myclobutanil FDA approved compound

2-(4-chlorophenyl)-2-(1,2,4-triazol-1-ylmethyl)hexanenitrile


Established Yeast Drug Target : ERG11

Myclobutanil is a general use pesticide, and more specifically, a triazole fungicide registered for use on a wide range of food crops. Like other azoles, it acts by inhibiting fungal cytochrome P450 enzyme 14α-demethylase.

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Source SMILES: standardizedunstandardized
Compound:
Screen ID SGTC_2765
Screen concentration 7.7 μM
Source Miscellaneous
PubChem CID 6336
SMILES CCCCC(CN1C=NC=N1)(C#N)C2=CC=C(C=C2)Cl
Standardized SMILES CCCCC(Cn1cncn1)(C#N)c2ccc(Cl)cc2
Molecular weight 288.7753
ALogP 3.72
H-bond donor count 0
H-bond acceptor count 3
Response signature azole & statin

Pool Growth Kinetics
% growth inhibition (Het. pool) 6.74
% growth inhibition (Hom. pool) 4.81


HIP profile

Heterozygous deletion strains
Scale: fixedexpanded
Heterozygous profile for 6336
Download HIP data (tab-delimited text)  (excel)
Gene:ACT1(YFL039C)|FD-Score:3.47|P-value:2.62E-4|Clearance:0.02||SGD DESC:Actin, structural protein involved in cell polarization, endocytosis, and other cytoskeletal functions Gene:ARP7(YPR034W)|FD-Score:4.41|P-value:5.16E-6|Clearance:0.27||SGD DESC:Component of both the SWI/SNF and RSC chromatin remodeling complexes; actin-related protein involved in transcriptional regulation Gene:CCT5(YJR064W)|FD-Score:-3.97|P-value:3.61E-5|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Subunit of the cytosolic chaperonin Cct ring complex, related to Tcp1p, required for the assembly of actin and tubulins in vivo Gene:CDC25(YLR310C)|FD-Score:-3.65|P-value:1.33E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Membrane bound guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF or GDP-release factor); indirectly regulates adenylate cyclase through activation of Ras1p and Ras2p by stimulating the exchange of GDP for GTP; required for progression through G1 Gene:EFB1(YAL003W)|FD-Score:-4.8|P-value:8.05E-7|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Translation elongation factor 1 beta; stimulates nucleotide exchange to regenerate EF-1 alpha-GTP for the next elongation cycle; part of the EF-1 complex, which facilitates binding of aminoacyl-tRNA to the ribosomal A site Gene:ERG11(YHR007C)|FD-Score:12.6|P-value:7.37E-37|Clearance:7.25||SGD DESC:Lanosterol 14-alpha-demethylase; catalyzes the C-14 demethylation of lanosterol to form 4,4''-dimethyl cholesta-8,14,24-triene-3-beta-ol in the ergosterol biosynthesis pathway; member of the cytochrome P450 family; associated and coordinately regulated with the P450 reductase Ncp1p Gene:GNA1(YFL017C)|FD-Score:3.44|P-value:2.94E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Evolutionarily conserved glucosamine-6-phosphate acetyltransferase required for multiple cell cycle events including passage through START, DNA synthesis, and mitosis; involved in UDP-N-acetylglucosamine synthesis, forms GlcNAc6P from AcCoA Gene:GPI12(YMR281W)|FD-Score:5.37|P-value:3.85E-8|Clearance:0.47||SGD DESC:ER membrane protein involved in the second step of glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor assembly, the de-N-acetylation of the N-acetylglucosaminylphosphatidylinositol intermediate; functional homolog of human PIG-Lp Gene:ILS1(YBL076C)|FD-Score:3.19|P-value:7.03E-4|Clearance:0.14||SGD DESC:Cytoplasmic isoleucine-tRNA synthetase, target of the G1-specific inhibitor reveromycin A Gene:KRE33(YNL132W)|FD-Score:3.45|P-value:2.83E-4|Clearance:0.01||SGD DESC:Essential protein, required for biogenesis of the small ribosomal subunit; heterozygous mutant shows haploinsufficiency in K1 killer toxin resistance Gene:MOT1(YPL082C)|FD-Score:-3.12|P-value:9.00E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Essential protein involved in regulation of transcription; removes Spt15p (TBP) from DNA via its C-terminal ATPase activity, forms a complex with TBP that binds TATA DNA with high affinity but with altered specificity; the Mot1p-Spt15p-DNA ternary complex contains unbent DNA Gene:MVD1(YNR043W)|FD-Score:3.39|P-value:3.47E-4|Clearance:0.11||SGD DESC:Mevalonate pyrophosphate decarboxylase, essential enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of isoprenoids and sterols, including ergosterol; acts as a homodimer Gene:NUP57(YGR119C)|FD-Score:3.43|P-value:2.98E-4|Clearance:0.04||SGD DESC:FG-nucleoporin component of central core of the nuclear pore complex (NPC); contributes directly to nucleocytoplasmic transport and maintenance of the NPC permeability barrier; found in stable complex with Nic96p and two other FG-nucleoproteins (Nsp1p and Nup49p) Gene:NUP85(YJR042W)|FD-Score:3.95|P-value:3.89E-5|Clearance:0.06||SGD DESC:Subunit of the Nup84p subcomplex of the nuclear pore complex (NPC); contributes to nucleocytoplasmic transport and NPC biogenesis and is involved in establishment of a normal nucleocytoplasmic concentration gradient of the GTPase Gsp1p; also plays roles in several processes that may require localization of genes or chromosomes at the nuclear periphery, including double-strand break repair, transcription and chromatin silencing; homologous to human NUP85 aka NUP75 Gene:PGA1(YNL158W)|FD-Score:3.21|P-value:6.62E-4|Clearance:0.02||SGD DESC:Essential component of GPI-mannosyltransferase II, responsible for second mannose addition to GPI precursors as a partner of Gpi18p; required for maturation of Gas1p and Pho8p; has synthetic genetic interations with secretory pathway genes Gene:POL31(YJR006W)|FD-Score:3.89|P-value:4.96E-5|Clearance:0.07||SGD DESC:Subunit of DNA polymerase delta (polymerase III); essential for cell viability; involved in DNA replication and DNA repair Gene:PUP1(YOR157C)|FD-Score:3.66|P-value:1.27E-4|Clearance:0.08||SGD DESC:Beta 2 subunit of the 20S proteasome; endopeptidase with trypsin-like activity that cleaves after basic residues; synthesized as a proprotein before being proteolytically processed for assembly into 20S particle; human homolog is subunit Z Gene:RFT1(YBL020W)|FD-Score:-3.1|P-value:9.83E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Essential integral membrane protein that is required for translocation of Man5GlcNac2-PP-Dol from the cytoplasmic side to the lumenal side of the ER membrane but is not the flippase; mutation is suppressed by expression of human p53 protein Gene:RPT3(YDR394W)|FD-Score:3.51|P-value:2.25E-4|Clearance:0.04||SGD DESC:One of six ATPases of the 19S regulatory particle of the 26S proteasome involved in the degradation of ubiquitinated substrates; substrate of N-acetyltransferase B Gene:SAS10(YDL153C)|FD-Score:3.82|P-value:6.72E-5|Clearance:0.16||SGD DESC:Essential subunit of U3-containing Small Subunit (SSU) processome complex involved in production of 18S rRNA and assembly of small ribosomal subunit; disrupts silencing when overproduced; mutant has increased aneuploidy tolerance Gene:SEC20(YDR498C)|FD-Score:3.28|P-value:5.17E-4|Clearance:0.05||SGD DESC:Membrane glycoprotein v-SNARE involved in retrograde transport from the Golgi to the ER; required for N- and O-glycosylation in the Golgi but not in the ER; interacts with the Dsl1p complex through Tip20p Gene:SEN34(YAR008W)|FD-Score:4.81|P-value:7.37E-7|Clearance:0.4||SGD DESC:Subunit of the tRNA splicing endonuclease, which is composed of Sen2p, Sen15p, Sen34p, and Sen54p; Sen34p contains the active site for tRNA 3' splice site cleavage and has similarity to Sen2p and to Archaeal tRNA splicing endonuclease Gene:SPC98(YNL126W)|FD-Score:3.23|P-value:6.12E-4|Clearance:0.02||SGD DESC:Component of the microtubule-nucleating Tub4p (gamma-tubulin) complex; interacts with Spc110p at the spindle pole body (SPB) inner plaque and with Spc72p at the SPB outer plaque Gene:TAF12(YDR145W)|FD-Score:4.91|P-value:4.65E-7|Clearance:0.09||SGD DESC:Subunit (61/68 kDa) of TFIID and SAGA complexes, involved in RNA polymerase II transcription initiation and in chromatin modification, similar to histone H2A Gene:TUB1(YML085C)|FD-Score:4.14|P-value:1.72E-5|Clearance:0.04||SGD DESC:Alpha-tubulin; associates with beta-tubulin (Tub2p) to form tubulin dimer, which polymerizes to form microtubules; relative distribution to nuclear foci increases upon DNA replication stress; TUB1 has a paralog, TUB3, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:UBC9(YDL064W)|FD-Score:4.1|P-value:2.07E-5|Clearance:0.15||SGD DESC:SUMO-conjugating enzyme involved in the Smt3p conjugation pathway; nuclear protein required for S- and M-phase cyclin degradation and mitotic control; involved in proteolysis mediated by the anaphase-promoting complex cyclosome (APCC) Gene:YDR187C(YDR187C_d)|FD-Score:-3.48|P-value:2.53E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified, essential ORF CCT6/YDR188W Gene:YMR290W-A(YMR290W-A_d)|FD-Score:3.58|P-value:1.74E-4|Clearance:0.07||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; overlaps 5' end of essential HAS1 gene which encodes an ATP-dependent RNA helicase Gene:ACT1(YFL039C)|FD-Score:3.47|P-value:2.62E-4|Clearance:0.02||SGD DESC:Actin, structural protein involved in cell polarization, endocytosis, and other cytoskeletal functions Gene:ARP7(YPR034W)|FD-Score:4.41|P-value:5.16E-6|Clearance:0.27||SGD DESC:Component of both the SWI/SNF and RSC chromatin remodeling complexes; actin-related protein involved in transcriptional regulation Gene:CCT5(YJR064W)|FD-Score:-3.97|P-value:3.61E-5|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Subunit of the cytosolic chaperonin Cct ring complex, related to Tcp1p, required for the assembly of actin and tubulins in vivo Gene:CDC25(YLR310C)|FD-Score:-3.65|P-value:1.33E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Membrane bound guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF or GDP-release factor); indirectly regulates adenylate cyclase through activation of Ras1p and Ras2p by stimulating the exchange of GDP for GTP; required for progression through G1 Gene:EFB1(YAL003W)|FD-Score:-4.8|P-value:8.05E-7|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Translation elongation factor 1 beta; stimulates nucleotide exchange to regenerate EF-1 alpha-GTP for the next elongation cycle; part of the EF-1 complex, which facilitates binding of aminoacyl-tRNA to the ribosomal A site Gene:ERG11(YHR007C)|FD-Score:12.6|P-value:7.37E-37|Clearance:7.25||SGD DESC:Lanosterol 14-alpha-demethylase; catalyzes the C-14 demethylation of lanosterol to form 4,4''-dimethyl cholesta-8,14,24-triene-3-beta-ol in the ergosterol biosynthesis pathway; member of the cytochrome P450 family; associated and coordinately regulated with the P450 reductase Ncp1p Gene:GNA1(YFL017C)|FD-Score:3.44|P-value:2.94E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Evolutionarily conserved glucosamine-6-phosphate acetyltransferase required for multiple cell cycle events including passage through START, DNA synthesis, and mitosis; involved in UDP-N-acetylglucosamine synthesis, forms GlcNAc6P from AcCoA Gene:GPI12(YMR281W)|FD-Score:5.37|P-value:3.85E-8|Clearance:0.47||SGD DESC:ER membrane protein involved in the second step of glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor assembly, the de-N-acetylation of the N-acetylglucosaminylphosphatidylinositol intermediate; functional homolog of human PIG-Lp Gene:ILS1(YBL076C)|FD-Score:3.19|P-value:7.03E-4|Clearance:0.14||SGD DESC:Cytoplasmic isoleucine-tRNA synthetase, target of the G1-specific inhibitor reveromycin A Gene:KRE33(YNL132W)|FD-Score:3.45|P-value:2.83E-4|Clearance:0.01||SGD DESC:Essential protein, required for biogenesis of the small ribosomal subunit; heterozygous mutant shows haploinsufficiency in K1 killer toxin resistance Gene:MOT1(YPL082C)|FD-Score:-3.12|P-value:9.00E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Essential protein involved in regulation of transcription; removes Spt15p (TBP) from DNA via its C-terminal ATPase activity, forms a complex with TBP that binds TATA DNA with high affinity but with altered specificity; the Mot1p-Spt15p-DNA ternary complex contains unbent DNA Gene:MVD1(YNR043W)|FD-Score:3.39|P-value:3.47E-4|Clearance:0.11||SGD DESC:Mevalonate pyrophosphate decarboxylase, essential enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of isoprenoids and sterols, including ergosterol; acts as a homodimer Gene:NUP57(YGR119C)|FD-Score:3.43|P-value:2.98E-4|Clearance:0.04||SGD DESC:FG-nucleoporin component of central core of the nuclear pore complex (NPC); contributes directly to nucleocytoplasmic transport and maintenance of the NPC permeability barrier; found in stable complex with Nic96p and two other FG-nucleoproteins (Nsp1p and Nup49p) Gene:NUP85(YJR042W)|FD-Score:3.95|P-value:3.89E-5|Clearance:0.06||SGD DESC:Subunit of the Nup84p subcomplex of the nuclear pore complex (NPC); contributes to nucleocytoplasmic transport and NPC biogenesis and is involved in establishment of a normal nucleocytoplasmic concentration gradient of the GTPase Gsp1p; also plays roles in several processes that may require localization of genes or chromosomes at the nuclear periphery, including double-strand break repair, transcription and chromatin silencing; homologous to human NUP85 aka NUP75 Gene:PGA1(YNL158W)|FD-Score:3.21|P-value:6.62E-4|Clearance:0.02||SGD DESC:Essential component of GPI-mannosyltransferase II, responsible for second mannose addition to GPI precursors as a partner of Gpi18p; required for maturation of Gas1p and Pho8p; has synthetic genetic interations with secretory pathway genes Gene:POL31(YJR006W)|FD-Score:3.89|P-value:4.96E-5|Clearance:0.07||SGD DESC:Subunit of DNA polymerase delta (polymerase III); essential for cell viability; involved in DNA replication and DNA repair Gene:PUP1(YOR157C)|FD-Score:3.66|P-value:1.27E-4|Clearance:0.08||SGD DESC:Beta 2 subunit of the 20S proteasome; endopeptidase with trypsin-like activity that cleaves after basic residues; synthesized as a proprotein before being proteolytically processed for assembly into 20S particle; human homolog is subunit Z Gene:RFT1(YBL020W)|FD-Score:-3.1|P-value:9.83E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Essential integral membrane protein that is required for translocation of Man5GlcNac2-PP-Dol from the cytoplasmic side to the lumenal side of the ER membrane but is not the flippase; mutation is suppressed by expression of human p53 protein Gene:RPT3(YDR394W)|FD-Score:3.51|P-value:2.25E-4|Clearance:0.04||SGD DESC:One of six ATPases of the 19S regulatory particle of the 26S proteasome involved in the degradation of ubiquitinated substrates; substrate of N-acetyltransferase B Gene:SAS10(YDL153C)|FD-Score:3.82|P-value:6.72E-5|Clearance:0.16||SGD DESC:Essential subunit of U3-containing Small Subunit (SSU) processome complex involved in production of 18S rRNA and assembly of small ribosomal subunit; disrupts silencing when overproduced; mutant has increased aneuploidy tolerance Gene:SEC20(YDR498C)|FD-Score:3.28|P-value:5.17E-4|Clearance:0.05||SGD DESC:Membrane glycoprotein v-SNARE involved in retrograde transport from the Golgi to the ER; required for N- and O-glycosylation in the Golgi but not in the ER; interacts with the Dsl1p complex through Tip20p Gene:SEN34(YAR008W)|FD-Score:4.81|P-value:7.37E-7|Clearance:0.4||SGD DESC:Subunit of the tRNA splicing endonuclease, which is composed of Sen2p, Sen15p, Sen34p, and Sen54p; Sen34p contains the active site for tRNA 3' splice site cleavage and has similarity to Sen2p and to Archaeal tRNA splicing endonuclease Gene:SPC98(YNL126W)|FD-Score:3.23|P-value:6.12E-4|Clearance:0.02||SGD DESC:Component of the microtubule-nucleating Tub4p (gamma-tubulin) complex; interacts with Spc110p at the spindle pole body (SPB) inner plaque and with Spc72p at the SPB outer plaque Gene:TAF12(YDR145W)|FD-Score:4.91|P-value:4.65E-7|Clearance:0.09||SGD DESC:Subunit (61/68 kDa) of TFIID and SAGA complexes, involved in RNA polymerase II transcription initiation and in chromatin modification, similar to histone H2A Gene:TUB1(YML085C)|FD-Score:4.14|P-value:1.72E-5|Clearance:0.04||SGD DESC:Alpha-tubulin; associates with beta-tubulin (Tub2p) to form tubulin dimer, which polymerizes to form microtubules; relative distribution to nuclear foci increases upon DNA replication stress; TUB1 has a paralog, TUB3, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:UBC9(YDL064W)|FD-Score:4.1|P-value:2.07E-5|Clearance:0.15||SGD DESC:SUMO-conjugating enzyme involved in the Smt3p conjugation pathway; nuclear protein required for S- and M-phase cyclin degradation and mitotic control; involved in proteolysis mediated by the anaphase-promoting complex cyclosome (APCC) Gene:YDR187C(YDR187C_d)|FD-Score:-3.48|P-value:2.53E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified, essential ORF CCT6/YDR188W Gene:YMR290W-A(YMR290W-A_d)|FD-Score:3.58|P-value:1.74E-4|Clearance:0.07||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; overlaps 5' end of essential HAS1 gene which encodes an ATP-dependent RNA helicase

HOP profile

Homozygous deletion strains
Scale: fixedexpanded
Homozygous profile for 6336
Download HOP data (tab-delimited text)  (excel)
Gene:ACE2(YLR131C)|FD-Score:5.42|P-value:2.98E-8||SGD DESC:Transcription factor required for septum destruction after cytokinesis; phosphorylation by Cbk1p blocks nuclear exit during M/G1 transition, causing localization to daughter cell nuclei, and also increases Ace2p activity; phosphorylation by Cdc28p and Pho85p prevents nuclear import during cell cycle phases other than cytokinesis; part of RAM network that regulates cellular polarity and morphogenesis; ACE2 has a paralog, SWI5, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:ADH5(YBR145W)|FD-Score:3.58|P-value:1.74E-4||SGD DESC:Alcohol dehydrogenase isoenzyme V; involved in ethanol production; ADH5 has a paralog, ADH1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:AFT2(YPL202C)|FD-Score:3.75|P-value:8.91E-5||SGD DESC:Iron-regulated transcriptional activator; activates genes involved in intracellular iron use and required for iron homeostasis and resistance to oxidative stress; AFT2 has a paralog, AFT1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:AIM46(YHR199C)|FD-Score:4.41|P-value:5.16E-6||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; the authentic, non-tagged protein is detected in highly purified mitochondria in high-throughput studies; null mutant displays elevated frequency of mitochondrial genome loss Gene:ARG81(YML099C)|FD-Score:3.31|P-value:4.72E-4||SGD DESC:Zinc-finger transcription factor of the Zn(2)-Cys(6) binuclear cluster domain type, involved in the regulation of arginine-responsive genes; acts with Arg80p and Arg82p Gene:AST1(YBL069W)|FD-Score:-3.29|P-value:4.92E-4||SGD DESC:Lipid raft associated protein; interacts with the plasma membrane ATPase Pma1p and has a role in its targeting to the plasma membrane by influencing its incorporation into lipid rafts; sometimes classified in the medium-chain dehydrogenase/reductases (MDRs) superfamily; AST1 has a paralog, AST2, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:ATG7(YHR171W)|FD-Score:-3.55|P-value:1.89E-4||SGD DESC:Autophagy-related protein and dual specificity member of the E1 family of ubiquitin-activating enzymes; mediates the conjugation of Atg12p with Atg5p and Atg8p with phosphatidylethanolamine, required steps in autophagosome formation Gene:BMH1(YER177W)|FD-Score:5.74|P-value:4.83E-9||SGD DESC:14-3-3 protein, major isoform; controls proteome at post-transcriptional level, binds proteins and DNA, involved in regulation of many processes including exocytosis, vesicle transport, Ras/MAPK signaling, and rapamycin-sensitive signaling; protein increases in abundance and relative distribution to the nucleus increases upon DNA replication stress Gene:BST1(YFL025C)|FD-Score:5.19|P-value:1.07E-7||SGD DESC:GPI inositol deacylase of the ER that negatively regulates COPII vesicle formation, prevents production of vesicles with defective subunits, required for proper discrimination between resident ER proteins and Golgi-bound cargo molecules Gene:BTS1(YPL069C)|FD-Score:4.66|P-value:1.55E-6||SGD DESC:Geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthase, increases the intracellular pool of geranylgeranyl diphosphate, suppressor of bet2 mutation that causes defective geranylgeranylation of small GTP-binding proteins that mediate vesicular traffic Gene:CAJ1(YER048C)|FD-Score:4.35|P-value:6.86E-6||SGD DESC:Nuclear type II J heat shock protein of the E. coli dnaJ family, contains a leucine zipper-like motif, binds to non-native substrates for presentation to Ssa3p, may function during protein translocation, assembly and disassembly Gene:CDC50(YCR094W)|FD-Score:5.17|P-value:1.19E-7||SGD DESC:Endosomal protein that interacts with phospholipid flippase Drs2p; interaction with Cdc50p is essential for Drs2p catalytic activity; mutations affect cell polarity and polarized growth; similar to Lem3p; CDC50 has a paralog, YNR048W, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:COG5(YNL051W)|FD-Score:-3.86|P-value:5.68E-5||SGD DESC:Component of the conserved oligomeric Golgi complex (Cog1p through Cog8p), a cytosolic tethering complex that functions in protein trafficking to mediate fusion of transport vesicles to Golgi compartments Gene:COG7(YGL005C)|FD-Score:-5.92|P-value:1.62E-9||SGD DESC:Component of the conserved oligomeric Golgi complex (Cog1p through Cog8p), a cytosolic tethering complex that functions in protein trafficking to mediate fusion of transport vesicles to Golgi compartments Gene:COG8(YML071C)|FD-Score:-5.4|P-value:3.27E-8||SGD DESC:Component of the conserved oligomeric Golgi complex (Cog1p through Cog8p), a cytosolic tethering complex that functions in protein trafficking to mediate fusion of transport vesicles to Golgi compartments Gene:COQ1(YBR003W)|FD-Score:3.1|P-value:9.64E-4||SGD DESC:Hexaprenyl pyrophosphate synthetase, catalyzes the first step in ubiquinone (coenzyme Q) biosynthesis Gene:COT1(YOR316C)|FD-Score:-3.45|P-value:2.82E-4||SGD DESC:Vacuolar transporter that mediates zinc transport into the vacuole; overexpression confers resistance to cobalt and rhodium; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress; COT1 has a paralog, ZRC1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:DAP1(YPL170W)|FD-Score:6.27|P-value:1.78E-10||SGD DESC:Heme-binding protein involved in regulation of cytochrome P450 protein Erg11p; damage response protein, related to mammalian membrane progesterone receptors; mutations lead to defects in telomeres, mitochondria, and sterol synthesis Gene:DFG16(YOR030W)|FD-Score:7.62|P-value:1.27E-14||SGD DESC:Probable multiple transmembrane protein; involved in diploid invasive and pseudohyphal growth upon nitrogen starvation; is glycosylated and phosphorylated; interacts with Rim21p and Rim9p in the plasma membrane to form a pH-sensing complex in the Rim101 pathway and is required to maintain Rim21p levels; required for accumulation of processed Rim101p Gene:EAF7(YNL136W)|FD-Score:3.22|P-value:6.33E-4||SGD DESC:Subunit of the NuA4 histone acetyltransferase complex, which acetylates the N-terminal tails of histones H4 and H2A Gene:EGT2(YNL327W)|FD-Score:-3.34|P-value:4.26E-4||SGD DESC:Glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored cell wall endoglucanase required for proper cell separation after cytokinesis, expression is activated by Swi5p and tightly regulated in a cell cycle-dependent manner Gene:EMC2(YJR088C)|FD-Score:3.88|P-value:5.14E-5||SGD DESC:Member of conserved ER transmembrane complex; required for efficient folding of proteins in the ER; null mutant displays induction of the unfolded protein response; homologous to worm Y57G7A.10/EMC-2, fly CG17556, human TTC35 Gene:FLC2(YAL053W)|FD-Score:3.8|P-value:7.12E-5||SGD DESC:Putative FAD transporter; required for uptake of FAD into endoplasmic reticulum; involved in cell wall maintenance; FLC2 has a paralog, YOR365C, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:FUS2(YMR232W)|FD-Score:3.61|P-value:1.55E-4||SGD DESC:Cytoplasmic protein localized to the shmoo tip; required for the alignment of parental nuclei before nuclear fusion during mating Gene:GIS3(YLR094C)|FD-Score:5.39|P-value:3.58E-8||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function Gene:GLC8(YMR311C)|FD-Score:3.62|P-value:1.45E-4||SGD DESC:Regulatory subunit of protein phosphatase 1 (Glc7p); involved in glycogen metabolism and chromosome segregation; proposed to regulate Glc7p activity via conformational alteration; ortholog of the mammalian protein phosphatase inhibitor 2; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:GPD1(YDL022W)|FD-Score:-3.31|P-value:4.65E-4||SGD DESC:NAD-dependent glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase; key enzyme of glycerol synthesis, essential for growth under osmotic stress; expression regulated by high-osmolarity glycerol response pathway; homolog of Gpd2p; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress; constitutively inactivated via phosphorylation by the protein kinases YPK1 and YPK2, dephosphorylation increases catalytic activity Gene:HMG1(YML075C)|FD-Score:13.8|P-value:1.14E-43||SGD DESC:HMG-CoA reductase; catalyzes the conversion of HMG-CoA to mevalonate, which is a rate-limiting step in sterol biosynthesis; one of two isozymes; localizes to the nuclear envelope; overproduction induces the formation of karmellae; forms foci at the nuclear periphery upon DNA replication stress Gene:HST2(YPL015C)|FD-Score:-3.23|P-value:6.16E-4||SGD DESC:Cytoplasmic member of the silencing information regulator 2 (Sir2) family of NAD(+)-dependent protein deacetylases; modulates nucleolar (rDNA) and telomeric silencing; possesses NAD(+)-dependent histone deacetylase activity in vitro; contains a nuclear export signal (NES); function regulated by its nuclear export Gene:HXT12(YIL170W)|FD-Score:3.74|P-value:9.22E-5||SGD DESC:Possible pseudogene in strain S288C; YIL170W/HXT12 and the adjacent ORF, YIL171W, together encode a non-functional member of the hexose transporter family Gene:INP51(YIL002C)|FD-Score:4.01|P-value:3.00E-5||SGD DESC:Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 5-phosphatase, synaptojanin-like protein with an N-terminal Sac1 domain, plays a role in phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate homeostasis and in endocytosis; null mutation confers cold-tolerant growth Gene:IRE1(YHR079C)|FD-Score:4.02|P-value:2.94E-5||SGD DESC:Serine-threonine kinase and endoribonuclease; transmembrane protein that mediates the unfolded protein response (UPR) by regulating Hac1p synthesis through HAC1 mRNA splicing; Kar2p binds inactive Ire1p and releases from it upon ER stress Gene:KES1(YPL145C)|FD-Score:3.1|P-value:9.71E-4||SGD DESC:One of seven members of the yeast oxysterol binding protein family; involved in negative regulation of Sec14p-dependent Golgi complex secretory functions, peripheral membrane protein that localizes to the Golgi complex; KES1 has a paralog, HES1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:LIF1(YGL090W)|FD-Score:3.85|P-value:5.96E-5||SGD DESC:Component of the DNA ligase IV complex that mediates nonhomologous end joining in DNA double-strand break repair; physically interacts with Dnl4p and Nej1p; homologous to mammalian XRCC4 protein Gene:LIP5(YOR196C)|FD-Score:5.28|P-value:6.44E-8||SGD DESC:Protein involved in biosynthesis of the coenzyme lipoic acid, has similarity to E. coli lipoic acid synthase Gene:MRPL24(YMR193W)|FD-Score:-3.1|P-value:9.68E-4||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial ribosomal protein of the large subunit; two mitochondrial ribosomal proteins, YmL14 and YmL24, have been assigned to the same gene Gene:MTC3(YGL226W)|FD-Score:-3.12|P-value:9.09E-4||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to the mitochondrion; mtc3 is synthetically sick with cdc13-1 Gene:MTM1(YGR257C)|FD-Score:3.69|P-value:1.10E-4||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial protein of the mitochondrial carrier family, involved in activating mitochondrial Sod2p probably by facilitating insertion of an essential manganese cofactor Gene:NFT1(YKR103W)|FD-Score:-3.92|P-value:4.43E-5||SGD DESC:Putative transporter of the multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) subfamily; adjacent ORFs YKR103W and YKR104W are merged in different strain backgrounds. Gene:PAC2(YER007W)|FD-Score:3.12|P-value:8.90E-4||SGD DESC:Microtubule effector required for tubulin heterodimer formation, binds alpha-tubulin, required for normal microtubule function, null mutant exhibits cold-sensitive microtubules and sensitivity to benomyl Gene:PDR1(YGL013C)|FD-Score:5.37|P-value:3.87E-8||SGD DESC:Transcription factor that regulates the pleiotropic drug response; zinc cluster protein that is a master regulator involved in recruiting other zinc cluster proteins to pleiotropic drug response elements (PDREs) to fine tune the regulation of multidrug resistance genes; PDR1 has a paralog, PDR3, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:PDR16(YNL231C)|FD-Score:4.24|P-value:1.12E-5||SGD DESC:Phosphatidylinositol transfer protein (PITP); controlled by the multiple drug resistance regulator Pdr1p; localizes to lipid particles and microsomes; controls levels of various lipids, may regulate lipid synthesis; homologous to Pdr17p; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:PHO86(YJL117W)|FD-Score:-3.64|P-value:1.34E-4||SGD DESC:Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) resident protein; required for ER exit of the high-affinity phosphate transporter Pho84p, specifically required for packaging of Pho84p into COPII vesicles; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:PKP2(YGL059W)|FD-Score:-4.03|P-value:2.83E-5||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial protein kinase; negatively regulates activity of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex by phosphorylating the ser-133 residue of the Pda1p subunit; acts in concert with kinase Pkp1p and phosphatases Ptc5p and Ptc6p; relocalizes from mitochondrion to cytoplasm upon DNA replication stress Gene:PRO2(YOR323C)|FD-Score:3.74|P-value:9.11E-5||SGD DESC:Gamma-glutamyl phosphate reductase, catalyzes the second step in proline biosynthesis Gene:PUS7(YOR243C)|FD-Score:3.84|P-value:6.05E-5||SGD DESC:Pseudouridine synthase, catalyzes pseudouridylation at positions 35 and 56 in U2 snRNA, position 50 in 5S rRNA, position 13 in cytoplasmic tRNAs, and position 35 in pre-tRNA(Tyr); conserved in archaea, vertebrates, and some bacteria Gene:PUT2(YHR037W)|FD-Score:3.38|P-value:3.67E-4||SGD DESC:Delta-1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase, nuclear-encoded mitochondrial protein involved in utilization of proline as sole nitrogen source; deficiency of the human homolog causes HPII, an autosomal recessive inborn error of metabolism Gene:RBD2(YPL246C)|FD-Score:4.05|P-value:2.52E-5||SGD DESC:Possible rhomboid protease, has similarity to eukaryotic rhomboid proteases including Pcp1p Gene:RCY1(YJL204C)|FD-Score:5.9|P-value:1.84E-9||SGD DESC:F-box protein involved in recycling plasma membrane proteins internalized by endocytosis; localized to sites of polarized growth Gene:REG1(YDR028C)|FD-Score:3.43|P-value:2.99E-4||SGD DESC:Regulatory subunit of type 1 protein phosphatase Glc7p; involved in negative regulation of glucose-repressible genes; involved in regulation of the nucleocytoplasmic shuttling of Hxk2p Gene:REV7(YIL139C)|FD-Score:4.69|P-value:1.34E-6||SGD DESC:Accessory subunit of DNA polymerase zeta, involved in translesion synthesis during post-replication repair; required for mutagenesis induced by DNA damage; involved in double-strand break repair Gene:RIM101(YHL027W)|FD-Score:5.14|P-value:1.39E-7||SGD DESC:Cys2His2 zinc-finger transcriptional repressor; involved in alkaline responsive gene repression as part of adaptation to a alkaline conditions; involved in cell wall assembly; required for alkaline pH-stimulated haploid invasive growth and sporulation; activated by alkaline-dependent proteolytic processing which results in removal of the C-terminal tail; similar to A. nidulans PacC Gene:RIM13(YMR154C)|FD-Score:4.5|P-value:3.41E-6||SGD DESC:Calpain-like cysteine protease; involved in proteolytic activation of Rim101p in response to alkaline pH; localizes to punctate structures in alkaline conditions and in vps4 mutant; has similarity to A. nidulans palB Gene:RIM20(YOR275C)|FD-Score:4.04|P-value:2.62E-5||SGD DESC:Protein involved in proteolytic activation of Rim101p in response to alkaline pH; PalA/AIP1/Alix family member; interaction with the ESCRT-III subunit Snf7p suggests a relationship between pH response and multivesicular body formation Gene:RIM21(YNL294C)|FD-Score:5.56|P-value:1.37E-8||SGD DESC:pH sensor molecule, component of the RIM101 pathway; has a role in cell wall construction and alkaline pH response; is glycosylated and phosphorylated; interacts with Dfg16p and Rim9p to form a pH-sensing complex; localization to the plasma membrane is dependent on Dfg16p and Rim9p; has similarity to A. nidulans PalH Gene:RIM8(YGL045W)|FD-Score:7.23|P-value:2.39E-13||SGD DESC:Protein involved in proteolytic activation of Rim101p in response to alkaline pH; interacts with ESCRT-1 subunits Stp22p and Vps28p; essential for anaerobic growth; member of the arrestin-related trafficking adaptor family Gene:RIM9(YMR063W)|FD-Score:4.41|P-value:5.28E-6||SGD DESC:Plasma membrane protein of unknown function; involved in the proteolytic activation of Rim101p in response to alkaline pH; interacts with Rim21p and Dfg16p to form a pH-sensing complex in the Rim101 pathway and is required to maintain Rim21p levels; has similarity to A. nidulans PalI; Gene:ROM2(YLR371W)|FD-Score:-3.93|P-value:4.31E-5||SGD DESC:GDP/GTP exchange factor (GEF) for Rho1p and Rho2p; mutations are synthetically lethal with mutations in rom1, which also encodes a GEF; Rom2p localization to the bud surface is dependent on Ack1p Gene:RPL40B(YKR094C)|FD-Score:3.54|P-value:2.02E-4||SGD DESC:Ubiquitin-ribosomal 60S subunit protein L40B fusion protein; cleaved to yield ubiquitin and ribosomal protein L40B; ubiquitin may facilitate assembly of the ribosomal protein into ribosomes; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein L40, no bacterial homolog; RPL40B has a paralog, RPL40A, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RPN4(YDL020C)|FD-Score:10.2|P-value:7.64E-25||SGD DESC:Transcription factor that stimulates expression of proteasome genes; Rpn4p levels are in turn regulated by the 26S proteasome in a negative feedback control mechanism; RPN4 is transcriptionally regulated by various stress responses; relative distribution to the nucleus increases upon DNA replication stress Gene:RTT10(YPL183C)|FD-Score:4.71|P-value:1.24E-6||SGD DESC:WD40 domain-containing protein involved in endosomal recycling; forms a complex with Rrt2p that functions in the retromer-mediated pathway for recycling internalized cell-surface proteins; evidence it interacts with Trm7p for 2'-O-methylation of N34 of substrate tRNAs; has a role in regulation of Ty1 transposition; human ortholog is WDR6 Gene:SAE3(YHR079C-A)|FD-Score:4.09|P-value:2.20E-5||SGD DESC:Meiosis specific protein involved in DMC1-dependent meiotic recombination, forms heterodimer with Mei5p; proposed to be an assembly factor for Dmc1p Gene:SHE4(YOR035C)|FD-Score:3.13|P-value:8.84E-4||SGD DESC:Protein containing a UCS (UNC-45/CRO1/SHE4) domain, binds to myosin motor domains to regulate myosin function; involved in endocytosis, polarization of the actin cytoskeleton, and asymmetric mRNA localization Gene:SKM1(YOL113W)|FD-Score:6.25|P-value:1.99E-10||SGD DESC:Member of the PAK family of serine/threonine protein kinases with similarity to Ste20p and Cla4p; involved in down-regulation of sterol uptake; proposed to be a downstream effector of Cdc42p during polarized growth Gene:SLA1(YBL007C)|FD-Score:-3.13|P-value:8.73E-4||SGD DESC:Cytoskeletal protein binding protein required for assembly of the cortical actin cytoskeleton; interacts with proteins regulating actin dynamics and proteins required for endocytosis; found in the nucleus and cell cortex; has 3 SH3 domains Gene:SNF7(YLR025W)|FD-Score:4.91|P-value:4.64E-7||SGD DESC:One of four subunits of the endosomal sorting complex required for transport III (ESCRT-III); involved in the sorting of transmembrane proteins into the multivesicular body (MVB) pathway; recruited from the cytoplasm to endosomal membranes Gene:SPT3(YDR392W)|FD-Score:6.79|P-value:5.68E-12||SGD DESC:Subunit of the SAGA and SAGA-like transcriptional regulatory complexes, interacts with Spt15p to activate transcription of some RNA polymerase II-dependent genes, also functions to inhibit transcription at some promoters Gene:SPT8(YLR055C)|FD-Score:4.33|P-value:7.62E-6||SGD DESC:Subunit of the SAGA transcriptional regulatory complex but not present in SAGA-like complex SLIK/SALSA, required for SAGA-mediated inhibition at some promoters Gene:SSD1(YDR293C)|FD-Score:5.09|P-value:1.76E-7||SGD DESC:Translational repressor with a role in polar growth and wall integrity; regulated by Cbk1p phosphorylation to effect bud-specific translational control and localization of specific mRNAs; interacts with TOR pathway components; contains a functional N-terminal nuclear localization sequence and nucleocytoplasmic shuttling appears to be critical to Ssd1p function Gene:STL1(YDR536W)|FD-Score:4.34|P-value:7.08E-6||SGD DESC:Glycerol proton symporter of the plasma membrane, subject to glucose-induced inactivation, strongly but transiently induced when cells are subjected to osmotic shock Gene:SWC7(YLR385C)|FD-Score:4.19|P-value:1.41E-5||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function, component of the Swr1p complex that incorporates Htz1p into chromatin Gene:TAH1(YCR060W)|FD-Score:-3.47|P-value:2.61E-4||SGD DESC:Component of the conserved R2TP complex (Rvb1-Rvb2-Tah1-Pih1); contains a single TPR domain with at least two TPR motifs; R2TP complex interacts with Hsp90 (Hsp82p and Hsc82p) to mediate assembly large protein complexes such as box C/D snoRNPs and RNA polymerase II Gene:TDP1(YBR223C)|FD-Score:3.71|P-value:1.04E-4||SGD DESC:Tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase I; hydrolyzes 3' and 5'-phosphotyrosyl bonds; involved in the repair of DNA lesions created by topoisomerase I and topoisomerase II; mutations in human homolog result in the neurodegenerative disease SCANI Gene:THI72(YOR192C)|FD-Score:3.1|P-value:9.61E-4||SGD DESC:Transporter of thiamine or related compound; shares sequence similarity with Thi7p Gene:TUB3(YML124C)|FD-Score:-3.64|P-value:1.39E-4||SGD DESC:Alpha-tubulin; associates with beta-tubulin (Tub2p) to form tubulin dimer, which polymerizes to form microtubules; expressed at lower level than Tub1p; TUB3 has a paralog, TUB1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:TVP18(YMR071C)|FD-Score:3.59|P-value:1.62E-4||SGD DESC:Integral membrane protein localized to late Golgi vesicles along with the v-SNARE Tlg2p; may interact with ribosomes, based on co-purification experiments Gene:UTR1(YJR049C)|FD-Score:4.51|P-value:3.29E-6||SGD DESC:ATP-NADH kinase; phosphorylates both NAD and NADH; active as a hexamer; enhances the activity of ferric reductase (Fre1p); UTR1 has a paralog, YEF1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:VAC17(YCL063W)|FD-Score:-3.69|P-value:1.11E-4||SGD DESC:Phosphoprotein involved in vacuole inheritance; degraded in late M phase of the cell cycle; acts as a vacuole-specific receptor for myosin Myo2p Gene:VAC7(YNL054W)|FD-Score:3.32|P-value:4.58E-4||SGD DESC:Integral vacuolar membrane protein involved in vacuole inheritance and morphology; activates Fab1p kinase activity under basal conditions and also after hyperosmotic shock Gene:VPS15(YBR097W)|FD-Score:-4.12|P-value:1.87E-5||SGD DESC:Serine/threonine protein kinase involved in vacuolar protein sorting; functions as a membrane-associated complex with Vps34p; active form recruits Vps34p to the Golgi membrane; interacts with the GDP-bound form of Gpa1p; myristoylated; a fraction is localized, with Vps34p, to nuclear pores at nucleus-vacuole junctions and may facilitate transcription elongation for genes positioned at the nuclear periphery Gene:VPS25(YJR102C)|FD-Score:5.86|P-value:2.29E-9||SGD DESC:Component of the ESCRT-II complex, which is involved in ubiquitin-dependent sorting of proteins into the endosome Gene:VPS28(YPL065W)|FD-Score:3.27|P-value:5.30E-4||SGD DESC:Component of the ESCRT-I complex (Stp22p, Srn2p, Vps28p, and Mvb12p), which is involved in ubiquitin-dependent sorting of proteins into the endosome; conserved C-terminal domain interacts with ESCRT-III subunit Vps20p Gene:VPS30(YPL120W)|FD-Score:3.36|P-value:3.96E-4||SGD DESC:Subunit of phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) 3-kinase complexes I and II; Complex I is essential in autophagy and Complex II is required for vacuolar protein sorting; required for overflow degradation of misfolded proteins when ERAD is saturated; ortholog of the higher eukaryotic gene Beclin 1 Gene:VPS36(YLR417W)|FD-Score:4.54|P-value:2.83E-6||SGD DESC:Component of the ESCRT-II complex; contains the GLUE (GRAM Like Ubiquitin binding in EAP45) domain which is involved in interactions with ESCRT-I and ubiquitin-dependent sorting of proteins into the endosome Gene:YBR242W(YBR242W_p)|FD-Score:3.35|P-value:4.08E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to the cytoplasm and nucleus; YBR242W is not an essential gene Gene:YDL118W(YDL118W_p)|FD-Score:6.41|P-value:7.21E-11||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame, unlikely to encode a protein; overlaps almost completely with YDL119C; mutations that would affect both YDL118W and YDL119C confer defective telomere maintenance and are synthetically sick or lethal with alpha-synuclein Gene:YDL119C(YDL119C_p)|FD-Score:4.69|P-value:1.37E-6||SGD DESC:Putative mitochondrial transport protein; GFP-fusion protein is induced in response to the DNA-damaging agent MMS; the authentic, non-tagged protein is detected in purified mitochondria Gene:YDR271C(YDR271C_d)|FD-Score:4.36|P-value:6.65E-6||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified ORF CCC2/YDR270W Gene:YER079W(YER079W_p)|FD-Score:-3.69|P-value:1.10E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function Gene:YER137C(YER137C_p)|FD-Score:3.31|P-value:4.69E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function Gene:YGR054W(YGR054W)|FD-Score:3.34|P-value:4.18E-4||SGD DESC:Eukaryotic initiation factor (eIF) 2A; associates specifically with both 40S subunits and 80 S ribosomes, and interacts genetically with both eIF5b and eIF4E; homologous to mammalian eIF2A Gene:YGR122W(YGR122W)|FD-Score:4.84|P-value:6.54E-7||SGD DESC:Protein that may be involved in pH regulation; probable ortholog of A. nidulans PalC, which is involved in pH regulation and binds to the ESCRT-III complex; null mutant does not properly process Rim101p and has decreased resistance to rapamycin; GFP-fusion protein is cytoplasmic; relative distribution to cytoplasm increases upon DNA replication stress Gene:YHP1(YDR451C)|FD-Score:3.73|P-value:9.46E-5||SGD DESC:Homeobox transcriptional repressor; binds Mcm1p and early cell cycle box (ECB) elements of cell cycle regulated genes, thereby restricting ECB-mediated transcription to the M/G1 interval; YHP1 has a paralog, YOX1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:YHR045W(YHR045W_p)|FD-Score:7.84|P-value:2.22E-15||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; possible role in iron metabolism and/or amino acid and carbohydrate metabolism; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum Gene:YIL141W(YIL141W_d)|FD-Score:3.55|P-value:1.89E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YKR078W(YKR078W)|FD-Score:3.68|P-value:1.16E-4||SGD DESC:Cytoplasmic protein of unknown function, has similarity to Vps5p; potential Cdc28p substrate; contains a Phox homology (PX) domain and specifically binds phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate (PtdIns-3-P) Gene:YLR358C(YLR358C_p)|FD-Score:3.24|P-value:6.04E-4||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function; expressed at both mRNA and protein levels; partially overlaps ORF RSC2/YLR357W Gene:YML053C(YML053C_p)|FD-Score:3.09|P-value:9.90E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to the cytoplasm and the nucleus; overexpression causes a cell cycle delay or arrest; YML053C is not an essential gene Gene:YMR052C-A(YMR052C-A_d)|FD-Score:6.5|P-value:4.06E-11||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YNL235C(YNL235C_d)|FD-Score:3.57|P-value:1.79E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified ORF SIN4/YNL236W, a subunit of the mediator complex Gene:YOR345C(YOR345C_d)|FD-Score:4.64|P-value:1.70E-6||SGD DESC:Dubious ORF unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; overlaps the verified gene REV1; null mutant displays increased resistance to antifungal agents gliotoxin, cycloheximide and H2O2 Gene:YPK1(YKL126W)|FD-Score:13.7|P-value:3.78E-43||SGD DESC:Serine/threonine protein kinase; phosphorylates and downregulates flippase activator Fpk1p; inactivates Orm1p and Orm2p (inhibitors of serine:palmitoyl-coenzyme A transferase) by phosphorylation in response to compromised sphingolipid synthesis; mutations affect receptor-mediated endocytosis and sphingolipid-mediated and cell integrity signaling pathways; homolog of mammalian kinase SGK; YPK1 has a paralog, YPK2, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:YPR098C(YPR098C)|FD-Score:3.16|P-value:7.94E-4||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function, localized to the mitochondrial outer membrane Gene:YPR196W(YPR196W_p)|FD-Score:5.65|P-value:8.13E-9||SGD DESC:Putative maltose-responsive transcription factor Gene:YPT31(YER031C)|FD-Score:5.25|P-value:7.60E-8||SGD DESC:Rab family GTPase; involved in the exocytic pathway; mediates intra-Golgi traffic or the budding of post-Golgi vesicles from the trans-Golgi; YPT31 has a paralog, YPT32, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:YRA2(YKL214C)|FD-Score:3.81|P-value:7.04E-5||SGD DESC:Member of the REF (RNA and export factor binding proteins) family; when overexpressed, can substitute for the function of Yra1p in export of poly(A)+ mRNA from the nucleus Gene:YTA7(YGR270W)|FD-Score:3.84|P-value:6.20E-5||SGD DESC:Protein that localizes to chromatin and has a role in regulation of histone gene expression; has a bromodomain-like region that interacts with the N-terminal tail of histone H3, and an ATPase domain; potentially phosphorylated by Cdc28p Gene:ZRC1(YMR243C)|FD-Score:-3.39|P-value:3.55E-4||SGD DESC:Vacuolar membrane zinc transporter; transports zinc from cytosol to vacuole for storage; also has role in resistance to zinc shock resulting from sudden influx of zinc into cytoplasm; human ortholog SLC30A10 functions as a Mn transporter and mutations in SLC30A10 cause neurotoxic accumulation of Mn in liver and brain; ZRC1 has a paralog, COT1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:ACE2(YLR131C)|FD-Score:5.42|P-value:2.98E-8||SGD DESC:Transcription factor required for septum destruction after cytokinesis; phosphorylation by Cbk1p blocks nuclear exit during M/G1 transition, causing localization to daughter cell nuclei, and also increases Ace2p activity; phosphorylation by Cdc28p and Pho85p prevents nuclear import during cell cycle phases other than cytokinesis; part of RAM network that regulates cellular polarity and morphogenesis; ACE2 has a paralog, SWI5, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:ADH5(YBR145W)|FD-Score:3.58|P-value:1.74E-4||SGD DESC:Alcohol dehydrogenase isoenzyme V; involved in ethanol production; ADH5 has a paralog, ADH1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:AFT2(YPL202C)|FD-Score:3.75|P-value:8.91E-5||SGD DESC:Iron-regulated transcriptional activator; activates genes involved in intracellular iron use and required for iron homeostasis and resistance to oxidative stress; AFT2 has a paralog, AFT1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:AIM46(YHR199C)|FD-Score:4.41|P-value:5.16E-6||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; the authentic, non-tagged protein is detected in highly purified mitochondria in high-throughput studies; null mutant displays elevated frequency of mitochondrial genome loss Gene:ARG81(YML099C)|FD-Score:3.31|P-value:4.72E-4||SGD DESC:Zinc-finger transcription factor of the Zn(2)-Cys(6) binuclear cluster domain type, involved in the regulation of arginine-responsive genes; acts with Arg80p and Arg82p Gene:AST1(YBL069W)|FD-Score:-3.29|P-value:4.92E-4||SGD DESC:Lipid raft associated protein; interacts with the plasma membrane ATPase Pma1p and has a role in its targeting to the plasma membrane by influencing its incorporation into lipid rafts; sometimes classified in the medium-chain dehydrogenase/reductases (MDRs) superfamily; AST1 has a paralog, AST2, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:ATG7(YHR171W)|FD-Score:-3.55|P-value:1.89E-4||SGD DESC:Autophagy-related protein and dual specificity member of the E1 family of ubiquitin-activating enzymes; mediates the conjugation of Atg12p with Atg5p and Atg8p with phosphatidylethanolamine, required steps in autophagosome formation Gene:BMH1(YER177W)|FD-Score:5.74|P-value:4.83E-9||SGD DESC:14-3-3 protein, major isoform; controls proteome at post-transcriptional level, binds proteins and DNA, involved in regulation of many processes including exocytosis, vesicle transport, Ras/MAPK signaling, and rapamycin-sensitive signaling; protein increases in abundance and relative distribution to the nucleus increases upon DNA replication stress Gene:BST1(YFL025C)|FD-Score:5.19|P-value:1.07E-7||SGD DESC:GPI inositol deacylase of the ER that negatively regulates COPII vesicle formation, prevents production of vesicles with defective subunits, required for proper discrimination between resident ER proteins and Golgi-bound cargo molecules Gene:BTS1(YPL069C)|FD-Score:4.66|P-value:1.55E-6||SGD DESC:Geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthase, increases the intracellular pool of geranylgeranyl diphosphate, suppressor of bet2 mutation that causes defective geranylgeranylation of small GTP-binding proteins that mediate vesicular traffic Gene:CAJ1(YER048C)|FD-Score:4.35|P-value:6.86E-6||SGD DESC:Nuclear type II J heat shock protein of the E. coli dnaJ family, contains a leucine zipper-like motif, binds to non-native substrates for presentation to Ssa3p, may function during protein translocation, assembly and disassembly Gene:CDC50(YCR094W)|FD-Score:5.17|P-value:1.19E-7||SGD DESC:Endosomal protein that interacts with phospholipid flippase Drs2p; interaction with Cdc50p is essential for Drs2p catalytic activity; mutations affect cell polarity and polarized growth; similar to Lem3p; CDC50 has a paralog, YNR048W, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:COG5(YNL051W)|FD-Score:-3.86|P-value:5.68E-5||SGD DESC:Component of the conserved oligomeric Golgi complex (Cog1p through Cog8p), a cytosolic tethering complex that functions in protein trafficking to mediate fusion of transport vesicles to Golgi compartments Gene:COG7(YGL005C)|FD-Score:-5.92|P-value:1.62E-9||SGD DESC:Component of the conserved oligomeric Golgi complex (Cog1p through Cog8p), a cytosolic tethering complex that functions in protein trafficking to mediate fusion of transport vesicles to Golgi compartments Gene:COG8(YML071C)|FD-Score:-5.4|P-value:3.27E-8||SGD DESC:Component of the conserved oligomeric Golgi complex (Cog1p through Cog8p), a cytosolic tethering complex that functions in protein trafficking to mediate fusion of transport vesicles to Golgi compartments Gene:COQ1(YBR003W)|FD-Score:3.1|P-value:9.64E-4||SGD DESC:Hexaprenyl pyrophosphate synthetase, catalyzes the first step in ubiquinone (coenzyme Q) biosynthesis Gene:COT1(YOR316C)|FD-Score:-3.45|P-value:2.82E-4||SGD DESC:Vacuolar transporter that mediates zinc transport into the vacuole; overexpression confers resistance to cobalt and rhodium; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress; COT1 has a paralog, ZRC1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:DAP1(YPL170W)|FD-Score:6.27|P-value:1.78E-10||SGD DESC:Heme-binding protein involved in regulation of cytochrome P450 protein Erg11p; damage response protein, related to mammalian membrane progesterone receptors; mutations lead to defects in telomeres, mitochondria, and sterol synthesis Gene:DFG16(YOR030W)|FD-Score:7.62|P-value:1.27E-14||SGD DESC:Probable multiple transmembrane protein; involved in diploid invasive and pseudohyphal growth upon nitrogen starvation; is glycosylated and phosphorylated; interacts with Rim21p and Rim9p in the plasma membrane to form a pH-sensing complex in the Rim101 pathway and is required to maintain Rim21p levels; required for accumulation of processed Rim101p Gene:EAF7(YNL136W)|FD-Score:3.22|P-value:6.33E-4||SGD DESC:Subunit of the NuA4 histone acetyltransferase complex, which acetylates the N-terminal tails of histones H4 and H2A Gene:EGT2(YNL327W)|FD-Score:-3.34|P-value:4.26E-4||SGD DESC:Glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored cell wall endoglucanase required for proper cell separation after cytokinesis, expression is activated by Swi5p and tightly regulated in a cell cycle-dependent manner Gene:EMC2(YJR088C)|FD-Score:3.88|P-value:5.14E-5||SGD DESC:Member of conserved ER transmembrane complex; required for efficient folding of proteins in the ER; null mutant displays induction of the unfolded protein response; homologous to worm Y57G7A.10/EMC-2, fly CG17556, human TTC35 Gene:FLC2(YAL053W)|FD-Score:3.8|P-value:7.12E-5||SGD DESC:Putative FAD transporter; required for uptake of FAD into endoplasmic reticulum; involved in cell wall maintenance; FLC2 has a paralog, YOR365C, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:FUS2(YMR232W)|FD-Score:3.61|P-value:1.55E-4||SGD DESC:Cytoplasmic protein localized to the shmoo tip; required for the alignment of parental nuclei before nuclear fusion during mating Gene:GIS3(YLR094C)|FD-Score:5.39|P-value:3.58E-8||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function Gene:GLC8(YMR311C)|FD-Score:3.62|P-value:1.45E-4||SGD DESC:Regulatory subunit of protein phosphatase 1 (Glc7p); involved in glycogen metabolism and chromosome segregation; proposed to regulate Glc7p activity via conformational alteration; ortholog of the mammalian protein phosphatase inhibitor 2; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:GPD1(YDL022W)|FD-Score:-3.31|P-value:4.65E-4||SGD DESC:NAD-dependent glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase; key enzyme of glycerol synthesis, essential for growth under osmotic stress; expression regulated by high-osmolarity glycerol response pathway; homolog of Gpd2p; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress; constitutively inactivated via phosphorylation by the protein kinases YPK1 and YPK2, dephosphorylation increases catalytic activity Gene:HMG1(YML075C)|FD-Score:13.8|P-value:1.14E-43||SGD DESC:HMG-CoA reductase; catalyzes the conversion of HMG-CoA to mevalonate, which is a rate-limiting step in sterol biosynthesis; one of two isozymes; localizes to the nuclear envelope; overproduction induces the formation of karmellae; forms foci at the nuclear periphery upon DNA replication stress Gene:HST2(YPL015C)|FD-Score:-3.23|P-value:6.16E-4||SGD DESC:Cytoplasmic member of the silencing information regulator 2 (Sir2) family of NAD(+)-dependent protein deacetylases; modulates nucleolar (rDNA) and telomeric silencing; possesses NAD(+)-dependent histone deacetylase activity in vitro; contains a nuclear export signal (NES); function regulated by its nuclear export Gene:HXT12(YIL170W)|FD-Score:3.74|P-value:9.22E-5||SGD DESC:Possible pseudogene in strain S288C; YIL170W/HXT12 and the adjacent ORF, YIL171W, together encode a non-functional member of the hexose transporter family Gene:INP51(YIL002C)|FD-Score:4.01|P-value:3.00E-5||SGD DESC:Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 5-phosphatase, synaptojanin-like protein with an N-terminal Sac1 domain, plays a role in phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate homeostasis and in endocytosis; null mutation confers cold-tolerant growth Gene:IRE1(YHR079C)|FD-Score:4.02|P-value:2.94E-5||SGD DESC:Serine-threonine kinase and endoribonuclease; transmembrane protein that mediates the unfolded protein response (UPR) by regulating Hac1p synthesis through HAC1 mRNA splicing; Kar2p binds inactive Ire1p and releases from it upon ER stress Gene:KES1(YPL145C)|FD-Score:3.1|P-value:9.71E-4||SGD DESC:One of seven members of the yeast oxysterol binding protein family; involved in negative regulation of Sec14p-dependent Golgi complex secretory functions, peripheral membrane protein that localizes to the Golgi complex; KES1 has a paralog, HES1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:LIF1(YGL090W)|FD-Score:3.85|P-value:5.96E-5||SGD DESC:Component of the DNA ligase IV complex that mediates nonhomologous end joining in DNA double-strand break repair; physically interacts with Dnl4p and Nej1p; homologous to mammalian XRCC4 protein Gene:LIP5(YOR196C)|FD-Score:5.28|P-value:6.44E-8||SGD DESC:Protein involved in biosynthesis of the coenzyme lipoic acid, has similarity to E. coli lipoic acid synthase Gene:MRPL24(YMR193W)|FD-Score:-3.1|P-value:9.68E-4||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial ribosomal protein of the large subunit; two mitochondrial ribosomal proteins, YmL14 and YmL24, have been assigned to the same gene Gene:MTC3(YGL226W)|FD-Score:-3.12|P-value:9.09E-4||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to the mitochondrion; mtc3 is synthetically sick with cdc13-1 Gene:MTM1(YGR257C)|FD-Score:3.69|P-value:1.10E-4||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial protein of the mitochondrial carrier family, involved in activating mitochondrial Sod2p probably by facilitating insertion of an essential manganese cofactor Gene:NFT1(YKR103W)|FD-Score:-3.92|P-value:4.43E-5||SGD DESC:Putative transporter of the multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) subfamily; adjacent ORFs YKR103W and YKR104W are merged in different strain backgrounds. Gene:PAC2(YER007W)|FD-Score:3.12|P-value:8.90E-4||SGD DESC:Microtubule effector required for tubulin heterodimer formation, binds alpha-tubulin, required for normal microtubule function, null mutant exhibits cold-sensitive microtubules and sensitivity to benomyl Gene:PDR1(YGL013C)|FD-Score:5.37|P-value:3.87E-8||SGD DESC:Transcription factor that regulates the pleiotropic drug response; zinc cluster protein that is a master regulator involved in recruiting other zinc cluster proteins to pleiotropic drug response elements (PDREs) to fine tune the regulation of multidrug resistance genes; PDR1 has a paralog, PDR3, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:PDR16(YNL231C)|FD-Score:4.24|P-value:1.12E-5||SGD DESC:Phosphatidylinositol transfer protein (PITP); controlled by the multiple drug resistance regulator Pdr1p; localizes to lipid particles and microsomes; controls levels of various lipids, may regulate lipid synthesis; homologous to Pdr17p; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:PHO86(YJL117W)|FD-Score:-3.64|P-value:1.34E-4||SGD DESC:Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) resident protein; required for ER exit of the high-affinity phosphate transporter Pho84p, specifically required for packaging of Pho84p into COPII vesicles; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:PKP2(YGL059W)|FD-Score:-4.03|P-value:2.83E-5||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial protein kinase; negatively regulates activity of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex by phosphorylating the ser-133 residue of the Pda1p subunit; acts in concert with kinase Pkp1p and phosphatases Ptc5p and Ptc6p; relocalizes from mitochondrion to cytoplasm upon DNA replication stress Gene:PRO2(YOR323C)|FD-Score:3.74|P-value:9.11E-5||SGD DESC:Gamma-glutamyl phosphate reductase, catalyzes the second step in proline biosynthesis Gene:PUS7(YOR243C)|FD-Score:3.84|P-value:6.05E-5||SGD DESC:Pseudouridine synthase, catalyzes pseudouridylation at positions 35 and 56 in U2 snRNA, position 50 in 5S rRNA, position 13 in cytoplasmic tRNAs, and position 35 in pre-tRNA(Tyr); conserved in archaea, vertebrates, and some bacteria Gene:PUT2(YHR037W)|FD-Score:3.38|P-value:3.67E-4||SGD DESC:Delta-1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase, nuclear-encoded mitochondrial protein involved in utilization of proline as sole nitrogen source; deficiency of the human homolog causes HPII, an autosomal recessive inborn error of metabolism Gene:RBD2(YPL246C)|FD-Score:4.05|P-value:2.52E-5||SGD DESC:Possible rhomboid protease, has similarity to eukaryotic rhomboid proteases including Pcp1p Gene:RCY1(YJL204C)|FD-Score:5.9|P-value:1.84E-9||SGD DESC:F-box protein involved in recycling plasma membrane proteins internalized by endocytosis; localized to sites of polarized growth Gene:REG1(YDR028C)|FD-Score:3.43|P-value:2.99E-4||SGD DESC:Regulatory subunit of type 1 protein phosphatase Glc7p; involved in negative regulation of glucose-repressible genes; involved in regulation of the nucleocytoplasmic shuttling of Hxk2p Gene:REV7(YIL139C)|FD-Score:4.69|P-value:1.34E-6||SGD DESC:Accessory subunit of DNA polymerase zeta, involved in translesion synthesis during post-replication repair; required for mutagenesis induced by DNA damage; involved in double-strand break repair Gene:RIM101(YHL027W)|FD-Score:5.14|P-value:1.39E-7||SGD DESC:Cys2His2 zinc-finger transcriptional repressor; involved in alkaline responsive gene repression as part of adaptation to a alkaline conditions; involved in cell wall assembly; required for alkaline pH-stimulated haploid invasive growth and sporulation; activated by alkaline-dependent proteolytic processing which results in removal of the C-terminal tail; similar to A. nidulans PacC Gene:RIM13(YMR154C)|FD-Score:4.5|P-value:3.41E-6||SGD DESC:Calpain-like cysteine protease; involved in proteolytic activation of Rim101p in response to alkaline pH; localizes to punctate structures in alkaline conditions and in vps4 mutant; has similarity to A. nidulans palB Gene:RIM20(YOR275C)|FD-Score:4.04|P-value:2.62E-5||SGD DESC:Protein involved in proteolytic activation of Rim101p in response to alkaline pH; PalA/AIP1/Alix family member; interaction with the ESCRT-III subunit Snf7p suggests a relationship between pH response and multivesicular body formation Gene:RIM21(YNL294C)|FD-Score:5.56|P-value:1.37E-8||SGD DESC:pH sensor molecule, component of the RIM101 pathway; has a role in cell wall construction and alkaline pH response; is glycosylated and phosphorylated; interacts with Dfg16p and Rim9p to form a pH-sensing complex; localization to the plasma membrane is dependent on Dfg16p and Rim9p; has similarity to A. nidulans PalH Gene:RIM8(YGL045W)|FD-Score:7.23|P-value:2.39E-13||SGD DESC:Protein involved in proteolytic activation of Rim101p in response to alkaline pH; interacts with ESCRT-1 subunits Stp22p and Vps28p; essential for anaerobic growth; member of the arrestin-related trafficking adaptor family Gene:RIM9(YMR063W)|FD-Score:4.41|P-value:5.28E-6||SGD DESC:Plasma membrane protein of unknown function; involved in the proteolytic activation of Rim101p in response to alkaline pH; interacts with Rim21p and Dfg16p to form a pH-sensing complex in the Rim101 pathway and is required to maintain Rim21p levels; has similarity to A. nidulans PalI; Gene:ROM2(YLR371W)|FD-Score:-3.93|P-value:4.31E-5||SGD DESC:GDP/GTP exchange factor (GEF) for Rho1p and Rho2p; mutations are synthetically lethal with mutations in rom1, which also encodes a GEF; Rom2p localization to the bud surface is dependent on Ack1p Gene:RPL40B(YKR094C)|FD-Score:3.54|P-value:2.02E-4||SGD DESC:Ubiquitin-ribosomal 60S subunit protein L40B fusion protein; cleaved to yield ubiquitin and ribosomal protein L40B; ubiquitin may facilitate assembly of the ribosomal protein into ribosomes; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein L40, no bacterial homolog; RPL40B has a paralog, RPL40A, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RPN4(YDL020C)|FD-Score:10.2|P-value:7.64E-25||SGD DESC:Transcription factor that stimulates expression of proteasome genes; Rpn4p levels are in turn regulated by the 26S proteasome in a negative feedback control mechanism; RPN4 is transcriptionally regulated by various stress responses; relative distribution to the nucleus increases upon DNA replication stress Gene:RTT10(YPL183C)|FD-Score:4.71|P-value:1.24E-6||SGD DESC:WD40 domain-containing protein involved in endosomal recycling; forms a complex with Rrt2p that functions in the retromer-mediated pathway for recycling internalized cell-surface proteins; evidence it interacts with Trm7p for 2'-O-methylation of N34 of substrate tRNAs; has a role in regulation of Ty1 transposition; human ortholog is WDR6 Gene:SAE3(YHR079C-A)|FD-Score:4.09|P-value:2.20E-5||SGD DESC:Meiosis specific protein involved in DMC1-dependent meiotic recombination, forms heterodimer with Mei5p; proposed to be an assembly factor for Dmc1p Gene:SHE4(YOR035C)|FD-Score:3.13|P-value:8.84E-4||SGD DESC:Protein containing a UCS (UNC-45/CRO1/SHE4) domain, binds to myosin motor domains to regulate myosin function; involved in endocytosis, polarization of the actin cytoskeleton, and asymmetric mRNA localization Gene:SKM1(YOL113W)|FD-Score:6.25|P-value:1.99E-10||SGD DESC:Member of the PAK family of serine/threonine protein kinases with similarity to Ste20p and Cla4p; involved in down-regulation of sterol uptake; proposed to be a downstream effector of Cdc42p during polarized growth Gene:SLA1(YBL007C)|FD-Score:-3.13|P-value:8.73E-4||SGD DESC:Cytoskeletal protein binding protein required for assembly of the cortical actin cytoskeleton; interacts with proteins regulating actin dynamics and proteins required for endocytosis; found in the nucleus and cell cortex; has 3 SH3 domains Gene:SNF7(YLR025W)|FD-Score:4.91|P-value:4.64E-7||SGD DESC:One of four subunits of the endosomal sorting complex required for transport III (ESCRT-III); involved in the sorting of transmembrane proteins into the multivesicular body (MVB) pathway; recruited from the cytoplasm to endosomal membranes Gene:SPT3(YDR392W)|FD-Score:6.79|P-value:5.68E-12||SGD DESC:Subunit of the SAGA and SAGA-like transcriptional regulatory complexes, interacts with Spt15p to activate transcription of some RNA polymerase II-dependent genes, also functions to inhibit transcription at some promoters Gene:SPT8(YLR055C)|FD-Score:4.33|P-value:7.62E-6||SGD DESC:Subunit of the SAGA transcriptional regulatory complex but not present in SAGA-like complex SLIK/SALSA, required for SAGA-mediated inhibition at some promoters Gene:SSD1(YDR293C)|FD-Score:5.09|P-value:1.76E-7||SGD DESC:Translational repressor with a role in polar growth and wall integrity; regulated by Cbk1p phosphorylation to effect bud-specific translational control and localization of specific mRNAs; interacts with TOR pathway components; contains a functional N-terminal nuclear localization sequence and nucleocytoplasmic shuttling appears to be critical to Ssd1p function Gene:STL1(YDR536W)|FD-Score:4.34|P-value:7.08E-6||SGD DESC:Glycerol proton symporter of the plasma membrane, subject to glucose-induced inactivation, strongly but transiently induced when cells are subjected to osmotic shock Gene:SWC7(YLR385C)|FD-Score:4.19|P-value:1.41E-5||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function, component of the Swr1p complex that incorporates Htz1p into chromatin Gene:TAH1(YCR060W)|FD-Score:-3.47|P-value:2.61E-4||SGD DESC:Component of the conserved R2TP complex (Rvb1-Rvb2-Tah1-Pih1); contains a single TPR domain with at least two TPR motifs; R2TP complex interacts with Hsp90 (Hsp82p and Hsc82p) to mediate assembly large protein complexes such as box C/D snoRNPs and RNA polymerase II Gene:TDP1(YBR223C)|FD-Score:3.71|P-value:1.04E-4||SGD DESC:Tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase I; hydrolyzes 3' and 5'-phosphotyrosyl bonds; involved in the repair of DNA lesions created by topoisomerase I and topoisomerase II; mutations in human homolog result in the neurodegenerative disease SCANI Gene:THI72(YOR192C)|FD-Score:3.1|P-value:9.61E-4||SGD DESC:Transporter of thiamine or related compound; shares sequence similarity with Thi7p Gene:TUB3(YML124C)|FD-Score:-3.64|P-value:1.39E-4||SGD DESC:Alpha-tubulin; associates with beta-tubulin (Tub2p) to form tubulin dimer, which polymerizes to form microtubules; expressed at lower level than Tub1p; TUB3 has a paralog, TUB1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:TVP18(YMR071C)|FD-Score:3.59|P-value:1.62E-4||SGD DESC:Integral membrane protein localized to late Golgi vesicles along with the v-SNARE Tlg2p; may interact with ribosomes, based on co-purification experiments Gene:UTR1(YJR049C)|FD-Score:4.51|P-value:3.29E-6||SGD DESC:ATP-NADH kinase; phosphorylates both NAD and NADH; active as a hexamer; enhances the activity of ferric reductase (Fre1p); UTR1 has a paralog, YEF1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:VAC17(YCL063W)|FD-Score:-3.69|P-value:1.11E-4||SGD DESC:Phosphoprotein involved in vacuole inheritance; degraded in late M phase of the cell cycle; acts as a vacuole-specific receptor for myosin Myo2p Gene:VAC7(YNL054W)|FD-Score:3.32|P-value:4.58E-4||SGD DESC:Integral vacuolar membrane protein involved in vacuole inheritance and morphology; activates Fab1p kinase activity under basal conditions and also after hyperosmotic shock Gene:VPS15(YBR097W)|FD-Score:-4.12|P-value:1.87E-5||SGD DESC:Serine/threonine protein kinase involved in vacuolar protein sorting; functions as a membrane-associated complex with Vps34p; active form recruits Vps34p to the Golgi membrane; interacts with the GDP-bound form of Gpa1p; myristoylated; a fraction is localized, with Vps34p, to nuclear pores at nucleus-vacuole junctions and may facilitate transcription elongation for genes positioned at the nuclear periphery Gene:VPS25(YJR102C)|FD-Score:5.86|P-value:2.29E-9||SGD DESC:Component of the ESCRT-II complex, which is involved in ubiquitin-dependent sorting of proteins into the endosome Gene:VPS28(YPL065W)|FD-Score:3.27|P-value:5.30E-4||SGD DESC:Component of the ESCRT-I complex (Stp22p, Srn2p, Vps28p, and Mvb12p), which is involved in ubiquitin-dependent sorting of proteins into the endosome; conserved C-terminal domain interacts with ESCRT-III subunit Vps20p Gene:VPS30(YPL120W)|FD-Score:3.36|P-value:3.96E-4||SGD DESC:Subunit of phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) 3-kinase complexes I and II; Complex I is essential in autophagy and Complex II is required for vacuolar protein sorting; required for overflow degradation of misfolded proteins when ERAD is saturated; ortholog of the higher eukaryotic gene Beclin 1 Gene:VPS36(YLR417W)|FD-Score:4.54|P-value:2.83E-6||SGD DESC:Component of the ESCRT-II complex; contains the GLUE (GRAM Like Ubiquitin binding in EAP45) domain which is involved in interactions with ESCRT-I and ubiquitin-dependent sorting of proteins into the endosome Gene:YBR242W(YBR242W_p)|FD-Score:3.35|P-value:4.08E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to the cytoplasm and nucleus; YBR242W is not an essential gene Gene:YDL118W(YDL118W_p)|FD-Score:6.41|P-value:7.21E-11||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame, unlikely to encode a protein; overlaps almost completely with YDL119C; mutations that would affect both YDL118W and YDL119C confer defective telomere maintenance and are synthetically sick or lethal with alpha-synuclein Gene:YDL119C(YDL119C_p)|FD-Score:4.69|P-value:1.37E-6||SGD DESC:Putative mitochondrial transport protein; GFP-fusion protein is induced in response to the DNA-damaging agent MMS; the authentic, non-tagged protein is detected in purified mitochondria Gene:YDR271C(YDR271C_d)|FD-Score:4.36|P-value:6.65E-6||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified ORF CCC2/YDR270W Gene:YER079W(YER079W_p)|FD-Score:-3.69|P-value:1.10E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function Gene:YER137C(YER137C_p)|FD-Score:3.31|P-value:4.69E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function Gene:YGR054W(YGR054W)|FD-Score:3.34|P-value:4.18E-4||SGD DESC:Eukaryotic initiation factor (eIF) 2A; associates specifically with both 40S subunits and 80 S ribosomes, and interacts genetically with both eIF5b and eIF4E; homologous to mammalian eIF2A Gene:YGR122W(YGR122W)|FD-Score:4.84|P-value:6.54E-7||SGD DESC:Protein that may be involved in pH regulation; probable ortholog of A. nidulans PalC, which is involved in pH regulation and binds to the ESCRT-III complex; null mutant does not properly process Rim101p and has decreased resistance to rapamycin; GFP-fusion protein is cytoplasmic; relative distribution to cytoplasm increases upon DNA replication stress Gene:YHP1(YDR451C)|FD-Score:3.73|P-value:9.46E-5||SGD DESC:Homeobox transcriptional repressor; binds Mcm1p and early cell cycle box (ECB) elements of cell cycle regulated genes, thereby restricting ECB-mediated transcription to the M/G1 interval; YHP1 has a paralog, YOX1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:YHR045W(YHR045W_p)|FD-Score:7.84|P-value:2.22E-15||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; possible role in iron metabolism and/or amino acid and carbohydrate metabolism; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum Gene:YIL141W(YIL141W_d)|FD-Score:3.55|P-value:1.89E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YKR078W(YKR078W)|FD-Score:3.68|P-value:1.16E-4||SGD DESC:Cytoplasmic protein of unknown function, has similarity to Vps5p; potential Cdc28p substrate; contains a Phox homology (PX) domain and specifically binds phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate (PtdIns-3-P) Gene:YLR358C(YLR358C_p)|FD-Score:3.24|P-value:6.04E-4||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function; expressed at both mRNA and protein levels; partially overlaps ORF RSC2/YLR357W Gene:YML053C(YML053C_p)|FD-Score:3.09|P-value:9.90E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to the cytoplasm and the nucleus; overexpression causes a cell cycle delay or arrest; YML053C is not an essential gene Gene:YMR052C-A(YMR052C-A_d)|FD-Score:6.5|P-value:4.06E-11||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YNL235C(YNL235C_d)|FD-Score:3.57|P-value:1.79E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified ORF SIN4/YNL236W, a subunit of the mediator complex Gene:YOR345C(YOR345C_d)|FD-Score:4.64|P-value:1.70E-6||SGD DESC:Dubious ORF unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; overlaps the verified gene REV1; null mutant displays increased resistance to antifungal agents gliotoxin, cycloheximide and H2O2 Gene:YPK1(YKL126W)|FD-Score:13.7|P-value:3.78E-43||SGD DESC:Serine/threonine protein kinase; phosphorylates and downregulates flippase activator Fpk1p; inactivates Orm1p and Orm2p (inhibitors of serine:palmitoyl-coenzyme A transferase) by phosphorylation in response to compromised sphingolipid synthesis; mutations affect receptor-mediated endocytosis and sphingolipid-mediated and cell integrity signaling pathways; homolog of mammalian kinase SGK; YPK1 has a paralog, YPK2, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:YPR098C(YPR098C)|FD-Score:3.16|P-value:7.94E-4||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function, localized to the mitochondrial outer membrane Gene:YPR196W(YPR196W_p)|FD-Score:5.65|P-value:8.13E-9||SGD DESC:Putative maltose-responsive transcription factor Gene:YPT31(YER031C)|FD-Score:5.25|P-value:7.60E-8||SGD DESC:Rab family GTPase; involved in the exocytic pathway; mediates intra-Golgi traffic or the budding of post-Golgi vesicles from the trans-Golgi; YPT31 has a paralog, YPT32, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:YRA2(YKL214C)|FD-Score:3.81|P-value:7.04E-5||SGD DESC:Member of the REF (RNA and export factor binding proteins) family; when overexpressed, can substitute for the function of Yra1p in export of poly(A)+ mRNA from the nucleus Gene:YTA7(YGR270W)|FD-Score:3.84|P-value:6.20E-5||SGD DESC:Protein that localizes to chromatin and has a role in regulation of histone gene expression; has a bromodomain-like region that interacts with the N-terminal tail of histone H3, and an ATPase domain; potentially phosphorylated by Cdc28p Gene:ZRC1(YMR243C)|FD-Score:-3.39|P-value:3.55E-4||SGD DESC:Vacuolar membrane zinc transporter; transports zinc from cytosol to vacuole for storage; also has role in resistance to zinc shock resulting from sudden influx of zinc into cytoplasm; human ortholog SLC30A10 functions as a Mn transporter and mutations in SLC30A10 cause neurotoxic accumulation of Mn in liver and brain; ZRC1 has a paralog, COT1, that arose from the whole genome duplication

Click on Significant Values for Strain Details

Top 15 HET fitness defect scores (HIP)

Download all HIP Data (tab-delimited text)  (excel)
Deletion Strain FD score P-value Clearance Gene Gene Description
YHR007C12.607.37E-377.25ERG11Lanosterol 14-alpha-demethylase; catalyzes the C-14 demethylation of lanosterol to form 4,4''-dimethyl cholesta-8,14,24-triene-3-beta-ol in the ergosterol biosynthesis pathway; member of the cytochrome P450 family; associated and coordinately regulated with the P450 reductase Ncp1p
YMR281W5.373.85E-80.47GPI12ER membrane protein involved in the second step of glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor assembly, the de-N-acetylation of the N-acetylglucosaminylphosphatidylinositol intermediate; functional homolog of human PIG-Lp
YDR145W4.914.65E-70.09TAF12Subunit (61/68 kDa) of TFIID and SAGA complexes, involved in RNA polymerase II transcription initiation and in chromatin modification, similar to histone H2A
YAR008W4.817.37E-70.40SEN34Subunit of the tRNA splicing endonuclease, which is composed of Sen2p, Sen15p, Sen34p, and Sen54p; Sen34p contains the active site for tRNA 3' splice site cleavage and has similarity to Sen2p and to Archaeal tRNA splicing endonuclease
YPR034W4.415.16E-60.27ARP7Component of both the SWI/SNF and RSC chromatin remodeling complexes; actin-related protein involved in transcriptional regulation
YML085C4.141.72E-50.04TUB1Alpha-tubulin; associates with beta-tubulin (Tub2p) to form tubulin dimer, which polymerizes to form microtubules; relative distribution to nuclear foci increases upon DNA replication stress; TUB1 has a paralog, TUB3, that arose from the whole genome duplication
YDL064W4.102.07E-50.15UBC9SUMO-conjugating enzyme involved in the Smt3p conjugation pathway; nuclear protein required for S- and M-phase cyclin degradation and mitotic control; involved in proteolysis mediated by the anaphase-promoting complex cyclosome (APCC)
YJR042W3.953.89E-50.06NUP85Subunit of the Nup84p subcomplex of the nuclear pore complex (NPC); contributes to nucleocytoplasmic transport and NPC biogenesis and is involved in establishment of a normal nucleocytoplasmic concentration gradient of the GTPase Gsp1p; also plays roles in several processes that may require localization of genes or chromosomes at the nuclear periphery, including double-strand break repair, transcription and chromatin silencing; homologous to human NUP85 aka NUP75
YJR006W3.894.96E-50.07POL31Subunit of DNA polymerase delta (polymerase III); essential for cell viability; involved in DNA replication and DNA repair
YDL153C3.826.72E-50.16SAS10Essential subunit of U3-containing Small Subunit (SSU) processome complex involved in production of 18S rRNA and assembly of small ribosomal subunit; disrupts silencing when overproduced; mutant has increased aneuploidy tolerance
YOR157C3.661.27E-40.08PUP1Beta 2 subunit of the 20S proteasome; endopeptidase with trypsin-like activity that cleaves after basic residues; synthesized as a proprotein before being proteolytically processed for assembly into 20S particle; human homolog is subunit Z
YMR290W-A_d3.581.74E-40.07YMR290W-A_dDubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; overlaps 5' end of essential HAS1 gene which encodes an ATP-dependent RNA helicase
YDR394W3.512.25E-40.04RPT3One of six ATPases of the 19S regulatory particle of the 26S proteasome involved in the degradation of ubiquitinated substrates; substrate of N-acetyltransferase B
YFL039C3.472.62E-40.02ACT1Actin, structural protein involved in cell polarization, endocytosis, and other cytoskeletal functions
YNL132W3.452.83E-40.01KRE33Essential protein, required for biogenesis of the small ribosomal subunit; heterozygous mutant shows haploinsufficiency in K1 killer toxin resistance

Top 15 HOM fitness defect scores (HOP)

Download all HOP Data (tab-delimited text)  (excel)
Deletion Strain FD score P-value Gene Gene Description
YML075C13.801.14E-43HMG1HMG-CoA reductase; catalyzes the conversion of HMG-CoA to mevalonate, which is a rate-limiting step in sterol biosynthesis; one of two isozymes; localizes to the nuclear envelope; overproduction induces the formation of karmellae; forms foci at the nuclear periphery upon DNA replication stress
YKL126W13.703.78E-43YPK1Serine/threonine protein kinase; phosphorylates and downregulates flippase activator Fpk1p; inactivates Orm1p and Orm2p (inhibitors of serine:palmitoyl-coenzyme A transferase) by phosphorylation in response to compromised sphingolipid synthesis; mutations affect receptor-mediated endocytosis and sphingolipid-mediated and cell integrity signaling pathways; homolog of mammalian kinase SGK; YPK1 has a paralog, YPK2, that arose from the whole genome duplication
YDL020C10.207.64E-25RPN4Transcription factor that stimulates expression of proteasome genes; Rpn4p levels are in turn regulated by the 26S proteasome in a negative feedback control mechanism; RPN4 is transcriptionally regulated by various stress responses; relative distribution to the nucleus increases upon DNA replication stress
YHR045W_p7.842.22E-15YHR045W_pPutative protein of unknown function; possible role in iron metabolism and/or amino acid and carbohydrate metabolism; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum
YOR030W7.621.27E-14DFG16Probable multiple transmembrane protein; involved in diploid invasive and pseudohyphal growth upon nitrogen starvation; is glycosylated and phosphorylated; interacts with Rim21p and Rim9p in the plasma membrane to form a pH-sensing complex in the Rim101 pathway and is required to maintain Rim21p levels; required for accumulation of processed Rim101p
YGL045W7.232.39E-13RIM8Protein involved in proteolytic activation of Rim101p in response to alkaline pH; interacts with ESCRT-1 subunits Stp22p and Vps28p; essential for anaerobic growth; member of the arrestin-related trafficking adaptor family
YDR392W6.795.68E-12SPT3Subunit of the SAGA and SAGA-like transcriptional regulatory complexes, interacts with Spt15p to activate transcription of some RNA polymerase II-dependent genes, also functions to inhibit transcription at some promoters
YMR052C-A_d6.504.06E-11YMR052C-A_dDubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data
YDL118W_p6.417.21E-11YDL118W_pDubious open reading frame, unlikely to encode a protein; overlaps almost completely with YDL119C; mutations that would affect both YDL118W and YDL119C confer defective telomere maintenance and are synthetically sick or lethal with alpha-synuclein
YPL170W6.271.78E-10DAP1Heme-binding protein involved in regulation of cytochrome P450 protein Erg11p; damage response protein, related to mammalian membrane progesterone receptors; mutations lead to defects in telomeres, mitochondria, and sterol synthesis
YOL113W6.251.99E-10SKM1Member of the PAK family of serine/threonine protein kinases with similarity to Ste20p and Cla4p; involved in down-regulation of sterol uptake; proposed to be a downstream effector of Cdc42p during polarized growth
YJL204C5.901.84E-9RCY1F-box protein involved in recycling plasma membrane proteins internalized by endocytosis; localized to sites of polarized growth
YJR102C5.862.29E-9VPS25Component of the ESCRT-II complex, which is involved in ubiquitin-dependent sorting of proteins into the endosome
YER177W5.744.83E-9BMH114-3-3 protein, major isoform; controls proteome at post-transcriptional level, binds proteins and DNA, involved in regulation of many processes including exocytosis, vesicle transport, Ras/MAPK signaling, and rapamycin-sensitive signaling; protein increases in abundance and relative distribution to the nucleus increases upon DNA replication stress
YPR196W_p5.658.13E-9YPR196W_pPutative maltose-responsive transcription factor

GO enrichment analysis for SGTC_2765
biological processes

No protein complexes are significantly enriched (FDR < 0.1).

Coinhibitory screens
Download Coinhibition data (tab-delimited text)  (excel)

Correlation pval Screen ID Condition Source PubChem
CID
Tanimoto
Score
Response
Signature
0.4870SGTC_1788fluconazole 20.0 μMMiscellaneous33650.305085azole & statin
0.4112.77E-239SGTC_1084voriconazole 435.0 nMNIH Clinical Collection716160.263889azole & statin
0.3822.21E-204SGTC_2648atorvastatin 78.7 μMMiscellaneous608230.0625azole & statin
0.3707.78E-191SGTC_227fluconazole 33.5 μMMiscellaneous33650.305085azole & statin
0.3549.23E-174SGTC_2647atorvastatin 60.2 μMMiscellaneous608230.0625azole & statin
0.3344.97E-154SGTC_1067clotrimazole 1.4 μMNIH Clinical Collection28120.174603azole & statin
0.3004.92E-123SGTC_11911487-1166 10.6 μMChemDiv (Drug-like library)39557710.203125azole & statin
0.2419.28E-79SGTC_2778tioconazole 65.1 nMMiscellaneous54820.153846ergosterol depletion effects on membrane
0.2292.43E-71SGTC_1097itavastatin 7.2 μMNIH Clinical Collection52824510.050505azole & statin
0.2274.16E-70SGTC_18845633444 25.0 μMMiscellaneous57242390.15493redox potentiating
0.2274.25E-70SGTC_13171273-0028 910.0 nMChemDiv (Drug-like library)59178030.142857azole & statin
0.2274.97E-70SGTC_5264469-0568 170.0 μMChemDiv (Drug-like library)29019640.0810811azole & statin
0.2181.74E-64SGTC_2753fluvastatin 17.1 μMMiscellaneous4461550.0674157azole & statin
0.2157.00E-63SGTC_6371181-0519 7.3 μMChemDiv (Drug-like library)62520910.0694444fatty acid desaturase (OLE1)
0.2131.06E-61SGTC_813k007-0158 173.0 μMChemDiv (Drug-like library)65239160.115942fatty acid desaturase (OLE1)

Screens with compounds having similar structures
Screen ID Chemical Concentration Tanimoto Score PubChem ID Source Molecular Weight AlogP H-bond
donor
count
H-bond
acceptor
count
Response
Signature
SGTC_1787fluconazole80 μM0.3050853365Miscellaneous306.2707860.7517iron homeostasis
SGTC_1788fluconazole20 μM0.3050853365Miscellaneous306.2707860.7517azole & statin
SGTC_227fluconazole33.52 μM0.3050853365Miscellaneous306.2707860.7517azole & statin
SGTC_1084voriconazole435 nM0.26388971616NIH Clinical Collection349.310472.07118azole & statin
SGTC_2777climbazole1.54 μM0.20895537907Miscellaneous292.760683.76603iron homeostasis
SGTC_3411486-1430230 μM0.2058822054753ChemDiv (Drug-like library)347.817722.524
SGTC_1076itraconazole331 nM0.2058823793Miscellaneous705.633426.43409
SGTC_11911487-116610.6 μM0.2031253955771ChemDiv (Drug-like library)293.748743.24304azole & statin
SGTC_3127912694649.47 μM0.227243249Chembridge (Drug-like library)223.698663.0212ERG2
SGTC_2784092-082123.9 μM0.196429877900ChemDiv (Drug-like library)328.87895.05102plasma membrane duress
SGTC_23916285546200 μM0.190476846083Chembridge (Fragment library)208.644262.1612
SGTC_20785212016200 μM0.1864411899708Chembridge (Fragment library)288.755362.1272560S ribosome export