipeptidyl aminopeptidase, Golgi integral membrane protein that cleaves on the carboxyl side of repeating -X-Ala- sequences, required for maturation of alpha factor, transcription is induced by a-factor Gene:STP3(YLR375W)|FD-Score:3.57|P-value:1.79E-4||SGD DESC:Zinc-finger protein of unknown function, possibly involved in pre-tRNA splicing and in uptake of branched-chain amino acids Gene:SUR4(YLR372W)|FD-Score:6.67|P-value:1.30E-11||SGD DESC:Elongase, involved in fatty acid and sphingolipid biosynthesis; synthesizes very long chain 20-26-carbon fatty acids from C18-CoA primers; involved in regulation of sphingolipid biosynthesis Gene:SWH1(YAR042W)|FD-Score:3.19|P-value:7.11E-4||SGD DESC:Protein similar to mammalian oxysterol-binding protein; contains ankyrin repeats; localizes to the Golgi and the nucleus-vacuole junction Gene:SWR1(YDR334W)|FD-Score:-4.57|P-value:2.39E-6||SGD DESC:Swi2/Snf2-related ATPase that is the structural component of the SWR1 complex, which exchanges histone variant H2AZ (Htz1p) for chromatin-bound histone H2A Gene:TOK1(YJL093C)|FD-Score:3.79|P-value:7.58E-5||SGD DESC:Outward-rectifier potassium channel of the plasma membrane with two pore domains in tandem, each of which forms a functional channel permeable to potassium; carboxy tail functions to prevent inner gate closures; target of K1 toxin Gene:TOM5(YPR133W-A)|FD-Score:3.34|P-value:4.13E-4||SGD DESC:Component of the TOM (translocase of outer membrane) complex responsible for recognition and initial import of all mitochondrially directed proteins; involved in transfer of precursors from the Tom70p and Tom20p receptors to the Tom40p pore Gene:TRP1(YDR007W)|FD-Score:6.13|P-value:4.36E-10||SGD DESC:Phosphoribosylanthranilate isomerase that catalyzes the third step in tryptophan biosynthesis; in 2004, the sequence of TRP1 from strain S228C was updated by changing the previously annotated internal STOP (TAA) to serine (TCA) Gene:TRP2(YER090W)|FD-Score:5.1|P-value:1.72E-7||SGD DESC:Anthranilate synthase, catalyzes the initial step of tryptophan biosynthesis, forms multifunctional hetero-oligomeric anthranilate synthase:indole-3-glycerol phosphate synthase enzyme complex with Trp3p Gene:TRP3(YKL211C)|FD-Score:15.1|P-value:1.47E-51||SGD DESC:Indole-3-glycerol-phosphate synthase; forms bifunctional hetero-oligomeric anthranilate synthase:indole-3-glycerol phosphate synthase enzyme complex with Trp2p Gene:TRP4(YDR354W)|FD-Score:13.3|P-value:2.14E-40||SGD DESC:Anthranilate phosphoribosyl transferase of the tryptophan biosynthetic pathway, catalyzes the phosphoribosylation of anthranilate, subject to the general control system of amino acid biosynthesis Gene:TRP5(YGL026C)|FD-Score:4.9|P-value:4.84E-7||SGD DESC:Tryptophan synthase, catalyzes the last step of tryptophan biosynthesis; regulated by the general control system of amino acid biosynthesis Gene:UIP4(YPL186C)|FD-Score:-4.62|P-value:1.90E-6||SGD DESC:Protein that interacts with Ulp1p, a Ubl (ubiquitin-like protein)-specific protease for Smt3p protein conjugates; detected in a phosphorylated state in the mitochondrial outer membrane; also detected in ER and nuclear envelope Gene:UPS2(YLR168C)|FD-Score:10.1|P-value:2.20E-24||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial protein involved in phospholipid metabolism; localizes to the intermembrane space; has a role in regulation of phospholipid metabolism by inhibiting conversion of phosphatidylethanolamine to phosphatidylcholine; null mutant has defects in mitochondrial morphology; similar to Ups1p, Ups3p and to human PRELI Gene:YAL056C-A(YAL056C-A_d)|FD-Score:3.82|P-value:6.54E-5||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YDR008C(YDR008C_d)|FD-Score:9.26|P-value:9.98E-21||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YDR015C(YDR015C_d)|FD-Score:5.19|P-value:1.08E-7||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; overlaps the verified gene HED1/YDR014W-A Gene:YDR095C(YDR095C_d)|FD-Score:6.11|P-value:4.97E-10||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YDR433W(YDR433W_d)|FD-Score:3.25|P-value:5.69E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YDR524C-B(YDR524C-B_p)|FD-Score:4.06|P-value:2.44E-5||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; YDR524C-B has a paralog, YCL048W-A, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:YER156C(YER156C_p)|FD-Score:-3.44|P-value:2.96E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; interacts with Hsp82p and copurifies with Ipl1p; expression is copper responsive and downregulated in strains deleted for MAC1, a copper-responsive transcription factor; similarity to mammalian MYG1 Gene:YFL041W-A(YFL041W-A_p)|FD-Score:3.44|P-value:2.86E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; identified by fungal homology and RT-PCR Gene:YFR054C(YFR054C_d)|FD-Score:5.69|P-value:6.53E-9||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YGL117W(YGL117W_p)|FD-Score:3.37|P-value:3.77E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function Gene:YGL235W(YGL235W_p)|FD-Score:3.39|P-value:3.44E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; potential Cdc28p substrate; null mutant displays increased resistance to antifungal agents gliotoxin, cycloheximide and H2O2 Gene:YGR151C(YGR151C_d)|FD-Score:4.54|P-value:2.76E-6||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; overlaps almost completely with the verified ORF RSR1/BUD1/YGR152C; relative distribution to the nucleus increases upon DNA replication stress Gene:YIL025C(YIL025C_d)|FD-Score:3.53|P-value:2.10E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YIL161W(YIL161W_p)|FD-Score:-3.13|P-value:8.72E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to the cytoplasm; mRNA is enriched in Scp160p-associated mRNPs; YIL161W is a non-essential gene Gene:YJR111C(YJR111C_p)|FD-Score:3.21|P-value:6.54E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to the mitochondria Gene:YJR146W(YJR146W_p)|FD-Score:4.94|P-value:3.98E-7||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function; expressed at both mRNA and protein levels; partially overlaps HMS2 Gene:YKL068W-A(YKL068W-A_p)|FD-Score:-3.58|P-value:1.70E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; identified by homology to <i>Ashbya gossypii</i> Gene:YLR407W(YLR407W_p)|FD-Score:3.69|P-value:1.13E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; null mutant displays elongated buds and a large fraction of budded cells have only one nucleus Gene:YML094C-A(YML094C-A_d)|FD-Score:3.9|P-value:4.80E-5||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified gene GIM5/YML094W; deletion confers sensitivity to GSAO Gene:YMR119W-A(YMR119W-A_d)|FD-Score:-3.21|P-value:6.55E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YMR147W(YMR147W_p)|FD-Score:4.69|P-value:1.35E-6||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function Gene:YNR042W(YNR042W_d)|FD-Score:3.69|P-value:1.12E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; completely overlaps verified gene COQ2 Gene:YPK1(YKL126W)|FD-Score:-3.34|P-value:4.24E-4||SGD DESC:Serine/threonine protein kinase; phosphorylates and downregulates flippase activator Fpk1p; inactivates Orm1p and Orm2p (inhibitors of serine:palmitoyl-coenzyme A transferase) by phosphorylation in response to compromised sphingolipid synthesis; mutations affect receptor-mediated endocytosis and sphingolipid-mediated and cell integrity signaling pathways; homolog of mammalian kinase SGK; YPK1 has a paralog, YPK2, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:YPL185W(YPL185W_d)|FD-Score:-3.61|P-value:1.54E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified gene UIP4/YPL186C Gene:ZIP2(YGL249W)|FD-Score:5.11|P-value:1.64E-7||SGD DESC:Meiosis-specific protein; involved in normal synaptonemal complex formation and pairing between homologous chromosomes during meiosis; relocalizes from mitochondrion to cytoplasm upon DNA replication stress Gene:AGA1(YNR044W)|FD-Score:4.06|P-value:2.44E-5||SGD DESC:Anchorage subunit of a-agglutinin of a-cells, highly O-glycosylated protein with N-terminal secretion signal and C-terminal signal for addition of GPI anchor to cell wall, linked to adhesion subunit Aga2p via two disulfide bonds Gene:ARO1(YDR127W)|FD-Score:16.6|P-value:6.76E-62||SGD DESC:Pentafunctional arom protein, catalyzes steps 2 through 6 in the biosynthesis of chorismate, which is a precursor to aromatic amino acids Gene:ARP8(YOR141C)|FD-Score:-5.24|P-value:7.92E-8||SGD DESC:Nuclear actin-related protein involved in chromatin remodeling, component of chromatin-remodeling enzyme complexes; has mRNA binding activity Gene:ASG1(YIL130W)|FD-Score:3.46|P-value:2.75E-4||SGD DESC:Zinc cluster protein proposed to function as a transcriptional regulator involved in the stress response; null mutants have a respiratory deficiency, calcofluor white sensitivity and slightly increased cycloheximide resistance Gene:BCK2(YER167W)|FD-Score:3.22|P-value:6.46E-4||SGD DESC:Protein rich in serine and threonine residues involved in protein kinase C signaling pathway, which controls cell integrity; overproduction suppresses pkc1 mutations Gene:CMK1(YFR014C)|FD-Score:3.77|P-value:8.21E-5||SGD DESC:Calmodulin-dependent protein kinase; may play a role in stress response, many Ca++/calmodulin dependent phosphorylation substrates demonstrated in vitro, amino acid sequence similar to mammalian Cam Kinase II; CMK1 has a paralog, CMK2, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:CPA1(YOR303W)|FD-Score:4.41|P-value:5.12E-6||SGD DESC:Small subunit of carbamoyl phosphate synthetase, which catalyzes a step in the synthesis of citrulline, an arginine precursor; translationally regulated by an attenuator peptide encoded by YOR302W within the CPA1 mRNA 5'-leader Gene:DIA4(YHR011W)|FD-Score:4.08|P-value:2.30E-5||SGD DESC:Probable mitochondrial seryl-tRNA synthetase, mutant displays increased invasive and pseudohyphal growth Gene:DNF3(YMR162C)|FD-Score:3.19|P-value:7.17E-4||SGD DESC:Aminophospholipid translocase (flippase) that maintains membrane lipid asymmetry in post-Golgi secretory vesicles; localizes to the trans-Golgi network; likely involved in protein transport; type 4 P-type ATPase Gene:DUG2(YBR281C)|FD-Score:-3.21|P-value:6.64E-4||SGD DESC:Component of glutamine amidotransferase (GATase II); forms a complex with Dug3p to degrade glutathione (GSH) and other peptides containing a gamma-glu-X bond in an alternative pathway to GSH degradation by gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (Ecm38p) Gene:EDC1(YGL222C)|FD-Score:5.44|P-value:2.72E-8||SGD DESC:RNA-binding protein that activates mRNA decapping directly; binds to the mRNA substrate and enhances the activity of the decapping proteins Dcp1p and Dcp2p; has a role in translation during heat stress; protein becomes more abundant and forms cytoplasmic foci in response to DNA replication stress Gene:EMC6(YLL014W)|FD-Score:-3.65|P-value:1.32E-4||SGD DESC:Member of conserved ER transmembrane complex; required for efficient folding of proteins in the ER; null mutant displays induction of the unfolded protein response; homologous to worm F33D4.7/EMC-6, fly CG11781, human TMEM93 Gene:FTH1(YBR207W)|FD-Score:3.81|P-value:6.94E-5||SGD DESC:Putative high affinity iron transporter; involved in transport of intravacuolar stores of iron; forms complex with Fet5p; expression is regulated by iron; proposed to play indirect role in endocytosis; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:FUN30(YAL019W)|FD-Score:-3.58|P-value:1.74E-4||SGD DESC:Snf2p family member with ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling activity; has a role in silencing at the mating type locus, telomeres and centromeres; enriched at centromeres and is required for correct chromatin structure around centromeres, as well as at the boundary element of the silent HMR; recruited to DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) where it promotes 5' strand resection of DSBs; potential Cdc28p substrate Gene:GCN2(YDR283C)|FD-Score:6.71|P-value:9.88E-12||SGD DESC:Protein kinase, phosphorylates the alpha-subunit of translation initiation factor eIF2 (Sui2p) in response to starvation; activated by uncharged tRNAs and the Gcn1p-Gcn20p complex; contributes to DNA damage checkpoint control Gene:GCN20(YFR009W)|FD-Score:7.94|P-value:1.01E-15||SGD DESC:Positive regulator of the Gcn2p kinase activity, forms a complex with Gcn1p; proposed to stimulate Gcn2p activation by an uncharged tRNA Gene:GCV3(YAL044C)|FD-Score:3.43|P-value:2.99E-4||SGD DESC:H subunit of the mitochondrial glycine decarboxylase complex, required for the catabolism of glycine to 5,10-methylene-THF; also required for all protein lipoylation; expression is regulated by levels of 5,10-methylene-THF Gene:GFD2(YCL036W)|FD-Score:3.36|P-value:3.94E-4||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function; identified as a high-copy suppressor of a dbp5 mutation; GFD2 has a paralog, YDR514C, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:GLE2(YER107C)|FD-Score:3.15|P-value:8.18E-4||SGD DESC:RNA export factor associated with the nuclear pore complex (NPC); associates with NUP116p; required for polyadenylated RNA export but not for protein import; homologous to S. pombe Rae1p and human RAE1 Gene:GRX3(YDR098C)|FD-Score:4.26|P-value:1.02E-5||SGD DESC:Hydroperoxide and superoxide-radical responsive glutathione-dependent oxidoreductase; monothiol glutaredoxin subfamily member along with Grx4p and Grx5p; protects cells from oxidative damage; evidence exists indicating that the translation start site is not Met1 as currently annotated, but rather Met36 Gene:HOF1(YMR032W)|FD-Score:-3.1|P-value:9.61E-4||SGD DESC:Bud neck-localized, SH3 domain-containing protein required for cytokinesis; is phosphorylated by Dbf2p; regulates actomyosin ring dynamics and septin localization; interacts with the formins, Bni1p and Bnr1p, and with Cyk3p, Vrp1p, and Bni5p Gene:HOS1(YPR068C)|FD-Score:3.82|P-value:6.56E-5||SGD DESC:Class I histone deacetylase (HDAC) family member that deacetylates Smc3p on lysine residues at anaphase onset; has sequence similarity to Hda1p, Rpd3p, Hos2p, and Hos3p; interacts with the Tup1p-Ssn6p corepressor complex Gene:ICS2(YBR157C)|FD-Score:-7.42|P-value:5.85E-14||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function; null mutation does not confer any obvious defects in growth, spore germination, viability, or carbohydrate utilization Gene:KTR4(YBR199W)|FD-Score:3.63|P-value:1.43E-4||SGD DESC:Putative mannosyltransferase involved in protein glycosylation; member of the KRE2/MNT1 mannosyltransferase family Gene:MAL32(YBR299W)|FD-Score:3.94|P-value:4.11E-5||SGD DESC:Maltase (alpha-D-glucosidase), inducible protein involved in maltose catabolism; encoded in the MAL3 complex locus; functional in genomic reference strain S288C; hydrolyzes the disaccharides maltose, turanose, maltotriose, and sucrose Gene:MAM33(YIL070C)|FD-Score:-4.17|P-value:1.49E-5||SGD DESC:Acidic protein of the mitochondrial matrix involved in oxidative phosphorylation; related to the human complement receptor gC1q-R Gene:MDM20(YOL076W)|FD-Score:3.3|P-value:4.84E-4||SGD DESC:Non-catalytic subunit of the NatB N-terminal acetyltransferase, which catalyzes N-acetylation of proteins with specific N-terminal sequences; involved in mitochondrial inheritance and actin assembly Gene:MDM36(YPR083W)|FD-Score:5.11|P-value:1.63E-7||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial protein required for normal mitochondrial morphology and inheritance; proposed involvement in the formation of Dnm1p and Num1p-containing cortical anchor complexes that promote mitochondrial fission Gene:MF(ALPHA)1(YPL187W)|FD-Score:3.87|P-value:5.45E-5||SGD DESC:Mating pheromone alpha-factor, made by alpha cells; interacts with mating type a cells to induce cell cycle arrest and other responses leading to mating; also encoded by MF(ALPHA)2, although MF(ALPHA)1 produces most alpha-factor Gene:MVP1(YMR004W)|FD-Score:-3.25|P-value:5.67E-4||SGD DESC:Protein required for sorting proteins to the vacuole; Mvp1p and Vps1p act in concert to promote membrane traffic to the vacuole; participates in transcription initiation and/or early elongation of specific genes; interacts with foot domain of RNA polymerase II; deletion results in abnormal CTD-Ser5 phosphorylation of RNA polymerase II at specific promoter regions; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:NBP2(YDR162C)|FD-Score:3.11|P-value:9.33E-4||SGD DESC:Protein involved in the HOG (high osmolarity glycerol) pathway; negatively regulates Hog1p by recruitment of phosphatase Ptc1p the Pbs2p-Hog1p complex; interacts with Bck1p and down regulates the cell wall integrity pathway; found in the nucleus and cytoplasm, contains an SH3 domain and a Ptc1p binding domain (PBM) Gene:NRG1(YDR043C)|FD-Score:3.46|P-value:2.72E-4||SGD DESC:Transcriptional repressor; recruits the Cyc8p-Tup1p complex to promoters; mediates glucose repression and negatively regulates a variety of processes including filamentous growth and alkaline pH response; NRG1 has a paralog, NRG2, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:PAC11(YDR488C)|FD-Score:3.37|P-value:3.77E-4||SGD DESC:Dynein intermediate chain, acts in the cytoplasmic dynein pathway, forms cortical cytoplasmic microtubule capture site with Num1p; null mutant is defective in nuclear migration, essential in the absence of CIN8 Gene:PAU4(YLR461W)|FD-Score:3.64|P-value:1.38E-4||SGD DESC:Member of the seripauperin multigene family encoded mainly in subtelomeric regions; active during alcoholic fermentation, regulated by anaerobiosis, negatively regulated by oxygen, repressed by heme Gene:PER1(YCR044C)|FD-Score:4.31|P-value:8.12E-6||SGD DESC:Protein of the endoplasmic reticulum, required for GPI-phospholipase A2 activity that remodels the GPI anchor as a prerequisite for association of GPI-anchored proteins with lipid rafts; functionally complemented by human ortholog PERLD1 Gene:PGM2(YMR105C)|FD-Score:4.01|P-value:3.07E-5||SGD DESC:Phosphoglucomutase; catalyzes the conversion from glucose-1-phosphate to glucose-6-phosphate, which is a key step in hexose metabolism; functions as the acceptor for a Glc-phosphotransferase; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:PKR1(YMR123W)|FD-Score:-3.56|P-value:1.83E-4||SGD DESC:V-ATPase assembly factor; functions with other V-ATPase assembly factors in the ER to efficiently assemble the V-ATPase membrane sector (V0); protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:POL32(YJR043C)|FD-Score:-3.47|P-value:2.59E-4||SGD DESC:Third subunit of DNA polymerase delta, involved in chromosomal DNA replication; required for error-prone DNA synthesis in the presence of DNA damage and processivity; interacts with Hys2p, PCNA (Pol30p), and Pol1p Gene:RHR2(YIL053W)|FD-Score:-3.23|P-value:6.27E-4||SGD DESC:Constitutively expressed glycerol-1-phosphatase; involved in glycerol biosynthesis, induced in response to both anaerobic and osmotic stress; RHR2 has a paralog, HOR2, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RPL13A(YDL082W)|FD-Score:-3.32|P-value:4.45E-4||SGD DESC:Ribosomal 60S subunit protein L13A; not essential for viability; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein L13, no bacterial homolog; RPL13A has a paralog, RPL13B, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RPL33B(YOR234C)|FD-Score:-4.11|P-value:2.01E-5||SGD DESC:Ribosomal 60S subunit protein L33B; rpl33b null mutant exhibits normal growth while rpl33a rpl33b double null mutant is inviable; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein L35A, no bacterial homolog; RPL33B has a paralog, RPL33A, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RRT5(YFR032C_p)|FD-Score:3.19|P-value:7.12E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; non-essential gene identified in a screen for mutants with increased levels of rDNA transcription; expressed at high levels during sporulation Gene:SAS2(YMR127C)|FD-Score:6.3|P-value:1.50E-10||SGD DESC:Histone acetyltransferase (HAT) catalytic subunit of the SAS complex (Sas2p-Sas4p-Sas5p), which acetylates free histones and nucleosomes and regulates transcriptional silencing; member of the MYSTacetyltransferase family Gene:SET4(YJL105W)|FD-Score:5.39|P-value:3.56E-8||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function, contains a SET domain; SET4 has a paralog, SET3, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:SGO1(YOR073W)|FD-Score:-3.29|P-value:5.01E-4||SGD DESC:Component of the spindle checkpoint, involved in sensing lack of tension on mitotic chromosomes; protects centromeric Rec8p at meiosis I; required for accurate chromosomal segregation at meiosis II and for mitotic chromosome stability Gene:SPT10(YJL127C)|FD-Score:3.72|P-value:1.01E-4||SGD DESC:Putative histone acetylase with a role in transcriptional silencing, sequence-specific activator of histone genes, binds specifically and cooperatively to pairs of UAS elements in core histone promoters, functions at or near the TATA box Gene:STE13(YOR219C)|FD-Score:-3.39|P-value:3.55E-4||SGD DESC:Dipeptidyl aminopeptidase, Golgi integral membrane protein that cleaves on the carboxyl side of repeating -X-Ala- sequences, required for maturation of alpha factor, transcription is induced by a-factor Gene:STP3(YLR375W)|FD-Score:3.57|P-value:1.79E-4||SGD DESC:Zinc-finger protein of unknown function, possibly involved in pre-tRNA splicing and in uptake of branched-chain amino acids Gene:SUR4(YLR372W)|FD-Score:6.67|P-value:1.30E-11||SGD DESC:Elongase, involved in fatty acid and sphingolipid biosynthesis; synthesizes very long chain 20-26-carbon fatty acids from C18-CoA primers; involved in regulation of sphingolipid biosynthesis Gene:SWH1(YAR042W)|FD-Score:3.19|P-value:7.11E-4||SGD DESC:Protein similar to mammalian oxysterol-binding protein; contains ankyrin repeats; localizes to the Golgi and the nucleus-vacuole junction Gene:SWR1(YDR334W)|FD-Score:-4.57|P-value:2.39E-6||SGD DESC:Swi2/Snf2-related ATPase that is the structural component of the SWR1 complex, which exchanges histone variant H2AZ (Htz1p) for chromatin-bound histone H2A Gene:TOK1(YJL093C)|FD-Score:3.79|P-value:7.58E-5||SGD DESC:Outward-rectifier potassium channel of the plasma membrane with two pore domains in tandem, each of which forms a functional channel permeable to potassium; carboxy tail functions to prevent inner gate closures; target of K1 toxin Gene:TOM5(YPR133W-A)|FD-Score:3.34|P-value:4.13E-4||SGD DESC:Component of the TOM (translocase of outer membrane) complex responsible for recognition and initial import of all mitochondrially directed proteins; involved in transfer of precursors from the Tom70p and Tom20p receptors to the Tom40p pore Gene:TRP1(YDR007W)|FD-Score:6.13|P-value:4.36E-10||SGD DESC:Phosphoribosylanthranilate isomerase that catalyzes the third step in tryptophan biosynthesis; in 2004, the sequence of TRP1 from strain S228C was updated by changing the previously annotated internal STOP (TAA) to serine (TCA) Gene:TRP2(YER090W)|FD-Score:5.1|P-value:1.72E-7||SGD DESC:Anthranilate synthase, catalyzes the initial step of tryptophan biosynthesis, forms multifunctional hetero-oligomeric anthranilate synthase:indole-3-glycerol phosphate synthase enzyme complex with Trp3p Gene:TRP3(YKL211C)|FD-Score:15.1|P-value:1.47E-51||SGD DESC:Indole-3-glycerol-phosphate synthase; forms bifunctional hetero-oligomeric anthranilate synthase:indole-3-glycerol phosphate synthase enzyme complex with Trp2p Gene:TRP4(YDR354W)|FD-Score:13.3|P-value:2.14E-40||SGD DESC:Anthranilate phosphoribosyl transferase of the tryptophan biosynthetic pathway, catalyzes the phosphoribosylation of anthranilate, subject to the general control system of amino acid biosynthesis Gene:TRP5(YGL026C)|FD-Score:4.9|P-value:4.84E-7||SGD DESC:Tryptophan synthase, catalyzes the last step of tryptophan biosynthesis; regulated by the general control system of amino acid biosynthesis Gene:UIP4(YPL186C)|FD-Score:-4.62|P-value:1.90E-6||SGD DESC:Protein that interacts with Ulp1p, a Ubl (ubiquitin-like protein)-specific protease for Smt3p protein conjugates; detected in a phosphorylated state in the mitochondrial outer membrane; also detected in ER and nuclear envelope Gene:UPS2(YLR168C)|FD-Score:10.1|P-value:2.20E-24||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial protein involved in phospholipid metabolism; localizes to the intermembrane space; has a role in regulation of phospholipid metabolism by inhibiting conversion of phosphatidylethanolamine to phosphatidylcholine; null mutant has defects in mitochondrial morphology; similar to Ups1p, Ups3p and to human PRELI Gene:YAL056C-A(YAL056C-A_d)|FD-Score:3.82|P-value:6.54E-5||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YDR008C(YDR008C_d)|FD-Score:9.26|P-value:9.98E-21||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YDR015C(YDR015C_d)|FD-Score:5.19|P-value:1.08E-7||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; overlaps the verified gene HED1/YDR014W-A Gene:YDR095C(YDR095C_d)|FD-Score:6.11|P-value:4.97E-10||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YDR433W(YDR433W_d)|FD-Score:3.25|P-value:5.69E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YDR524C-B(YDR524C-B_p)|FD-Score:4.06|P-value:2.44E-5||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; YDR524C-B has a paralog, YCL048W-A, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:YER156C(YER156C_p)|FD-Score:-3.44|P-value:2.96E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; interacts with Hsp82p and copurifies with Ipl1p; expression is copper responsive and downregulated in strains deleted for MAC1, a copper-responsive transcription factor; similarity to mammalian MYG1 Gene:YFL041W-A(YFL041W-A_p)|FD-Score:3.44|P-value:2.86E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; identified by fungal homology and RT-PCR Gene:YFR054C(YFR054C_d)|FD-Score:5.69|P-value:6.53E-9||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YGL117W(YGL117W_p)|FD-Score:3.37|P-value:3.77E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function Gene:YGL235W(YGL235W_p)|FD-Score:3.39|P-value:3.44E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; potential Cdc28p substrate; null mutant displays increased resistance to antifungal agents gliotoxin, cycloheximide and H2O2 Gene:YGR151C(YGR151C_d)|FD-Score:4.54|P-value:2.76E-6||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; overlaps almost completely with the verified ORF RSR1/BUD1/YGR152C; relative distribution to the nucleus increases upon DNA replication stress Gene:YIL025C(YIL025C_d)|FD-Score:3.53|P-value:2.10E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YIL161W(YIL161W_p)|FD-Score:-3.13|P-value:8.72E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to the cytoplasm; mRNA is enriched in Scp160p-associated mRNPs; YIL161W is a non-essential gene Gene:YJR111C(YJR111C_p)|FD-Score:3.21|P-value:6.54E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to the mitochondria Gene:YJR146W(YJR146W_p)|FD-Score:4.94|P-value:3.98E-7||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function; expressed at both mRNA and protein levels; partially overlaps HMS2 Gene:YKL068W-A(YKL068W-A_p)|FD-Score:-3.58|P-value:1.70E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; identified by homology to <i>Ashbya gossypii</i> Gene:YLR407W(YLR407W_p)|FD-Score:3.69|P-value:1.13E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; null mutant displays elongated buds and a large fraction of budded cells have only one nucleus Gene:YML094C-A(YML094C-A_d)|FD-Score:3.9|P-value:4.80E-5||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified gene GIM5/YML094W; deletion confers sensitivity to GSAO Gene:YMR119W-A(YMR119W-A_d)|FD-Score:-3.21|P-value:6.55E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YMR147W(YMR147W_p)|FD-Score:4.69|P-value:1.35E-6||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function Gene:YNR042W(YNR042W_d)|FD-Score:3.69|P-value:1.12E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; completely overlaps verified gene COQ2 Gene:YPK1(YKL126W)|FD-Score:-3.34|P-value:4.24E-4||SGD DESC:Serine/threonine protein kinase; phosphorylates and downregulates flippase activator Fpk1p; inactivates Orm1p and Orm2p (inhibitors of serine:palmitoyl-coenzyme A transferase) by phosphorylation in response to compromised sphingolipid synthesis; mutations affect receptor-mediated endocytosis and sphingolipid-mediated and cell integrity signaling pathways; homolog of mammalian kinase SGK; YPK1 has a paralog, YPK2, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:YPL185W(YPL185W_d)|FD-Score:-3.61|P-value:1.54E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified gene UIP4/YPL186C Gene:ZIP2(YGL249W)|FD-Score:5.11|P-value:1.64E-7||SGD DESC:Meiosis-specific protein; involved in normal synaptonemal complex formation and pairing between homologous chromosomes during meiosis; relocalizes from mitochondrion to cytoplasm upon DNA replication stress

Click on Significant Values for Strain Details

Top 15 HET fitness defect scores (HIP)

Download all HIP Data (tab-delimited text)  (excel)
Deletion Strain FD score P-value Clearance Gene Gene Description
YNL103W6.038.31E-101.81MET4Leucine-zipper transcriptional activator, responsible for the regulation of the sulfur amino acid pathway, requires different combinations of the auxiliary factors Cbf1p, Met28p, Met31p and Met32p
YMR213W4.221.24E-50.07CEF1Essential splicing factor; associated with Prp19p and the spliceosome, contains an N-terminal c-Myb DNA binding motif necessary for cell viability but not for Prp19p association, evolutionarily conserved and homologous to S. pombe Cdc5p
YGL047W4.141.71E-50.04ALG13Catalytic component of UDP-GlcNAc transferase; required for the second step of dolichyl-linked oligosaccharide synthesis; anchored to the ER membrane via interaction with Alg14p; similar to bacterial and human glycosyltransferases; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress
YLR208W4.112.01E-50.44SEC13Structural component of 3 distinct complexes; subunit of Nup84 nuclear pore sub-complex (NPC), COPII vesicle coat, and Seh1-associated (SEA) complex; COPII vesicle coat is required for ER to Golgi transport; the Nup84 subcomplex contributes to nucleocytoplasmic transport, NPC biogenesis and processes that may require localization of chromosomes at the nuclear periphery, including transcription; homologous to human SEC13; abundance increases under DNA replication stress
YPR010C3.671.21E-40.00RPA135RNA polymerase I second largest subunit A135
YFL009W3.671.23E-40.00CDC4F-box protein required for G1/S and G2/M transition, associates with Skp1p and Cdc53p to form a complex, SCFCdc4, which acts as ubiquitin-protein ligase directing ubiquitination of the phosphorylated CDK inhibitor Sic1p
YPR112C3.661.25E-40.43MRD1Essential conserved small ribosomal subunit (40s) synthesis factor; component of the 90S preribosome; required for production of 18S rRNA and small ribosomal subunit; contains five consensus RNA-binding domains and binds to the pre-rRNA at two sites within the 18S region
YHR070W3.246.06E-40.09TRM5tRNA(m(1)G37)methyltransferase, methylates a tRNA base adjacent to the anticodon that has a role in prevention of frameshifting; highly conserved across Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukarya
YOR287C3.158.15E-40.01RRP36Component of 90S preribosomes; involved in early cleavages of the 35S pre-rRNA and in production of the 40S ribosomal subunit
YEL019C3.148.40E-40.16MMS21SUMO ligase and component of the SMC5-SMC6 complex; this complex plays a key role in the removal of X-shaped DNA structures that arise between sister chromatids during DNA replication and repair; mutants are sensitive to methyl methanesulfonate and show increased spontaneous mutation and mitotic recombination
YGL122C2.980.001420.25NAB2Nuclear polyadenylated RNA-binding protein; required for nuclear mRNA export and poly(A) tail length control; binds nuclear pore protein Mlp1p; autoregulates mRNA levels; related to human hnRNPs; nuclear localization sequence binds Kap104p; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress
YNR043W2.740.003120.02MVD1Mevalonate pyrophosphate decarboxylase, essential enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of isoprenoids and sterols, including ergosterol; acts as a homodimer
YPL233W2.720.003300.01NSL1Essential component of the MIND kinetochore complex (Mtw1p Including Nnf1p-Nsl1p-Dsn1p) which joins kinetochore subunits contacting DNA to those contacting microtubules; required for accurate chromosome segregation
YKL082C2.700.003422.76E-4RRP14Essential protein, constituent of 66S pre-ribosomal particles; interacts with proteins involved in ribosomal biogenesis and cell polarity; member of the SURF-6 family
YEL026W2.700.003420.04SNU13RNA binding protein, part of U3 snoRNP involved in rRNA processing, part of U4/U6-U5 tri-snRNP involved in mRNA splicing, similar to human 15.5K protein

Top 15 HOM fitness defect scores (HOP)

Download all HOP Data (tab-delimited text)  (excel)
Deletion Strain FD score P-value Gene Gene Description
YDR127W16.606.76E-62ARO1Pentafunctional arom protein, catalyzes steps 2 through 6 in the biosynthesis of chorismate, which is a precursor to aromatic amino acids
YKL211C15.101.47E-51TRP3Indole-3-glycerol-phosphate synthase; forms bifunctional hetero-oligomeric anthranilate synthase:indole-3-glycerol phosphate synthase enzyme complex with Trp2p
YDR354W13.302.14E-40TRP4Anthranilate phosphoribosyl transferase of the tryptophan biosynthetic pathway, catalyzes the phosphoribosylation of anthranilate, subject to the general control system of amino acid biosynthesis
YLR168C10.102.20E-24UPS2Mitochondrial protein involved in phospholipid metabolism; localizes to the intermembrane space; has a role in regulation of phospholipid metabolism by inhibiting conversion of phosphatidylethanolamine to phosphatidylcholine; null mutant has defects in mitochondrial morphology; similar to Ups1p, Ups3p and to human PRELI
YDR008C_d9.269.98E-21YDR008C_dDubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data
YFR009W7.941.01E-15GCN20Positive regulator of the Gcn2p kinase activity, forms a complex with Gcn1p; proposed to stimulate Gcn2p activation by an uncharged tRNA
YDR283C6.719.88E-12GCN2Protein kinase, phosphorylates the alpha-subunit of translation initiation factor eIF2 (Sui2p) in response to starvation; activated by uncharged tRNAs and the Gcn1p-Gcn20p complex; contributes to DNA damage checkpoint control
YLR372W6.671.30E-11SUR4Elongase, involved in fatty acid and sphingolipid biosynthesis; synthesizes very long chain 20-26-carbon fatty acids from C18-CoA primers; involved in regulation of sphingolipid biosynthesis
YMR127C6.301.50E-10SAS2Histone acetyltransferase (HAT) catalytic subunit of the SAS complex (Sas2p-Sas4p-Sas5p), which acetylates free histones and nucleosomes and regulates transcriptional silencing; member of the MYSTacetyltransferase family
YDR007W6.134.36E-10TRP1Phosphoribosylanthranilate isomerase that catalyzes the third step in tryptophan biosynthesis; in 2004, the sequence of TRP1 from strain S228C was updated by changing the previously annotated internal STOP (TAA) to serine (TCA)
YDR095C_d6.114.97E-10YDR095C_dDubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data
YFR054C_d5.696.53E-9YFR054C_dDubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data
YGL222C5.442.72E-8EDC1RNA-binding protein that activates mRNA decapping directly; binds to the mRNA substrate and enhances the activity of the decapping proteins Dcp1p and Dcp2p; has a role in translation during heat stress; protein becomes more abundant and forms cytoplasmic foci in response to DNA replication stress
YJL105W5.393.56E-8SET4Protein of unknown function, contains a SET domain; SET4 has a paralog, SET3, that arose from the whole genome duplication
YDR015C_d5.191.08E-7YDR015C_dDubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; overlaps the verified gene HED1/YDR014W-A

GO enrichment analysis for SGTC_2616
biological processes

No protein complexes are significantly enriched (FDR < 0.1).

Coinhibitory screens
Download Coinhibition data (tab-delimited text)  (excel)

Correlation pval Screen ID Condition Source PubChem
CID
Tanimoto
Score
Response
Signature
0.4910SGTC_2607solasodine 47.4 μMMicrosource (Natural product library)67106420.146067
0.4601.17E-306SGTC_2650prasterone 100.0 μMMicrosource (Natural product library)167592470.202899
0.4433.42E-282SGTC_14823346-2049 8.5 μMChemDiv (Drug-like library)38268040.144578
0.3972.59E-222SGTC_1617st002906 78.0 μMTimTec (Natural product derivative library)51508590.0983607
0.3962.47E-221SGTC_22547938975 95.2 μMChembridge (Fragment library)29692770.0666667
0.3954.37E-219SGTC_1572epiandrosterone 68.9 μMTimTec (Pure natural product library)4413020.169014
0.3872.18E-210SGTC_18825615643 20.0 μMMiscellaneous22530750.043956TRP & mitochondrial translation
0.3871.16E-209SGTC_24785763493 32.3 μMMiscellaneous13655760.0512821
0.3852.04E-208SGTC_2758dehydroepiandrosterone 69.3 μMMiscellaneous58810.202899
0.3844.60E-207SGTC_12191469-0211 33.1 μMChemDiv (Drug-like library)68222820.0833333
0.3821.69E-204SGTC_2642cholecalciferol 100.0 μMMicrosource (Natural product library)98214650.195122
0.3811.67E-203SGTC_505gw-5074 63.9 μMICCB bioactive library59242080.0506329
0.3811.92E-203SGTC_24885268135 45.7 μMMiscellaneous12703560.0405405
0.3805.53E-202SGTC_2618avocadyne 43.4 μMMicrosource (Natural product library)30151890.0294118
0.3741.03E-195SGTC_20384100038 31.0 μMChembridge (Fragment library)35968030.0882353plasma membrane duress

Screens with compounds having similar structures
Screen ID Chemical Concentration Tanimoto Score PubChem ID Source Molecular Weight AlogP H-bond
donor
count
H-bond
acceptor
count
Response
Signature
SGTC_2536dehydroabietamide32.04 μM0.3088243983547Microsource (Natural product library)299.450364.76211
SGTC_1557sumaresinolic acid42.3 μM0.2727279982268TimTec (Pure natural product library)472.699725.27734
SGTC_1108betulinic acid729.14 nM0.2564164945TimTec (Natural product library)456.700326.49223
SGTC_2517totarol10 μM0.253731460178Microsource (Natural product library)286.45166.00411
SGTC_1127asiatic acid681.4 nM0.238095470603TimTec (Natural product library)488.699124.43545
SGTC_2583asiatic acid100 μM0.2380955320556Microsource (Natural product library)488.699124.43545
SGTC_2664lyso-paf C-1673.48 μM0.2352946710742Microsource (Natural product library)504.698523.26556
SGTC_2655perillic acid100 μM0.2333335702197Microsource (Natural product library)166.216962.64612
SGTC_260nsc-652383.99 μM0.2253523246252Miscellaneous407.588183.84623endomembrane recycling
SGTC_249418-aminoabieta-8,11,13-triene sulfate3.66 μM0.22535216725076Microsource (Natural product library)383.545324.25835
SGTC_1125tnp002481.33 μM0.22222224207736TimTec (Natural product library)250.376443.49502