cantharidin


Established Yeast Drug Target : GLC7

Cantharidin is a toxic blistering agent secreted by the Spanish fly of unknown mechanism. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, cantharidin is thought to act by inhibiting GLC7 (encoding type 1 serine/threonine protein phosphatase) as decreased expression confers hypersensitivity and overexpression confers resisitance (Hoon et al., Nat Chem Biol 4, 2008).

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PubChem MeSH terms: Enzyme Inhibitors;Irritants



Source SMILES: standardizedunstandardized
Compound:
Screen ID SGTC_422
Screen concentration 155.0 μM
Source ICCB bioactive library
PubChem CID 2545
SMILES CC12C3CCC(C1(C(=O)OC2=O)C)O3
Standardized SMILES CC12C3CCC(O3)C1(C)C(=O)OC2=O
Molecular weight 196.1999
ALogP 0.72
H-bond donor count 0
H-bond acceptor count 4
Response signature cell wall signaling

Pool Growth Kinetics
% growth inhibition (Het. pool) 9.65
% growth inhibition (Hom. pool) 11.69


HIP profile

Heterozygous deletion strains
Scale: fixedexpanded
Heterozygous profile for 2545
Download HIP data (tab-delimited text)  (excel)
Gene:ACT1(YFL039C)|FD-Score:4.33|P-value:7.46E-6|Clearance:0.35||SGD DESC:Actin, structural protein involved in cell polarization, endocytosis, and other cytoskeletal functions Gene:ALG1(YBR110W)|FD-Score:-3.85|P-value:5.92E-5|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Mannosyltransferase, involved in asparagine-linked glycosylation in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER); essential for viability, mutation is functionally complemented by human ortholog Gene:GLC7(YER133W)|FD-Score:15.6|P-value:5.66E-55|Clearance:10.62||SGD DESC:Type 1 serine/threonine protein phosphatase catalytic subunit; involved in various processes including glycogen metabolism, sporulation, mitosis; accumulates at mating projections by interaction with Afr1p; interacts with many regulatory subunits; involved in regulation of the nucleocytoplasmic shuttling of Hxk2p; import into nucleus is inhibited during spindle assembly checkpoint arrest Gene:GPI11(YDR302W)|FD-Score:-4.05|P-value:2.58E-5|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:ER membrane protein involved in a late step of glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor assembly; involved in the addition of phosphoethanolamine to the multiply mannosylated GPI intermediate; human PIG-Fp is a functional homolog Gene:MCM1(YMR043W)|FD-Score:-3.55|P-value:1.96E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Transcription factor involved in cell-type-specific transcription and pheromone response; plays a central role in the formation of both repressor and activator complexes Gene:MOT1(YPL082C)|FD-Score:-4.56|P-value:2.55E-6|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Essential protein involved in regulation of transcription; removes Spt15p (TBP) from DNA via its C-terminal ATPase activity, forms a complex with TBP that binds TATA DNA with high affinity but with altered specificity; the Mot1p-Spt15p-DNA ternary complex contains unbent DNA Gene:NBP35(YGL091C)|FD-Score:3.12|P-value:8.89E-4|Clearance:0.06||SGD DESC:Essential iron-sulfur cluster binding protein localized in the cytoplasm; forms a complex with Cfd1p that is involved in iron-sulfur protein assembly in the cytosol; similar to P-loop NTPases Gene:NUP49(YGL172W)|FD-Score:4.73|P-value:1.10E-6|Clearance:0.06||SGD DESC:FG-nucleoporin component of central core of the nuclear pore complex (NPC); contributes directly to nucleocytoplasmic transport and maintenance of the NPC permeability barrier; found in stable complex with Nic96p and two other FG-nucleoproteins (Nsp1p and Nup57p) Gene:ORC2(YBR060C)|FD-Score:3.22|P-value:6.42E-4|Clearance:0.06||SGD DESC:Subunit of the origin recognition complex, which directs DNA replication by binding to replication origins and is also involved in transcriptional silencing; interacts with Spp1p and with trimethylated histone H3; phosphorylated by Cdc28p Gene:RPL25(YOL127W)|FD-Score:3.25|P-value:5.77E-4|Clearance:0.03||SGD DESC:Ribosomal 60S subunit protein L25; primary rRNA-binding ribosomal protein component of large ribosomal subunit; binds to 25S rRNA via a conserved C-terminal motif; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein L23A and bacterial L23 Gene:RPN5(YDL147W)|FD-Score:3.52|P-value:2.16E-4|Clearance:0.21||SGD DESC:Subunit of the COP9 signalosome (CSN) and non-ATPase regulatory subunit of the 26S proteasome lid, similar to mammalian p55 subunit and to another S. cerevisiae regulatory subunit, Rpn7p; Rpn5p is an essential protein Gene:SEC13(YLR208W)|FD-Score:4.68|P-value:1.45E-6|Clearance:0.35||SGD DESC:Structural component of 3 distinct complexes; subunit of Nup84 nuclear pore sub-complex (NPC), COPII vesicle coat, and Seh1-associated (SEA) complex; COPII vesicle coat is required for ER to Golgi transport; the Nup84 subcomplex contributes to nucleocytoplasmic transport, NPC biogenesis and processes that may require localization of chromosomes at the nuclear periphery, including transcription; homologous to human SEC13; abundance increases under DNA replication stress Gene:SEC17(YBL050W)|FD-Score:-3.12|P-value:8.89E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Peripheral membrane protein required for vesicular transport between ER and Golgi, the 'priming' step in homotypic vacuole fusion, and autophagy; stimulates the ATPase activity of Sec18p; has similarity to mammalian alpha-SNAP Gene:SEC20(YDR498C)|FD-Score:3.97|P-value:3.52E-5|Clearance:0.23||SGD DESC:Membrane glycoprotein v-SNARE involved in retrograde transport from the Golgi to the ER; required for N- and O-glycosylation in the Golgi but not in the ER; interacts with the Dsl1p complex through Tip20p Gene:SEN15(YMR059W)|FD-Score:-3.85|P-value:5.84E-5|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Subunit of the tRNA splicing endonuclease, which is composed of Sen2p, Sen15p, Sen34p, and Sen54p Gene:SPC3(YLR066W)|FD-Score:3.74|P-value:9.31E-5|Clearance:0.03||SGD DESC:Subunit of signal peptidase complex (Spc1p, Spc2p, Spc3p, Sec11p), which catalyzes cleavage of N-terminal signal sequences of proteins targeted to the secretory pathway; homologous to mammalian SPC22/23 Gene:STT4(YLR305C)|FD-Score:-3.22|P-value:6.41E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Phosphatidylinositol-4-kinase that functions in the Pkc1p protein kinase pathway; required for normal vacuole morphology, cell wall integrity, and actin cytoskeleton organization Gene:TAF8(YML114C)|FD-Score:3.31|P-value:4.72E-4|Clearance:0.01||SGD DESC:TFIID subunit (65 kDa), involved in RNA polymerase II transcription initiation Gene:TEN1(YLR010C)|FD-Score:-3.74|P-value:9.07E-5|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Protein that regulates telomeric length; protects telomeric ends in a complex with Cdc13p and Stn1p Gene:TFA1(YKL028W)|FD-Score:3.16|P-value:7.79E-4|Clearance:0.04||SGD DESC:TFIIE large subunit, involved in recruitment of RNA polymerase II to the promoter, activation of TFIIH, and promoter opening Gene:TIF35(YDR429C)|FD-Score:4.95|P-value:3.75E-7|Clearance:0.19||SGD DESC:eIF3g subunit of the core complex of translation initiation factor 3 (eIF3), which is essential for translation; stimulates resumption of ribosomal scanning during translation reinitiation Gene:TIM54(YJL054W)|FD-Score:3.75|P-value:8.99E-5|Clearance:0.01||SGD DESC:Component of the mitochondrial TIM22 complex involved in insertion of polytopic proteins into the inner membrane Gene:YAL034C-B(YAL034C-B_d)|FD-Score:4.76|P-value:9.59E-7|Clearance:0.03||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YGR114C(YGR114C_d)|FD-Score:3.3|P-value:4.89E-4|Clearance:0.05||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; open reading frame overlaps 5' end of the essential gene SPT6 Gene:YJL202C(YJL202C_d)|FD-Score:3.62|P-value:1.49E-4|Clearance:0.1||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; overlaps 3' end of essential PRP21 gene encoding a subunit of the SF3a splicing factor complex Gene:YPL238C(YPL238C_d)|FD-Score:3.7|P-value:1.06E-4|Clearance:0.09||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps 5' end of the verified essential gene SUI3/YPL237W Gene:ACT1(YFL039C)|FD-Score:4.33|P-value:7.46E-6|Clearance:0.35||SGD DESC:Actin, structural protein involved in cell polarization, endocytosis, and other cytoskeletal functions Gene:ALG1(YBR110W)|FD-Score:-3.85|P-value:5.92E-5|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Mannosyltransferase, involved in asparagine-linked glycosylation in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER); essential for viability, mutation is functionally complemented by human ortholog Gene:GLC7(YER133W)|FD-Score:15.6|P-value:5.66E-55|Clearance:10.62||SGD DESC:Type 1 serine/threonine protein phosphatase catalytic subunit; involved in various processes including glycogen metabolism, sporulation, mitosis; accumulates at mating projections by interaction with Afr1p; interacts with many regulatory subunits; involved in regulation of the nucleocytoplasmic shuttling of Hxk2p; import into nucleus is inhibited during spindle assembly checkpoint arrest Gene:GPI11(YDR302W)|FD-Score:-4.05|P-value:2.58E-5|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:ER membrane protein involved in a late step of glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor assembly; involved in the addition of phosphoethanolamine to the multiply mannosylated GPI intermediate; human PIG-Fp is a functional homolog Gene:MCM1(YMR043W)|FD-Score:-3.55|P-value:1.96E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Transcription factor involved in cell-type-specific transcription and pheromone response; plays a central role in the formation of both repressor and activator complexes Gene:MOT1(YPL082C)|FD-Score:-4.56|P-value:2.55E-6|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Essential protein involved in regulation of transcription; removes Spt15p (TBP) from DNA via its C-terminal ATPase activity, forms a complex with TBP that binds TATA DNA with high affinity but with altered specificity; the Mot1p-Spt15p-DNA ternary complex contains unbent DNA Gene:NBP35(YGL091C)|FD-Score:3.12|P-value:8.89E-4|Clearance:0.06||SGD DESC:Essential iron-sulfur cluster binding protein localized in the cytoplasm; forms a complex with Cfd1p that is involved in iron-sulfur protein assembly in the cytosol; similar to P-loop NTPases Gene:NUP49(YGL172W)|FD-Score:4.73|P-value:1.10E-6|Clearance:0.06||SGD DESC:FG-nucleoporin component of central core of the nuclear pore complex (NPC); contributes directly to nucleocytoplasmic transport and maintenance of the NPC permeability barrier; found in stable complex with Nic96p and two other FG-nucleoproteins (Nsp1p and Nup57p) Gene:ORC2(YBR060C)|FD-Score:3.22|P-value:6.42E-4|Clearance:0.06||SGD DESC:Subunit of the origin recognition complex, which directs DNA replication by binding to replication origins and is also involved in transcriptional silencing; interacts with Spp1p and with trimethylated histone H3; phosphorylated by Cdc28p Gene:RPL25(YOL127W)|FD-Score:3.25|P-value:5.77E-4|Clearance:0.03||SGD DESC:Ribosomal 60S subunit protein L25; primary rRNA-binding ribosomal protein component of large ribosomal subunit; binds to 25S rRNA via a conserved C-terminal motif; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein L23A and bacterial L23 Gene:RPN5(YDL147W)|FD-Score:3.52|P-value:2.16E-4|Clearance:0.21||SGD DESC:Subunit of the COP9 signalosome (CSN) and non-ATPase regulatory subunit of the 26S proteasome lid, similar to mammalian p55 subunit and to another S. cerevisiae regulatory subunit, Rpn7p; Rpn5p is an essential protein Gene:SEC13(YLR208W)|FD-Score:4.68|P-value:1.45E-6|Clearance:0.35||SGD DESC:Structural component of 3 distinct complexes; subunit of Nup84 nuclear pore sub-complex (NPC), COPII vesicle coat, and Seh1-associated (SEA) complex; COPII vesicle coat is required for ER to Golgi transport; the Nup84 subcomplex contributes to nucleocytoplasmic transport, NPC biogenesis and processes that may require localization of chromosomes at the nuclear periphery, including transcription; homologous to human SEC13; abundance increases under DNA replication stress Gene:SEC17(YBL050W)|FD-Score:-3.12|P-value:8.89E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Peripheral membrane protein required for vesicular transport between ER and Golgi, the 'priming' step in homotypic vacuole fusion, and autophagy; stimulates the ATPase activity of Sec18p; has similarity to mammalian alpha-SNAP Gene:SEC20(YDR498C)|FD-Score:3.97|P-value:3.52E-5|Clearance:0.23||SGD DESC:Membrane glycoprotein v-SNARE involved in retrograde transport from the Golgi to the ER; required for N- and O-glycosylation in the Golgi but not in the ER; interacts with the Dsl1p complex through Tip20p Gene:SEN15(YMR059W)|FD-Score:-3.85|P-value:5.84E-5|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Subunit of the tRNA splicing endonuclease, which is composed of Sen2p, Sen15p, Sen34p, and Sen54p Gene:SPC3(YLR066W)|FD-Score:3.74|P-value:9.31E-5|Clearance:0.03||SGD DESC:Subunit of signal peptidase complex (Spc1p, Spc2p, Spc3p, Sec11p), which catalyzes cleavage of N-terminal signal sequences of proteins targeted to the secretory pathway; homologous to mammalian SPC22/23 Gene:STT4(YLR305C)|FD-Score:-3.22|P-value:6.41E-4|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Phosphatidylinositol-4-kinase that functions in the Pkc1p protein kinase pathway; required for normal vacuole morphology, cell wall integrity, and actin cytoskeleton organization Gene:TAF8(YML114C)|FD-Score:3.31|P-value:4.72E-4|Clearance:0.01||SGD DESC:TFIID subunit (65 kDa), involved in RNA polymerase II transcription initiation Gene:TEN1(YLR010C)|FD-Score:-3.74|P-value:9.07E-5|Clearance:0||SGD DESC:Protein that regulates telomeric length; protects telomeric ends in a complex with Cdc13p and Stn1p Gene:TFA1(YKL028W)|FD-Score:3.16|P-value:7.79E-4|Clearance:0.04||SGD DESC:TFIIE large subunit, involved in recruitment of RNA polymerase II to the promoter, activation of TFIIH, and promoter opening Gene:TIF35(YDR429C)|FD-Score:4.95|P-value:3.75E-7|Clearance:0.19||SGD DESC:eIF3g subunit of the core complex of translation initiation factor 3 (eIF3), which is essential for translation; stimulates resumption of ribosomal scanning during translation reinitiation Gene:TIM54(YJL054W)|FD-Score:3.75|P-value:8.99E-5|Clearance:0.01||SGD DESC:Component of the mitochondrial TIM22 complex involved in insertion of polytopic proteins into the inner membrane Gene:YAL034C-B(YAL034C-B_d)|FD-Score:4.76|P-value:9.59E-7|Clearance:0.03||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YGR114C(YGR114C_d)|FD-Score:3.3|P-value:4.89E-4|Clearance:0.05||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; open reading frame overlaps 5' end of the essential gene SPT6 Gene:YJL202C(YJL202C_d)|FD-Score:3.62|P-value:1.49E-4|Clearance:0.1||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; overlaps 3' end of essential PRP21 gene encoding a subunit of the SF3a splicing factor complex Gene:YPL238C(YPL238C_d)|FD-Score:3.7|P-value:1.06E-4|Clearance:0.09||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps 5' end of the verified essential gene SUI3/YPL237W

HOP profile

Homozygous deletion strains
Scale: fixedexpanded
Homozygous profile for 2545
Download HOP data (tab-delimited text)  (excel)
Gene:ACA1(YER045C)|FD-Score:-3.13|P-value:8.67E-4||SGD DESC:ATF/CREB family basic leucine zipper (bZIP) transcription factor; binds as a homodimer to the ATF/CREB consensus sequence TGACGTCA; important for carbon source utilization; target genes include GRE2 and COS8; ACA1 has a paralog, CST6, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:ACN9(YDR511W)|FD-Score:-3.19|P-value:7.13E-4||SGD DESC:Protein of the mitochondrial intermembrane space, required for acetate utilization and gluconeogenesis; has orthologs in higher eukaryotes Gene:ADO1(YJR105W)|FD-Score:8.35|P-value:3.53E-17||SGD DESC:Adenosine kinase, required for the utilization of S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet); may be involved in recycling adenosine produced through the methyl cycle Gene:AMD1(YML035C)|FD-Score:4.08|P-value:2.27E-5||SGD DESC:AMP deaminase; tetrameric enzyme that catalyzes the deamination of AMP to form IMP and ammonia; thought to be involved in regulation of intracellular purine (adenine, guanine, and inosine) nucleotide pools Gene:API2(YDR525W_d)|FD-Score:-4.67|P-value:1.51E-6||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame, unlikely to encode a protein; not conserved in closely related Saccharomyces species; 26% of ORF overlaps the dubious ORF YDR524C-A; insertion mutation in a cdc34-2 mutant background causes altered bud morphology Gene:BAP2(YBR068C)|FD-Score:-3.18|P-value:7.48E-4||SGD DESC:High-affinity leucine permease; functions as a branched-chain amino acid permease involved in uptake of leucine, isoleucine and valine; contains 12 predicted transmembrane domains; BAP2 has a paralog, BAP3, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:BCK1(YJL095W)|FD-Score:43.9|P-value:0||SGD DESC:Mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase kinase kinase acting in the protein kinase C signaling pathway, which controls cell integrity; upon activation by Pkc1p phosphorylates downstream kinases Mkk1p and Mkk2p Gene:BCK2(YER167W)|FD-Score:3.19|P-value:7.03E-4||SGD DESC:Protein rich in serine and threonine residues involved in protein kinase C signaling pathway, which controls cell integrity; overproduction suppresses pkc1 mutations Gene:BDF1(YLR399C)|FD-Score:4.73|P-value:1.11E-6||SGD DESC:Protein involved in transcription initiation at TATA-containing promoters; associates with the basal transcription factor TFIID; contains two bromodomains; corresponds to the C-terminal region of mammalian TAF1; redundant with Bdf2p Gene:BIM1(YER016W)|FD-Score:3.63|P-value:1.44E-4||SGD DESC:Microtubule-binding protein that together with Kar9p makes up the cortical microtubule capture site and delays the exit from mitosis when the spindle is oriented abnormally Gene:BMH1(YER177W)|FD-Score:3.71|P-value:1.03E-4||SGD DESC:14-3-3 protein, major isoform; controls proteome at post-transcriptional level, binds proteins and DNA, involved in regulation of many processes including exocytosis, vesicle transport, Ras/MAPK signaling, and rapamycin-sensitive signaling; protein increases in abundance and relative distribution to the nucleus increases upon DNA replication stress Gene:BRE1(YDL074C)|FD-Score:3.12|P-value:9.14E-4||SGD DESC:E3 ubiquitin ligase, forms heterodimer with Rad6p to monoubiquinate histone H2B-K123, which is required for the subsequent methylation of histone H3-K4 and H3-K79; required for DSBR, transcription, silencing, and checkpoint control Gene:BUD26(YDR241W_d)|FD-Score:4.73|P-value:1.11E-6||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame, unlikely to encode a protein; not conserved in closely related Saccharomyces species; 1% of ORF overlaps the verified gene SNU56; diploid mutant displays a weak budding pattern phenotype in a systematic assay Gene:BUD31(YCR063W)|FD-Score:6.15|P-value:3.89E-10||SGD DESC:Component of the SF3b subcomplex of the U2 snRNP; diploid mutants display a random budding pattern instead of the wild-type bipolar pattern; facilitates passage through G1/S Start, but is not required for G2/M transition or exit from mitosis Gene:CBR1(YIL043C)|FD-Score:4|P-value:3.12E-5||SGD DESC:Microsomal cytochrome b reductase, not essential for viability; also detected in mitochondria; mutation in conserved NADH binding domain of the human ortholog results in type I methemoglobinemia Gene:CCW12(YLR110C)|FD-Score:-3.68|P-value:1.15E-4||SGD DESC:Cell wall mannoprotein; plays a role in maintenance of newly synthesized areas of cell wall; localizes to periphery of small buds, septum region of larger buds, and shmoo tip; CCW12 has a paralog, YDR134C, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:CGI121(YML036W)|FD-Score:6.53|P-value:3.32E-11||SGD DESC:Component of the EKC/KEOPS complex with Bud32p, Kae1p, Pcc1p, and Gon7p; EKC/KEOPS complex is required for t6A tRNA modification and may have roles in telomere maintenance and transcription; Cgi121p is dispensable for tRNA modification Gene:CKB2(YOR039W)|FD-Score:5.06|P-value:2.14E-7||SGD DESC:Beta' regulatory subunit of casein kinase 2 (CK2), a Ser/Thr protein kinase with roles in cell growth and proliferation; CK2, comprised of CKA1, CKA2, CKB1 and CKB2, has many substrates including transcription factors and all RNA polymerase Gene:COX11(YPL132W)|FD-Score:-3.91|P-value:4.66E-5||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial inner membrane protein required for delivery of copper to the Cox1p subunit of cytochrome c oxidase; association with mitochondrial ribosomes suggests that copper delivery may occur during translation of Cox1p Gene:CRG1(YHR209W)|FD-Score:14.9|P-value:2.32E-50||SGD DESC:S-AdoMet-dependent methyltransferase involved in lipid homeostasis; mediates resistance to a drug cantharidin Gene:CTF19(YPL018W)|FD-Score:3.67|P-value:1.21E-4||SGD DESC:Outer kinetochore protein, needed for accurate chromosome segregation; component of the kinetochore sub-complex COMA (Ctf19p, Okp1p, Mcm21p, Ame1p) that functions as a platform for kinetochore assembly; orthologous to human centromere constitutive-associated network (CCAN) subunit CENP-P and fission yeast fta2 Gene:CTR1(YPR124W)|FD-Score:-3.3|P-value:4.82E-4||SGD DESC:High-affinity copper transporter of the plasma membrane; mediates nearly all copper uptake under low copper conditions; transcriptionally induced at low copper levels and degraded at high copper levels; protein increases in abundance and relocalizes from nucleus to plasma membrane upon DNA replication stress Gene:CWC27(YPL064C)|FD-Score:4.11|P-value:1.98E-5||SGD DESC:Component of a complex containing Cef1p; putatively involved in pre-mRNA splicing; has similarity to S. pombe Cwf27p; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:CYS4(YGR155W)|FD-Score:10.3|P-value:3.22E-25||SGD DESC:Cystathionine beta-synthase, catalyzes synthesis of cystathionine from serine and homocysteine, the first committed step in cysteine biosynthesis; responsible for hydrogen sulfide generation; advances passage through START by promoting cell growth which requires catalytic activity, and reducing critical cell size independent of catalytic activity; mutations in human ortholog cause homocystinuria Gene:CYT2(YKL087C)|FD-Score:-3.3|P-value:4.75E-4||SGD DESC:Cytochrome c1 heme lyase, involved in maturation of cytochrome c1, which is a subunit of the mitochondrial ubiquinol-cytochrome-c reductase; links heme covalently to apocytochrome c1 Gene:DAL81(YIR023W)|FD-Score:-3.71|P-value:1.05E-4||SGD DESC:Positive regulator of genes in multiple nitrogen degradation pathways; contains DNA binding domain but does not appear to bind the dodecanucleotide sequence present in the promoter region of many genes involved in allantoin catabolism Gene:DPH1(YIL103W)|FD-Score:4.17|P-value:1.50E-5||SGD DESC:Protein required, along with Dph2p, Kti11p, Jjj3p, and Dph5p, for synthesis of diphthamide, which is a modified histidine residue of translation elongation factor 2 (Eft1p or Eft2p); may act in a complex with Dph2p and Kti11p Gene:DPH2(YKL191W)|FD-Score:3.26|P-value:5.54E-4||SGD DESC:Protein required, along with Dph1p, Kti11p, Jjj3p, and Dph5p, for synthesis of diphthamide, which is a modified histidine residue of translation elongation factor 2 (Eft1p or Eft2p); may act in a complex with Dph1p and Kti11p Gene:DPH5(YLR172C)|FD-Score:4.31|P-value:8.30E-6||SGD DESC:Methyltransferase required for synthesis of diphthamide, which is a modified histidine residue of translation elongation factor 2 (Eft1p or Eft2p); not essential for viability; GFP-Dph5p fusion protein localizes to the cytoplasm Gene:DPH6(YLR143W_p)|FD-Score:3.75|P-value:8.76E-5||SGD DESC:Diphthamide synthetase; catalyzes the last amidation step of diphthamide biosynthesis using ammonium and ATP; evolutionarily conserved in eukaryotes; dph6 mutants exhibit diphthine accumulation and resistance to sordarin, which is indicative of defects in diphthamide formation on EF2; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-tagged protein localizes to the cytoplasm; DPH6/YLR143W is not an essential gene Gene:DUG2(YBR281C)|FD-Score:5.86|P-value:2.28E-9||SGD DESC:Component of glutamine amidotransferase (GATase II); forms a complex with Dug3p to degrade glutathione (GSH) and other peptides containing a gamma-glu-X bond in an alternative pathway to GSH degradation by gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (Ecm38p) Gene:DUG3(YNL191W)|FD-Score:5.77|P-value:3.86E-9||SGD DESC:Component of glutamine amidotransferase (GATase II); forms a complex with Dug2p to degrade glutathione (GSH) and other peptides containing a gamma-glu-X bond in an alternative pathway to GSH degradation by gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (Ecm38p) Gene:ELA1(YNL230C)|FD-Score:3.15|P-value:8.22E-4||SGD DESC:Elongin A; F-box protein that forms a heterodimer with Elc1p and is required for ubiquitin-dependent degradation of the RNA Polymerase II subunit Rpo21p; subunit of the Elongin-Cullin-Socs (ECS) ligase complex Gene:END3(YNL084C)|FD-Score:5.92|P-value:1.62E-9||SGD DESC:EH domain-containing protein involved in endocytosis, actin cytoskeletal organization and cell wall morphogenesis; forms a complex with Sla1p and Pan1p Gene:ERI1(YPL096C-A)|FD-Score:-3.24|P-value:5.88E-4||SGD DESC:Endoplasmic reticulum membrane protein that binds to and inhibits GTP-bound Ras2p at the ER; component of the GPI-GnT complex which catalyzes the first step in GPI-anchor biosynthesis; probable homolog of mammalian PIG-Y protein Gene:FAR3(YMR052W)|FD-Score:-3.97|P-value:3.56E-5||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function; involved in recovery from cell cycle arrest in response to pheromone, in a Far1p-independent pathway; interacts with Far7p, Far8p, Far9p, Far10p, and Far11p; localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:FMP16(YDR070C_p)|FD-Score:3.46|P-value:2.73E-4||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function; may be involved in responding to conditions of stress; the authentic, non-tagged protein is detected in highly purified mitochondria in high-throughput studies; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:FYV8(YGR196C)|FD-Score:3.18|P-value:7.30E-4||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function, required for survival upon exposure to K1 killer toxin Gene:GEP4(YHR100C)|FD-Score:-4.35|P-value:6.77E-6||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial phosphatidylglycerophosphatase (PGP phosphatase), dephosphorylates phosphatidylglycerolphosphate to generate phosphatidylglycerol, an essential step during cardiolipin biosynthesis; null mutant is sensitive to tunicamycin, DTT Gene:GIM5(YML094W)|FD-Score:3.8|P-value:7.17E-5||SGD DESC:Subunit of the heterohexameric cochaperone prefoldin complex which binds specifically to cytosolic chaperonin and transfers target proteins to it Gene:GOT1(YMR292W)|FD-Score:-3.43|P-value:3.03E-4||SGD DESC:Homodimeric protein that is packaged into COPII vesicles and cycles between the ER and Golgi; involved in secretory transport but not directly required for aspects of transport assayed in vitro; may influence membrane composition Gene:GRH1(YDR517W)|FD-Score:-3.42|P-value:3.14E-4||SGD DESC:Acetylated cis-Golgi protein, involved in ER to Golgi transport; homolog of human GRASP65; forms a complex with the coiled-coil protein Bug1p; mutants are compromised for the fusion of ER-derived vesicles with Golgi membranes; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:GTT2(YLL060C)|FD-Score:-3.33|P-value:4.40E-4||SGD DESC:Glutathione S-transferase capable of homodimerization; functional overlap with Gtt2p, Grx1p, and Grx2p; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:HNT3(YOR258W)|FD-Score:5.28|P-value:6.57E-8||SGD DESC:DNA 5' AMP hydrolase involved in DNA repair; member of the histidine triad (HIT) superfamily of nucleotide-binding proteins; homolog of Aprataxin, a Hint related protein that is mutated in individuals with ataxia with oculomotor apraxia; relative distribution to nuclear foci decreases upon DNA replication stress Gene:HUR1(YGL168W)|FD-Score:3.81|P-value:7.08E-5||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function; reported null mutant phenotype of hydroxyurea sensitivity may be due to effects on overlapping PMR1 gene Gene:IDP3(YNL009W)|FD-Score:3.22|P-value:6.49E-4||SGD DESC:Peroxisomal NADP-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase; catalyzes oxidation of isocitrate to alpha-ketoglutarate with the formation of NADP(H+), required for growth on unsaturated fatty acids; IDP3 has a paralog, IDP2, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:IOC4(YMR044W)|FD-Score:3.89|P-value:4.99E-5||SGD DESC:Member of a complex (Isw1b) with Isw1p and Ioc2p; interacts directly with H3K36me3 nucleosomes through its PWWP domain to recruit the Isw1b complex to open reading frames in a Set2p-dependent manner; Isw1b exhibits nucleosome-stimulated ATPase activity and acts within coding regions to coordinate transcription elongation with termination and processing Gene:IRC13(YOR235W_d)|FD-Score:3.2|P-value:6.78E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; null mutant displays increased levels of spontaneous Rad52 foci Gene:IRC15(YPL017C)|FD-Score:7.1|P-value:6.44E-13||SGD DESC:Microtubule associated protein; regulates microtubule dynamics; required for accurate meiotic chromosome segregation; null mutant displays large budded cells due to delayed mitotic progression, increased levels of spontaneous Rad52 foci Gene:IRC24(YIR036C_p)|FD-Score:-4.03|P-value:2.79E-5||SGD DESC:Putative benzil reductase;(GFP)-fusion protein localizes to the cytoplasm and is induced by the DNA-damaging agent MMS; sequence similarity with short-chain dehydrogenase/reductases; null mutant has increased spontaneous Rad52p foci Gene:JIP3(YLR331C_d)|FD-Score:4.07|P-value:2.38E-5||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame, unlikely to encode a protein; not conserved in closely related Saccharomyces species; 98% of ORF overlaps the verified gene MID2 Gene:LRS4(YDR439W)|FD-Score:3.44|P-value:2.91E-4||SGD DESC:Nucleolar protein that forms a complex with Csm1p, and then Mam1p at kinetochores during meiosis I to mediate accurate homolog segregation; required for condensin recruitment to the replication fork barrier site and rDNA repeat segregation Gene:LSM1(YJL124C)|FD-Score:4.37|P-value:6.13E-6||SGD DESC:Lsm (Like Sm) protein; forms heteroheptameric complex (with Lsm2p, Lsm3p, Lsm4p, Lsm5p, Lsm6p, and Lsm7p) involved in degradation of cytoplasmic mRNAs; unlike most Sm-like proteins, Lsm1p requires both its SM-domain and C-terminal domain for RNA-binding; forms cytoplasmic foci upon DNA replication stress Gene:LSM7(YNL147W)|FD-Score:4.29|P-value:9.03E-6||SGD DESC:Lsm (Like Sm) protein; part of heteroheptameric complexes (Lsm2p-7p and either Lsm1p or 8p): cytoplasmic Lsm1p complex involved in mRNA decay; nuclear Lsm8p complex part of U6 snRNP and possibly involved in processing tRNA, snoRNA, and rRNA; protein abundance increases and forms cytoplasmic foci in response to DNA replication stress Gene:LST7(YGR057C)|FD-Score:-4.24|P-value:1.10E-5||SGD DESC:Protein possibly involved in a post-Golgi secretory pathway; required for the transport of nitrogen-regulated amino acid permease Gap1p from the Golgi to the cell surface Gene:LTE1(YAL024C)|FD-Score:-5.3|P-value:5.71E-8||SGD DESC:Protein similar to GDP/GTP exchange factors but without detectable GEF activity; required for asymmetric localization of Bfa1p at daughter-directed spindle pole bodies and for mitotic exit at low temperatures Gene:MDM36(YPR083W)|FD-Score:7.11|P-value:5.70E-13||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial protein required for normal mitochondrial morphology and inheritance; proposed involvement in the formation of Dnm1p and Num1p-containing cortical anchor complexes that promote mitochondrial fission Gene:MID2(YLR332W)|FD-Score:8.3|P-value:5.42E-17||SGD DESC:O-glycosylated plasma membrane protein that acts as a sensor for cell wall integrity signaling and activates the pathway; interacts with Rom2p, a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for Rho1p, and with cell integrity pathway protein Zeo1p Gene:MRE11(YMR224C)|FD-Score:5.29|P-value:6.27E-8||SGD DESC:Subunit of the MRX complex with Rad50p and Xrs2p; complex functions in repair of DNA double-strand breaks and in telomere stability; exhibits nuclease activity that appears to be required for MRX function; widely conserved; forms nuclear foci upon DNA replication stress Gene:MTQ2(YDR140W)|FD-Score:4.71|P-value:1.21E-6||SGD DESC:S-adenosylmethionine-dependent methyltransferase of the seven beta-strand family; subunit of complex with Trm112p that methylates translation release factor Sup45p (eRF1) in the ternary complex eRF1-eRF3-GTP; similar to E.coli PrmC Gene:NAT1(YDL040C)|FD-Score:5.06|P-value:2.08E-7||SGD DESC:Subunit of the N-terminal acetyltransferase NatA (Nat1p, Ard1p, Nat5p); N-terminally acetylates many proteins, which influences multiple processes such as the cell cycle, heat-shock resistance, mating, sporulation, and telomeric silencing Gene:NRG2(YBR066C)|FD-Score:-3.79|P-value:7.41E-5||SGD DESC:Transcriptional repressor; mediates glucose repression and negatively regulates filamentous growth; NRG2 has a paralog, NRG1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:NUT1(YGL151W)|FD-Score:7.84|P-value:2.25E-15||SGD DESC:Component of the RNA polymerase II mediator complex, which is required for transcriptional activation and also has a role in basal transcription Gene:OPI1(YHL020C)|FD-Score:-3.12|P-value:9.00E-4||SGD DESC:Transcriptional regulator of a variety of genes; phosphorylation by protein kinase A stimulates Opi1p function in negative regulation of phospholipid biosynthetic genes; involved in telomere maintenance Gene:OPI11(YPR044C_d)|FD-Score:4.33|P-value:7.48E-6||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps verified gene RPL43A/YPR043W; deletion confers sensitivity to GSAO Gene:ORT1(YOR130C)|FD-Score:-3.25|P-value:5.73E-4||SGD DESC:Ornithine transporter of the mitochondrial inner membrane, exports ornithine from mitochondria as part of arginine biosynthesis; human ortholog is associated with hyperammonaemia-hyperornithinaemia-homocitrullinuria (HHH) syndrome Gene:OYE2(YHR179W)|FD-Score:3.55|P-value:1.95E-4||SGD DESC:Conserved NADPH oxidoreductase containing flavin mononucleotide (FMN); responsible for geraniol reduction into citronellol during fermentation; homologous to Oye3p with different ligand binding and catalytic properties; may be involved in sterol metabolism, oxidative stress response, and programmed cell death; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:PAL1(YDR348C)|FD-Score:-3.76|P-value:8.35E-5||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function thought to be involved in endocytosis; Pal1p physically interacts with Ede1p and is found at endocytic sites at the cell periphery during the early stages of endocytosis; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein also localizes to the bud neck; potential Cdc28p substrate; similar to the S. pombe Pal1 protein; relocalizes from bud neck to cytoplasm upon DNA replication stress Gene:PAN2(YGL094C)|FD-Score:-4.12|P-value:1.90E-5||SGD DESC:Essential subunit of the Pan2p-Pan3p poly(A)-ribonuclease complex, which acts to control poly(A) tail length and regulate the stoichiometry and activity of postreplication repair complexes Gene:PDR1(YGL013C)|FD-Score:4.15|P-value:1.63E-5||SGD DESC:Transcription factor that regulates the pleiotropic drug response; zinc cluster protein that is a master regulator involved in recruiting other zinc cluster proteins to pleiotropic drug response elements (PDREs) to fine tune the regulation of multidrug resistance genes; PDR1 has a paralog, PDR3, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:PEF1(YGR058W)|FD-Score:-3.09|P-value:9.84E-4||SGD DESC:Penta-EF-hand protein required for polar bud growth and cell wall abscission; binds calcium and zinc with different affinity; localizes to bud site in G1, bud neck in G2; binds to Sec31p and modulates COPII coat assembly Gene:PEX27(YOR193W)|FD-Score:-3.3|P-value:4.80E-4||SGD DESC:Peripheral peroxisomal membrane protein involved in controlling peroxisome size and number, interacts with homologous protein Pex25p Gene:PEX32(YBR168W)|FD-Score:3.75|P-value:8.94E-5||SGD DESC:Peroxisomal integral membrane protein, involved in negative regulation of peroxisome size; partially functionally redundant with Pex31p; genetic interactions suggest action at a step downstream of steps mediated by Pex28p and Pex29p Gene:PFD1(YJL179W)|FD-Score:4.29|P-value:8.97E-6||SGD DESC:Subunit of heterohexameric prefoldin, which binds cytosolic chaperonin and transfers target proteins to it; involved in the biogenesis of actin and of alpha- and gamma-tubulin Gene:PFK1(YGR240C)|FD-Score:3.6|P-value:1.62E-4||SGD DESC:Alpha subunit of heterooctameric phosphofructokinase involved in glycolysis, indispensable for anaerobic growth, activated by fructose-2,6-bisphosphate and AMP, mutation inhibits glucose induction of cell cycle-related genes Gene:PLB2(YMR006C)|FD-Score:-6.64|P-value:1.53E-11||SGD DESC:Phospholipase B (lysophospholipase) involved in phospholipid metabolism; displays transacylase activity in vitro; overproduction confers resistance to lysophosphatidylcholine Gene:PPZ2(YDR436W)|FD-Score:-5.05|P-value:2.20E-7||SGD DESC:Serine/threonine protein phosphatase Z, isoform of Ppz1p; involved in regulation of potassium transport, which affects osmotic stability, cell cycle progression, and halotolerance Gene:PRM7(YDL039C)|FD-Score:-3.71|P-value:1.03E-4||SGD DESC:Pheromone-regulated protein, predicted to have one transmembrane segment; promoter contains Gcn4p binding elements Gene:PRS1(YKL181W)|FD-Score:8.16|P-value:1.74E-16||SGD DESC:5-phospho-ribosyl-1(alpha)-pyrophosphate synthetase, synthesizes PRPP, which is required for nucleotide, histidine, and tryptophan biosynthesis; one of five related enzymes, which are active as heteromultimeric complexes Gene:PUS7(YOR243C)|FD-Score:6.43|P-value:6.37E-11||SGD DESC:Pseudouridine synthase, catalyzes pseudouridylation at positions 35 and 56 in U2 snRNA, position 50 in 5S rRNA, position 13 in cytoplasmic tRNAs, and position 35 in pre-tRNA(Tyr); conserved in archaea, vertebrates, and some bacteria Gene:PUT3(YKL015W)|FD-Score:3.74|P-value:9.36E-5||SGD DESC:Transcriptional activator of proline utilization genes, constitutively binds PUT1 and PUT2 promoter sequences as a dimer and undergoes a conformational change to form the active state; differentially phosphorylated in the presence of different nitrogen sources; has a Zn(2)-Cys(6) binuclear cluster domain Gene:RAI1(YGL246C)|FD-Score:4.05|P-value:2.51E-5||SGD DESC:Nuclear protein with decapping endonuclease activity targeted toward mRNAs with unmethylated 7-methylguanosine cap structures; binds to and stabilizes the exoribonuclease Rat1p; required for pre-rRNA processing; homologous to human DOM3Z Gene:REV1(YOR346W)|FD-Score:-4.2|P-value:1.34E-5||SGD DESC:Deoxycytidyl transferase; involved in repair of abasic sites and adducted guanines in damaged DNA by translesion synthesis (TLS); forms a complex with the subunits of DNA polymerase zeta, Rev3p and Rev7p; relocalizes from nucleus to cytoplasm upon DNA replication stress Gene:RGS2(YOR107W)|FD-Score:4.21|P-value:1.27E-5||SGD DESC:Negative regulator of glucose-induced cAMP signaling; directly activates the GTPase activity of the heterotrimeric G protein alpha subunit Gpa2p Gene:RIM4(YHL024W)|FD-Score:-3.85|P-value:5.95E-5||SGD DESC:Putative RNA-binding protein required for the expression of early and middle sporulation genes Gene:RIP1(YEL024W)|FD-Score:-4.73|P-value:1.10E-6||SGD DESC:Ubiquinol-cytochrome-c reductase, a Rieske iron-sulfur protein of the mitochondrial cytochrome bc1 complex; transfers electrons from ubiquinol to cytochrome c1 during respiration; during import, Rip1p is first imported into the mitochondrial matrix where it is processed, acquires its Fe-S cluster, and is folded, then is translocated into the inner membrane by the action of a homo-oligomer of Bcs1p, and finally is delivered by Bcs1p to Complex III for assembly Gene:RKM3(YBR030W)|FD-Score:-3.91|P-value:4.70E-5||SGD DESC:Ribosomal lysine methyltransferase specific for monomethylation of Rpl42ap and Rpl42bp (lysine 40); nuclear SET domain containing protein Gene:RLM1(YPL089C)|FD-Score:8.46|P-value:1.31E-17||SGD DESC:MADS-box transcription factor; component of the protein kinase C-mediated MAP kinase pathway involved in the maintenance of cell integrity; phosphorylated and activated by the MAP-kinase Slt2p; RLM1 has a paralog, SMP1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:ROM2(YLR371W)|FD-Score:3.1|P-value:9.65E-4||SGD DESC:GDP/GTP exchange factor (GEF) for Rho1p and Rho2p; mutations are synthetically lethal with mutations in rom1, which also encodes a GEF; Rom2p localization to the bud surface is dependent on Ack1p Gene:RPA34(YJL148W)|FD-Score:3.94|P-value:4.00E-5||SGD DESC:RNA polymerase I subunit A34.5 Gene:RPA49(YNL248C)|FD-Score:9.63|P-value:2.95E-22||SGD DESC:RNA polymerase I subunit A49 Gene:RPL12A(YEL054C)|FD-Score:3.82|P-value:6.56E-5||SGD DESC:Ribosomal 60S subunit protein L12A; rpl12a rpl12b double mutant exhibits slow growth and slow translation; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein L12 and bacterial L11; RPL12A has a paralog, RPL12B, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RPL36B(YPL249C-A)|FD-Score:5.31|P-value:5.62E-8||SGD DESC:Ribosomal 60S subunit protein L36B; binds to 5.8 S rRNA; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein L36, no bacterial homolog; RPL36B has a paralog, RPL36A, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RPL8A(YHL033C)|FD-Score:3.12|P-value:9.00E-4||SGD DESC:Ribosomal 60S subunit protein L8A; mutation results in decreased amounts of free 60S subunits; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein L7A, no bacterial homolog; RPL8A has a paralog, RPL8B, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RPP1B(YDL130W)|FD-Score:7.3|P-value:1.43E-13||SGD DESC:Ribosomal protein P1 beta, component of the ribosomal stalk, which is involved in interaction of translational elongation factors with ribosome; accumulation is regulated by phosphorylation and interaction with the P2 stalk component Gene:RPS10A(YOR293W)|FD-Score:5.61|P-value:9.87E-9||SGD DESC:Protein component of the small (40S) ribosomal subunit; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein S10, no bacterial homolog; RPS10A has a paralog, RPS10B, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RPS18B(YML026C)|FD-Score:3.18|P-value:7.42E-4||SGD DESC:Protein component of the small (40S) ribosomal subunit; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein S18 and bacterial S13; RPS18B has a paralog, RPS18A, that arose from the whole genome duplication; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:RPS24A(YER074W)|FD-Score:4.69|P-value:1.36E-6||SGD DESC:Protein component of the small (40S) ribosomal subunit; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein S24, no bacterial homolog; RPS24A has a paralog, RPS24B, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RPS26B(YER131W)|FD-Score:5.39|P-value:3.52E-8||SGD DESC:Protein component of the small (40S) ribosomal subunit; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein S26, no bacterial homolog; RPS26B has a paralog, RPS26A, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RPS28B(YLR264W)|FD-Score:3.78|P-value:7.69E-5||SGD DESC:Protein component of the small (40S) ribosomal subunit; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein S28, no bacterial homolog; RPS28B has a paralog, RPS28A, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:SCH9(YHR205W)|FD-Score:3.19|P-value:7.04E-4||SGD DESC:AGC family protein kinase; functional ortholog of mammalian S6 kinase; phosphorylated by Tor1p and required for TORC1-mediated regulation of ribosome biogenesis, translation initiation, and entry into G0 phase; involved in transactivation of osmostress-responsive genes; regulates G1 progression, cAPK activity and nitrogen activation of the FGM pathway; integrates nutrient signals and stress signals from sphingolipids to regulate lifespan Gene:SLG1(YOR008C)|FD-Score:5.12|P-value:1.56E-7||SGD DESC:Sensor-transducer of the stress-activated PKC1-MPK1 kinase pathway; involved in maintenance of cell wall integrity; required for mitophagy; involved in organization of the actin cytoskeleton; secretory pathway Wsc1p is required for the arrest of secretion response Gene:SLT2(YHR030C)|FD-Score:27.8|P-value:4.21E-170||SGD DESC:Serine/threonine MAP kinase; involved in regulating maintenance of cell wall integrity, progression through the cell cycle, and nuclear mRNA retention in heat shock; required for mitophagy and pexophagy; affects recruitment of mitochondria to the phagophore assembly site (PAS); regulated by the PKC1-mediated signaling pathway Gene:SOD1(YJR104C)|FD-Score:-5.4|P-value:3.25E-8||SGD DESC:Cytosolic copper-zinc superoxide dismutase; some mutations are analogous to those that cause ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) in humans; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress and in response to prolonged exposure to boric acid Gene:SPG5(YMR191W)|FD-Score:3.23|P-value:6.11E-4||SGD DESC:Protein required for proteasome assembly during quiescence; binds to base of the proteasome regulartory particle; required for survival at high temperature during stationary phase; not required for growth on nonfermentable carbon sources Gene:SPT3(YDR392W)|FD-Score:5.69|P-value:6.29E-9||SGD DESC:Subunit of the SAGA and SAGA-like transcriptional regulatory complexes, interacts with Spt15p to activate transcription of some RNA polymerase II-dependent genes, also functions to inhibit transcription at some promoters Gene:SPT7(YBR081C)|FD-Score:4.66|P-value:1.56E-6||SGD DESC:Subunit of the SAGA transcriptional regulatory complex, involved in proper assembly of the complex; also present as a C-terminally truncated form in the SLIK/SALSA transcriptional regulatory complex Gene:SPT8(YLR055C)|FD-Score:3.33|P-value:4.40E-4||SGD DESC:Subunit of the SAGA transcriptional regulatory complex but not present in SAGA-like complex SLIK/SALSA, required for SAGA-mediated inhibition at some promoters Gene:SSK2(YNR031C)|FD-Score:3.81|P-value:7.02E-5||SGD DESC:MAP kinase kinase kinase of the HOG1 mitogen-activated signaling pathway; interacts with Ssk1p, leading to autophosphorylation and activation of Ssk2p which phosphorylates Pbs2p; also mediates actin cytoskeleton recovery from osmotic stress Gene:STO1(YMR125W)|FD-Score:5.11|P-value:1.64E-7||SGD DESC:Large subunit of the nuclear mRNA cap-binding protein complex, interacts with Npl3p to carry nuclear poly(A)+ mRNA to cytoplasm; also involved in nuclear mRNA degradation and telomere maintenance; orthologous to mammalian CBP80 Gene:STP4(YDL048C)|FD-Score:4.34|P-value:7.15E-6||SGD DESC:Protein containing a Kruppel-type zinc-finger domain; has similarity to Stp1p, Stp2p, and Stp3p; predicted to be a transcription factor; relative distribution to the nucleus increases upon DNA replication stress Gene:SWC5(YBR231C)|FD-Score:5.94|P-value:1.44E-9||SGD DESC:Component of the SWR1 complex; complex exchanges histone variant H2AZ (Htz1p) for chromatin-bound histone H2A; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:SWR1(YDR334W)|FD-Score:3.6|P-value:1.60E-4||SGD DESC:Swi2/Snf2-related ATPase that is the structural component of the SWR1 complex, which exchanges histone variant H2AZ (Htz1p) for chromatin-bound histone H2A Gene:TAT1(YBR069C)|FD-Score:-3.72|P-value:1.00E-4||SGD DESC:Amino acid transporter for valine, leucine, isoleucine, and tyrosine; low-affinity tryptophan and histidine transporter; overexpression confers FK506 and FTY720 resistance; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:TGS1(YPL157W)|FD-Score:3.15|P-value:8.29E-4||SGD DESC:Trimethyl guanosine synthase, conserved nucleolar methyl transferase that converts the m(7)G cap structure of snRNAs, snoRNAs, and telomerase TLC1 RNA to m(2,2,7)G; also required for nucleolar assembly and splicing of meiotic pre-mRNAs Gene:TMA46(YOR091W)|FD-Score:3.36|P-value:3.93E-4||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function that associates with translating ribosomes; interacts with GTPase Rbg1p Gene:TOS8(YGL096W)|FD-Score:-3.35|P-value:4.05E-4||SGD DESC:Homeodomain-containing protein and putative transcription factor; found associated with chromatin; target of SBF transcription factor; induced during meiosis and under cell-damaging conditions; TOS8 has a paralog, CUP9, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:TPM1(YNL079C)|FD-Score:5.38|P-value:3.79E-8||SGD DESC:Major isoform of tropomyosin; binds to and stabilizes actin cables and filaments, which direct polarized cell growth and the distribution of several organelles; acetylated by the NatB complex and acetylated form binds actin most efficiently; TPM1 has a paralog, TPM2, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:TRE1(YPL176C)|FD-Score:3.22|P-value:6.42E-4||SGD DESC:Transferrin receptor-like protein; plasma membrane protein that binds Bsd2p and regulates ubiquitylation and vacuolar degradation of the metal transporter Smf1p; functionally redundant with Tre2p; TRE1 has a paralog, TRE2, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:TRM7(YBR061C)|FD-Score:3.42|P-value:3.07E-4||SGD DESC:2'-O-ribose methyltransferase; methylates the 2'-O-ribose of tRNA-Phe, tRNA-Trp, and tRNA-Leu at positions C32 and N34 of the tRNA anticodon loop; crucial biological role likely modification of tRNA-Phe; interacts with Trm732p and Rtt10p in 2'-O-methylation of C32 and N34 substrate tRNAs, respectively Gene:TRP3(YKL211C)|FD-Score:-4.16|P-value:1.62E-5||SGD DESC:Indole-3-glycerol-phosphate synthase; forms bifunctional hetero-oligomeric anthranilate synthase:indole-3-glycerol phosphate synthase enzyme complex with Trp2p Gene:UBP3(YER151C)|FD-Score:3.19|P-value:7.22E-4||SGD DESC:Ubiquitin-specific protease involved in transport and osmotic response; interacts with Bre5p to co-regulate anterograde and retrograde transport between the ER and Golgi; involved in transcription elongation in response to osmostress through phosphorylation at Ser695 by Hog1p; inhibitor of gene silencing; cleaves ubiquitin fusions but not polyubiquitin; also has mRNA binding activity; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:UIP3(YAR027W)|FD-Score:3.22|P-value:6.32E-4||SGD DESC:Putative integral membrane protein of unknown function; interacts with Ulp1p at the nuclear periphery; member of DUP240 gene family Gene:VPS21(YOR089C)|FD-Score:3.47|P-value:2.56E-4||SGD DESC:Rab family GTPase; required for endocytic transport and for sorting of vacuolar hydrolases; localized in endocytic intermediates; detected in mitochondria; geranylgeranylation required for membrane association; mammalian Rab5 homolog; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress; VPS21 has a paralog, YPT53, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:VPS71(YML041C)|FD-Score:3.36|P-value:3.92E-4||SGD DESC:Nucleosome-binding component of the SWR1 complex, which exchanges histone variant H2AZ (Htz1p) for chromatin-bound histone H2A; required for vacuolar protein sorting Gene:YAL018C(YAL018C_p)|FD-Score:4.69|P-value:1.37E-6||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function Gene:YCR064C(YCR064C_d)|FD-Score:4.98|P-value:3.21E-7||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified gene BUD31 Gene:YDL172C(YDL172C_d)|FD-Score:-3.16|P-value:7.86E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious ORF unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YEL043W(YEL043W)|FD-Score:3.09|P-value:9.92E-4||SGD DESC:Predicted cytoskeleton protein involved in intracellular signalling based on quantitative analysis of protein-protein interaction maps; may interact with ribosomes, based on co-purification studies; contains fibronectin type III domain fold Gene:YER119C-A(YER119C-A_d)|FD-Score:9.02|P-value:9.23E-20||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame, not conserved in closely related Saccharomyces species; deletion mutation blocks replication of Brome mosaic virus in S. cerevisiae, but this is likely due to effects on the overlapping gene SCS2 Gene:YGL088W(YGL088W_d)|FD-Score:3.38|P-value:3.61E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps snR10, a snoRNA required for preRNA processing Gene:YGR125W(YGR125W_p)|FD-Score:-3.4|P-value:3.31E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; deletion mutant has decreased rapamycin resistance but normal wormannin resistance; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to the vacuole Gene:YHI9(YHR029C)|FD-Score:8.15|P-value:1.86E-16||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function; null mutant is defective in unfolded protein response; possibly involved in a membrane regulation metabolic pathway; member of the PhzF superfamily, though most likely not involved in phenazine production Gene:YHP1(YDR451C)|FD-Score:-3.81|P-value:7.03E-5||SGD DESC:Homeobox transcriptional repressor; binds Mcm1p and early cell cycle box (ECB) elements of cell cycle regulated genes, thereby restricting ECB-mediated transcription to the M/G1 interval; YHP1 has a paralog, YOX1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:YHR022C-A(YHR022C-A_p)|FD-Score:-3.34|P-value:4.16E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; identified by gene-trapping, microarray-based expression analysis, and genome-wide homology searching Gene:YJL016W(YJL016W_p)|FD-Score:3.45|P-value:2.75E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; GFP-fusion protein localizes to the cytoplasm; conserved in closely related Saccharomyces species Gene:YJL211C(YJL211C_d)|FD-Score:3.62|P-value:1.45E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified gene YJL210W/PEX2 Gene:YJR018W(YJR018W_d)|FD-Score:5.13|P-value:1.46E-7||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YKL069W(YKL069W)|FD-Score:-3.2|P-value:6.86E-4||SGD DESC:Methionine-R-sulfoxide reductase; reduces the R enantiomer of free Met-SO, in contrast to Ycl033Cp which reduces Met-R-SO in a peptide linkage; has a role in protection against oxidative stress; relative distribution to the nucleus increases upon DNA replication stress Gene:YKL169C(YKL169C_d)|FD-Score:4.64|P-value:1.74E-6||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified gene MRPL38 Gene:YLR031W(YLR031W_p)|FD-Score:3.22|P-value:6.37E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function Gene:YLR287C(YLR287C_p)|FD-Score:-3.95|P-value:3.99E-5||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to the cytoplasm; YLR287C is not an essential gene Gene:YMR166C(YMR166C_p)|FD-Score:3.15|P-value:8.05E-4||SGD DESC:Predicted transporter of the mitochondrial inner membrane; has similarity to human mitochondrial ATP-Mg/Pi carriers; YMR166C is not an essential gene Gene:YMR320W(YMR320W_d)|FD-Score:4.01|P-value:3.04E-5||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YNL235C(YNL235C_d)|FD-Score:3.19|P-value:7.21E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified ORF SIN4/YNL236W, a subunit of the mediator complex Gene:YOR223W(YOR223W)|FD-Score:3.13|P-value:8.75E-4||SGD DESC:Subunit of the DSC ubiquitin ligase complex; protein of unknown function that localizes to the ER and vacuole lumen; overexpression affects endocytic protein trafficking; ortholog of fission yeast dsc3 Gene:YPL261C(YPL261C_d)|FD-Score:3.31|P-value:4.65E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein; partially overlaps the uncharacterized ORF YPL260W Gene:YPR114W(YPR114W_p)|FD-Score:3.43|P-value:3.01E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function Gene:YPT7(YML001W)|FD-Score:3.31|P-value:4.58E-4||SGD DESC:Rab family GTPase; GTP-binding protein of the rab family; required for homotypic fusion event in vacuole inheritance, for endosome-endosome fusion; interacts with the cargo selection/retromer complex for retrograde sorting; similar to mammalian Rab7 Gene:ACA1(YER045C)|FD-Score:-3.13|P-value:8.67E-4||SGD DESC:ATF/CREB family basic leucine zipper (bZIP) transcription factor; binds as a homodimer to the ATF/CREB consensus sequence TGACGTCA; important for carbon source utilization; target genes include GRE2 and COS8; ACA1 has a paralog, CST6, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:ACN9(YDR511W)|FD-Score:-3.19|P-value:7.13E-4||SGD DESC:Protein of the mitochondrial intermembrane space, required for acetate utilization and gluconeogenesis; has orthologs in higher eukaryotes Gene:ADO1(YJR105W)|FD-Score:8.35|P-value:3.53E-17||SGD DESC:Adenosine kinase, required for the utilization of S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet); may be involved in recycling adenosine produced through the methyl cycle Gene:AMD1(YML035C)|FD-Score:4.08|P-value:2.27E-5||SGD DESC:AMP deaminase; tetrameric enzyme that catalyzes the deamination of AMP to form IMP and ammonia; thought to be involved in regulation of intracellular purine (adenine, guanine, and inosine) nucleotide pools Gene:API2(YDR525W_d)|FD-Score:-4.67|P-value:1.51E-6||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame, unlikely to encode a protein; not conserved in closely related Saccharomyces species; 26% of ORF overlaps the dubious ORF YDR524C-A; insertion mutation in a cdc34-2 mutant background causes altered bud morphology Gene:BAP2(YBR068C)|FD-Score:-3.18|P-value:7.48E-4||SGD DESC:High-affinity leucine permease; functions as a branched-chain amino acid permease involved in uptake of leucine, isoleucine and valine; contains 12 predicted transmembrane domains; BAP2 has a paralog, BAP3, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:BCK1(YJL095W)|FD-Score:43.9|P-value:0||SGD DESC:Mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase kinase kinase acting in the protein kinase C signaling pathway, which controls cell integrity; upon activation by Pkc1p phosphorylates downstream kinases Mkk1p and Mkk2p Gene:BCK2(YER167W)|FD-Score:3.19|P-value:7.03E-4||SGD DESC:Protein rich in serine and threonine residues involved in protein kinase C signaling pathway, which controls cell integrity; overproduction suppresses pkc1 mutations Gene:BDF1(YLR399C)|FD-Score:4.73|P-value:1.11E-6||SGD DESC:Protein involved in transcription initiation at TATA-containing promoters; associates with the basal transcription factor TFIID; contains two bromodomains; corresponds to the C-terminal region of mammalian TAF1; redundant with Bdf2p Gene:BIM1(YER016W)|FD-Score:3.63|P-value:1.44E-4||SGD DESC:Microtubule-binding protein that together with Kar9p makes up the cortical microtubule capture site and delays the exit from mitosis when the spindle is oriented abnormally Gene:BMH1(YER177W)|FD-Score:3.71|P-value:1.03E-4||SGD DESC:14-3-3 protein, major isoform; controls proteome at post-transcriptional level, binds proteins and DNA, involved in regulation of many processes including exocytosis, vesicle transport, Ras/MAPK signaling, and rapamycin-sensitive signaling; protein increases in abundance and relative distribution to the nucleus increases upon DNA replication stress Gene:BRE1(YDL074C)|FD-Score:3.12|P-value:9.14E-4||SGD DESC:E3 ubiquitin ligase, forms heterodimer with Rad6p to monoubiquinate histone H2B-K123, which is required for the subsequent methylation of histone H3-K4 and H3-K79; required for DSBR, transcription, silencing, and checkpoint control Gene:BUD26(YDR241W_d)|FD-Score:4.73|P-value:1.11E-6||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame, unlikely to encode a protein; not conserved in closely related Saccharomyces species; 1% of ORF overlaps the verified gene SNU56; diploid mutant displays a weak budding pattern phenotype in a systematic assay Gene:BUD31(YCR063W)|FD-Score:6.15|P-value:3.89E-10||SGD DESC:Component of the SF3b subcomplex of the U2 snRNP; diploid mutants display a random budding pattern instead of the wild-type bipolar pattern; facilitates passage through G1/S Start, but is not required for G2/M transition or exit from mitosis Gene:CBR1(YIL043C)|FD-Score:4|P-value:3.12E-5||SGD DESC:Microsomal cytochrome b reductase, not essential for viability; also detected in mitochondria; mutation in conserved NADH binding domain of the human ortholog results in type I methemoglobinemia Gene:CCW12(YLR110C)|FD-Score:-3.68|P-value:1.15E-4||SGD DESC:Cell wall mannoprotein; plays a role in maintenance of newly synthesized areas of cell wall; localizes to periphery of small buds, septum region of larger buds, and shmoo tip; CCW12 has a paralog, YDR134C, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:CGI121(YML036W)|FD-Score:6.53|P-value:3.32E-11||SGD DESC:Component of the EKC/KEOPS complex with Bud32p, Kae1p, Pcc1p, and Gon7p; EKC/KEOPS complex is required for t6A tRNA modification and may have roles in telomere maintenance and transcription; Cgi121p is dispensable for tRNA modification Gene:CKB2(YOR039W)|FD-Score:5.06|P-value:2.14E-7||SGD DESC:Beta' regulatory subunit of casein kinase 2 (CK2), a Ser/Thr protein kinase with roles in cell growth and proliferation; CK2, comprised of CKA1, CKA2, CKB1 and CKB2, has many substrates including transcription factors and all RNA polymerase Gene:COX11(YPL132W)|FD-Score:-3.91|P-value:4.66E-5||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial inner membrane protein required for delivery of copper to the Cox1p subunit of cytochrome c oxidase; association with mitochondrial ribosomes suggests that copper delivery may occur during translation of Cox1p Gene:CRG1(YHR209W)|FD-Score:14.9|P-value:2.32E-50||SGD DESC:S-AdoMet-dependent methyltransferase involved in lipid homeostasis; mediates resistance to a drug cantharidin Gene:CTF19(YPL018W)|FD-Score:3.67|P-value:1.21E-4||SGD DESC:Outer kinetochore protein, needed for accurate chromosome segregation; component of the kinetochore sub-complex COMA (Ctf19p, Okp1p, Mcm21p, Ame1p) that functions as a platform for kinetochore assembly; orthologous to human centromere constitutive-associated network (CCAN) subunit CENP-P and fission yeast fta2 Gene:CTR1(YPR124W)|FD-Score:-3.3|P-value:4.82E-4||SGD DESC:High-affinity copper transporter of the plasma membrane; mediates nearly all copper uptake under low copper conditions; transcriptionally induced at low copper levels and degraded at high copper levels; protein increases in abundance and relocalizes from nucleus to plasma membrane upon DNA replication stress Gene:CWC27(YPL064C)|FD-Score:4.11|P-value:1.98E-5||SGD DESC:Component of a complex containing Cef1p; putatively involved in pre-mRNA splicing; has similarity to S. pombe Cwf27p; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:CYS4(YGR155W)|FD-Score:10.3|P-value:3.22E-25||SGD DESC:Cystathionine beta-synthase, catalyzes synthesis of cystathionine from serine and homocysteine, the first committed step in cysteine biosynthesis; responsible for hydrogen sulfide generation; advances passage through START by promoting cell growth which requires catalytic activity, and reducing critical cell size independent of catalytic activity; mutations in human ortholog cause homocystinuria Gene:CYT2(YKL087C)|FD-Score:-3.3|P-value:4.75E-4||SGD DESC:Cytochrome c1 heme lyase, involved in maturation of cytochrome c1, which is a subunit of the mitochondrial ubiquinol-cytochrome-c reductase; links heme covalently to apocytochrome c1 Gene:DAL81(YIR023W)|FD-Score:-3.71|P-value:1.05E-4||SGD DESC:Positive regulator of genes in multiple nitrogen degradation pathways; contains DNA binding domain but does not appear to bind the dodecanucleotide sequence present in the promoter region of many genes involved in allantoin catabolism Gene:DPH1(YIL103W)|FD-Score:4.17|P-value:1.50E-5||SGD DESC:Protein required, along with Dph2p, Kti11p, Jjj3p, and Dph5p, for synthesis of diphthamide, which is a modified histidine residue of translation elongation factor 2 (Eft1p or Eft2p); may act in a complex with Dph2p and Kti11p Gene:DPH2(YKL191W)|FD-Score:3.26|P-value:5.54E-4||SGD DESC:Protein required, along with Dph1p, Kti11p, Jjj3p, and Dph5p, for synthesis of diphthamide, which is a modified histidine residue of translation elongation factor 2 (Eft1p or Eft2p); may act in a complex with Dph1p and Kti11p Gene:DPH5(YLR172C)|FD-Score:4.31|P-value:8.30E-6||SGD DESC:Methyltransferase required for synthesis of diphthamide, which is a modified histidine residue of translation elongation factor 2 (Eft1p or Eft2p); not essential for viability; GFP-Dph5p fusion protein localizes to the cytoplasm Gene:DPH6(YLR143W_p)|FD-Score:3.75|P-value:8.76E-5||SGD DESC:Diphthamide synthetase; catalyzes the last amidation step of diphthamide biosynthesis using ammonium and ATP; evolutionarily conserved in eukaryotes; dph6 mutants exhibit diphthine accumulation and resistance to sordarin, which is indicative of defects in diphthamide formation on EF2; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-tagged protein localizes to the cytoplasm; DPH6/YLR143W is not an essential gene Gene:DUG2(YBR281C)|FD-Score:5.86|P-value:2.28E-9||SGD DESC:Component of glutamine amidotransferase (GATase II); forms a complex with Dug3p to degrade glutathione (GSH) and other peptides containing a gamma-glu-X bond in an alternative pathway to GSH degradation by gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (Ecm38p) Gene:DUG3(YNL191W)|FD-Score:5.77|P-value:3.86E-9||SGD DESC:Component of glutamine amidotransferase (GATase II); forms a complex with Dug2p to degrade glutathione (GSH) and other peptides containing a gamma-glu-X bond in an alternative pathway to GSH degradation by gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (Ecm38p) Gene:ELA1(YNL230C)|FD-Score:3.15|P-value:8.22E-4||SGD DESC:Elongin A; F-box protein that forms a heterodimer with Elc1p and is required for ubiquitin-dependent degradation of the RNA Polymerase II subunit Rpo21p; subunit of the Elongin-Cullin-Socs (ECS) ligase complex Gene:END3(YNL084C)|FD-Score:5.92|P-value:1.62E-9||SGD DESC:EH domain-containing protein involved in endocytosis, actin cytoskeletal organization and cell wall morphogenesis; forms a complex with Sla1p and Pan1p Gene:ERI1(YPL096C-A)|FD-Score:-3.24|P-value:5.88E-4||SGD DESC:Endoplasmic reticulum membrane protein that binds to and inhibits GTP-bound Ras2p at the ER; component of the GPI-GnT complex which catalyzes the first step in GPI-anchor biosynthesis; probable homolog of mammalian PIG-Y protein Gene:FAR3(YMR052W)|FD-Score:-3.97|P-value:3.56E-5||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function; involved in recovery from cell cycle arrest in response to pheromone, in a Far1p-independent pathway; interacts with Far7p, Far8p, Far9p, Far10p, and Far11p; localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:FMP16(YDR070C_p)|FD-Score:3.46|P-value:2.73E-4||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function; may be involved in responding to conditions of stress; the authentic, non-tagged protein is detected in highly purified mitochondria in high-throughput studies; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:FYV8(YGR196C)|FD-Score:3.18|P-value:7.30E-4||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function, required for survival upon exposure to K1 killer toxin Gene:GEP4(YHR100C)|FD-Score:-4.35|P-value:6.77E-6||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial phosphatidylglycerophosphatase (PGP phosphatase), dephosphorylates phosphatidylglycerolphosphate to generate phosphatidylglycerol, an essential step during cardiolipin biosynthesis; null mutant is sensitive to tunicamycin, DTT Gene:GIM5(YML094W)|FD-Score:3.8|P-value:7.17E-5||SGD DESC:Subunit of the heterohexameric cochaperone prefoldin complex which binds specifically to cytosolic chaperonin and transfers target proteins to it Gene:GOT1(YMR292W)|FD-Score:-3.43|P-value:3.03E-4||SGD DESC:Homodimeric protein that is packaged into COPII vesicles and cycles between the ER and Golgi; involved in secretory transport but not directly required for aspects of transport assayed in vitro; may influence membrane composition Gene:GRH1(YDR517W)|FD-Score:-3.42|P-value:3.14E-4||SGD DESC:Acetylated cis-Golgi protein, involved in ER to Golgi transport; homolog of human GRASP65; forms a complex with the coiled-coil protein Bug1p; mutants are compromised for the fusion of ER-derived vesicles with Golgi membranes; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:GTT2(YLL060C)|FD-Score:-3.33|P-value:4.40E-4||SGD DESC:Glutathione S-transferase capable of homodimerization; functional overlap with Gtt2p, Grx1p, and Grx2p; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:HNT3(YOR258W)|FD-Score:5.28|P-value:6.57E-8||SGD DESC:DNA 5' AMP hydrolase involved in DNA repair; member of the histidine triad (HIT) superfamily of nucleotide-binding proteins; homolog of Aprataxin, a Hint related protein that is mutated in individuals with ataxia with oculomotor apraxia; relative distribution to nuclear foci decreases upon DNA replication stress Gene:HUR1(YGL168W)|FD-Score:3.81|P-value:7.08E-5||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function; reported null mutant phenotype of hydroxyurea sensitivity may be due to effects on overlapping PMR1 gene Gene:IDP3(YNL009W)|FD-Score:3.22|P-value:6.49E-4||SGD DESC:Peroxisomal NADP-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase; catalyzes oxidation of isocitrate to alpha-ketoglutarate with the formation of NADP(H+), required for growth on unsaturated fatty acids; IDP3 has a paralog, IDP2, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:IOC4(YMR044W)|FD-Score:3.89|P-value:4.99E-5||SGD DESC:Member of a complex (Isw1b) with Isw1p and Ioc2p; interacts directly with H3K36me3 nucleosomes through its PWWP domain to recruit the Isw1b complex to open reading frames in a Set2p-dependent manner; Isw1b exhibits nucleosome-stimulated ATPase activity and acts within coding regions to coordinate transcription elongation with termination and processing Gene:IRC13(YOR235W_d)|FD-Score:3.2|P-value:6.78E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; null mutant displays increased levels of spontaneous Rad52 foci Gene:IRC15(YPL017C)|FD-Score:7.1|P-value:6.44E-13||SGD DESC:Microtubule associated protein; regulates microtubule dynamics; required for accurate meiotic chromosome segregation; null mutant displays large budded cells due to delayed mitotic progression, increased levels of spontaneous Rad52 foci Gene:IRC24(YIR036C_p)|FD-Score:-4.03|P-value:2.79E-5||SGD DESC:Putative benzil reductase;(GFP)-fusion protein localizes to the cytoplasm and is induced by the DNA-damaging agent MMS; sequence similarity with short-chain dehydrogenase/reductases; null mutant has increased spontaneous Rad52p foci Gene:JIP3(YLR331C_d)|FD-Score:4.07|P-value:2.38E-5||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame, unlikely to encode a protein; not conserved in closely related Saccharomyces species; 98% of ORF overlaps the verified gene MID2 Gene:LRS4(YDR439W)|FD-Score:3.44|P-value:2.91E-4||SGD DESC:Nucleolar protein that forms a complex with Csm1p, and then Mam1p at kinetochores during meiosis I to mediate accurate homolog segregation; required for condensin recruitment to the replication fork barrier site and rDNA repeat segregation Gene:LSM1(YJL124C)|FD-Score:4.37|P-value:6.13E-6||SGD DESC:Lsm (Like Sm) protein; forms heteroheptameric complex (with Lsm2p, Lsm3p, Lsm4p, Lsm5p, Lsm6p, and Lsm7p) involved in degradation of cytoplasmic mRNAs; unlike most Sm-like proteins, Lsm1p requires both its SM-domain and C-terminal domain for RNA-binding; forms cytoplasmic foci upon DNA replication stress Gene:LSM7(YNL147W)|FD-Score:4.29|P-value:9.03E-6||SGD DESC:Lsm (Like Sm) protein; part of heteroheptameric complexes (Lsm2p-7p and either Lsm1p or 8p): cytoplasmic Lsm1p complex involved in mRNA decay; nuclear Lsm8p complex part of U6 snRNP and possibly involved in processing tRNA, snoRNA, and rRNA; protein abundance increases and forms cytoplasmic foci in response to DNA replication stress Gene:LST7(YGR057C)|FD-Score:-4.24|P-value:1.10E-5||SGD DESC:Protein possibly involved in a post-Golgi secretory pathway; required for the transport of nitrogen-regulated amino acid permease Gap1p from the Golgi to the cell surface Gene:LTE1(YAL024C)|FD-Score:-5.3|P-value:5.71E-8||SGD DESC:Protein similar to GDP/GTP exchange factors but without detectable GEF activity; required for asymmetric localization of Bfa1p at daughter-directed spindle pole bodies and for mitotic exit at low temperatures Gene:MDM36(YPR083W)|FD-Score:7.11|P-value:5.70E-13||SGD DESC:Mitochondrial protein required for normal mitochondrial morphology and inheritance; proposed involvement in the formation of Dnm1p and Num1p-containing cortical anchor complexes that promote mitochondrial fission Gene:MID2(YLR332W)|FD-Score:8.3|P-value:5.42E-17||SGD DESC:O-glycosylated plasma membrane protein that acts as a sensor for cell wall integrity signaling and activates the pathway; interacts with Rom2p, a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for Rho1p, and with cell integrity pathway protein Zeo1p Gene:MRE11(YMR224C)|FD-Score:5.29|P-value:6.27E-8||SGD DESC:Subunit of the MRX complex with Rad50p and Xrs2p; complex functions in repair of DNA double-strand breaks and in telomere stability; exhibits nuclease activity that appears to be required for MRX function; widely conserved; forms nuclear foci upon DNA replication stress Gene:MTQ2(YDR140W)|FD-Score:4.71|P-value:1.21E-6||SGD DESC:S-adenosylmethionine-dependent methyltransferase of the seven beta-strand family; subunit of complex with Trm112p that methylates translation release factor Sup45p (eRF1) in the ternary complex eRF1-eRF3-GTP; similar to E.coli PrmC Gene:NAT1(YDL040C)|FD-Score:5.06|P-value:2.08E-7||SGD DESC:Subunit of the N-terminal acetyltransferase NatA (Nat1p, Ard1p, Nat5p); N-terminally acetylates many proteins, which influences multiple processes such as the cell cycle, heat-shock resistance, mating, sporulation, and telomeric silencing Gene:NRG2(YBR066C)|FD-Score:-3.79|P-value:7.41E-5||SGD DESC:Transcriptional repressor; mediates glucose repression and negatively regulates filamentous growth; NRG2 has a paralog, NRG1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:NUT1(YGL151W)|FD-Score:7.84|P-value:2.25E-15||SGD DESC:Component of the RNA polymerase II mediator complex, which is required for transcriptional activation and also has a role in basal transcription Gene:OPI1(YHL020C)|FD-Score:-3.12|P-value:9.00E-4||SGD DESC:Transcriptional regulator of a variety of genes; phosphorylation by protein kinase A stimulates Opi1p function in negative regulation of phospholipid biosynthetic genes; involved in telomere maintenance Gene:OPI11(YPR044C_d)|FD-Score:4.33|P-value:7.48E-6||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps verified gene RPL43A/YPR043W; deletion confers sensitivity to GSAO Gene:ORT1(YOR130C)|FD-Score:-3.25|P-value:5.73E-4||SGD DESC:Ornithine transporter of the mitochondrial inner membrane, exports ornithine from mitochondria as part of arginine biosynthesis; human ortholog is associated with hyperammonaemia-hyperornithinaemia-homocitrullinuria (HHH) syndrome Gene:OYE2(YHR179W)|FD-Score:3.55|P-value:1.95E-4||SGD DESC:Conserved NADPH oxidoreductase containing flavin mononucleotide (FMN); responsible for geraniol reduction into citronellol during fermentation; homologous to Oye3p with different ligand binding and catalytic properties; may be involved in sterol metabolism, oxidative stress response, and programmed cell death; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:PAL1(YDR348C)|FD-Score:-3.76|P-value:8.35E-5||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function thought to be involved in endocytosis; Pal1p physically interacts with Ede1p and is found at endocytic sites at the cell periphery during the early stages of endocytosis; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein also localizes to the bud neck; potential Cdc28p substrate; similar to the S. pombe Pal1 protein; relocalizes from bud neck to cytoplasm upon DNA replication stress Gene:PAN2(YGL094C)|FD-Score:-4.12|P-value:1.90E-5||SGD DESC:Essential subunit of the Pan2p-Pan3p poly(A)-ribonuclease complex, which acts to control poly(A) tail length and regulate the stoichiometry and activity of postreplication repair complexes Gene:PDR1(YGL013C)|FD-Score:4.15|P-value:1.63E-5||SGD DESC:Transcription factor that regulates the pleiotropic drug response; zinc cluster protein that is a master regulator involved in recruiting other zinc cluster proteins to pleiotropic drug response elements (PDREs) to fine tune the regulation of multidrug resistance genes; PDR1 has a paralog, PDR3, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:PEF1(YGR058W)|FD-Score:-3.09|P-value:9.84E-4||SGD DESC:Penta-EF-hand protein required for polar bud growth and cell wall abscission; binds calcium and zinc with different affinity; localizes to bud site in G1, bud neck in G2; binds to Sec31p and modulates COPII coat assembly Gene:PEX27(YOR193W)|FD-Score:-3.3|P-value:4.80E-4||SGD DESC:Peripheral peroxisomal membrane protein involved in controlling peroxisome size and number, interacts with homologous protein Pex25p Gene:PEX32(YBR168W)|FD-Score:3.75|P-value:8.94E-5||SGD DESC:Peroxisomal integral membrane protein, involved in negative regulation of peroxisome size; partially functionally redundant with Pex31p; genetic interactions suggest action at a step downstream of steps mediated by Pex28p and Pex29p Gene:PFD1(YJL179W)|FD-Score:4.29|P-value:8.97E-6||SGD DESC:Subunit of heterohexameric prefoldin, which binds cytosolic chaperonin and transfers target proteins to it; involved in the biogenesis of actin and of alpha- and gamma-tubulin Gene:PFK1(YGR240C)|FD-Score:3.6|P-value:1.62E-4||SGD DESC:Alpha subunit of heterooctameric phosphofructokinase involved in glycolysis, indispensable for anaerobic growth, activated by fructose-2,6-bisphosphate and AMP, mutation inhibits glucose induction of cell cycle-related genes Gene:PLB2(YMR006C)|FD-Score:-6.64|P-value:1.53E-11||SGD DESC:Phospholipase B (lysophospholipase) involved in phospholipid metabolism; displays transacylase activity in vitro; overproduction confers resistance to lysophosphatidylcholine Gene:PPZ2(YDR436W)|FD-Score:-5.05|P-value:2.20E-7||SGD DESC:Serine/threonine protein phosphatase Z, isoform of Ppz1p; involved in regulation of potassium transport, which affects osmotic stability, cell cycle progression, and halotolerance Gene:PRM7(YDL039C)|FD-Score:-3.71|P-value:1.03E-4||SGD DESC:Pheromone-regulated protein, predicted to have one transmembrane segment; promoter contains Gcn4p binding elements Gene:PRS1(YKL181W)|FD-Score:8.16|P-value:1.74E-16||SGD DESC:5-phospho-ribosyl-1(alpha)-pyrophosphate synthetase, synthesizes PRPP, which is required for nucleotide, histidine, and tryptophan biosynthesis; one of five related enzymes, which are active as heteromultimeric complexes Gene:PUS7(YOR243C)|FD-Score:6.43|P-value:6.37E-11||SGD DESC:Pseudouridine synthase, catalyzes pseudouridylation at positions 35 and 56 in U2 snRNA, position 50 in 5S rRNA, position 13 in cytoplasmic tRNAs, and position 35 in pre-tRNA(Tyr); conserved in archaea, vertebrates, and some bacteria Gene:PUT3(YKL015W)|FD-Score:3.74|P-value:9.36E-5||SGD DESC:Transcriptional activator of proline utilization genes, constitutively binds PUT1 and PUT2 promoter sequences as a dimer and undergoes a conformational change to form the active state; differentially phosphorylated in the presence of different nitrogen sources; has a Zn(2)-Cys(6) binuclear cluster domain Gene:RAI1(YGL246C)|FD-Score:4.05|P-value:2.51E-5||SGD DESC:Nuclear protein with decapping endonuclease activity targeted toward mRNAs with unmethylated 7-methylguanosine cap structures; binds to and stabilizes the exoribonuclease Rat1p; required for pre-rRNA processing; homologous to human DOM3Z Gene:REV1(YOR346W)|FD-Score:-4.2|P-value:1.34E-5||SGD DESC:Deoxycytidyl transferase; involved in repair of abasic sites and adducted guanines in damaged DNA by translesion synthesis (TLS); forms a complex with the subunits of DNA polymerase zeta, Rev3p and Rev7p; relocalizes from nucleus to cytoplasm upon DNA replication stress Gene:RGS2(YOR107W)|FD-Score:4.21|P-value:1.27E-5||SGD DESC:Negative regulator of glucose-induced cAMP signaling; directly activates the GTPase activity of the heterotrimeric G protein alpha subunit Gpa2p Gene:RIM4(YHL024W)|FD-Score:-3.85|P-value:5.95E-5||SGD DESC:Putative RNA-binding protein required for the expression of early and middle sporulation genes Gene:RIP1(YEL024W)|FD-Score:-4.73|P-value:1.10E-6||SGD DESC:Ubiquinol-cytochrome-c reductase, a Rieske iron-sulfur protein of the mitochondrial cytochrome bc1 complex; transfers electrons from ubiquinol to cytochrome c1 during respiration; during import, Rip1p is first imported into the mitochondrial matrix where it is processed, acquires its Fe-S cluster, and is folded, then is translocated into the inner membrane by the action of a homo-oligomer of Bcs1p, and finally is delivered by Bcs1p to Complex III for assembly Gene:RKM3(YBR030W)|FD-Score:-3.91|P-value:4.70E-5||SGD DESC:Ribosomal lysine methyltransferase specific for monomethylation of Rpl42ap and Rpl42bp (lysine 40); nuclear SET domain containing protein Gene:RLM1(YPL089C)|FD-Score:8.46|P-value:1.31E-17||SGD DESC:MADS-box transcription factor; component of the protein kinase C-mediated MAP kinase pathway involved in the maintenance of cell integrity; phosphorylated and activated by the MAP-kinase Slt2p; RLM1 has a paralog, SMP1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:ROM2(YLR371W)|FD-Score:3.1|P-value:9.65E-4||SGD DESC:GDP/GTP exchange factor (GEF) for Rho1p and Rho2p; mutations are synthetically lethal with mutations in rom1, which also encodes a GEF; Rom2p localization to the bud surface is dependent on Ack1p Gene:RPA34(YJL148W)|FD-Score:3.94|P-value:4.00E-5||SGD DESC:RNA polymerase I subunit A34.5 Gene:RPA49(YNL248C)|FD-Score:9.63|P-value:2.95E-22||SGD DESC:RNA polymerase I subunit A49 Gene:RPL12A(YEL054C)|FD-Score:3.82|P-value:6.56E-5||SGD DESC:Ribosomal 60S subunit protein L12A; rpl12a rpl12b double mutant exhibits slow growth and slow translation; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein L12 and bacterial L11; RPL12A has a paralog, RPL12B, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RPL36B(YPL249C-A)|FD-Score:5.31|P-value:5.62E-8||SGD DESC:Ribosomal 60S subunit protein L36B; binds to 5.8 S rRNA; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein L36, no bacterial homolog; RPL36B has a paralog, RPL36A, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RPL8A(YHL033C)|FD-Score:3.12|P-value:9.00E-4||SGD DESC:Ribosomal 60S subunit protein L8A; mutation results in decreased amounts of free 60S subunits; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein L7A, no bacterial homolog; RPL8A has a paralog, RPL8B, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RPP1B(YDL130W)|FD-Score:7.3|P-value:1.43E-13||SGD DESC:Ribosomal protein P1 beta, component of the ribosomal stalk, which is involved in interaction of translational elongation factors with ribosome; accumulation is regulated by phosphorylation and interaction with the P2 stalk component Gene:RPS10A(YOR293W)|FD-Score:5.61|P-value:9.87E-9||SGD DESC:Protein component of the small (40S) ribosomal subunit; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein S10, no bacterial homolog; RPS10A has a paralog, RPS10B, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RPS18B(YML026C)|FD-Score:3.18|P-value:7.42E-4||SGD DESC:Protein component of the small (40S) ribosomal subunit; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein S18 and bacterial S13; RPS18B has a paralog, RPS18A, that arose from the whole genome duplication; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:RPS24A(YER074W)|FD-Score:4.69|P-value:1.36E-6||SGD DESC:Protein component of the small (40S) ribosomal subunit; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein S24, no bacterial homolog; RPS24A has a paralog, RPS24B, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RPS26B(YER131W)|FD-Score:5.39|P-value:3.52E-8||SGD DESC:Protein component of the small (40S) ribosomal subunit; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein S26, no bacterial homolog; RPS26B has a paralog, RPS26A, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:RPS28B(YLR264W)|FD-Score:3.78|P-value:7.69E-5||SGD DESC:Protein component of the small (40S) ribosomal subunit; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein S28, no bacterial homolog; RPS28B has a paralog, RPS28A, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:SCH9(YHR205W)|FD-Score:3.19|P-value:7.04E-4||SGD DESC:AGC family protein kinase; functional ortholog of mammalian S6 kinase; phosphorylated by Tor1p and required for TORC1-mediated regulation of ribosome biogenesis, translation initiation, and entry into G0 phase; involved in transactivation of osmostress-responsive genes; regulates G1 progression, cAPK activity and nitrogen activation of the FGM pathway; integrates nutrient signals and stress signals from sphingolipids to regulate lifespan Gene:SLG1(YOR008C)|FD-Score:5.12|P-value:1.56E-7||SGD DESC:Sensor-transducer of the stress-activated PKC1-MPK1 kinase pathway; involved in maintenance of cell wall integrity; required for mitophagy; involved in organization of the actin cytoskeleton; secretory pathway Wsc1p is required for the arrest of secretion response Gene:SLT2(YHR030C)|FD-Score:27.8|P-value:4.21E-170||SGD DESC:Serine/threonine MAP kinase; involved in regulating maintenance of cell wall integrity, progression through the cell cycle, and nuclear mRNA retention in heat shock; required for mitophagy and pexophagy; affects recruitment of mitochondria to the phagophore assembly site (PAS); regulated by the PKC1-mediated signaling pathway Gene:SOD1(YJR104C)|FD-Score:-5.4|P-value:3.25E-8||SGD DESC:Cytosolic copper-zinc superoxide dismutase; some mutations are analogous to those that cause ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) in humans; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress and in response to prolonged exposure to boric acid Gene:SPG5(YMR191W)|FD-Score:3.23|P-value:6.11E-4||SGD DESC:Protein required for proteasome assembly during quiescence; binds to base of the proteasome regulartory particle; required for survival at high temperature during stationary phase; not required for growth on nonfermentable carbon sources Gene:SPT3(YDR392W)|FD-Score:5.69|P-value:6.29E-9||SGD DESC:Subunit of the SAGA and SAGA-like transcriptional regulatory complexes, interacts with Spt15p to activate transcription of some RNA polymerase II-dependent genes, also functions to inhibit transcription at some promoters Gene:SPT7(YBR081C)|FD-Score:4.66|P-value:1.56E-6||SGD DESC:Subunit of the SAGA transcriptional regulatory complex, involved in proper assembly of the complex; also present as a C-terminally truncated form in the SLIK/SALSA transcriptional regulatory complex Gene:SPT8(YLR055C)|FD-Score:3.33|P-value:4.40E-4||SGD DESC:Subunit of the SAGA transcriptional regulatory complex but not present in SAGA-like complex SLIK/SALSA, required for SAGA-mediated inhibition at some promoters Gene:SSK2(YNR031C)|FD-Score:3.81|P-value:7.02E-5||SGD DESC:MAP kinase kinase kinase of the HOG1 mitogen-activated signaling pathway; interacts with Ssk1p, leading to autophosphorylation and activation of Ssk2p which phosphorylates Pbs2p; also mediates actin cytoskeleton recovery from osmotic stress Gene:STO1(YMR125W)|FD-Score:5.11|P-value:1.64E-7||SGD DESC:Large subunit of the nuclear mRNA cap-binding protein complex, interacts with Npl3p to carry nuclear poly(A)+ mRNA to cytoplasm; also involved in nuclear mRNA degradation and telomere maintenance; orthologous to mammalian CBP80 Gene:STP4(YDL048C)|FD-Score:4.34|P-value:7.15E-6||SGD DESC:Protein containing a Kruppel-type zinc-finger domain; has similarity to Stp1p, Stp2p, and Stp3p; predicted to be a transcription factor; relative distribution to the nucleus increases upon DNA replication stress Gene:SWC5(YBR231C)|FD-Score:5.94|P-value:1.44E-9||SGD DESC:Component of the SWR1 complex; complex exchanges histone variant H2AZ (Htz1p) for chromatin-bound histone H2A; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:SWR1(YDR334W)|FD-Score:3.6|P-value:1.60E-4||SGD DESC:Swi2/Snf2-related ATPase that is the structural component of the SWR1 complex, which exchanges histone variant H2AZ (Htz1p) for chromatin-bound histone H2A Gene:TAT1(YBR069C)|FD-Score:-3.72|P-value:1.00E-4||SGD DESC:Amino acid transporter for valine, leucine, isoleucine, and tyrosine; low-affinity tryptophan and histidine transporter; overexpression confers FK506 and FTY720 resistance; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:TGS1(YPL157W)|FD-Score:3.15|P-value:8.29E-4||SGD DESC:Trimethyl guanosine synthase, conserved nucleolar methyl transferase that converts the m(7)G cap structure of snRNAs, snoRNAs, and telomerase TLC1 RNA to m(2,2,7)G; also required for nucleolar assembly and splicing of meiotic pre-mRNAs Gene:TMA46(YOR091W)|FD-Score:3.36|P-value:3.93E-4||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function that associates with translating ribosomes; interacts with GTPase Rbg1p Gene:TOS8(YGL096W)|FD-Score:-3.35|P-value:4.05E-4||SGD DESC:Homeodomain-containing protein and putative transcription factor; found associated with chromatin; target of SBF transcription factor; induced during meiosis and under cell-damaging conditions; TOS8 has a paralog, CUP9, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:TPM1(YNL079C)|FD-Score:5.38|P-value:3.79E-8||SGD DESC:Major isoform of tropomyosin; binds to and stabilizes actin cables and filaments, which direct polarized cell growth and the distribution of several organelles; acetylated by the NatB complex and acetylated form binds actin most efficiently; TPM1 has a paralog, TPM2, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:TRE1(YPL176C)|FD-Score:3.22|P-value:6.42E-4||SGD DESC:Transferrin receptor-like protein; plasma membrane protein that binds Bsd2p and regulates ubiquitylation and vacuolar degradation of the metal transporter Smf1p; functionally redundant with Tre2p; TRE1 has a paralog, TRE2, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:TRM7(YBR061C)|FD-Score:3.42|P-value:3.07E-4||SGD DESC:2'-O-ribose methyltransferase; methylates the 2'-O-ribose of tRNA-Phe, tRNA-Trp, and tRNA-Leu at positions C32 and N34 of the tRNA anticodon loop; crucial biological role likely modification of tRNA-Phe; interacts with Trm732p and Rtt10p in 2'-O-methylation of C32 and N34 substrate tRNAs, respectively Gene:TRP3(YKL211C)|FD-Score:-4.16|P-value:1.62E-5||SGD DESC:Indole-3-glycerol-phosphate synthase; forms bifunctional hetero-oligomeric anthranilate synthase:indole-3-glycerol phosphate synthase enzyme complex with Trp2p Gene:UBP3(YER151C)|FD-Score:3.19|P-value:7.22E-4||SGD DESC:Ubiquitin-specific protease involved in transport and osmotic response; interacts with Bre5p to co-regulate anterograde and retrograde transport between the ER and Golgi; involved in transcription elongation in response to osmostress through phosphorylation at Ser695 by Hog1p; inhibitor of gene silencing; cleaves ubiquitin fusions but not polyubiquitin; also has mRNA binding activity; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress Gene:UIP3(YAR027W)|FD-Score:3.22|P-value:6.32E-4||SGD DESC:Putative integral membrane protein of unknown function; interacts with Ulp1p at the nuclear periphery; member of DUP240 gene family Gene:VPS21(YOR089C)|FD-Score:3.47|P-value:2.56E-4||SGD DESC:Rab family GTPase; required for endocytic transport and for sorting of vacuolar hydrolases; localized in endocytic intermediates; detected in mitochondria; geranylgeranylation required for membrane association; mammalian Rab5 homolog; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress; VPS21 has a paralog, YPT53, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:VPS71(YML041C)|FD-Score:3.36|P-value:3.92E-4||SGD DESC:Nucleosome-binding component of the SWR1 complex, which exchanges histone variant H2AZ (Htz1p) for chromatin-bound histone H2A; required for vacuolar protein sorting Gene:YAL018C(YAL018C_p)|FD-Score:4.69|P-value:1.37E-6||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function Gene:YCR064C(YCR064C_d)|FD-Score:4.98|P-value:3.21E-7||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified gene BUD31 Gene:YDL172C(YDL172C_d)|FD-Score:-3.16|P-value:7.86E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious ORF unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YEL043W(YEL043W)|FD-Score:3.09|P-value:9.92E-4||SGD DESC:Predicted cytoskeleton protein involved in intracellular signalling based on quantitative analysis of protein-protein interaction maps; may interact with ribosomes, based on co-purification studies; contains fibronectin type III domain fold Gene:YER119C-A(YER119C-A_d)|FD-Score:9.02|P-value:9.23E-20||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame, not conserved in closely related Saccharomyces species; deletion mutation blocks replication of Brome mosaic virus in S. cerevisiae, but this is likely due to effects on the overlapping gene SCS2 Gene:YGL088W(YGL088W_d)|FD-Score:3.38|P-value:3.61E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps snR10, a snoRNA required for preRNA processing Gene:YGR125W(YGR125W_p)|FD-Score:-3.4|P-value:3.31E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; deletion mutant has decreased rapamycin resistance but normal wormannin resistance; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to the vacuole Gene:YHI9(YHR029C)|FD-Score:8.15|P-value:1.86E-16||SGD DESC:Protein of unknown function; null mutant is defective in unfolded protein response; possibly involved in a membrane regulation metabolic pathway; member of the PhzF superfamily, though most likely not involved in phenazine production Gene:YHP1(YDR451C)|FD-Score:-3.81|P-value:7.03E-5||SGD DESC:Homeobox transcriptional repressor; binds Mcm1p and early cell cycle box (ECB) elements of cell cycle regulated genes, thereby restricting ECB-mediated transcription to the M/G1 interval; YHP1 has a paralog, YOX1, that arose from the whole genome duplication Gene:YHR022C-A(YHR022C-A_p)|FD-Score:-3.34|P-value:4.16E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; identified by gene-trapping, microarray-based expression analysis, and genome-wide homology searching Gene:YJL016W(YJL016W_p)|FD-Score:3.45|P-value:2.75E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; GFP-fusion protein localizes to the cytoplasm; conserved in closely related Saccharomyces species Gene:YJL211C(YJL211C_d)|FD-Score:3.62|P-value:1.45E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified gene YJL210W/PEX2 Gene:YJR018W(YJR018W_d)|FD-Score:5.13|P-value:1.46E-7||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YKL069W(YKL069W)|FD-Score:-3.2|P-value:6.86E-4||SGD DESC:Methionine-R-sulfoxide reductase; reduces the R enantiomer of free Met-SO, in contrast to Ycl033Cp which reduces Met-R-SO in a peptide linkage; has a role in protection against oxidative stress; relative distribution to the nucleus increases upon DNA replication stress Gene:YKL169C(YKL169C_d)|FD-Score:4.64|P-value:1.74E-6||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified gene MRPL38 Gene:YLR031W(YLR031W_p)|FD-Score:3.22|P-value:6.37E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function Gene:YLR287C(YLR287C_p)|FD-Score:-3.95|P-value:3.99E-5||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to the cytoplasm; YLR287C is not an essential gene Gene:YMR166C(YMR166C_p)|FD-Score:3.15|P-value:8.05E-4||SGD DESC:Predicted transporter of the mitochondrial inner membrane; has similarity to human mitochondrial ATP-Mg/Pi carriers; YMR166C is not an essential gene Gene:YMR320W(YMR320W_d)|FD-Score:4.01|P-value:3.04E-5||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data Gene:YNL235C(YNL235C_d)|FD-Score:3.19|P-value:7.21E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps the verified ORF SIN4/YNL236W, a subunit of the mediator complex Gene:YOR223W(YOR223W)|FD-Score:3.13|P-value:8.75E-4||SGD DESC:Subunit of the DSC ubiquitin ligase complex; protein of unknown function that localizes to the ER and vacuole lumen; overexpression affects endocytic protein trafficking; ortholog of fission yeast dsc3 Gene:YPL261C(YPL261C_d)|FD-Score:3.31|P-value:4.65E-4||SGD DESC:Dubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein; partially overlaps the uncharacterized ORF YPL260W Gene:YPR114W(YPR114W_p)|FD-Score:3.43|P-value:3.01E-4||SGD DESC:Putative protein of unknown function Gene:YPT7(YML001W)|FD-Score:3.31|P-value:4.58E-4||SGD DESC:Rab family GTPase; GTP-binding protein of the rab family; required for homotypic fusion event in vacuole inheritance, for endosome-endosome fusion; interacts with the cargo selection/retromer complex for retrograde sorting; similar to mammalian Rab7

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Top 15 HET fitness defect scores (HIP)

Download all HIP Data (tab-delimited text)  (excel)
Deletion Strain FD score P-value Clearance Gene Gene Description
YER133W15.605.66E-5510.60GLC7Type 1 serine/threonine protein phosphatase catalytic subunit; involved in various processes including glycogen metabolism, sporulation, mitosis; accumulates at mating projections by interaction with Afr1p; interacts with many regulatory subunits; involved in regulation of the nucleocytoplasmic shuttling of Hxk2p; import into nucleus is inhibited during spindle assembly checkpoint arrest
YDR429C4.953.75E-70.19TIF35eIF3g subunit of the core complex of translation initiation factor 3 (eIF3), which is essential for translation; stimulates resumption of ribosomal scanning during translation reinitiation
YAL034C-B_d4.769.59E-70.03YAL034C-B_dDubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data
YGL172W4.731.10E-60.06NUP49FG-nucleoporin component of central core of the nuclear pore complex (NPC); contributes directly to nucleocytoplasmic transport and maintenance of the NPC permeability barrier; found in stable complex with Nic96p and two other FG-nucleoproteins (Nsp1p and Nup57p)
YLR208W4.681.45E-60.35SEC13Structural component of 3 distinct complexes; subunit of Nup84 nuclear pore sub-complex (NPC), COPII vesicle coat, and Seh1-associated (SEA) complex; COPII vesicle coat is required for ER to Golgi transport; the Nup84 subcomplex contributes to nucleocytoplasmic transport, NPC biogenesis and processes that may require localization of chromosomes at the nuclear periphery, including transcription; homologous to human SEC13; abundance increases under DNA replication stress
YFL039C4.337.46E-60.35ACT1Actin, structural protein involved in cell polarization, endocytosis, and other cytoskeletal functions
YDR498C3.973.52E-50.23SEC20Membrane glycoprotein v-SNARE involved in retrograde transport from the Golgi to the ER; required for N- and O-glycosylation in the Golgi but not in the ER; interacts with the Dsl1p complex through Tip20p
YJL054W3.758.99E-50.01TIM54Component of the mitochondrial TIM22 complex involved in insertion of polytopic proteins into the inner membrane
YLR066W3.749.31E-50.03SPC3Subunit of signal peptidase complex (Spc1p, Spc2p, Spc3p, Sec11p), which catalyzes cleavage of N-terminal signal sequences of proteins targeted to the secretory pathway; homologous to mammalian SPC22/23
YPL238C_d3.701.06E-40.09YPL238C_dDubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; partially overlaps 5' end of the verified essential gene SUI3/YPL237W
YJL202C_d3.621.49E-40.10YJL202C_dDubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a functional protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; overlaps 3' end of essential PRP21 gene encoding a subunit of the SF3a splicing factor complex
YDL147W3.522.16E-40.21RPN5Subunit of the COP9 signalosome (CSN) and non-ATPase regulatory subunit of the 26S proteasome lid, similar to mammalian p55 subunit and to another S. cerevisiae regulatory subunit, Rpn7p; Rpn5p is an essential protein
YML114C3.314.72E-40.01TAF8TFIID subunit (65 kDa), involved in RNA polymerase II transcription initiation
YGR114C_d3.304.89E-40.05YGR114C_dDubious open reading frame unlikely to encode a protein, based on available experimental and comparative sequence data; open reading frame overlaps 5' end of the essential gene SPT6
YOL127W3.255.77E-40.03RPL25Ribosomal 60S subunit protein L25; primary rRNA-binding ribosomal protein component of large ribosomal subunit; binds to 25S rRNA via a conserved C-terminal motif; homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein L23A and bacterial L23

Top 15 HOM fitness defect scores (HOP)

Download all HOP Data (tab-delimited text)  (excel)
Deletion Strain FD score P-value Gene Gene Description
YJL095W43.900BCK1Mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase kinase kinase acting in the protein kinase C signaling pathway, which controls cell integrity; upon activation by Pkc1p phosphorylates downstream kinases Mkk1p and Mkk2p
YHR030C27.804.21E-170SLT2Serine/threonine MAP kinase; involved in regulating maintenance of cell wall integrity, progression through the cell cycle, and nuclear mRNA retention in heat shock; required for mitophagy and pexophagy; affects recruitment of mitochondria to the phagophore assembly site (PAS); regulated by the PKC1-mediated signaling pathway
YHR209W14.902.32E-50CRG1S-AdoMet-dependent methyltransferase involved in lipid homeostasis; mediates resistance to a drug cantharidin
YGR155W10.303.22E-25CYS4Cystathionine beta-synthase, catalyzes synthesis of cystathionine from serine and homocysteine, the first committed step in cysteine biosynthesis; responsible for hydrogen sulfide generation; advances passage through START by promoting cell growth which requires catalytic activity, and reducing critical cell size independent of catalytic activity; mutations in human ortholog cause homocystinuria
YNL248C9.632.95E-22RPA49RNA polymerase I subunit A49
YER119C-A_d9.029.23E-20YER119C-A_dDubious open reading frame, not conserved in closely related Saccharomyces species; deletion mutation blocks replication of Brome mosaic virus in S. cerevisiae, but this is likely due to effects on the overlapping gene SCS2
YPL089C8.461.31E-17RLM1MADS-box transcription factor; component of the protein kinase C-mediated MAP kinase pathway involved in the maintenance of cell integrity; phosphorylated and activated by the MAP-kinase Slt2p; RLM1 has a paralog, SMP1, that arose from the whole genome duplication
YJR105W8.353.53E-17ADO1Adenosine kinase, required for the utilization of S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet); may be involved in recycling adenosine produced through the methyl cycle
YLR332W8.305.42E-17MID2O-glycosylated plasma membrane protein that acts as a sensor for cell wall integrity signaling and activates the pathway; interacts with Rom2p, a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for Rho1p, and with cell integrity pathway protein Zeo1p
YKL181W8.161.74E-16PRS15-phospho-ribosyl-1(alpha)-pyrophosphate synthetase, synthesizes PRPP, which is required for nucleotide, histidine, and tryptophan biosynthesis; one of five related enzymes, which are active as heteromultimeric complexes
YHR029C8.151.86E-16YHI9Protein of unknown function; null mutant is defective in unfolded protein response; possibly involved in a membrane regulation metabolic pathway; member of the PhzF superfamily, though most likely not involved in phenazine production
YGL151W7.842.25E-15NUT1Component of the RNA polymerase II mediator complex, which is required for transcriptional activation and also has a role in basal transcription
YDL130W7.301.43E-13RPP1BRibosomal protein P1 beta, component of the ribosomal stalk, which is involved in interaction of translational elongation factors with ribosome; accumulation is regulated by phosphorylation and interaction with the P2 stalk component
YPR083W7.115.70E-13MDM36Mitochondrial protein required for normal mitochondrial morphology and inheritance; proposed involvement in the formation of Dnm1p and Num1p-containing cortical anchor complexes that promote mitochondrial fission
YPL017C7.106.44E-13IRC15Microtubule associated protein; regulates microtubule dynamics; required for accurate meiotic chromosome segregation; null mutant displays large budded cells due to delayed mitotic progression, increased levels of spontaneous Rad52 foci

GO enrichment analysis for SGTC_422
biological processes

protein complexes

Coinhibitory screens
Download Coinhibition data (tab-delimited text)  (excel)

Correlation pval Screen ID Condition Source PubChem
CID
Tanimoto
Score
Response
Signature
0.6230SGTC_408cantharidin 100.0 μMICCB bioactive library25451cell wall signaling
0.5250SGTC_2415hr heat shock (37°C) + cantharidin 155.4 μMICCB bioactive library25451cell wall signaling
0.4820SGTC_22727805186 180.0 μMChembridge (Fragment library)29560620.0555556cell wall signaling
0.4740SGTC_2489cantharidin 73.4 μMICCB bioactive library25451cell wall signaling
0.4067.56E-233SGTC_9052-aminofluorene 215.0 μMChemDiv (Drug-like library)15390.047619cell wall signaling
0.3991.76E-224SGTC_6631486-0733 13.9 μMChemDiv (Drug-like library)7224450.0447761cell wall signaling
0.3952.28E-219SGTC_20074011539 71.8 μMChembridge (Fragment library)455953010.12766cell wall signaling
0.3869.69E-209SGTC_20094012297 12.1 μMChembridge (Fragment library)455953070.08cell wall signaling
0.3732.71E-194SGTC_500h-89 112.0 μMICCB bioactive library4492410.0289855cell wall signaling
0.3463.58E-166SGTC_31229126309 49.5 μMChembridge (Drug-like library)175912060.015625cell wall signaling
0.3343.68E-154SGTC_20285153890 36.4 μMChembridge (Fragment library)28309680.0212766cell wall signaling
0.3291.35E-148SGTC_30929117248 49.5 μMChembridge (Drug-like library)171418570.0983607cell wall signaling
0.3223.74E-142SGTC_21495554786 194.8 μMChembridge (Fragment library)7450630.0377358cell wall signaling
0.3201.54E-140SGTC_3600957-0399 1.0 μMChemDiv (Drug-like library)67523010.056338cell wall
0.3091.40E-130SGTC_29127964298 10.9 μMChembridge (Drug-like library)29758500.0535714cell wall

Screens with compounds having similar structures
Screen ID Chemical Concentration Tanimoto Score PubChem ID Source Molecular Weight AlogP H-bond
donor
count
H-bond
acceptor
count
Response
Signature
SGTC_2415hr heat shock (37°C) + cantharidin155.45 μM12545ICCB bioactive library196.199880.71704cell wall signaling
SGTC_2489cantharidin73.42 μM12545ICCB bioactive library196.199880.71704cell wall signaling
SGTC_408cantharidin100 μM12545ICCB bioactive library196.199880.71704cell wall signaling
SGTC_2673kobusone100 μM0.2619056710676Microsource (Natural product library)222.323282.25102
SGTC_25383',7'-epoxycaryophyllan-6-one100 μM0.2380954330530Microsource (Natural product library)236.349862.59902
SGTC_1125tnp002481.33 μM0.23255824207736TimTec (Natural product library)250.376443.49502
SGTC_1570verbenone133 μM0.22222229025TimTec (Pure natural product library)150.217562.08201
SGTC_2558carylophyllene oxide100 μM0.2093026708694Microsource (Natural product library)206.323883.06301
SGTC_1113artemisinin1.18 μM0.2040822240TimTec (Natural product library)282.332181.99805heme biosynthesis & mitochondrial translocase
SGTC_2534helenine20.12 μM0.272724Microsource (Natural product library)232.31813.31102RSC complex & mRNA processing
SGTC_1119parthenolide318.54 nM0.1923085702252TimTec (Natural product library)248.31752.92303TSC3-RPN4